The Heart

24 Questions  I  By JennaNicholson
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Heart Quizzes & Trivia
The Heart UCLA Anatomy

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    The apex of the heart is superior and to the right
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 2. 
    What do the pectinate mucsles do?
    • A. 

      They lower pressure in the atria allowing blood to flow in

    • B. 

      They squeeze blood from the atrium to the ventricle

    • C. 

      They push blood through the fossa ovalus and from the right atrium into the left atrium


  • 3. 
    What is the hearts serosal sac called? 
    • A. 

      The parietal plurae/plural sac

    • B. 

      The muscularis externa

    • C. 

      The pericardium/pericardial sac


  • 4. 
    What does the Heart's double pump system allow for?
    • A. 

      For each half of the heart to independently pump blood through both halves of the body.

    • B. 

      To keep blood at a high pressure

    • C. 

      To circulate oxygenated and oxygenated blood simultaneously.


  • 5. 
    Where does the heart sit?
    • A. 

      Inside the mediastinum

    • B. 

      Inside the pleural serosa

    • C. 

      Inside the Lumbar region


  • 6. 
    What type of system is the heart?
    • A. 

      Single pump

    • B. 

      Double pump

    • C. 

      Triple pump


  • 7. 
    What is the opening for the superior and inferior vena cava called? 
    • A. 

      Coronary sinus

    • B. 

      Tricuspid valve

    • C. 

      Bicuspid valve


  • 8. 
    The bicuspid valve separates which two chambers?
    • A. 

      The right atrium and right ventricle

    • B. 

      The left atrium and left ventricle

    • C. 

      The right atrium and left atrium


  • 9. 
    The fossa ovalis is a thin wall between which two chambers?
    • A. 

      The right atrium and right ventricle

    • B. 

      The left atrium and left ventricle

    • C. 

      The right atrium and left atrium


  • 10. 
    Describe the pathway of blood from entering the heart to being administered to the body. 

  • 11. 
    The semilunar vavles closing is the "lub" of the heart while the papillary muscles contraction is the "dub." 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 12. 
    The main purpose of valves is to prevent backflow. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 13. 
    Which of the following is the correct order of serosal coverings of the heart from superficial to deep?
    • A. 

      Visceral pericardium, parietal pericardium, fibrous pericardium, myocardium, endocardium

    • B. 

      Parietal pericardium, visceral pericardium, fibrous pericardium, myocardium, endocardium

    • C. 

      Fibrous pericardium, parietal pericardium, visceral pericardium, myocardium, endocardium


  • 14. 
    A heart murmur is
    • A. 

      De oxygenated blood reacting with oxygenated blood

    • B. 

      Back flow of blood into the atria

    • C. 

      Irregular contractions of both right and left atria


  • 15. 
    Atrioventricular valves (bicuspid and tricuspid) open actively. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 16. 
    What function do the papillary muscles and chordae tendineae muscles fulfill?
    • A. 

      Prevent the backward flapping of valves

    • B. 

      Expand the ventricles surface area to increase blood consumption

    • C. 

      Help squeeze blood from atria to ventricles


  • 17. 
    What is anastomosis? 
    • A. 

      When blood is continually back flowing into both right and left atria.

    • B. 

      When arteries join each other to allow for continual blood flow even if one artery is blocked.

    • C. 

      When additional pressure is required to return blood to the heart from the limbs.


  • 18. 
    The AV node
    • A. 

      Is the pacemaker of the heart and causes atria to contract

    • B. 

      Is located in the inter ventricular septum and causes ventricles to contract

    • C. 

      Finishes contractions of the heart


  • 19. 
    The Bicuspid valve is in the 5'th intercostal space left and the Tricuspid valve is in the 5th intercostal space right
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 20. 
    The tricuspid valve separates which two chambers?
    • A. 

      The right atrium and right ventricle

    • B. 

      The left atrium and left ventricle

    • C. 

      The right atrium and left atrium


  • 21. 
    Where does oxygenated blood come from in fetal circulation?
    • A. 

      Lungs

    • B. 

      Ambilical veins

    • C. 

      Fossa ovalis


  • 22. 
    The SA node
    • A. 

      Is the pacemaker of the heart and causes atria to contract

    • B. 

      Is located in the inter ventricular septum and causes ventricles to contract

    • C. 

      Finishes contractions of the heart


  • 23. 
    In fetal circulation blood flows from right atrium to left atrium via 
    • A. 

      Fossa Ovalis

    • B. 

      Pulmonary Trunk

    • C. 

      Foramen Ovale


  • 24. 
     Purkinje Fibers 
    • A. 

      Are the pacemaker of the heart and causes atria to contract

    • B. 

      Are located in the inter ventricular septum and causes ventricles to contract

    • C. 

      Finnish contractions of the heart


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