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Ib Business And Management Accounts & Finance: 3.5 Financial Accounts

100 Questions  I  By BusinessIB1
IB Business and Management ACCOUNTS & FINANCE: 3.5 Financial Accounts
 

  
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1.  Motor vehicles tend to depreciate most in value at the beginning of their useful life
A.
B.
2.  If expenses are greater than gross profit for a business, then the business
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  A firm could increase its gross profit by
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Non-operating income does not include
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The three main business accounts are:  1. Income statement 2. Balance sheet       3. ____________
6.  Gross profit less expenses plus non-operating income gives
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which of the following equations is found in a balance sheet of a public limited company?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  _____________: A financial obligation of a business that it is required to repay in the future
9.  Calculate the cost of sales from the following information: Cost of stock per unit = $20. Units of stock purchases = 800. Closing Stock = 300 units and Opening Stock = 250 units.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  _____________  = sales revenue less cost of sales
11.  The three main business accounts are:  1. Income statement 2.  _______________     3. Cash-flow statement
12.  Which of the following is not considered a fixed asset?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Appreciation refers to an increase in the value of an asset over time
A.
B.
14.  Interest payable means
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The three main business accounts are:  1. Income statement 2.  _______________     3. Cash-flow statement
16.  Suppose a firm has opening stock of $5 000, purchases of $6 000 and cost of goods sold at $8 000. What is the value of its closing stock?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Intangible assets are
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Capital employed does not include the calculation of
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Cash flow forecasts are historical statements showing the movement of cash in a business over time
A.
B.
20.  An increase in the value of certain fixed assets, sucha s land and buildings, is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Three sections of an income statement:  1. _______ account 2. Profit and loss account 3. Appropriation account
22.  Which statement cannot be applied to goodwill?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  A business earns $200 000 in sales, has expenses of $80 000 and cost of goods sold are $90 000. What is the gross profit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The three main business accounts are:  1. ____________ 2. Balance sheet       3. Cash-flow statement
25.  On a profit and loss account, dividends represent
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Work out the value of net current assets from the information given
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  LIFO stock valuation will tend to reduce the tax bill for business
A.
B.
28.  _______________: The share of profits paid to shareholders as a return for investing in a company
29.  Which of the following would be shown as an exceptional item on a profit and loss account?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  _____________: Cash and other assets expected to be exchanged for cash or consumed within a year; e.g., inventories, accounts payable (debtors) and cash/bank balance
31.  Hoopers Toys Ltd purchases goods at $10 000 and manages to sell these for $18 000. State the gross profit
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  De Melo Consultancy uses the declining balance method to depreciate its fixed assets. The firm purchases computers worth $300 000 and uses a depreciation rate of 30%. The computers are expected to last five years before being replaced. What would the annual depreciation charge be if the company had used the straight line depreciation method for the computers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Slater Tiling Company has an opening stock of $35 000, a closing stock of $30 000, and has purchased stock during the year costing $95 000. Calculate the firm's cost of goods sold (COGS)
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The main benefit to a firm using the LIFO, rather than the FIFO, method of stock control is that
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Complete the missing figures from the accounts of Constance Curtains Ltd.
A. A
A.
B. B
B.
C. C
C.
D. D
D.
E. E
E.
36.  All fixed assets depreciate over a long period of time
A.
B.
37.  In which account would overheads and expenses appear?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Net assets is calculated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  _______________: Tangible assets (e.g. not brands) that have a physical existence and are expected to be retained and used by a business for more than 12 months
40.  It is not a legal requirement for all companies to show their shareholders the sources and use of finances
A.
B.
41.  The appropriation account does not show
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Assume that Pitarch Car Hire Co. bought a vehicle for $35 000 with an expected life of 4 years. Its residual value is estimated to be $7 000. Calculate the straight line depreciation per year.
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Which of the following items is not found in a balance sheet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Fixed assets include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  In which final accounts would you find 'shareholders' funds'?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Hoopers Toys Ltd purchases goods at $10 000 and manages to sell these for $18 000. State the cost of goods sold
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Capital expenditure can be determined via a balance sheet
A.
B.
48.  De Melo Consultancy uses the declining balance method to depreciate its fixed assets. The firm purchases computers worth $300 000 and uses a depreciation rate of 30%. The computers are expected to last five years before being replaced. What is the net book value of the computers after two years?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  A patent
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Expenses are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.     Refer to the information below and calculate the firm's total dividend payout to shareholders.
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  _____________: Total value of assets - total value of liabilities
53.  Identify the key terms from the clues given
A. Gross profit LESS expenses
A.
B. Net profit LESS gross profit
B.
C. Sales revenue LESS total costs of production
C.
D. Net profit after tax and interest LESS dividends
D.
54.  Current assets do not include
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  ___________ = gross profit - overhead expenses
56.  Which of the following is most likley to be a long-term business liability?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Three sections of an income statement:  1. Trading account 2. Profit and loss account 3. __________ account
58.  Which of the following would not be classifies as an expense in the profit and loss  account?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Current assets do not include
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Net assets refers to the difference between a firm's total assets and its current liabilities
A.
B.
61.  Physical assets tend to depreciate over time. Which assets below do not generally follow this trend?
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Which of the following statements does not usually apply to fixed assets?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Historic cost is the original price that a firm paid for the purchase of a fixed asset
A.
B.
64.  _____________: An accounting statement that records the values of a business's assets, liabilities and shareholders' equity at one point in time
65.     Refer to the information below and calculate the firm's gross profit.
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  The profit figure shown in a profit and loss account is an accurate estimate which may be revised at a later date
A.
B.
67.  __________: Items of monetary value that are owned by the business
68.  Which of the following is not an intangible asset?
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Expenses do not include
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Intangible assets include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Where is revenue earned from holding shares in other companies that have paid out dividends recorded?
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  Work out the value of net profit from the following information
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  If a firm buys a delivery vehicle with cash, how will this be reflected in the balance sheet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  The main purpose of constructing a balance sheet is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Complete the missing figures from the accounts of Constance Curtains Ltd.
A. A
A.
B. B
B.
C. C
C.
D. E
D.
E. F
E.
76.  Which statement below cannot be applied to gross profit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Sole traders and partnerships are not required by law to publish their final accounts publicly.
A.
B.
78.  _______________: This is the direct cost of purchasing the goods that were sold during the financial year.
79.  Ortega Clothing Company has expenses of $123 000 and a net profit of $321 000. Calculate the firm's gross profit
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  _________________: The total value of sales made during the trading period = selling price x quantity sold
81.  Assume that equipment bought by a manufacturer costing $15 000 has a useful life of five years. Annual depreciation is charged at 40%. Calculate the book value of the asset after two years.
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Money owed to other people or organisations are shown in a balance sheet as
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Suppliers would be interested in the final accounts of a business in order to
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  The reducing balance method of depreciation reduces the value of an asset by a fixed amount of the book value of the asset
A.
B.
85.  Which of the following items does not appear in a profit and loss account?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  Three sections of an income statement:  1. Trading account 2.  ___________ account 3. Appropriation account
87.  Identify the key terms from the clues given
A. Opening stock PLUS purchases LESS closing stock
A.
B. Net profit after tax LESS retained profit
B.
C. Sales revenue LESS costs of goods sold
C.
D. Gross profit LESS expenses
D.
88.     Refer to the information below and calculate the firm's net profit.
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  Net profit and operating profit are equal when there is an absence of which option below?
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Publication of final accounts include all the following statements except
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  The Trading Account gives details of
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Which statement about tangible assets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.   _______________: The profit left after all deductions, including dividends, have been made. This is 'ploughed back' into the company as a source of finance
94.  Bank overdrafts and creditors are examples of current liabilities
A.
B.
95.  Use the following information to work out the profit on ordinary activites before tax
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  The profit and loss account
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  Which item appears in the balance sheet of a sole trader? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Which of the following is a business not legally obliged to report?
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  Hoopers Toys Ltd purchases goods at $10 000 and manages to sell these for $18 000. State the sales revenue
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  Identify the key terms from the clues given
A. Opening stock PLUS purchases LESS closing stock
A.
B. Sales revenue LESS costs of goods sold
B.
C. Net profit LESS gross profit
C.
D. Net profit after tax and interest LESS dividends
D.
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