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Hist 1301 Exam 2

56 Questions
History Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is over Unit 1. It covers chapters 6,7,8,9.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    George Washington's disastrous first military campaign took place where?
    • A. 

      New York City, NY

    • B. 

      Charleston, SC

    • C. 

      Philadelphia, PA

    • D. 

      Lexington, MA

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Finances

    • B. 

      Indian affairs

    • C. 

      Land policy

    • D. 

      Postal service

  • 3. 
    James Madison and Thomas Jefferson opposed the National Bank mainly because
    • A. 

      They were strict constructionists

    • B. 

      They though it was not powerful enough to meet the nation's financial needs

    • C. 

      They were broad constructionists

    • D. 

      It would cost the government too much money

  • 4. 
    Which quickly became Americans' most popular public ritual during the Revolution?
    • A. 

      Celebrating Independence Day

    • B. 

      Celebrating Washington's brithday

    • C. 

      Reenacting the Boston Tea Party

    • D. 

      Celebrating Thanksgiving

  • 5. 
    After the War for Independence, Britain cut American trade from
    • A. 

      China

    • B. 

      The British West Indies

    • C. 

      Great Britain

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    Anti-Federalist leaders
    • A. 

      Tended to be younger than their Federalist counterparts

    • B. 

      Wanted a bill of rights

    • C. 

      Often were better organized and prepared than their Federalist opponents

    • D. 

      Wanted an even stronger national government

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Senator

    • B. 

      Governor

    • C. 

      Congressman

    • D. 

      Supreme court justice

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Slaves who fought for teh Americans were granted their freedom

    • B. 

      Northern states began to outlaw slavery

    • C. 

      The British Army freed thousands of slaves

    • D. 

      Southern states made manumission more difficult

  • 9. 
    The Judiciary Act of 1801
    • A. 

      WAs the first act passed by the Republicans

    • B. 

      Created three new positions on the Supreme Court

    • C. 

      They were strict constructionists

    • D. 

      Allowed federal judges to be impeached under the Sedition Act

  • 10. 
    After the War of 1812,
    • A. 

      Federalists and Republicans returned to their prewar positions

    • B. 

      Federalist argued for a brad construction of the Constitution

    • C. 

      Republicans argued for a national bank and peacetime army

    • D. 

      Both parties opposed spending money on internal improvements

  • 11. 
    WHo was Sam Houston's hero and political mentor?
    • A. 

      Andrew Jackson

    • B. 

      George Washington

    • C. 

      Thomas Jefferson

    • D. 

      James Polk

  • 12. 
    Houston worked as an advocate for what Indian tribe?
    • A. 

      Cherokee

    • B. 

      Miami

    • C. 

      Creek

    • D. 

      Iroquois

  • 13. 
    Sam Houston fought in which war?
    • A. 

      War for Independence

    • B. 

      French and Indian War

    • C. 

      War of 1812

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 14. 
    According to Randolph Campbell, why did Houston leave for Texas?
    • A. 

      To start a revolution

    • B. 

      To begin a new life

    • C. 

      To find a new life

    • D. 

      To escape his creditors in Tennessee

  • 15. 
    Under the Articles of Confederation
    • A. 

      Most important actions required approval of nine of thirteen states

    • B. 

      There were no executive or judicial branches

    • C. 

      An amendment required the approval of all the states

    • D. 

      All of the abover were in the Articles of Confederation

  • 16. 
    Why was the Battle of Saratoga important?
    • A. 

      It showed that the american Continental Army had come of age

    • B. 

      It convinced the French to ally with the Americans

    • C. 

      It forced Washington to make a desperate gamble late in 1776

    • D. 

      It revealed the capable leadership of Nathanael Greene

  • 17. 
    Which statement best sumps up the militia's record in the War for Independence?
    • A. 

      Although they were often unreliable when fighting the British, they could sometimes be used effectively and decisively

    • B. 

      The milita consistently fought the British on their terms and oftentimes won

    • C. 

      They always ran at the sight of the British

    • D. 

      American generals learned that the militia and absolutely no value in any circumstances

  • 18. 
    Americans' economic opportunities expanded after the War for Independence because
    • A. 

      Mercantilism no longer limited where Americans could trade

    • B. 

      Foreign debt kept Americans working together

    • C. 

      Trade with Spanish Florida and Spanish West Indies grew

    • D. 

      The Native Americans wished to trade exclusively with America

  • 19. 
    True or False.  Due to an ineffective system and corruption, the Continental congress struggled to aequately supply the Continental Army.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    At what level of government did Americans most closeley attempt to practice republicanism?
    • A. 

      Town governments

    • B. 

      County governments

    • C. 

      State governments

    • D. 

      Both b and c

  • 21. 
    Economic theorists in the 1700s said what about capitalism and slavery?
    • A. 

      Capitalism will cause slavery

    • B. 

      Capitalism and slavery can coexist

    • C. 

      Slavery and capitalism do not work well together

    • D. 

      Slavery can help capitalism

  • 22. 
    Within these new constitutions, the legislative branch was given the most power because
    • A. 

      The legislatures represented the voice of the people which was seen as virtuous

    • B. 

      An executive branch was not trusted

    • C. 

      The legislature were the most effective forms of governance

    • D. 

      Both a and b

  • 23. 
    Quality of opportunity existed in America during the American Revolution for the following reasons EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Ther was a high degree of social mobility

    • B. 

      Americans wer able to expand westward

    • C. 

      Foreign debt kept Americans working together and united

    • D. 

      America was a truncated society

  • 24. 
    True or False. The American Revolution forced many Americans to seriously rethink the institution of slavery.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    When the Continental Congress could not finance the War for Independence, they turned to
    • A. 

      Requisitioning the states

    • B. 

      Foreign loans

    • C. 

      Gold and silver deposits

    • D. 

      Both a and b

  • 26. 
    True or False. Despite a lack of political freedom, women created a political role for themselves within their traditional domestic roles.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    Within the Articles of Confederation government, ,the Confederateion Congress was sovereign over the states.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    What did most states do after the War for Independence?
    • A. 

      Revised their governments, including mroe powerful executive branches

    • B. 

      Returned confiscated property to Loyalists

    • C. 

      Refused to pay for their wartime debts

    • D. 

      Ruled simpley and virtuously as republican states

  • 29. 
    What effect did Shay's Rebellion have on national politics?
    • A. 

      Massachusetts threatened secession

    • B. 

      It forced many to realize that the Articles government was too weak

    • C. 

      Rhode Island finally agreed to revenue bill

    • D. 

      States began to lay heavier taxes against farmers

  • 30. 
    Which statement most accurately assessses Alexander Hamilton's financial program?
    • A. 

      It required a strong central government and made steps to solve the nation's debt and credit problems

    • B. 

      It relied on agriculture and westward expansion

    • C. 

      It was insufficient to relieve the United States of its debt problem

    • D. 

      It was successful because it depended so heavily on westward expansion

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    What was James Madison's chief goal at the Constitutional Convention?
    • A. 

      To guarantee a national government with a strong economy and good credit

    • B. 

      To ensure the domination of the states' governments over the national government

    • C. 

      To guarantee a national government with a strong economy and good credit

    • D. 

      To curb the excesses of the state governments

  • 33. 
    The opponents of the United States Constituyion were called
    • A. 

      Nationalists

    • B. 

      Anti-Federalists

    • C. 

      Federalists

    • D. 

      Democrats

  • 34. 
    True or False. The first political parties saw each other as a threat to both liberty and the Constitution.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    Why did Republicans not agree with Washington's use of force on the Whiskey Rebels?
    • A. 

      They thought it was too expensive

    • B. 

      They agreeed with the Whiskey Rebels' lawlessness

    • C. 

      They thought it established a dangerous precedent

    • D. 

      The Republicans, instead, thought it represented a justified use of force

  • 36. 
    James Madison entered the Constitutional Convention with all of the following ideas EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Bicameral legislation

    • B. 

      Theory of faction

    • C. 

      Representation by population

    • D. 

      States' Rights

  • 37. 
    How was power diffused in the United States Constitution?
    • A. 

      Vertically

    • B. 

      Horizontally

    • C. 

      Between the different branches of the national government

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 38. 
    The first revenue acts revealed that competing interests existed between what groups?
    • A. 

      Republicans vs. Federalists

    • B. 

      Anti-slavery vs. Slaveowners

    • C. 

      Anglophiles vs. Francophiles

    • D. 

      Western farmers vs. Eastern farmers

  • 39. 
    • A. 

      Larger navy

    • B. 

      Larger army

    • C. 

      Excise taxes

    • D. 

      Neither a ro be were enacted during the Quasi-War

  • 40. 
    The United States Military Acadamy at West Point was founded
    • A. 

      To teach the art of war

    • B. 

      To train Republican officers

    • C. 

      Over the protests of Federalists

    • D. 

      To compete with Harvard College

  • 41. 
    Which statement most accurately assesses Madison's wartime leadership?
    • A. 

      Because Madison was guided by his republican principles, he failed to overcome the many problems that faced him during the War of 1812

    • B. 

      Madison faced many political and administrative problems, but he provided active and assertive leadership

    • C. 

      Madison relied heavily on his advisors and cabinet

    • D. 

      Madison provided a model of excellent wartime leadership

  • 42. 
    Jeffersonian politics involved
    • A. 

      Continuing Federalist policies

    • B. 

      Outlawing the Federalist Party

    • C. 

      Replacing Federalist policies with Republican versions

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 43. 
    Why did Madison's strategy in the War of 1812 focus on Canada?
    • A. 

      Canada was source of most of the problems

    • B. 

      British forces had been encourageing Indian attacks on the American frontier from Canada

    • C. 

      If American could take Canada and control the trade to the British West Indies, they could force England to listen to their demands

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 44. 
    Jefferson's Embargo in 1807 was an attempt to
    • A. 

      Peacefully coerce France and Britain

    • B. 

      Help American industry and manufacturing

    • C. 

      Peacefully coerce Spain and Britain

    • D. 

      Punish New England Federalists

  • 45. 
    Why wree AMericans able to move westward more easily after the War of 1812?
    • A. 

      The Federal government permitted settlers to move west

    • B. 

      The British abandoned their forts in American territory

    • C. 

      Indeans east of the Mississippi sold all their lands and move westward

    • D. 

      The Americans defeated all Indian resistance east of the Mississippi River

  • 46. 
    In the case of MArbury v Madison,
    • A. 

      The principle of judicial review was establishmed

    • B. 

      Republican judges lost their judicial appointments

    • C. 

      The Supreme Courth acknowledged that it had no power over the president

    • D. 

      Jefferson was forbidden to change appointments made to the Supreme Court

  • 47. 
    True or False.  When the news of the XYZ Affari became public, Americans supported congressional increases in the US Navy and US Army
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 48. 
    The Louisian Purchase
    • A. 

      Cost the United States $3 Million

    • B. 

      Was favored by New England federalists

    • C. 

      More than doubled the size of th eUnited States

    • D. 

      For the first time, gave Americans a strip of land from the Atlantic Ocean to the PAcific Ocean

  • 49. 
    "Hessians" were
    • A. 

      French pirates who fought both the British and Americans

    • B. 

      German mercenaries who fought for the British

    • C. 

      Spanish mercenaries who fought for the Americans

    • D. 

      German mercenaries who fought for the Americans

  • 50. 
    The Tonnage Act of 1789
    • A. 

      Treated all vessels entering American ports equally

    • B. 

      Became the only source of revenue for the federal government

    • C. 

      Was designed to punish the British for its trade restrictions

    • D. 

      Was opposed by backcountry farmers

  • 51. 
    The years of the Confederation government were called
    • A. 

      Reconstruction

    • B. 

      Critical Period

    • C. 

      Gilded Age

    • D. 

      Age of Excess

  • 52. 
    Which statement most accurately assesses Madison's wartime leadership?
    • A. 

      Madison faced many political and administrative problems, but he provided active and assertive leadership

    • B. 

      Madison relied heavily on his advisors and cabinet

    • C. 

      Madison provided a model of excellent wartime leadership

    • D. 

      Because Madison was guided by his republican principles, he failed to overcome the many problems that faced him during the War of 1812

  • 53. 
    George Washington's first secretary of state was
    • A. 

      Thomas Jefferson

    • B. 

      Henry Knox

    • C. 

      Alexander HAmilton

    • D. 

      Edmund Randolph

  • 54. 
    At the outset of the Constitutional Convention, who did the delgates unanimously elect as president of the convention?
    • A. 

      Alexander Hamilton

    • B. 

      James Madison

    • C. 

      Alexander Hamilton

    • D. 

      George Washington

  • 55. 
    • A. 

      Voted to jion the Republicn Party

    • B. 

      Proposed a serioes of constitutional amendments to limit Republican influence in government

    • C. 

      Denounced New England mercahnts who had traded with the British during the war

    • D. 

      Came mainly from the southern states

  • 56. 
    One of the Greatest setbacks to the Americans in the War of 1812 was
    • A. 

      The lack of western enthusiasm for the war

    • B. 

      The lack of nearby British territory that could be attacked

    • C. 

      The lack of military preparation for war

    • D. 

      Continued French attack on American shipping