Microbiology Midterm Review

145 Questions  I  By Tgerdel
Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia
Practice test for the Microbiology Midterm.

  
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1.  The movement of substances from higher to lower concentration across a semipermeable membrane that must have a specific protein carrier but no energy expenditure is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Which of the following is correct about viruses?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  During aerobic cellular respiration, the final electron acceptor is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Infectious naked strands of RNA are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Viruses acquire envelopes around their nucleocapsids during
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the following diseases is transmitted by mosquitoes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  If a microbiologist is studying a specimen at a total magnification of 950X, what is the magnifying power of the objective lens is 10X?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The term that refers to the presence of flagella all over the cell surface is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The RNA molecules that carry amino acids to the ribosomes during protein synthesis are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Formation of peptide bonds between amino acids to build a polypeptide would be called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Helminths are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The microorganisms that do not have a nucleus in their cells are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Host range is limited by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following is found in eucaryotic cells but not in procaryotic cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Viruses that cause infection resulting in alternating periods of activity with symptoms and inactivity without symptoms are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following are the main decomposers of the earth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The specimen preparation that is best for viewing cell motility is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The easiest microbial forms to kill or inhibit are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  All bacterial cells have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The shortest time required to kill all the microbes in a sample at a specified temperature is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  In bacterial cells, the electron transport system is located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which of the following is essential for development of discrete, isolated colonies?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The phase of the bacterial growth curve in which newly inoculated cells are adjusting to their new environment, metabolizing but not growing is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  A microaerophile
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Disease-causing microorganisms are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Chitin is a chemical component of the cell walls of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  These structures are used by bacteriophages to attach to host cell receptors
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Microorganisms require small quantities of this nutrient for enzyme function and maintenance of protein structure:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Analysis of DNA fragments in gel electrophoresis involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Spontaneous generation is the belief that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Visible, clear, well-defined patches in a monolayer of virus-infected cells in a culture are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of the following is not associated with every virus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of the following diseases probably involves microbial infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which method often results in colonies developing down throughout the agar and some colonies on the surface?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which of the following will not support viral cultivation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Helical and icosahedral are terms used to describe the shapes of a virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Microbiological contaminants are best described as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Which of the following is a scientific name?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The use of chemical agents directly on exposed body surfaces to destroy or inhibit vegetative pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which common hospital pathogen is able to grow abundantly in soap dishes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  All of the following structures contribute to the ability of pathogenic bacteria to cause disease except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Amplification of DNA is accomplished by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  What is the correct sequence for a Gram stain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The transfer of genes during bacterial conjugation involves rigid, tubular appendages called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The core of every virus particle always contains
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  In the cell, energy released by electrons is often used to phosphorylate
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Physical agents for controlling microbial growth include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  All of the following are examples of different types of microbiological media except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  This is often used in forensic science to distinguish one sequence of DNA from another by comparing the sequence of the strands at specific loci:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  The term heterotroph refers to an organism that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  The correct sequence of events in viral multiplication is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Which type of medium is able to distinguish different species or types of microorganisms based on an observable change in the colonies or in the medium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  A mutation that changes a normal codon to a stop codon is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The time interval from parent cell to two new daughter cells is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Host cells of viruses include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  The organelle involved in intracellular digestion of food particles is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Satellite viruses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  The term phototroph refers to an organism that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  The Five I's of studying microorganisms include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  All of the following is correct about treating viral diseases except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Spirochetes have a twisting and flexing locomotion due to appendages called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Virus capsids are made from subunits called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Sources for human infection with worms are all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  An organism's genotype includes all the following except they
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  The term that refers to the purposeful addition of microorganisms into a laboratory nutrient medium is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Endospores are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The most immediate result of destruction of a cell's ribosomes would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Creutzfeld-Jacob disease is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The movement of substances from lower to higher concentration across a semipermeable membrane that must have a specific protein carrier and use energy is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Organisms that feed on dead organisms for nutrients are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Enzymes that can function at boiling water temperatures or other harsh conditions would be termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  All of the following are correct about biofilms except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  This microscope achieves the greatest resolution and highest magnification:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The use of energy by a cell to enclose a substance in its membrane by forming a vacuole and engulfing it is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  All of the following are found in some or all protozoa except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Bacteria that require special growth factors and complex organic substances are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Bacterial conjugation involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Pasteur used swan-neck flasks in his experiments to prove that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  An organism with a temperature growth range of 45 degrees Celsius to 60 degrees Celsius would be called a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  HEPA filters are used to remove microbes from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  The study of evolutionary relationships among organisms is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  The deliberate removal of genetic material from one organism and combining it with the genetic material of another organism is a specific technique called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Organisms called parasites are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Microorganisms require large quantities of this nutrient for use in cell structure and metabolism:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  The surgeon who advocated using disinfectants on hands and in the air prior to surgery was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Transgenic animals
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Fungi that grow as yeast at one temperature but will grow as mold at another temperature are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Eucaryotic flagella differ from procaryotic flagella because only eucaryotic flagella
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Semiconservative replication refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Koch's postulates are criteria used to establish that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Larvae and eggs are developmental forms of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  All of the following are correct about agar except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Sequences of DNA that are identical when read from the 5' to 3' direction on one strand and the 3' to 5' direction on the other strand are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  The various techniques by which scientists manipulate DNA in the lab is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  A microbiologist inoculates Staphylococcus epidermidis and Escherichia coli into a culture medium.  Following incubation, only the E. coli grows in the culture.  What is the most likely explanation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  EcoRI and HindIII are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  The primary purpose of staining cells on a microscope slide is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  A microbiologist inoculates Staphylococcus aureus into a culture medium.  Following incubation, both Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis are determined to be growing in this culture.  What is the most likely explanation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  A bacterial cell exhibiting chemotaxis probably has
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  Organelles found in algae but not found in protozoa or fungi are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Thermococcus litoralis and Thermus aquaticus are thermophilic bacteria that are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Groups of three consecutive bases along the DNA of a gene have the code for one
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  Which cell structure is an important agent in modern genetic engineering techniques?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  A microbiologist makes a fixed smear of bacterial cells and stains them with Loeffler's methylene blue.  All the cells appear blue under the oil lens.  This is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  The antiparallel arrangement within DNA molecules refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  The virus-induced, specific damage to the host cell that can be seen in a light microscope is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Among the microorganisms, various genomes can include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  Which is incorrect about chocolate agar?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  Which of the following characteristics refers to the microscope's ability to show two separate entities as separate and distinct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  The function of bacterial endospores is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  Sterilization is achieved by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Filamentous fungi are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  When patient tissues are transfected with viruses carrying a needed, normal human gene, the technique is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  All of the following are correct about food irradiation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  A bacterial genus that has waxy mycolic acid in the cell walls is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  All of the following are correct about prokaryotes except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  When humans manipulate the genes of microorganisms the process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  Which of the following is a unique characteristic of viruses that distinguishes them from the other major groups of microorganisms?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  The cell's series of tunnel-like membranes functioning in transport and storage are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  Viruses have all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  The duplication of a cell's DNA is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Peptidoglycan is a unique macromolecule found in bacterial
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Which is mismatched?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  The process that destroys or removes all microorganisms and microbial forms including bacterial endospores is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  Which organelle contains cristae where enzymes and electron carriers for aerobic respiration are found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Which of the following is not considered a microorganism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  A technique that separates a readable pattern of DNA fragments is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  The motile, feeding stage of protozoa is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  Which term is not used to describe bacterial cell shapes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  An organelle that is a stack of flattened, membranous sacs and functions to receive, modify, and package proteins for cell secretion is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  During which of the phases of cellular respiration is the majority of ATP formed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  Infectious protein particles are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  In which pathway is the most NADH generated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  The outcome of the Gram stain is based on differences in the cell's
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  The breakdown of peptidoglycan to N-acetylmuramic acid, N-acetylglucosamine and peptides is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  The type of microscope in which you would see brightly illuminated specimens against a black background is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  Which of the following is the correct way to write the scientific name of this bacterium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  A scientist collects grass clippings to find the source of an outbreak of tularemia is an example of working in the field of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  Enzymes are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  A microbiologist decides to use a nutrient medium that contains thioglycollic acid.  What type of microbe is she attempting to culture?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  Protists include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  The DNA of microorganisms is made up of subunits called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  When a rod shaped bacteria is short and plump, it is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  Cilia are found in certain
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  When buds remain attached, they form a chain of yeast cells called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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