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Lom Chap 20-sxs Chap 23-essentials Chap 7

124 Questions
Lom Chap 20-sxs Chap 23-essentials Chap 7

Review mod 4 week 2

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the medical specialty that studies the characteristics and uses of radioactive substances in diagnosis of disease
    • A. 

      Radiology

    • B. 

      Nuclear medicine

    • C. 

      Radiation oncology

    • D. 

      Ultrasonography

  • 2. 
    What does a radiologist do
    • A. 

      Treats malignancy with radiation

    • B. 

      Aids a physician in administering x-ray procedures

    • C. 

      Specializes in the practice of administering diagnostic nuclear medicine procedures

    • D. 

      Specializes diagnostic techniques such as ultrasound, MRI and CT scans

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is true of a radiopaque substance
    • A. 

      Absorbs most of the x-rays it is exposed to

    • B. 

      Lung tissue is an example

    • C. 

      Is an air-containing structure

    • D. 

      Permits the passage of most x-rays

  • 4. 
    Which best describes barium enema
    • A. 

      Iodine compound is given and x-rays are taken of the intestinal tract

    • B. 

      A fluorescent screen is used instead of a photographic plate to visualize images

    • C. 

      Metallic powder is introduced to the large intestine and x-rays are taken

    • D. 

      Radioactive substance is given and x-rays are taken

  • 5. 
    X-ray of the renal pelvis and urinary tract after injecting dye into a vein
    • A. 

      Venogram

    • B. 

      IVP

    • C. 

      RP

    • D. 

      Intravenous cholangiogarm

  • 6. 
    Myelogram is an x-ray of
    • A. 

      Lymphatic vessels

    • B. 

      Muscles

    • C. 

      Bone marrow

    • D. 

      Spinal cord

  • 7. 
    Which is an x-ray of a joint
    • A. 

      Pneumoencephalogram

    • B. 

      Ventriculogram

    • C. 

      Arthrogram

    • D. 

      Digital subtraction angiography

  • 8. 
    Which term describes an x-ray test to show an organ in depth
    • A. 

      Fluoroscopy

    • B. 

      Tomography

    • C. 

      Ultrasonography

    • D. 

      Arteriography

  • 9. 
    What best characterizes a CT scan
    • A. 

      Uses radioactive substances to produce an x-ray image

    • B. 

      Gives a vertical front-to-back image of the body organs

    • C. 

      Magnetic and radio waves are used to create image

    • D. 

      Uses ionizing x-rays and a computer to produce a transverse image of the body organs

  • 10. 
    What best characterizes an MRI
    • A. 

      Sagittal, frontal, and cross-sectional images are produced using magnetic and radio waves

    • B. 

      Sound images are produced in addition to magnetic images

    • C. 

      X-rays and a contrast medium are used

    • D. 

      Radioactive matter enhances x-rays

  • 11. 
    In which x-ray view is the patient upright with the back to the x-ray machine and the film to the chest
    • A. 

      Oblique x-ray view

    • B. 

      Lateral x-ray view

    • C. 

      AP view

    • D. 

      PA view

  • 12. 
    What is the meaning of adduction
    • A. 

      Bending a part of the body

    • B. 

      Moving the part of the body toward the midline of the body

    • C. 

      Moving the part away from the midline

    • D. 

      Turning inward

  • 13. 
    What is a substance that gives off high-energy particles or rays
    • A. 

      Scanner

    • B. 

      Half-life

    • C. 

      Barium

    • D. 

      Radiosotope

  • 14. 
    In which test is a radiopharmaceutical injected intravenously and traced within the vessels of the lung
    • A. 

      Chest x-ray of the lung

    • B. 

      Ct scan of the thoracic cavity

    • C. 

      Perfusion study of the lung

    • D. 

      Ventilation scan of the lung

  • 15. 
    What is an in vivo test
    • A. 

      Experiments are performed in a laboratory

    • B. 

      Radiopharmaceuticals are used

    • C. 

      Radionuclide is incorporated into a chemical substance

    • D. 

      Experiments are performed in a living organism

  • 16. 
    What can liver and spleen scans detect
    • A. 

      Cirrhosis and splenomegaly due to abscess or tumor

    • B. 

      Blood flow through the heart and large vessels

    • C. 

      Areas of metabolic deficiency in the brain

    • D. 

      Thyroid carcinoma

  • 17. 
    Interventional radiologists perform all of the following except
    • A. 

      Administration of radiation therapy

    • B. 

      Placement of drainage catheters

    • C. 

      Occlusion of bleeding vessels

    • D. 

      Instillation of antibiotics or chemotherapy via catheters

  • 18. 
    What is thallium 201
    • A. 

      Gamma camera

    • B. 

      Contrast material

    • C. 

      Fluorescent material

    • D. 

      Radionuclide

  • 19. 
    In which procedure is a transducer used
    • A. 

      MRI

    • B. 

      Ultrasound

    • C. 

      Bone scan

    • D. 

      CT scan

  • 20. 
    PACS is a
    • A. 

      Radiopharmaceutical used in a PET scan

    • B. 

      Protocol for transmission between imaging devices

    • C. 

      Technique using a radioactive substance and a computer to create three-dimensional images

    • D. 

      System to replace traditional films with digital equivalents

  • 21. 
    FDG is a
    • A. 

      Radiopharmaceutical used in a PET scan

    • B. 

      Protocol for transmission between imaging devices

    • C. 

      Technique using a radioactive substance and a computer to create three-dimensional images

    • D. 

      System to replace traditional films with digital equivalents

  • 22. 
    DICOM is a
    • A. 

      Radiopharmaceutical used in a PET scan

    • B. 

      Protocol for transmission between imaging devices

    • C. 

      Technique using a radioactive substance and a computer to create three-dimensional images

    • D. 

      System to replace traditional films with digital equivalents

  • 23. 
    SPECT is a
    • A. 

      Radiopharmaceutical used in a PET scan

    • B. 

      Protocol for transmission between imaging devices

    • C. 

      Technique using a radioactive substance and a computer to create three-dimensional images

    • D. 

      System to replace traditional films with digital equivalents

  • 24. 
    X-Ray record of the spinal cord
    • A. 

      Myleogram

    • B. 

      Myelogram

    • C. 

      Mielogram

  • 25. 
    Moving toward the midline
    • A. 

      Abduction

    • B. 

      Adduckshun

    • C. 

      Adduction

  • 26. 
    Lying down position
    • A. 

      Rekumbent

    • B. 

      Recumbant

    • C. 

      Recumbent

  • 27. 
    Lying on the back
    • A. 

      Supine

    • B. 

      Soupine

    • C. 

      Suppine

  • 28. 
    Obstructing the passage of x-rays
    • A. 

      Radiopaquie

    • B. 

      Radiopaque

    • C. 

      Radioopaque

  • 29. 
    X-ray of the renal pelvis
    • A. 

      Pyleogram

    • B. 

      Pyelogram

    • C. 

      Pyilogram

  • 30. 
    X-ray record of vessels
    • A. 

      Anjiogram

    • B. 

      Angeiogram

    • C. 

      Angiogram

  • 31. 
    Radioactive form of a substance
    • A. 

      Radioisotope

    • B. 

      Radioiceotope

    • C. 

      Radioisotop

  • 32. 
    Lying on the belly
    • A. 

      Prone

    • B. 

      Proone

    • C. 

      Pron

  • 33. 
    Medical specialty that studies the uses of radioactive substances (radionuclides) in diagnosis of disease
    • A. 

      Cholangiography

    • B. 

      Nuclear medicine

    • C. 

      Radiolucent

    • D. 

      Radiopaque

  • 34. 
    Measurement or observation within a living organism
    • A. 

      In vivo

    • B. 

      In vitro

    • C. 

      Uptake

    • D. 

      Adduction

  • 35. 
    Permitting the passage of most x-rays
    • A. 

      Radiolucent

    • B. 

      Eversion

    • C. 

      Ionization

    • D. 

      Radiopaque

  • 36. 
    Rate of absorption of a radionuclide into an organ or tissue
    • A. 

      Radiopharmaceutical

    • B. 

      Uptake

    • C. 

      In vitro

    • D. 

      Computed tomography

  • 37. 
    A procedure in which something is measured or observed outside a living organism
    • A. 

      Cholangiography

    • B. 

      Hysterosalpingogram

    • C. 

      In vitro

    • D. 

      In vivo

  • 38. 
    A radioactive form of a substance
    • A. 

      Eversion

    • B. 

      Radioisotope

    • C. 

      Scintigraphy

    • D. 

      Uptake

  • 39. 
    Process (two dimensional) used to detect radioactivity emitted in diagnostic imaging
    • A. 

      Scintigraphy

    • B. 

      Computed tomography

    • C. 

      Adduction

    • D. 

      Ionization

  • 40. 
    Movement toward the midline of the body
    • A. 

      Uptake

    • B. 

      Eversion

    • C. 

      Ionization

    • D. 

      Adduction

  • 41. 
    Radioactive substances produce cross-sectional images of regions of the body
    • A. 

      Ionization

    • B. 

      Position emission tomography

    • C. 

      Scintigraphy

    • D. 

      Adduction

  • 42. 
    Radioactive drug (radionuclide plus chemical) that is administered for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
    • A. 

      Adduction

    • B. 

      Scintigraphy

    • C. 

      Radiopharmaceutical

    • D. 

      Ionization

  • 43. 
    Pertaining to treatment
    • A. 

      Echocardiography

    • B. 

      Nuclear medicine

    • C. 

      Eversion

    • D. 

      Therapeutic

  • 44. 
    Diagnostic x-ray procedure in which cross-sectional images are made of specific body segments
    • A. 

      Computed tomography

    • B. 

      Adduction

    • C. 

      Nuclear medicine

    • D. 

      In vivo

    • E. 

      In vitro

  • 45. 
    X-ray record of the renal pelvis
    • A. 

      Lateral decubitus

    • B. 

      Echocardiography

    • C. 

      Hysterosalphingogram

    • D. 

      Intravenous pyelogram

  • 46. 
    Process of recording sound waves in order to produce an image of the heart
    • A. 

      Intravenous pyelogram

    • B. 

      Hysterosalphingogram

    • C. 

      Echocardiography

    • D. 

      Lateral decubitus

  • 47. 
    Radiopaque substances are given and x-rays taken
    • A. 

      Contrast studies

    • B. 

      Magnetic resonance imaging

    • C. 

      Computed tomography

    • D. 

      Ultrasonography

  • 48. 
    Medical specialty that studies the uses of radioactive substances (radionuclides) in diagnosis of disease
    • A. 

      Magnetic resonance imaging

    • B. 

      Nuclear medicine

    • C. 

      Computed tomography

    • D. 

      Contrast studies

  • 49. 
    Echoes of high-frequency sounds waves are used to diagnose disease
    • A. 

      Lymphoscintigraphy

    • B. 

      Interventional radiology

    • C. 

      Ultrasonography

    • D. 

      Computed tomography

  • 50. 
    A magnetic field and radio waves are used to form images of the body
    • A. 

      Computed tomography

    • B. 

      Magnetic resonance imaging

    • C. 

      Interventional radiology

    • D. 

      Lymphoscintigraphy

  • 51. 
    X-ray pictures are taken circularly around an area of the body and a computer synthesizes the information into a composite axial picture
    • A. 

      Lymphoscintigraphy

    • B. 

      Interventional radiology

    • C. 

      Magnetic resonance imaging

    • D. 

      Computed tomography

  • 52. 
    Pyelography
    • A. 

      Blood vessels

    • B. 

      Bile vessels

    • C. 

      Renal pelvis of kidney and urinary tract

    • D. 

      Esophagus, stomach, and small intestine

  • 53. 
    Angiography
    • A. 

      Blood vessels

    • B. 

      Bile vessels

    • C. 

      Renal pelvis of kidney and urinary tract

    • D. 

      Esophagus, stomach, and small intestine

  • 54. 
    Hysterosalpingography
    • A. 

      Bile vessels

    • B. 

      Blood vessels

    • C. 

      Uterus and fallopian tubes

    • D. 

      Renal pelvis of kidney and urinary tract

  • 55. 
    Upper GI series
    • A. 

      Bile vessels

    • B. 

      Esophagus, stomach, and small intestine

    • C. 

      Blood vessels

    • D. 

      Spinal cord

  • 56. 
    Cholangiography
    • A. 

      Spinal cord

    • B. 

      Blood vessels

    • C. 

      Esophagus, stomach, and small intestine

    • D. 

      Bile vessels

  • 57. 
    Lymphoscintigraphy
    • A. 

      Lymphatic system

    • B. 

      Bile vessels

    • C. 

      Esophagus, stomach, and small intestine

    • D. 

      Spinal cord

  • 58. 
    Extension
    • A. 

      Test of blood flow to heart muscle

    • B. 

      Bending a part of the body

    • C. 

      Lengthening or straightening a flexed limb

    • D. 

      Positioned at an angle

  • 59. 
    Time required for a radioactive substance to lose half its radioactivity by disintegration
    • A. 

      Half-life

    • B. 

      In vivo

    • C. 

      Contrast studies

    • D. 

      In vitro

  • 60. 
    Radiopharmaceutical;used in nuclear medicine studies
    • A. 

      In vivo

    • B. 

      Labeled compound

    • C. 

      Gamma camera

    • D. 

      Ionization

  • 61. 
    Therapeutic procedures performed by a radiologist
    • A. 

      In vitro

    • B. 

      In vivo

    • C. 

      Interventional radiology

    • D. 

      Contrast studies

  • 62. 
    Transformation of electrically neutral substances into electrically charged particles
    • A. 

      Labeled compound

    • B. 

      Ionization

    • C. 

      Gamma rays

    • D. 

      Half-life

  • 63. 
    Diagnostic x-ray procedure whereby a cross-sectional and other images of a specific body segment are produced
    • A. 

      In vitro

    • B. 

      Half-life

    • C. 

      Computed tomography

    • D. 

      In vivo

  • 64. 
    Materials are injected to obtain contrast with surrounding tissue when shown on x-ray film
    • A. 

      Interventional radiology

    • B. 

      Computed tomography

    • C. 

      Half-life

    • D. 

      Contrast studies

  • 65. 
    Machine to detect gamma rays emitted from radiopharmaceuticals during scanning for diagnostic purposes
    • A. 

      Gamma rays

    • B. 

      Gamma camera

    • C. 

      In vitro

    • D. 

      In vivo

  • 66. 
    Process, test or procedure is performed, measured, or observed outside a living organism, in a test tube
    • A. 

      In vivo

    • B. 

      In vitro

    • C. 

      Contrast studies

    • D. 

      Gamma rays

  • 67. 
    Radioactive substance is given intravenously and a cross-sectional image is created of cellular metabolism based on local concentration of the radioactive substance
    • A. 

      Position emission tomography (PET)

    • B. 

      Labeled compound

    • C. 

      Radioisotope

  • 68. 
    Radiopharmaceutical used in nuclear medicine studies
    • A. 

      Position emission tomography (PET)

    • B. 

      Radioisotope

    • C. 

      Labeled compound

  • 69. 
    Radioactive form of an element; radionuclide
    • A. 

      Radioisotope

    • B. 

      Labeled compound

    • C. 

      Position emission tomography (PET)

  • 70. 
    Rate of absorption of a radionuclide into an organ or tissue
    • A. 

      Uptake

    • B. 

      Scan

    • C. 

      Ventilation/perfusion studies

    • D. 

      Ultrasound

    • E. 

      Single-photon emission computed tomography

  • 71. 
    Image of an area, organ or tissue obtained from ultrasound, radioactive tracer studies, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging
    • A. 

      Uptake

    • B. 

      Scan

    • C. 

      Ventilation/perfusion studies

    • D. 

      Ultrasound

    • E. 

      Single-photon emission computed tomography

  • 72. 
    Radiopharmaceutical is inhaled and injected intravenously followed by imaging its passage through the respiratory tract
    • A. 

      Uptake

    • B. 

      Scan

    • C. 

      Ventilation/perfusion studies

    • D. 

      Ultrasound

    • E. 

      Single-photon emission computed tomography

  • 73. 
    Diagnostic technique that projects and retrieves high-frequency sound waves as they echo off parts of the body
    • A. 

      Uptake

    • B. 

      Scan

    • C. 

      Ventilation/perfusion studies

    • D. 

      Ultrasound

    • E. 

      Single-photon emission computed tomography

  • 74. 
    Radiactive tracer is injected intravenously and a computer reconstructs a three-dimensional image based on a composite of many views
    • A. 

      Uptake

    • B. 

      Scan

    • C. 

      Ventilation/perfusion studies

    • D. 

      Ultrasound

    • E. 

      Single-photon emission computed tomography

  • 75. 
    Radioactive drub (radionuclide plus chemical) is administered for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes
    • A. 

      Single-photon emission computed tomography

    • B. 

      Ventilation/perfusion studies

    • C. 

      Scan

    • D. 

      Radiopharmaceutical

    • E. 

      Half-life

  • 76. 
    Obstructing the passage of x-rays: radio________
  • 77. 
    A physician who specializes in diagnostic radiology: radi___________
  • 78. 
    X-ray record of the urinary tract: ________gram
  • 79. 
    A radioactive drug used in diagnosis of disease: radio____________
  • 80. 
    Pharmaceut/o
  • 81. 
    Son/o
  • 82. 
    Therapeut/o
  • 83. 
    Vitr/o
  • 84. 
    -lucent
  • 85. 
    -opaque
  • 86. 
    Cine-
  • 87. 
    IVP
  • 88. 
    CXR
  • 89. 
    U/S
  • 90. 
    PA
  • 91. 
    PACS
  • 92. 
    AP
  • 93. 
    KUB
  • 94. 
    LAT
  • 95. 
    Radiology codes designated as a "separate procedure" should be reported in addition to the code for the total procedure or service
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 96. 
    There are four subheadings in the radiology section
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 97. 
    The phrase "with contrast" represents contrast material administered intravascularly, intra-articularly, or intrathecally
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 98. 
    It is acceptable for the radiologist to communicate his/her opinion via telephone instead of a written report
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 99. 
    The modifier reported when a physician component is reported separately is
    • A. 

      -25

    • B. 

      -26

    • C. 

      -tc

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 100. 
    A ____________ procedure is one that is performed independently of, and not immediately related to, another service
    • A. 

      Separate

    • B. 

      Multiple

    • C. 

      Closed

    • D. 

      Conformal

  • 101. 
    The divisions of the radiation oncology section of the CPT manual are divided into subsections based on what
    • A. 

      Supervision and interpretation

    • B. 

      Type of service

    • C. 

      Duration of treatment

    • D. 

      Condition of the patient

  • 102. 
    What is the standard measure of energy in radiation treatment
    • A. 

      Wattage

    • B. 

      Dosimetry

    • C. 

      MeV

    • D. 

      Kilovolt

  • 103. 
    What is the modifier used to identify the technical component of a radiologic procedure
    • A. 

      -26

    • B. 

      -25

    • C. 

      -tc

    • D. 

      -32

  • 104. 
    What are the radioisotopes that attach themselves to red blood cells called
    • A. 

      Isotope

    • B. 

      MeV

    • C. 

      Dosimetry

    • D. 

      Tracer

  • 105. 
    What is the name of the high-frequency sound waves in an imaging process that is used to diagnose patient illness
    • A. 

      Ultrasound

    • B. 

      Radionuclide

    • C. 

      MRI

    • D. 

      Radiography

  • 106. 
    Radiation oncology codes include normal follow-up care during the course of treatment and _________________ following its completion
    • A. 

      Includes 1 month global period

    • B. 

      Includes 3 month global period

    • C. 

      Is based on third-party payer

    • D. 

      Includes no global period

  • 107. 
    Codes 76801 and 76802 include determination of the number of gestational sacs and fetuses, gestational sac/ fetal measurements appropriate for gestation <14 weeks 0 days and
    • A. 

      Survey of visible fetal and placental anatomic structure

    • B. 

      Qualitative assessment of amniotic fluid/ gestational sac shape

    • C. 

      Examination of the maternal uterus and adnexa

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 108. 
    A needle with a suture attached is passed through an incision into the stomach. the needle is snared and removed via the mouth. a gastrostomy tube is connected to the suture and passed through the mouth into the stomach and out the abdominal wall. what is the correct code for this procedure
    • A. 

      74230

    • B. 

      74340

    • C. 

      49440

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 109. 
    The procedure is a percutaneous transhepatic dilation of biliary duct stricture with or without placement of a stent. how would the radiological supervision and interpretation be coded
    • A. 

      74363

    • B. 

      47510

    • C. 

      74363-26

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 110. 
    In clinical brachytherapy, the supervision of radio elements and dose interpretation are performed by the therapeutic __________________.
  • 111. 
    Two-dimensional ultrasonic scanning procedure with a two-dimensional display is the definition of _______________ diagnostic ultrasound.
  • 112. 
    Noninvasive diagnostic technique that produces a cross-sectional image of organs and other internal body structures
    • A. 

      Magnetic resonance

    • B. 

      Angiography

    • C. 

      Tomography

    • D. 

      Cholangiography

  • 113. 
    X-ray of the bile ducts using radiopaque contrast
    • A. 

      Magnetic resonance

    • B. 

      Angiography

    • C. 

      Tomography

    • D. 

      Cholangiography

  • 114. 
    X-ray of the blood vessels following injection of radiopaque substance
    • A. 

      Cholangiography

    • B. 

      Tomography

    • C. 

      Angiography

    • D. 

      Magnetic resonance

  • 115. 
    Also known as PET scan, it measures metabolic or biochemical activity of the brain and other organs
    • A. 

      Magnetic resonance

    • B. 

      Tomography

    • C. 

      Angiography

    • D. 

      Cholangiography

  • 116. 
    X-ray photograph of the spinal cord following administration of radiopaque substance into the subarachnoid space
    • A. 

      Myelogram

    • B. 

      Venography

    • C. 

      Ultrasound

    • D. 

      Pelvimetry

  • 117. 
    The application of ultrasonic waves for diagnostic imaging of internal structures
    • A. 

      Myelogram

    • B. 

      Venography

    • C. 

      Ultrasound

    • D. 

      Pelvimetry

  • 118. 
    X-ray of the vein or veins following injection of radiopaque substance
    • A. 

      Myelogram

    • B. 

      Ultrasound

    • C. 

      Pelvimetry

    • D. 

      Venography

  • 119. 
    Measurement of the diameters of the female pelvis, esp. the birth canal
    • A. 

      Myelogram

    • B. 

      Pelvimetry

    • C. 

      Venography

    • D. 

      Ultrasound

  • 120. 
    Also known as a CAT scan, this technique allows safe, painless, and rapid diagnosis in previously inaccessible areas of the body
    • A. 

      Ultrasound

    • B. 

      Computed tomography

    • C. 

      Lymphangiography

    • D. 

      Venography

  • 121. 
    X-ray visualization of lymph vessels and nodes following injection of a contrast material
    • A. 

      Lymphangiography

    • B. 

      Venography

    • C. 

      Computed tomography

    • D. 

      Ultrasound

  • 122. 
    Anterior (ventral)
    • A. 

      Toward the midline of the body

    • B. 

      Toward the head of the upper part of the body; also known as cephalad or cephalic

    • C. 

      In front of

    • D. 

      Away from the midline of the body (to the side)

    • E. 

      In back of

  • 123. 
    Posterior (dorsal)
    • A. 

      Toward the midline of the body

    • B. 

      Toward the head of the upper part of the body; also known as cephalad or cephalic

    • C. 

      In front of

    • D. 

      Away from the midline of the body (to the side)

    • E. 

      In back of

  • 124. 
    Superior
    • A. 

      Toward the midline of the body

    • B. 

      Toward the head of the upper part of the body; also known as cephalad or cephalic

    • C. 

      In front of

    • D. 

      Away from the midline of the body (to the side)

    • E. 

      In back of

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