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Learning Chapter

10 Questions
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AP psychology learning chapter

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Salavating at a sight of a lemon

    • B. 

      Raising your hand to ask a question

    • C. 

      Jerking your hand off a very hot stove

    • D. 

      Walking into a restaurant to eat

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Wundt

    • B. 

      Skinner

    • C. 

      Watson

    • D. 

      Bandura

    • E. 

      Garcia

  • 3. 
    When a CS is not followed by a UCS, the subsequent fading of a CR is callled:
    • A. 

      Discrimination

    • B. 

      Generalization

    • C. 

      Delayed reinforcement

    • D. 

      Extinction

  • 4. 
    Garcia and Koelling's findings on taste aversion in rats challenged the previously accepted principle that:
    • A. 

      Positive reinforcement is more effective than punishment in changing behavior

    • B. 

      The UCS must immediately follwo the CS for conditioning to occur

    • C. 

      Learning is influenced by the frequency of association between the CS and the UCS

    • D. 

      Learning occurs only if a response is followed by reinforcement

  • 5. 
    Because his father frequently spanked him for swearing, Antonio has developed a strong fear of his father.  In this case, the father is a(n) ________ for Antonio's fear.
    • A. 

      Negative reinforcer

    • B. 

      Conditioned stimulus

    • C. 

      Secondary reinforcer

    • D. 

      Unconditioned stimulus

  • 6. 
    A negative reinforcer tends to ____ the behavior is follows.
    • A. 

      Strengthen

    • B. 

      Eliminate

    • C. 

      Suppress but not eliminate

    • D. 

      Have unpredictable effects on

  • 7. 
    Which of the following decreases the recurrence of the behavior it follows?
    • A. 

      Positive reinforcer

    • B. 

      Negative reinforcer

    • C. 

      Punishment

    • D. 

      Both b and c

  • 8. 
    BF Skinner discounted the role of _____ in learning.
    • A. 

      Negative reinforcement

    • B. 

      Punishment

    • C. 

      Cognitive process

    • D. 

      Conditioned reinforcers

    • E. 

      Effective parenting

  • 9. 
    Pavlov is to classical conditioning as ________ is to _________.
    • A. 

      Thorndike; modeling

    • B. 

      Skinner; latent learning

    • C. 

      Bandura; observational learning

    • D. 

      Garcia; computer assisted instruction

  • 10. 
    Children exposed to a model who preached one thing and did another:
    • A. 

      Ignored both what the model said and did

    • B. 

      Ignored what the model did and both talked and acted in ways consistent with what the model said.

    • C. 

      Ignored what the model said and both talked and acted in ways consistent with waht they model did.

    • D. 

      Said what the model said and did what the model did.