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Medical Surgical Nursing Practice Exam V (practice Mode)- Www.rnpedia.com

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1.  15. Celiac sprue is an example of which category of malabsorption?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  38. When fluid intake is normal, the specific gravity of urine should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  43. To facilitate entry of a catheter into the male urethra, the penis should be positioned at which of the following degree angles (in relation to the body)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  13. Which of the following terms is used to refer to intestinal rumbling?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  16. Typical signs and symptoms of appendicitis include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  18. What is the most common cause of small bowel obstruction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  2. Of the following categories of medications, which is used in combination with bismuth salts to eradicate Helicobacter pylori?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  11. A longitudinal tear or ulceration in the lining of the anal canal is termed a (an)
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  1. The nurse recognizes that the patient with a duodenal ulcer will likely experience
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  24. Which of the following terms describes the passage of a hollow instrument into a cavity for the withdrawal of fluid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  3. Which of the following medications represents the category proton (gastric acid) pump inhibitors?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  30. The nurse teaches the patient about diabetes including which of the following statements?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  47. Which of the following is a reversible cause of urinary incontinence in the older adult?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  36. The digestion of carbohydrates is aided by
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  41. To assess circulating oxygen levels the 2001 Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative: Management of Anemia Guidelines recommends the use of which of the following diagnostic tests?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  32. Which of the following disorders is characterized by a group of symptoms produced by an excess of free circulating cortisol from the adrenal cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  26. Which of the following clinical characteristics is associated with Type 1 diabetes (previously referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus [IDDM])?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  21. Which type of jaundice in adults is the result of increased destruction of red blood cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  27. Which of the following clinical characteristics is associated with Type 2 diabetes (previously referred to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus [NIDDM])?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  44. In assessing the appropriateness of removing a suprapubic catheter, the nurse recognizes that the patient’s residual urine must be less than which of the following amounts on two separate occasions (morning and evening)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  31. The nurse teaches the patient about glargine (Lantus), a “peakless” basal insulin including which of the following statements?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  19. Which of the follow statements provides accurate information regarding cancer of the colon and rectum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  23. Which of the following terms is used to describe a chronic liver disease in which scar tissue surrounds the portal areas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  6. Which of the following statements regarding gastric cancer is accurate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  17. Regional enteritis is characterized by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  48. Bladder retraining following removal of an indwelling catheter begins with instructing the patient to follow a 2-3 hour timed voiding schedule.
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  35. Trousseau’s sign is positive when
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  33. Of the following disorders, which results from excessive secretion of somatotropin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  42. Which of the following types of incontinence refers to involuntary loss of urine through an intact urethra as a result of a sudden increase in intra-abdominal pressure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  29. Of the following categories of oral antidiabetic agents, which exert their primary action by directly stimulating the pancreas to secrete insulin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  7. Which of the following categories of laxatives draw water into the intestines by osmosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  46. Which type of medication may be used in the treatment of a patient with incontinence to inhibit contraction of the bladder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  14. The presence of mucus and pus in the stools suggests
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  10. When irrigating a colostomy, the nurse lubricates the catheter and gently inserts it into the stoma no more than _______ inches
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  40. When the nurse observes the patient’s urine to be orange, she further assesses the patient for
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  22. The nurse places the patient after liver biopsy in which of the following positions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  8. Crohn’s disease is a condition of malabsorption caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  4. Which of the following medications used for the treatment of obesity prevents the absorption of triglycerides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  39. Of the following terms, which refers to casts in the urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  20. Which of the following characteristics are risk factors for colorectal cancer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  9. The nurse teaches the patient whose surgery will result in a sigmoid colostomy that the feces expelled through the colostomy will be
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  37. The term used to describe total urine output of less than 400 mL in 24 hours is
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  25. Which of the following terms most precisely refers to the incision of the common bile duct for removal of stones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  34. Which of the following hormones is secreted by the posterior pituitary?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  50. If an indwelling catheter is necessary, nursing interventions that should be implemented to prevent infection include
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  49. Which of the following terms is used to refer to inflammation of the renal pelvis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  5. Of the following bariatric surgical procedures, which is the best procedure for long-term weight loss?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  12. Which type of diarrhea is caused by increased production and secretion of water and electrolyes by the intestinal mucosa into the intestinal lumen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  28. Of the following types of insulin, which is the most rapid acting?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  45. When providing care to the patient with bilateral nephrostomy tubes, the nurse never does which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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