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Intro To Sociology Test 1

25 Questions
Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

Test 1 participant observation, in-depth interviewing Experiments control and observe specific variables in a highly controlled environment Life histories individual biography Comparative research comparing difference of a subject across social contexts Documentary research government statistics, newspapers, journals etc.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the Global Prespective?
    • A. 

      Views society as the product of the symbols, language, and everyday interactions between individuals

    • B. 

      Structured groups or contexts within which significant processes of socialization occur

    • C. 

      The study of the larger world and our societies place in it

    • D. 

      The systematic study of how human societies shape the lives of people who live in them

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      A method that is useful for gathering less detailed information from a larger group.

    • B. 

      Rewards and punishments that can be given by most members of a group

    • C. 

      Refers to the process of self development through which we formulate a unique sense of ourselves and our relationship to the world around us

    • D. 

      The learning of gender roles begins at birth

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Is the values, beliefs, behavior, and material objects that, together, form a people’s way of life

    • B. 

      Is the economic system that is directed at earning a profit for a few, selling the profits to many people, and keeping workers wages low in order to increase profits

    • C. 

      Social cohesion (unity) results from the various parts of society functioning as parts of society functioning as an integrated whole.

    • D. 

      A theory that uses the concept of gender, class, and race to study and challenge power and inequality

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      The practice of judging another culture by the standards of ones own culture

    • B. 

      The dominance of European (especially English) cultural patterns the way we view the world is socially constructed

    • C. 

      Are the guidelines we claim to accept

    • D. 

      Culturally defined standards by which people asses desirability, goodness, and beauty and that serve as broad guidelines for social living

  • 5. 
    What are the types of culture?
    • A. 

      Relationship-focused cultures

    • B. 

      Social Groups, Arts, and Government

    • C. 

      Organizational culture

    • D. 

      Material culture and Non-Material culture

  • 6. 
    What is a folkways?
    • A. 

      Are formally defined and are enforced by designated people

    • B. 

      Norms for routine or casual interaction. “Everyday behaviors.”

    • C. 

      Specific statements that people hold to be true or false

    • D. 

      Have great moral significance. “taboos"

  • 7. 
    What is Society?
    • A. 

      Refers to people who interact in a defined territory and share a culture

    • B. 

      Is the values, beliefs, behavior, and material objects that, together, form a people’s way of life

    • C. 

      Social cohesion (unity) results from the various parts of society functioning as parts of society functioning as an integrated whole.

    • D. 

      Culturally defined standards by which people asses desirability, goodness, and beauty and that serve as broad guidelines for social living

  • 8. 
    What is Documentary research ?
    • A. 

      Participant observation, in-depth interviewing

    • B. 

      Individual biography

    • C. 

      Government statistics, newspapers, journals etc.

    • D. 

      Comparing difference of a subject across social contexts

  • 9. 
    Peer groups free children from adult supervision and take on great significance during adolescence
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Identity is regarded as the result of modeling oneself in response to the expectations of others, not as a produc4 of the unconscious

    • B. 

      Refers to the process of self development through which we formulate a unique sense of ourselves and our relationship to the world around us

    • C. 

      Socially defined expectations that a person in a given social position will follow

    • D. 

      A theory that uses the concept of gender, class, and race to study and challenge power and inequality

  • 11. 
    Is It challenges our commonly held- but often wrong/false – beliefs one of the purposes of sociological research?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    What is the Social- conflict approach (Marx)?
    • A. 

      Refers to the particular experience of African Americans where in which they are forced to see themselves their status as citizens who are never able to escape identification based on the color of their skin

    • B. 

      Is the ability to “think ourselves away” from the familiar routine in order to see things from a different, more sociological perspective

    • C. 

      Says the organization of society (stratifications based on class, ethnicity, gender, age, etc.) and the changes in society can be explained by the conflicts inherent to social relations.

    • D. 

      Is a theory that focuses on the social structures that shape society as a whole. It sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to maintain stability and to promote solidarity.

  • 13. 
    What is the “Organic solidarity”?
    • A. 

      A method that is useful for gathering less detailed information from a larger group.

    • B. 

      Social cohesion (unity) results from the various parts of society functioning as parts of society functioning as an integrated whole.

    • C. 

      Culturally defined standards by which people asses desirability, goodness, and beauty and that serve as broad guidelines for social living

    • D. 

      Rewards and punishments sanctions are how we get people to follow different norms

  • 14. 
    What is the Functionalism (Durkheim – Merton)?
    • A. 

      Is a theory that focuses on the social structures that shape society as a whole. It sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to maintain stability and to promote solidarity.

    • B. 

      Is the ability to “think ourselves away” from the familiar routine in order to see things from a different, more sociological perspective

    • C. 

      Says the organization of society (stratifications based on class, ethnicity, gender, age, etc.) and the changes in society can be explained by the conflicts inherent to social relations.

    • D. 

      : a theory that uses the concept of gender, class, and race to study and challenge power and inequality.

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      Government

    • B. 

      Technology

    • C. 

      Media

    • D. 

      Organisation

  • 17. 
    An Ideal culture is?
    • A. 

      Are actual behavior patterns

    • B. 

      Are not guidelines which we claim to accept

    • C. 

      Are the guidelines we claim to accept

    • D. 

      Are not actual behavior patterns

  • 18. 
    What is Self identity?
    • A. 

      Refers to the process of self development through which we formulate a unique sense of ourselves and our relationship to the world around us

    • B. 

      Identity is regarded as the result of modeling oneself in response to the expectations of others, not as a produc4 of the unconscious

    • C. 

      Socially defined expectations that a person in a given social position will follow

    • D. 

      Involves instilling culture within the individual, enabling the person to survive effectively in his or her social world

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The average U.S child spends as much time watching television as attending school or interacting with parents
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Which is not a cultural universals? 
    • A. 

      Religion

    • B. 

      Prohibition against incest

    • C. 

      Family

    • D. 

      Media

  • 22. 
    What is Cultural transmission?
    • A. 

      Is the values, beliefs, behavior, and material objects that, together, form a people’s way of life

    • B. 

      The process by which one generation passes culture to the next

    • C. 

      Is system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another

    • D. 

      Specific statements that people hold to be true or false

  • 23. 
    What is the W.E.B Dubois “double consciousness”?
    • A. 

      Says the organization of society (stratifications based on class, ethnicity, gender, age, etc.) and the changes in society can be explained by the conflicts inherent to social relations.

    • B. 

      Is the economic system that is directed at earning a profit for a few, selling the profits to many people, and keeping workers wages low in order to increase profits

    • C. 

      Is a theory that focuses on the social structures that shape society as a whole. It sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to maintain stability and to promote solidarity.

    • D. 

      Refers to the particular experience of African Americans where in which they are forced to see themselves their status as citizens who are never able to escape identification based on the color of their skin

  • 24. 
    A method that is useful for gathering less detailed information from a larger group is a survey
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential, learn culture, and learn the expectations of society is
    • A. 

      Society

    • B. 

      Socialization

    • C. 

      Sociology

    • D. 

      Sanctions