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Lower Kinesiology

81 Questions
Kinesiology Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is on the origins, insertions and actions of the lower body muscles with the intent for massage therapy students to quiz themselves. This is currently a work in progress.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the origin for Popliteus?
    • A. 

      Posterior of the lateral femoral condyle.

    • B. 

      Posterior of the medial femoral condyle.

    • C. 

      Posterior of the medial tibial condyle.

    • D. 

      Posterior of the lateral tibial condyle.

    • E. 

      Posterior of the fibula head.

  • 2. 
    What is the insertion of Popliteus?
    • A. 

      Medial tibial condyle.

    • B. 

      Lateral tibial condyle.

    • C. 

      Proximal posterior medial surface of the tibia.

    • D. 

      Fibular head and medial tibial condyle.

    • E. 

      Fibular head and lateral tibial condyle.

  • 3. 
    What is/are the action(s) of Popliteus?
    • A. 

      Lateral knee rotation in a flexed position.

    • B. 

      Medial knee rotation in a flexed position.

    • C. 

      Knee extension.

    • D. 

      Plantar flexion of the foot.

    • E. 

      Knee flexion.

  • 4. 
    Where does Rectus Femoris originate?
    • A. 

      Anterior Superior Iliac Spine

    • B. 

      Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine

    • C. 

      Anterior Ilium Crest

    • D. 

      Inguinal Ligament

    • E. 

      Pubic Crest

  • 5. 
    What is the insertion of Rectus Femoris?
    • A. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the superior lateral patellar ligament.

    • B. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the superior medial patellar ligament.

    • C. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the lateral patellar ligament.

    • D. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the medial patellar ligament.

    • E. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the superior patellar ligament.

  • 6. 
    What is/are the action(s) of Rectus Femoris?
    • A. 

      Hip extension

    • B. 

      Hip flexion

    • C. 

      Posterior pelvic rotation

    • D. 

      Knee extension

    • E. 

      Anterior pelvic rotation

  • 7. 
    What is/are the origin(s) of vastus medialis?
    • A. 

      Proximal half of the femoral linea aspera

    • B. 

      Whole femoral linea aspera

    • C. 

      Lateral femoral condyloid ridge

    • D. 

      Distal half of the femoral linea aspera

    • E. 

      Medial femoral condyloid ridge

  • 8. 
    What is the insertion of vastus medialis?
    • A. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the superior patellar ligament.

    • B. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the superior lateral patellar ligament.

    • C. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the lateral patellar ligament.

    • D. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the superior medial patellar ligament.

  • 9. 
    What is the action of vastus medialis?
    • A. 

      Hip flexion

    • B. 

      Posterior pelvic rotation

    • C. 

      Knee extension

    • D. 

      Anterior pelvic rotation

    • E. 

      Knee flexion

  • 10. 
    What is the origination point of Gracilis?
    • A. 

      Posterior medial ascending pubis ramus edge.

    • B. 

      Anterior medial descending pubis ramus edge.

    • C. 

      Anterior lateral pubic crest.

    • D. 

      Anterior lateral descending pubis ramus edge.

    • E. 

      Anterior medial inguinal ligament.

  • 11. 
    What is the insertion point of Gracilis?
    • A. 

      Anterior medial tibial condyle

    • B. 

      Anterior lateral tibial condyle

    • C. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the medial patellar ligament

    • D. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the superior medial patellar ligament

    • E. 

      Pes anserinus (anterior medial tibial surface just inferior to the condyle)

  • 12. 
    What is the origination point of Sartorius?
    • A. 

      Anterior Superior Iliac Spine and notch just inferior.

    • B. 

      Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine and notch just inferior.

    • C. 

      Anterior Lateral Iliac Crest

    • D. 

      Anterior femoral greater trochanter

    • E. 

      Anterior Medial descending pubis ramus edge

  • 13. 
    What is the insertion point of Sartorius?
    • A. 

      Anterior medial tibial condyle

    • B. 

      Anterior lateral tibial condyle

    • C. 

      Pes anserinus (anterior medial tibial surface just inferior to the condyle)

    • D. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the medial patellar ligament

    • E. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the superior medial patellar ligament

  • 14. 
    What is the action of Sartorius?
    • A. 

      Hip flexion, knee extention, hip adduction, anterior pelvic rotation, medial knee rotation and lateral hip rotation during hip and knee flexion.

    • B. 

      Hip flexion, knee flexion, hip abduction, anterior pelvic rotation, medial knee rotation and lateral hip rotation during hip and knee flexion.

    • C. 

      Hip flexion, knee flexion, hip abduction, posterior pelvic rotation, lateral knee rotation and lateral hip rotation during hip and knee flexion.

    • D. 

      Hip flexion, knee flexion, hip abduction, anterior pelvic rotation, lateral knee rotation and lateral hip rotation during hip and knee extension

    • E. 

      Hip flexion, knee flexion, hip abduction, anterior pelvic rotation, medial knee rotation and medial hip rotation during hip and knee flexion.

  • 15. 
    What are the origination points of Vastus lateralis?
    • A. 

      Anterior and lateral femoral greater trochanter, the entire lateral intermuscular septum and the gluteal tuberosity.

    • B. 

      Gluteal tuberosity, distal half of the femoral linea aspera and the intertochanteric line.

    • C. 

      The entire lateral intermuscular septum, anterior & inferior femoral greater trochanter and the gluteal tuberosity.

    • D. 

      The proximal half of the linea aspera and the intertrochanteric line.

    • E. 

      The whole linea aspera and the inferior intertorchanteric line.

  • 16. 
    What is the insertion point of vastus lateralis?
    • A. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the superior patellar ligament.

    • B. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the superior lateral patellar ligament.

    • C. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the medial patellar ligament.

    • D. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the lateral patellar ligament.

    • E. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the superior medial patellar ligament.

  • 17. 
    What is the action of Vastus Lateralis?
    • A. 

      Knee extension

    • B. 

      Hip extension

    • C. 

      Knee Flexion

    • D. 

      Hip Flexion

    • E. 

      Lateral hip rotation

  • 18. 
    What is the origination point of Vastus Intermedius?
    • A. 

      Proximal anterior femur.

    • B. 

      Anterior femoral greater trochanter.

    • C. 

      Distal anterior femur.

    • D. 

      Proximal two thirds of the anterior femur.

    • E. 

      Anterior inferior iliac spine.

  • 19. 
    What is the insertion point for Vastus Intermedius
    • A. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the superior lateral patellar ligament.

    • B. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the superior patellar ligament.

    • C. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the medial patellar ligament.

    • D. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the superior medial patellar ligament.

    • E. 

      The tibial tuberosity via the lateral patellar ligament.

  • 20. 
    What is the action of Vastus Intermedius?
    • A. 

      Knee flexion

    • B. 

      Hip flexion

    • C. 

      Knee extension

    • D. 

      Medial knee rotation

    • E. 

      Medial hip rotation

  • 21. 
    What are the actions for Gracilis?
    • A. 

      Lateral hip rotation and assists with hip extension.

    • B. 

      Hip adduction, knee flexion and lateral knee rotation.

    • C. 

      Medial hip rotation and assists with hip flexion.

    • D. 

      Hip adduction, weak knee flexion and weak medial knee rotation.

    • E. 

      Hip abduction, knee extension and weak lateral knee rotation.

  • 22. 
    What is the origination point of Adductor Longus?
    • A. 

      Pubic crest.

    • B. 

      Medial inguinal ligament.

    • C. 

      Anterior pubis just inferior to the crest.

    • D. 

      Pubic ramus.

  • 23. 
    What is the insertion point of Adductor Longus?
    • A. 

      The whole linea aspera

    • B. 

      The femoral pectineal line.

    • C. 

      The lesser femoral trochanter.

    • D. 

      The proximal femoral linea aspera.

    • E. 

      The middle third of the femoral linea aspera.

  • 24. 
    What is/are the action(s) of Adductor Longus?
    • A. 

      Hip abduction.

    • B. 

      Hip adduction.

    • C. 

      Medial hip rotation.

    • D. 

      Assists in hip flexion.

    • E. 

      Assists in hip extension.

  • 25. 
    What is the origination point of Adductor Brevis?
    • A. 

      Inferior pubic crest.

    • B. 

      Inferior medial inguinal ligament.

    • C. 

      Ischial tuberosity.

    • D. 

      Anterior inferior pubic ramus just inferior to the origination of adductor longus.

    • E. 

      Anterior superior pubic ramus just superior to the origination of adductor longus.

  • 26. 
    What is/are the insertion point(s) of Adductor Brevis?
    • A. 

      Distal two thirds of the femoral pectineal line.

    • B. 

      Proximal one third of the femoral pectineal line.

    • C. 

      The proximal medial lip of the linea aspera.

    • D. 

      The proximal lateral lip of the linea aspera.

    • E. 

      The distal linea aspera.

  • 27. 
    What is/are the action(s) of Adductor Brevis?
    • A. 

      Lateral hip rotation as it abducts.

    • B. 

      Assists in hip flexion.

    • C. 

      Hip adduction.

    • D. 

      Hip extension.

    • E. 

      Lateral hip rotation as it adducts.

  • 28. 
    What is/are the origination point(s) of Adductor Magnus?
    • A. 

      Inguinal ligament.

    • B. 

      Ischial tuberosity.

    • C. 

      Inferior pubic crest.

    • D. 

      Entire edge fo the pubis ramus.

    • E. 

      The ischium.

  • 29. 
    What is/are the insertion point(s) of Adductor Magnus?
    • A. 

      Proximal linea aspera.

    • B. 

      The whole linea aspera.

    • C. 

      The adductor tubercle.

    • D. 

      The medial condyloid ridge.

    • E. 

      The medial tibial condyle.

  • 30. 
    What is/are the action(s) of Adductor Magnus?
    • A. 

      Hip extension and abduction.

    • B. 

      Lateral hip rotation as it adducts.

    • C. 

      Hip flexion.

    • D. 

      Medial hip rotation.

    • E. 

      Hip adduction and extension.

  • 31. 
    What is the origination point of Pectineus?
    • A. 

      Ischial tuberosity.

    • B. 

      Femoral pectineal line.

    • C. 

      Inferior pubic crest.

    • D. 

      Inguinal ligament.

    • E. 

      Ilio-pectineal line of the pubis.

  • 32. 
    What is the insertion point of Pectineus?
    • A. 

      Ilio-pectineal line.

    • B. 

      Femoral pectineal line.

    • C. 

      Proximal femoral linea aspera.

    • D. 

      Lesser femoral trochanter.

    • E. 

      Adductor tubercle.

  • 33. 
    What is/are the action(s) of Pectineus?
    • A. 

      Hip flexion.

    • B. 

      Medial hip rotation.

    • C. 

      Hip extension.

    • D. 

      Hip adduction.

    • E. 

      Lateral hip rotation.

  • 34. 
    Which of the following are NOT associated with the origin of the Tensor Fasciae Latae
    • A. 

      Anterior lateral femoral greater trochanter.

    • B. 

      The lateral inguinal ligament.

    • C. 

      Anterior lateral surface of the iliac crest and the ilium just inferior.

    • D. 

      The lateral ilium just inferior to the crest.

    • E. 

      Posterior to the ASIS

  • 35. 
    What is the insertion point of Tensor Fasciae Latae?
    • A. 

      Pes anserinus (anterior medial tibial surface just inferior to the condyle).

    • B. 

      Anterior medial condyle.

    • C. 

      Head of the fibula.

    • D. 

      Inferior greater trochanter.

    • E. 

      Anterior lateral tibial condyle.

  • 36. 
    What is/are the action(s) of Tensor Fasciae Latae?
    • A. 

      Hip abduction and flexion.

    • B. 

      Hip adduction and extension.

    • C. 

      Posterior pelvic rotation.

    • D. 

      Anterior pelvic rotation.

    • E. 

      A tendency to medially rotate the hip as it flexes.

  • 37. 
    What is the origination point of Rectus Abdominis?
    • A. 

      Inguinal ligament.

    • B. 

      The descending pubic ramus.

    • C. 

      Pubic crest.

    • D. 

      Ischial tuberosity.

  • 38. 
    What is/are the insertion point(s) of Rectus Abdominis?
    • A. 

      Xiphoid process of the sternum.

    • B. 

      Lateral lower eight ribs.

    • C. 

      Anterior inferior ribs 6 through 10.

    • D. 

      Cartilage of ribs 5 through 7.

  • 39. 
    What is/are the action(s) of Rectus Abdominis?
    • A. 

      Posterior pelvic rotation.

    • B. 

      Spine flexion.

    • C. 

      Spine extension.

    • D. 

      Anterior pelvic rotation.

    • E. 

      Weak ipsilateral lateral spine flexion.

  • 40. 
    Which of the following are NOT associated with the origin of the External Obliques?
    • A. 

      Cartilage of ribs five through seven.

    • B. 

      Dovetails with serratus anterior.

    • C. 

      Borders the lower eight rigs at the side of the chest.

    • D. 

      The inguinal ligament.

    • E. 

      The iliac crest.

  • 41. 
    What is/are the insertion point(s) of the External Obliques?
    • A. 

      Pubic crest.

    • B. 

      The lower front fascia of rectus abdominis.

    • C. 

      The pubis ramus.

    • D. 

      Anterior crest of the ilium.

    • E. 

      Inguinal ligament.

  • 42. 
    What is/are the action(s) of the External Obliques?
    • A. 

      Ipsilateral lateral spine rotation.

    • B. 

      Ipsilateral lateral spine flexion.

    • C. 

      Contralateral spine rotation.

    • D. 

      Spine flexion.

    • E. 

      Posterior pelvic rotation.

  • 43. 
    What is/are the origination point(s) of the Internal Obliques?
    • A. 

      Lower half of the inguinal ligament.

    • B. 

      Upper half of the inguinal ligament.

    • C. 

      Anterior one third of the ilium crest.

    • D. 

      Anterior two thirds of the ilium crest.

    • E. 

      The lumbar fascia.

  • 44. 
    What is/are the insertion point(s) of the Internal Obliques?
    • A. 

      Cartilage of ribs five through eight.

    • B. 

      The xiphoid process of the sternum.

    • C. 

      Ribs seven through eleven.

    • D. 

      Ribs eight through ten.

    • E. 

      The linea alba.

  • 45. 
    What is/are the action(s) of the Internal Obliques?
    • A. 

      Contralateral spine rotation.

    • B. 

      Ipsilateral spine rotation.

    • C. 

      Anterior pelvic rotation.

    • D. 

      Posterior pelvic rotation.

    • E. 

      Ipsilateral lateral spine flexion and spine flexion.

  • 46. 
    What is/are the origination point(s) for Transverse abdominis?
    • A. 

      Lateral third of the inguinal ligament.

    • B. 

      Medial rim of the iliac crest.

    • C. 

      Medial surface of costal cartilages of the lower six ribs.

    • D. 

      Lower front fascia of rectus abdominis.

    • E. 

      Lumbar fascia.

  • 47. 
    What is/are the insertion point(s) of the Transverse abdominis?
    • A. 

      Inguinal ligament.

    • B. 

      Pubic crest.

    • C. 

      Ilio-pectineal line.

    • D. 

      Ischial tuberosity.

    • E. 

      Abdominal aponeurosis to the linea alba.

  • 48. 
    What is/are the actions for Transverse abdominis?
    • A. 

      Contralateral spine rotation.

    • B. 

      Ipsilateral lateral spine flexion.

    • C. 

      Forced exhalation.

    • D. 

      Compression of the abdominal contents.

    • E. 

      Posterior pelvic rotatoin.

  • 49. 
    What is/are the origination point(s) for Psoas Major?
    • A. 

      Transverse processes of L1 through L5.

    • B. 

      Transverse processes of T10 through L5.

    • C. 

      Lateral vertebral bodies & intervertebral discs of T12 through L5.

    • D. 

      The anterior superior surface of the sacrum.

    • E. 

      Lateral vertebral bodies & intervertebral discs of T9 through L5.

  • 50. 
    What is the insertion point for Psoas Major?
    • A. 

      Greater femoral trochanter and the shaft just inferior.

    • B. 

      Femoral pectineal line.

    • C. 

      Proximal linea aspera.

    • D. 

      Lesser femoral trochanter and the shaft just inferior.

    • E. 

      Ischial tuberosity.

  • 51. 
    What is/are the action(s) for Psoas Major?
    • A. 

      Transverse contralateral pelvic rotation when the femur is stablized, hip extension and medial hip rotation.

    • B. 

      Transverse contralateral pelvic rotation when the femur is stabilized, hip flexion and lateral hip rotation.

    • C. 

      Ipsilateral lateral pelvic rotation, anterior pelvic rotation, spine extension and ipsilateral lateral spine flexion.

    • D. 

      Anterior pelvic rotation.

    • E. 

      Contralateral lateral pelvic rotation, ipsilateral lateral spine flexion and spine flexion.

  • 52. 
    What is the origination of Iliacus?
    • A. 

      Anterior two thirds of the iliac crest.

    • B. 

      Inner surface of the medial iliac fossa.

    • C. 

      The anterior lateral sacral surface.

    • D. 

      Anterior superior iliac spine.

  • 53. 
    What is the insertion of Iliacus?
    • A. 

      The lesser femoral trochanter and the shaft just inferior.

    • B. 

      The femoral pectineal line.

    • C. 

      The proximal linea aspera.

    • D. 

      The anterior greater femoral trochanter.

    • E. 

      The intertrochanteric line.

  • 54. 
    What is/are the actions of Iliacus?
    • A. 

      Medial hip rotation.

    • B. 

      Anterior pelvic rotation.

    • C. 

      Transverse contralateral pelvic rotation when the femur is stabilized.

    • D. 

      Hip flexion.

    • E. 

      Lateral hip rotation.

  • 55. 
    Where does the Long Head of Becips Femoris originate?
    • A. 

      Inguinal ligament

    • B. 

      Inferior pubic crest

    • C. 

      Descending pubis ramus

    • D. 

      Ischial tuberosity

    • E. 

      Anterior inferior iliac spine

  • 56. 
    Where does the Short Head of Biceps Femoris originate?
    • A. 

      Distal half of the linea aspera.

    • B. 

      Medial femoral condyloid ridge.

    • C. 

      Proximal half of the linea aspera

    • D. 

      The anterior inferior greater femoral trochanter.

    • E. 

      Lateral femoral condyloid ridge.

  • 57. 
    Where does Biceps Femoris insert?
    • A. 

      Fibular head

    • B. 

      Pes anserinus (anterior medial tibial surface just inferior to the condyle).

    • C. 

      Proximal posterior medial surface of the tibia.

    • D. 

      Medial tibial condyle.

    • E. 

      Lateral tibial condyle.

  • 58. 
    What is/are the action(s) of Biceps Femoris?
    • A. 

      Hip extension.

    • B. 

      Lateral hip rotation.

    • C. 

      Knee flexion.

    • D. 

      Lateral knee rotation.

    • E. 

      Posterior pelvic rotation.

  • 59. 
    What is the origin of Semitendinosus?
    • A. 

      Posterior medial one forth of the iliac spine.

    • B. 

      Posterior greater femoral trochanter.

    • C. 

      Ischial tuberosity.

    • D. 

      Posterior lateral sacrum.

  • 60. 
    What is the insertion for Semitendinosus?
    • A. 

      Proximal posterior medial surface of the tibia.

    • B. 

      Pes anserinus (anterior medial tibial surface just inferior to the condyle).

    • C. 

      Medial tibial condyle.

    • D. 

      Lateral tibial condyle.

    • E. 

      Medial femoral condyle.

  • 61. 
    What is/are the actions for Semitendinosus?
    • A. 

      Posterior pelvic rotation.

    • B. 

      Hip flexion and knee extension.

    • C. 

      Medial hip rotation and lateral knee rotation.

    • D. 

      Medial hip rotation and medial knee rotation.

    • E. 

      Hip extension and knee flexion.

  • 62. 
    What is/are the origination point(s) for the Iliotibial Band?
    • A. 

      Medial iliac crest.

    • B. 

      Lateral iliac crest.

    • C. 

      Gluteal fascia.

    • D. 

      Gluteal tuberosity.

    • E. 

      Anterior superior iliac spine.

  • 63. 
    What is the insertion for the Iliotibial Band?
    • A. 

      Posterior lateral tibial condyles.

    • B. 

      Posterior medial tibial condyles.

    • C. 

      Anterior medial tibial condyles.

    • D. 

      Anterior lateral tibial condyles.

    • E. 

      Pes anserinus (anterior medial tibial surface just inferior to the condyle).

  • 64. 
    What is the Quadratus Lumborum origin?
    • A. 

      Anterior superior iliac spine.

    • B. 

      Posterior one forth of the ilium.

    • C. 

      Posterior surface of the sacrum.

    • D. 

      Posterior medial lip of the iliac crest.

  • 65. 
    What is/are the origination point(s) for Quadratus Lumborum?
    • A. 

      Transverse processes of L1 through L4.

    • B. 

      Transverse processes of L1 through L5.

    • C. 

      Inferior medial twelfth rib.

    • D. 

      Lateral vertebral bodies of L1 through L5.

  • 66. 
    What is/are the action(s) for Quadratus Lumborum?
    • A. 

      Posterior pelvic rotation.

    • B. 

      Contralateral spine rotation.

    • C. 

      Spine flexion.

    • D. 

      Ipsilateral lateral spine flexion.

    • E. 

      Spine extension.

  • 67. 
    Where does Semimembranosus originate?
    • A. 

      The ischium.

    • B. 

      Ischial tuberosity

    • C. 

      Entire edge fo the pubis ramus.

    • D. 

      Posterior pubic crest.

    • E. 

      Inguinal ligament.

  • 68. 
    Where does Semimembranosus insert?
    • A. 

      Posterior medial of the medial tibial condyle.

    • B. 

      Pes anserinus (anterior medial tibial surface just inferior to the condyle).

    • C. 

      Posterior lateral of the medial tibial condyle.

    • D. 

      Posterior medial of the lateral tibial condyle.

  • 69. 
    What is/are the action(s) of Semimembranosus?
    • A. 

      Hip flexion and knee extension.

    • B. 

      Hip extension and knee flexion.

    • C. 

      Posterior pelvic rotation.

    • D. 

      Lateral hip rotation and medial knee rotation.

    • E. 

      Medial hip rotation and medial knee rotation.

  • 70. 
    Where does Gluteus Maximus originate?
    • A. 

      Posterior one forth of the ilium.

    • B. 

      Posterior sacral surface and coccyx near the ilium.

    • C. 

      The entire posterior iliac crest.

    • D. 

      Transverse processes of L5.

    • E. 

      Thoracolumbar aponeurosis.

  • 71. 
    Where does Gluteus Maximus insert?
    • A. 

      Superior greater femoral trochanter.

    • B. 

      The proximal linea aspera.

    • C. 

      Gluteal tuberosity.

    • D. 

      Iliotibial band.

    • E. 

      Anterior superior iliac spine.

  • 72. 
    What is/are the action(s) for Gluteus Maximus?
    • A. 

      Hip extension.

    • B. 

      Upper fibers assist in hip abduction and lower fibers assist in hip adduction.

    • C. 

      Upper fibers assist in hip adduction and lower fivers assist in hip abduction.

    • D. 

      Lateral hip rotation.

    • E. 

      Posterior pelvic rotation.

  • 73. 
    Where does Gluteus Medius originate?
    • A. 

      Medial ilium just inferior to the crest.

    • B. 

      The entire posterior iliac crest.

    • C. 

      Thoracolumbar aponeurosis.

    • D. 

      Lateral ilium just inferior to the crest.

  • 74. 
    Where does Gluteus Medius insert?
    • A. 

      Posterior and lateral greater femoral trochanter.

    • B. 

      Posterior and superior greater femoral trochanter.

    • C. 

      Lateral greater femoral trochanter.

    • D. 

      Posterior greater femoral trochanter.

    • E. 

      Anterior and lateral greater femoral trochanter.

  • 75. 
    What are the action for Gluteus Medius?
    • A. 

      All fibers: Hip adduction and contralateral lateral pelvic rotation.

    • B. 

      All fibers: Hip abduction and ipsilateral lateral pelvic rotation.

    • C. 

      Posterior fibers: hip extension and lateral hip rotation. Anterior fibers: hip flexion and medial hip rotation.

    • D. 

      Posterior fibers: hip flexion and medial hip rotation. Anterior fibers: hip extention and lateral hip rotation.

  • 76. 
    Where does Gluteus Minimus originate?
    • A. 

      The posterior one forth of the ilium crest.

    • B. 

      The lateral surface of the ilium just inferior to the crest.

    • C. 

      The posterior lateral iliac crest.

    • D. 

      The lateral ilium just below the origin of gluteus medius.

  • 77. 
    Where does Gluteus Minimus insert?
    • A. 

      Posterior greater femoral trochanter.

    • B. 

      Anterior greater femoral trochanter.

    • C. 

      Lateral greater femoral trochanter.

    • D. 

      Superior greater femoral trochanter.

  • 78. 
    What is/are the action(s) of Gluteus Minimus?
    • A. 

      Hip abduction.

    • B. 

      Hip flexion.

    • C. 

      Hip extension.

    • D. 

      Ipsilateral lateral pelvic rotation.

    • E. 

      Medial hip rotation as the femur abducts.

  • 79. 
    Where does piriformis originate?
    • A. 

      Ischial spine.

    • B. 

      Anterior sacrum.

    • C. 

      Posterior ischium portions.

    • D. 

      Obturator foramen.

    • E. 

      Ischial tuberosity.

  • 80. 
    Where does Piriformis insert?
    • A. 

      Intertrochanteric femoral ridge.

    • B. 

      Anterior and lateral greater femoral trochanter.

    • C. 

      Anterior greater femoral trochanter.

    • D. 

      Superior and posterior greater femoral trochanter.

    • E. 

      Posterior greater femoral trochanter.

  • 81. 
    What is the action of Piriformis?
    • A. 

      Hip abduction.

    • B. 

      Lateral hip rotation.

    • C. 

      Hip extension.

    • D. 

      Posterior pelvic rotation.