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Introduction To Science Test

50 Questions
Science Quizzes & Trivia

Science as a Process Scientific Investigation

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The factors that remain the same during an experiment, also referred to as constants.
    • A. 

      Independent Variables

    • B. 

      Dependent Variables

    • C. 

      Controlled Variables

    • D. 

      Controlled Experiment

  • 2. 
    The two types of observations are objective and subjective observations.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    An inference is using researched information to make a reasonable guess to explain observed events
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The factor being measured or observed in an experiment.
    • A. 

      Independent Variable

    • B. 

      Dependent Variable

    • C. 

      Controlled Variable

    • D. 

      Controlled Experiment

  • 5. 
    The process of repeating an investigation.
    • A. 

      Repetition

    • B. 

      Replication

    • C. 

      Hypothesis

    • D. 

      Controlled Experiment

  • 6. 
    There are 5 steps to solving a problem (The Scientific Method).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    A suggested answer or reason why one variable affects another in a certain way.
    • A. 

      Hypothesis

    • B. 

      Law

    • C. 

      Investigation

    • D. 

      Theory

  • 8. 
    To observe or study by close examination and systematic inquiry.
    • A. 

      Experiment

    • B. 

      Investigation

    • C. 

      Independent Variable

    • D. 

      Replication

  • 9. 
    A plan of inquiry that uses science process skills as tools to gather, organize, analyze and communicate information.
    • A. 

      Law

    • B. 

      Theory

    • C. 

      Scientific Inquiry

    • D. 

      Scientific Method

  • 10. 
    The ongoing process of discovery in science; the diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world and propose explanations based on the evidence they gather.  
    • A. 

      Scientific inquiry

    • B. 

      Repetition

    • C. 

      Models

    • D. 

      Scientific Method

  • 11. 
    The factor that is changed in an experiment in order to study changes in the dependent variable.
    • A. 

      Independent Variable

    • B. 

      Dependent Variable

    • C. 

      Controlled Variables

    • D. 

      Controlled Experiment

  • 12. 
    The use of multiple trials within procedures in an investigation
    • A. 

      Replication

    • B. 

      Investigation

    • C. 

      Experiment

    • D. 

      Repetition

  • 13. 
    A statement that describes what scientists expect to happen every time under a particular set of conditions.
    • A. 

      Theory

    • B. 

      Law

    • C. 

      Hypothesis

    • D. 

      Scientific Method

  • 14. 
    Tentative schemes or structures that correspond to real objects, events or classes of events, and that have explanatory power
    • A. 

      Models

    • B. 

      Theory

    • C. 

      Investigation

    • D. 

      Replication

  • 15. 
     A well-tested explanation for a wide range of observations or experimental results.
    • A. 

      Experiment

    • B. 

      Dependent Variable

    • C. 

      Theory

    • D. 

      Law

  • 16. 
    The test of a hypothesis under controlled conditions
    • A. 

      Repetition

    • B. 

      Models

    • C. 

      Experiment

    • D. 

      Investigation

  • 17. 
    An experiment in which only one variable is manipulated
    • A. 

      Independent Variables

    • B. 

      Dependent Variables

    • C. 

      Controlled Variables

    • D. 

      Controlled Experiment

  • 18. 
    Subjective observations are opinions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Predicting is using prior knowledge to make a forecast about a future event.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    All important scientific discoveries are made by professional scientists. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Scientists use all the steps in a scientific method in the same order to solve different problems.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    In a controlled experiment, the independent variable is the factor that is changed by the researcher.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    When observing and recording the results of an experiment, observations my include both measurements and descriptions
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Using scientific methods means doing a controlled experiment
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    There are never variables or controls in an observational study
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    If the results of a study do not support a hypothesis, it means that the hypothesis is wrong.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    Results from scientific experiments and observations often raise more questions and lead to further studies
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    Data tables help you to organize your observations and test results.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    The process of trying to understand the world around you is___________________.
    • A. 

      A controlled experiment

    • B. 

      A control

    • C. 

      A hypothesis

    • D. 

      Science

  • 30. 
    Approaches taken to try to solve a problem are _______________
    • A. 

      Controlled experiments

    • B. 

      Sciences

    • C. 

      Scientific methods

    • D. 

      Hypothesis

  • 31. 
    A prediction about a problem that can be tested is _______________________
    • A. 

      A hypothesis

    • B. 

      An independent variable

    • C. 

      A dependent variable

    • D. 

      A control

  • 32. 
    A factor being measured in an experiment is the ______________________.
    • A. 

      Independent variable

    • B. 

      Dependent variable

    • C. 

      Control

    • D. 

      Constant

  • 33. 
    A variable in an experiment that stays the same is ______________
    • A. 

      An independent variable

    • B. 

      A dependent variable

    • C. 

      A constant

    • D. 

      A control

  • 34. 
    One way to analyze data from a study is to ______________
    • A. 

      Make a graph

    • B. 

      Develop a hypothesis

    • C. 

      Choose which variable to keep constant

    • D. 

      Recognize a problem

  • 35. 
    Scientists may draw conclusions from the results of ____________________.
    • A. 

      Experiments

    • B. 

      Observational studies

    • C. 

      Both experiments and observational studies

    • D. 

      Neither experiments nor observational studies

  • 36. 
    Looking for differences in objects or events is _________________.
    • A. 

      Comparing

    • B. 

      Contrasting

    • C. 

      Infering

    • D. 

      Hypothesizing

  • 37. 
    An arrangement of things or events in certain order is _________________
    • A. 

      A comparison

    • B. 

      A contrast

    • C. 

      A sequence

    • D. 

      A hypothesis

  • 38. 
    When designing an experiment, the first step is to _________________.
    • A. 

      Draw conclusions

    • B. 

      Form a hypothesis

    • C. 

      Recognize a problem

    • D. 

      Test a hypothesis

  • 39. 
    When conducting an experiment, the last step is to ___________________
    • A. 

      Analyze the data

    • B. 

      Draw conclusions

    • C. 

      Form a hypothesis

    • D. 

      Recognize a problem

  • 40. 
    Recognizing a problem is one possible approach in using_____________________.
    • A. 

      Sequence

    • B. 

      Scientific methods

    • C. 

      Controls

    • D. 

      Constants

  • 41. 
    Scientists often will not form a hypothesis until after _________________ has (have) been collected.
    • A. 

      Graphs

    • B. 

      Numerous scientists

    • C. 

      Much information

    • D. 

      Problem-solving methods

  • 42. 
    If a scientist wanted to study the eating habits of a fox, she would most likely use___________________.
    • A. 

      A trial

    • B. 

      An observational study

    • C. 

      A controlled experiment

    • D. 

      A blind experiment

  • 43. 
    If the main topic were "The Scientific Method" check the boxes that would fall underneath. 
    • A. 

      Recognizing a problem

    • B. 

      Inferring

    • C. 

      Forming a hypothesis

    • D. 

      Testing a hypothesis

    • E. 

      Memorizing

    • F. 

      Analyzing data

  • 44. 
    To be valid, a THEORY must only pass a couple tests.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    Experiments that illustrate a theory must be able to be replicated.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    You must be able to predict from a theory.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    Many scientific laws and theories can be stated as mathematical equations which are QUANTITATIVE statements.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 48. 
    Theories and laws are absolute (stay the same forever and ever).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 49. 
    Models represent things that are too big, too complex, or too small to study easily.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    Computer models can save time and money because long and complex calculations are done by machine.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False