Hiv/AIDS Multiple Choice

46 Questions  I  By Sgomes
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HIV Quizzes & Trivia
Studying Nursing 170. HIV/AIDS

  
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  • 1. 
    What clinical condition listed below is associated  with what AIDS-indicated category? histoplasmosis
    • A. 

      Clinical Category A

    • B. 

      Clinical Category B

    • C. 

      Clinical Category C


  • 2. 
    What clinical condition listed below is associated  with what AIDS-indicated category? hairy leukoplakia
    • A. 

      Clinical Category A

    • B. 

      Clinical Category B

    • C. 

      Clinical Category C


  • 3. 
    What clinical condition listed below is associated  with what AIDS-indicated category? Kaposi’s sarcoma
    • A. 

      Clinical Category A

    • B. 

      Clinical Category B

    • C. 

      Clinical Category C


  • 4. 
    What clinical condition listed below is associated  with what AIDS-indicated category? acute primary HIV infection
    • A. 

      Clinical Category A

    • B. 

      Clinical Category B

    • C. 

      Clinical Category C


  • 5. 
    What clinical condition listed below is associated  with what AIDS-indicated category? Pneumocystis carinii
    • A. 

      Clinical Category A

    • B. 

      Clinical Category B

    • C. 

      Clinical Category C


  • 6. 
    What clinical condition listed below is associated  with what AIDS-indicated category? bacillary angiomatosis
    • A. 

      Clinical Category A

    • B. 

      Clinical Category B

    • C. 

      Clinical Category C


  • 7. 
    What clinical condition listed below is associated  with what AIDS-indicated category? persistent generalized lymphadenopathy (PGL)
    • A. 

      Clinical Category A

    • B. 

      Clinical Category B

    • C. 

      Clinical Category C


  • 8. 
    What clinical condition listed below is associated  with what AIDS-indicated category? extrapulmonary crytococcosis
    • A. 

      Clinical Category A

    • B. 

      Clinical Category B

    • C. 

      Clinical Category C


  • 9. 
    Classify the following Antiretroviral Agent by its action: abacavir
    • A. 

      Nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • B. 

      Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • C. 

      Protease Inhibitors


  • 10. 
    Classify the following Antiretroviral Agent by its action: Fortovase
    • A. 

      Nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • B. 

      Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • C. 

      Protease Inhibitors


  • 11. 
    Classify the following Antiretroviral Agent by its action:AZT
    • A. 

      Nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • B. 

      Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • C. 

      Protease Inhibitors


  • 12. 
    Classify the following Antiretroviral Agent by its action: Epivir 
    • A. 

      Nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • B. 

      Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • C. 

      Protease Inhibitors


  • 13. 
    Classify the following Antiretroviral Agent by its action: Viracept
    • A. 

      Nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • B. 

      Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • C. 

      Protease Inhibitors


  • 14. 
    Classify the following Antiretroviral Agent by its action: efavirenz
    • A. 

      Nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • B. 

      Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • C. 

      Protease Inhibitors


  • 15. 
    Classify the following Antiretroviral Agent by its action: indinavir
    • A. 

      Nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • B. 

      Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • C. 

      Protease Inhibitors


  • 16. 
    Classify the following Antiretroviral Agent by its action: Viread
    • A. 

      Nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • B. 

      Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • C. 

      Protease Inhibitors


  • 17. 
    Classify the following Antiretroviral Agent by its action: delavirdine
    • A. 

      Nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • B. 

      Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • C. 

      Protease Inhibitors


  • 18. 
    Classify the following Antiretroviral Agent by its action: nevirapine
    • A. 

      Nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • B. 

      Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • C. 

      Protease Inhibitors


  • 19. 
    A patient with advanced AIDS has diarrhea and wasting syndrome.  An appropriate nursing diagnosis for the patient is  
    • A. 

      Diarrhea related to opportunistic infection

    • B. 

      Risk for fluid volume deficit related to diarrhea.

    • C. 

      Risk for infection related to immunosuppression.

    • D. 

      Risk for impaired skin integrity related to altered nutritional status and frequent stools.


  • 20. 
    A patient with advanced AIDS has a nursing diagnosis of altered thought processes related to neurologic changes.  In planning care for the patient, the nurse sets the highest priority on:
    • A. 

      Providing a quiet, non-stressful environment to avoid over stimulation.

    • B. 

      Using memory cues such as calendars and clocks to promote orientation.

    • C. 

      Providing written instructions of directions to promote understanding and orientation.

    • D. 

      Maintaining a safe patient environment.


  • 21. 
    Effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy is measured by: 
    • A. 

      A fall in the plasma viral load and an increase in theCD4 count.

    • B. 

      A rise in red blood cell count and hemoglobin level.

    • C. 

      A rise in plasma HIV antibodies level.

    • D. 

      A reduction in opportunistic infections.


  • 22. 
    The decision to begin antiretroviral therapy is based on:
    • A. 

      The CD4 cell count

    • B. 

      The plasma viral load

    • C. 

      The intensity of the patient's clinical symptoms.

    • D. 

      All of the above.


  • 23. 
    Which is most important in case of a patient diagnosed as AIDS and who is expressing death wishes?  
    • A. 

      immediately send the patient for HIV confirmation tests.

    • B. 

      Immediately start antiretroviral therapy (ART).

    • C. 

      Send the patient for CD4 count testing.

    • D. 

      Treat the patient for depression and suicidal thoughts


  • 24. 
    Oral candidiasis in AIDS is treated with:
    • A. 

      Trimethoprim + sulfimethaxazole

    • B. 

      Fluconazole

    • C. 

      Acyclovir

    • D. 

      Zidovudine


  • 25. 
    Human Papiloma Virus in AIDS patients is manifested as:   
    • A. 

      Cough, evening fever, night sweats, weight loss and anemia

    • B. 

      Persistant fever, tachypnoea, hypoxia, cyanosis and tachycardia.

    • C. 

      Genital warts, flat warts, skin warts, neoplasia of cervix, vagina and penis

    • D. 

      Watery diarrhoea, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting


  • 26. 
    ______________ is the most common HIV-related neurological complication     
    • A. 

      Tuberculosis

    • B. 

      Kaposi's sarcoma

    • C. 

      Toxoplasmosis

    • D. 

      Lymphoma


  • 27. 
    Which of the following statements is FALSE about antiretroviral therapy (ART):   
    • A. 

      ART increases survival rate.

    • B. 

      ART reduces HIV-transmission.

    • C. 

      ART is a cure for AIDS.

    • D. 

      ART reduces hospitalization.


  • 28. 
    Goals of ART includes all, EXCEPT;     
    • A. 

      Prolongation of life and improvement of Quality of Life.

    • B. 

      Greatest possible reduction in viral load for as long as possible.

    • C. 

      Rational sequencing of drugs, limiting drug toxicity, and facilitation of adherence.

    • D. 

      Elimination of HIV entirely from the body


  • 29. 
    Which of the following listed drugs is a protease inhibitors group of ARVs?    
    • A. 

      Zidovudine (AZT)

    • B. 

      Efavirenz (EFZ)

    • C. 

      Nevirapine (NVP)

    • D. 

      Indinavir ( IDV)


  • 30. 
    Efavirenz (EFZ) is a; 
    • A. 

      Nucleoside reverse transcriptors inhibitors group of ARV.

    • B. 

      Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptors inhibitors group of ARV.

    • C. 

      Protease inhibitors group of drug.

    • D. 

      Anti-tubercular drug.


  • 31. 
    Which statement about initiating drug therapy (ART) in stage 4 (WHO) is TRUE?       
    • A. 

      Treat if CD4 count is <200.

    • B. 

      Consider treatment if CD4 count is <350 and initiate ART before CD4 count falls below 200.

    • C. 

      Treat irrespective of CD4 count.

    • D. 

      Do not treat till CD4 count is avilable.


  • 32. 
    The standard Zidovudine dose for adults and adolescents in ART is;     
    • A. 

      200 mg

    • B. 

      600 mg

    • C. 

      150 mg

    • D. 

      300 mg


  • 33. 
    Which statement about ART regimen is TRUE?    
    • A. 

      ART must be given in 3-drug combination.

    • B. 

      Use AZT+3TC+NVP in patients with Hb <8 g/dL.

    • C. 

      Give only 1 or 2 ARVs if intolerence is present.

    • D. 

      Give only 1 ARV in asymptomatic (WHO stage 1) patients.


  • 34. 
    ____________ should be avoided in AIDS patients recieving ART during the first 2 months of Rifampicin ATT due to drug interactions.   
    • A. 

      Zidovudine

    • B. 

      Efavirenz

    • C. 

      Lamivudine

    • D. 

      Neviparine


  • 35. 
    The ART drug, which should be avoided in case of pregnancy is:          
    • A. 

      Efavirenz

    • B. 

      Indinavir

    • C. 

      Lamivudine

    • D. 

      Zidovudine


  • 36. 
    Antiretroviral treatment with Neviparine is generally avoided in:        
    • A. 

      Hepatitis/Chronic Liver Disease (CLD)

    • B. 

      Pregnancy

    • C. 

      Clinical stage 1 of AIDS infection.

    • D. 

      Clinical stage 4 of AIDS infection.


  • 37. 
    The combination of drugs, which is NOT generally recommended is:   
    • A. 

      Stavudine + Lamivudine+Neviparine

    • B. 

      AZT + 3TC+ NVP

    • C. 

      D4T+ 3TC + NVP

    • D. 

      NVP+ Rifampicin


  • 38. 
    Severe hematological toxicity is associated with use of:           
    • A. 

      Zidovudine (AZT)

    • B. 

      Nevirapine (NVP)

    • C. 

      Stavudine (d4T)

    • D. 

      Efavirenz (EFZ)


  • 39. 
    A toxicity syndrome associated with use of Nevirapine in ART is:          
    • A. 

      Steven-Jhonson Syndrome

    • B. 

      Lipoatrophy.

    • C. 

      Hematological Toxicity.

    • D. 

      Red neck syndrome


  • 40. 
    A syndrome presenting as occurance or worsoning of clinical and laboratory parameters of infection, despite a favourable outcome in CD4 count is called:                         
    • A. 

      Aquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

    • B. 

      Immune Reconstitution Inflammation Syndrome

    • C. 

      Red neck syndrome

    • D. 

      Lipodystrophy syndrome


  • 41. 
    Factors contributing to drug failure in ART are:            
    • A. 

      Sub-optimal ARV regimen.

    • B. 

      Sub-optimal drug levels.

    • C. 

      Lack of proper adherence to therapy.

    • D. 

      All of the above.


  • 42. 
    Reasons to consider ARV drug "substitution' include all, EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Drug toxicity

    • B. 

      Occurance of headache and vomiting

    • C. 

      Pregnancy.

    • D. 

      Occurance of active Tuberculosis.


  • 43. 
    Reasons to consider ARV regimen "switch" include:   ARV treatment failure. A.
    • A. 

      Occurance of nausea and vomiting.

    • B. 

      Reduction in viral load.

    • C. 

      ARV treatment failure

    • D. 

      Increase in CD4 blood level count.


  • 44. 
    When giving counselling to a patient on ART, which statement made by the nurse indicate the nurse needs further training?              
    • A. 

      Allways take the medicine as prescribed

    • B. 

      If a dose is missed, take a double dose.

    • C. 

      ART is life long. If the medicine is stopped, symptoms will reappear in months.

    • D. 

      The ART drugs should never be shared with anyone.


  • 45. 
    Giardiasis, an oportunistic infection in AIDS patients, is a:      
    • A. 

      Parasitic infection.

    • B. 

      Bacterial infection.

    • C. 

      Viral infection.

    • D. 

      Fungal infection.


  • 46. 
    PCP (Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia) is caused by a:                         
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Virus

    • D. 

      Parasite


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