Health Assessment In Nursing - Abdomen

15 Questions  I  By Sticky_Chicken
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 Health Assessment In Nursing - Abdomen
A study tool for Nursung students learning how to do an abdominal assessment

  
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  • 1. 
    The sigmoid colon is located in this area of the abdomen: the
    • A. 

      Left upper quadrant

    • B. 

      Left lower quadrant

    • C. 

      Right lower quadrant


  • 2. 
    The pancreas of an adult is located
    • A. 

      Below the diaphragm and below right costal margin

    • B. 

      High and deep under the diaphragm - can' t be palpated

    • C. 

      Deep in the upper adbomen and is not normally palpable

    • D. 

      Posterior to the left midaxillary line and posterior to the stomach


  • 3. 
    The primary function of the gallbladder is to
    • A. 

      Store and excrete bile

    • B. 

      Aid in the digestion of protein

    • C. 

      Produce alkaline hormones

    • D. 

      Produce hormones


  • 4. 
    The colon originates in this abdominal area: the
    • A. 

      Right lower quadrant

    • B. 

      Right upper quadrant

    • C. 

      Left lower quadrant

    • D. 

      Left upper quadrant


  • 5. 
    To percuss the liver of an adult,wehere should the nurse begin the assessment?
    • A. 

      Right upper quadrant

    • B. 

      Right lower quadrant

    • C. 

      Left upper quadrant

    • D. 

      Left lower quadrant


  • 6. 
    To palpate tenderness of an adult's appendix, where should you begin?
    • A. 

      Left lower quadrant

    • B. 

      Left upper quadrant

    • C. 

      Right lower quadrant

    • D. 

      Right upper quadrant


  • 7. 
    To palpate the spleen, where should you begin the assessment?
    • A. 

      Right upper quadrant

    • B. 

      Right lower quadrant

    • C. 

      Left upper quadrant

    • D. 

      Left lower quadrant


  • 8. 
    If assessing a client for kidney tenderness, where would you begin?
    • A. 

      Right upper quadrant

    • B. 

      Left upper quadrant

    • C. 

      External oblique angle

    • D. 

      Costovertebral angle


  • 9. 
    A client has experienced hematemesis, what is this?
    • A. 

      Blood in the urine

    • B. 

      Blood in the vomit (emesis)

    • C. 

      Blood in the stool

    • D. 

      Blood in the sputum


  • 10. 
    What is hematemesis evidence of?
    • A. 

      Stomach ulcers

    • B. 

      Pancreatic ulcers

    • C. 

      Decreased gastric motility

    • D. 

      Abdominal tumors


  • 11. 
    The nurse assessing an older client who has lost 5 ounds since her last visit 1 year ao.  The client tells the nurse her husband died 2 months ago.  The nurse should assess for
    • A. 

      Peptic ulcer

    • B. 

      Bulimia

    • C. 

      Appetite changes

    • D. 

      Pancreatic disorders


  • 12. 
    The nurse is preparing to assess the abdomen of a hospitilized client 2 days after abdominal surgery.  The nurse should first
    • A. 

      Palpate the incision site

    • B. 

      Auscultate for bowel sounds

    • C. 

      Percuss for tympany

    • D. 

      Inspect the abdominal area


  • 13. 
    The nurse is planning to assess the abdomen of an adult male.  What should be done first?
    • A. 

      Ask client to empty bladder

    • B. 

      Place th eclient in side-lying position

    • C. 

      Ask client to hold his breath for a few seconds

    • D. 

      Tell client to raise arms above the head


  • 14. 
    If a clients umbilicus is enlarged and to the left - what is this indicitive of?
    • A. 

      Umbilical hernia

    • B. 

      Ascites

    • C. 

      Intraabdominal bleeding

    • D. 

      Pancreatitis


  • 15. 
    Decreased abdominal respirtaion, the client should be further assessed for
    • A. 

      Liver disease

    • B. 

      Umbilical hernia

    • C. 

      Intestinal obstruction

    • D. 

      Peritoneal irritation


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