Lab 2: Cardiovascular And Circulatory Systems

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 Lab 2: Cardiovascular And Circulatory Systems

  
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  • 1. 
    Contain venous blood(deoxygenated) that returns from the body to the heart.

  • 2. 
    Strong elastic vessels that carry blood away from the heart(oxygenated).

  • 3. 
    Simple squamous epithelial tissue and a thin layer of alveolar connective tissue.

  • 4. 
    Innermost layer of arteries made up of simple squamous epithelial tissue and a thin layer of connective tissue that helps to prevent blood clots and regulates blood flow.

  • 5. 
    The middle layer of arteries where cells secrete prostacyclin to prevent blood clots and is exceedingly smooth.

  • 6. 
    The outer layer of arteries, aka adventitia, which is a thin layer containing connective tissue with elastic and collagenous fibers.

  • 7. 
    Involuntary muscle found in organs that myst contract fluid.(ex.stomach)

  • 8. 
    Smaller blood vessels which are a single layer of endothelium and extensions of arterioles.

  • 9. 
    An artery that can stretch and return to normal shape after distortion. (ex. those that branch off of the aorta of the heart.)

  • 10. 
    Arteries that contain smooth muscles.

  • 11. 
    Smaller branches of arteries.

  • 12. 
    Smaller branches of veins.

  • 13. 
    A capillary that has multiple openings.

  • 14. 
    Membranous folds in a canal or passage that prevents backflow of material passing through it.

  • 15. 
    The period of contraction of the heart, especially in the ventricles during which blood is forced into the aorta and pulmonary artery.

  • 16. 
    The phase of the cardiac cycle in which the heart relaxes between contractions, specifically, the period when the two ventricles are dilated by blood flowing through them.

  • 17. 
    Constriction of vessels.

  • 18. 
    relaxation of vessels.

  • 19. 
    Where to arteries carry blood in relation to the heart?

  • 20. 
    Why is it important for the Tunica interna to be smooth?
    • A. 

      So blood doesn't clot

    • B. 

      Decreases resistance to blood flow

    • C. 

      All of the above


  • 21. 
    What part of the nervous system controls the Tunica media

  • 22. 
    What is the function of the Tunica media?
    • A. 

      Give the artery strength and flexibility

    • B. 

      Regulates the diameter of the blood vessels

    • C. 

      All of the above


  • 23. 
    What is the function of the Tunica externa?
    • A. 

      Attaches artery to surrounding tissue

    • B. 

      Support and protection

    • C. 

      Prevents clotting

    • D. 

      Both a and b are correct

    • E. 

      Both b and c are correct


  • 24. 
    Where to veins carry blood?

  • 25. 
    Veins have similar to arteries with the major difference in the _________________ which is much thinner than arteries.

  • 26. 
    What is the special structure veins have that arteries do not?

  • 27. 
    What do valves prevent?

  • 28. 
    Capillaries are composed of a ________ layer of endothelium.

  • 29. 
    What is the function of the capillary?
    • A. 

      It directs blood to the heart.

    • B. 

      It is a semipermeable membrane allowing for exchange of CO2 and O2 exchange.

    • C. 

      It prevents blood clotting


  • 30. 
    What is another term for red blood cells?

  • 31. 
    The function of erythrocytes are to carry oxygen.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 32. 
    What is special about the structure of red blood cells?They are_________.

  • 33. 
    How does the concavity of RBC's relate to function?
    • A. 

      It makes them smaller

    • B. 

      It makes them larger

    • C. 

      It increases surface area for oxygen attachement


  • 34. 

    What is the name of the structure labeled A?

  • 35. 

    What is the name of the structure labeled B?

  • 36. 

    What is the name of the structures labeled C?

  • 37. 

    What are the structures labeled D?

  • 38. 

    What are the structures labeled E?

  • 39. 

      What are the structures labled F?

  • 40. 

    What is the structure on the left?

  • 41. 

    What is the structure on the right?

  • 42. 
    What are these structures?

  • 43. 

    What structure does the green arrow indicate?

  • 44. 

    What are the pink arrows pointing to?

  • 45. 

    What is the name for the out of place cell pictured here?

  • 46. 

    What is 1 pointing to?

  • 47. 

    What is the structure for A?

  • 48. 

    What is the structure for B?

  • 49. 

    What is the structure for C?

  • 50. 

    What is the structure for D?

  • 51. 

    What is the structure for E?

  • 52. 

    What is A?

  • 53. 

    What is B?

  • 54. 

    What is C?

  • 55. 

    What is D?

  • 56. 

    What is E?

  • 57. 
    Ther term for pressure in the arteries at peak ventricular ejection

  • 58. 
    The term for the pressure in th arteries at ventricular relaxation.

  • 59. 
    The name of the instrument used to find blood pressure through an ausculatory method.

  • 60. 
    Which artery do we place the cuff over?

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