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Hd Test 3

63 Questions
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  • 1. 
    Which is the most common form of family in Western societies?
    • A. 

      Empty-nest family

    • B. 

      Extended family

    • C. 

      Step family

    • D. 

      Nuclear family

  • 2. 
    Homogamy is ___ with marital satisfaction
    • A. 

      Unrelated

    • B. 

      Positively related

    • C. 

      Inversely related

    • D. 

      Negatively related

  • 3. 
    The two general types of physical development associated with puberty include
    • A. 

      Lower self-esteem and bodily changes

    • B. 

      Bodily changes and sexual maturation

    • C. 

      Sexual maturation and formal operational thinking

    • D. 

      Formal operational thinking and lower self-esteem

  • 4. 
    Primary sex characteristics changes are those directly impacting
    • A. 

      Reproductive

    • B. 

      Height

    • C. 

      Intelligence

    • D. 

      Personality

  • 5. 
    During puberty, changes in physical maturity that are not directly linked to reproductive are referred to as ___ sex characteristics
    • A. 

      Primary

    • B. 

      Secondary

    • C. 

      Teritary

    • D. 

      Instrumental

  • 6. 
    _____ is one of the defining characteristcs of anorexia nervosa
    • A. 

      The persistent refusal to eat

    • B. 

      A cyclic binge and purge pattern

    • C. 

      A rational (reasonable/realistic) fear of obesity

    • D. 

      An inhibited basal metabolic rate

  • 7. 
    Based on statistics, which of the following 16-year-old males is most likely to die in an accident involving a firearm?
    • A. 

      Fred, who is European American

    • B. 

      Ned, who is African American

    • C. 

      Ed, who is Hispanic American

    • D. 

      Ted, who is Asian American

  • 8. 
    According to Erikson, the key adolescent crisis involves
    • A. 

      Generativity versus stagnation

    • B. 

      Intimacy versus isolation

    • C. 

      Identity versus role confusion

    • D. 

      Integrity versus despair

  • 9. 
    Forclosure is to achievement as
    • A. 

      Part is to whole

    • B. 

      Others is to self

    • C. 

      Black is to white

    • D. 

      Social is to withdrawn

  • 10. 
    ____ identity status occurs after an individual has explored several options and has made a deliberate decision
    • A. 

      Diffusion

    • B. 

      Moratorium

    • C. 

      Foreclosure

    • D. 

      Achievement

  • 11. 
    Sixteen-year-old Sylvester's motto is "Its all about me" this belief fits well with the concept of adolescent
    • A. 

      Egocentrism

    • B. 

      Learned helplessness

    • C. 

      Secular growth

    • D. 

      Foreclosure

  • 12. 
    The belief that misfortunes only happen to others is reffered to as the illusion of
    • A. 

      Foreclosure

    • B. 

      Helplessness

    • C. 

      Crystallization

    • D. 

      Invulnerability

  • 13. 
    According to recent research, most adolescents
    • A. 

      Admire and love their parents

    • B. 

      Experience mainly

    • C. 

      Spend increasing amounts of time with their parents

    • D. 

      Are usually unhappy as they approach adulthood

  • 14. 
    Which of the following sexually transmitted diseases is caused by a viral infection?
    • A. 

      Herpes

    • B. 

      Chlamydia

    • C. 

      Syphilis

    • D. 

      Gonorrhea

  • 15. 
    Being truant from school is a(n) ____ offense
    • A. 

      Status

    • B. 

      Index

    • C. 

      Crystallization

    • D. 

      Foreclosure

  • 16. 
    Role transitions always
    • A. 

      Occur at the same age for individuals within a given cultural population

    • B. 

      Involve family realtionships

    • C. 

      Lead to significant increases in stress

    • D. 

      Involve the acquisiton of new responsibilities

  • 17. 
    Who would Erikson say is most capable of true intimacy?
    • A. 

      Sammy, who is over-dependent on her boyfriend

    • B. 

      Chris, who will go out with different people, but finds it scary to go out with someone more than a couple of times

    • C. 

      Ashley, who has a clear sense of identity

    • D. 

      Harrison, who is 16 years old

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      150

    • B. 

      180

    • C. 

      100

    • D. 

      50

  • 19. 
    Smoking represents a major medical problem in the U.S. with about ____ people each year dying from smoking-related disorders
    • A. 

      4,000

    • B. 

      44,000

    • C. 

      440,000

    • D. 

      4,400,000

  • 20. 
    Who could we classify as being a binge drinker?
    • A. 

      Sarah, who has three shots of tequila in a row within the past 2 weeks

    • B. 

      Susan, who has four beers in a row within the past 2 weeks

    • C. 

      Scott, who has four shots of scotch in a row within the past 2 weeks

    • D. 

      Sarah, Susan, and Scott all reach the criterion for binge drinking

  • 21. 
    Amanda is phyiscally dependent on alcohol and expierences withdrawal symptoms when she doesnt drink. Amanada's expierence with alcohol would be best described as
    • A. 

      An addiction

    • B. 

      Binge drinking

    • C. 

      A rite of passage

    • D. 

      Healthy behavior

  • 22. 
    Which type of task is best suited to assessing fluid intelligence?
    • A. 

      A trivia contest

    • B. 

      A timed maze completion

    • C. 

      A test of cultural norms

    • D. 

      A vocabulary test

  • 23. 
    Crystallized intellignece is
    • A. 

      Best exemplified by sensory integration

    • B. 

      Not very uselful in solving real-life tasks

    • C. 

      Acquired across one's life

    • D. 

      Best assessed on timed, standardized IQ tests

  • 24. 
    Jason believes that gun control is absolutely wrong, and that the right to possess guns is an absoulte right. Jason would probably be closest to the _____ stage of reflective judgement
    • A. 

      Inital

    • B. 

      Halfway

    • C. 

      Last

    • D. 

      Later

  • 25. 
    Which characterizes most friendships?
    • A. 

      They are based on no choice and low reciprocity

    • B. 

      They are based on no choice and high reciprocity

    • C. 

      They are based on choice and low reciprocity

    • D. 

      They are based on choice and high reciprocity

  • 26. 
    Men's friendship activites most often involve
    • A. 

      Self-disclosure

    • B. 

      Friendly competition and shared activities

    • C. 

      Intimacy

    • D. 

      Confiding

  • 27. 
    When discussing his new girlfriend, Mickey says, "I can tell her everything about myself." Mickey clearly feels ____ toward his girlfriend
    • A. 

      Intimacy

    • B. 

      Infatuation

    • C. 

      Commitment

    • D. 

      Passion

  • 28. 
    While Victor and Victoria have very strong sexual feelings for each other, they have little interest in intimacy or commitment. This type of relationship is best described as
    • A. 

      Infatuation

    • B. 

      Friendship

    • C. 

      Consummate love

    • D. 

      Companionate love

  • 29. 
    Ken and Barbie are sexually active singles who are discussing the idea of monving in together. They are definitely contemplating
    • A. 

      Homogamy

    • B. 

      Cohabitation

    • C. 

      Assortative mating

    • D. 

      Forming an extended family

  • 30. 
    Based of statistcs, which pair would you expect to have had the most past short-term relationships?
    • A. 

      William and Kirk, who are a gay male couple

    • B. 

      Debbie and Alan, who are a heterosexual couple

    • C. 

      Claire and Brooke, who are a lesbian couple

    • D. 

      Joan and Crawford, who are a bisexual couple

  • 31. 
    ____ is best defined as physical changes that mark the transition from childhood to young adulthood
    • A. 

      Primary circular reactions

    • B. 

      Puberty

    • C. 

      Menopause

    • D. 

      Secondary circular reactions

  • 32. 
    Menarche is to spermarche as
    • A. 

      Ovulation is to testes growth

    • B. 

      Egg production is to sperm production

    • C. 

      Onset of menstruation is to ejaculation

    • D. 

      Fertilization is to conception

  • 33. 
    Concerning weight, the abbreviation for BMI stands for
    • A. 

      Body metabolic indices

    • B. 

      Base mass index

    • C. 

      Base metabolic indices

    • D. 

      Body mass index

  • 34. 
    If you were asked to develop an effective prevention program concerning eating disorders in teens, you should
    • A. 

      Utilize psychoactive medication

    • B. 

      Avoid teaching about specific diets

    • C. 

      Teach the importnace of resisting the social pressure to be thin

    • D. 

      Create a highly structured environment in which the teens have little personal input

  • 35. 
    When considering wheter or not to be nice to a classmate, Nora says, "If i am nice to Jones, he might give me his cookie at lunch." This type of logic best exemplifies thinking at Kohlberg's ____ stage or moral reasoning
    • A. 

      First

    • B. 

      Second

    • C. 

      Third

    • D. 

      Fourth

  • 36. 
    Karen thinks she should go out with Blane, an unattractive, social misfit, because "if I don't go out with him, people will think im really mean" Karen is most likely in Kohlberg's ____ level of moral reasoning
    • A. 

      Preconventional

    • B. 

      Postconventional

    • C. 

      Unconventional

    • D. 

      Conventional

  • 37. 
    Morality based on adherence to societal law and order is best associated with Kohlberg's ____ stage of moral thinking.
    • A. 

      Fourth

    • B. 

      Second

    • C. 

      Third

    • D. 

      Fifth

  • 38. 
    _____ identity status is based largelty on the input of adults (i.e., parents, role models)
    • A. 

      Diffusion

    • B. 

      Foreclosure

    • C. 

      Moratorium

    • D. 

      Achievement

  • 39. 
    After exploring a number of career options, Antonio chooses to become an accountant. According to Marcia, what level of identity status is Antonio exhibiting?
    • A. 

      Diffusion

    • B. 

      Foreclosure

    • C. 

      Moratorium

    • D. 

      Achievement

  • 40. 
    The phenomenon whereby an individual believes that they are like an actor on a stage, who is under constant watch by others, is referred to as
    • A. 

      The personal fable

    • B. 

      Learned helplessness

    • C. 

      The imaginary audience

    • D. 

      Diffusion status

  • 41. 
    The defining feature of the personal fable is a feeling of
    • A. 

      Uniqueness

    • B. 

      Superiority

    • C. 

      Helplessness

    • D. 

      Diffusion

  • 42. 
    Learning about ones culture and heritage sets the foundation for a person's _____ identity
    • A. 

      Crystallized

    • B. 

      Index

    • C. 

      Ethnic

    • D. 

      Imaginary

  • 43. 
    The third phase of ethnic identity achievement involves
    • A. 

      Creating a distinct ethnic self-concept

    • B. 

      Rejecting one's heritage

    • C. 

      Deciding to not explore one's ethnic roots

    • D. 

      Wondering about one's ethnic heritage

  • 44. 
    While there are different categories of rape, date rape always qualifies as _____ rape
    • A. 

      Statutory

    • B. 

      Acquaintance

    • C. 

      Nonviolent

    • D. 

      Consenting

  • 45. 
    Dan is an individual that enjoys working outside, taking care of park lands, planting trees, and building forest trails. Which of Holland types best describe Dan's interets?
    • A. 

      Investigative

    • B. 

      Realistic

    • C. 

      Conventional

    • D. 

      Social

  • 46. 
    The main assumption of Holland's theory is that people
    • A. 

      Develop career goals at different rates

    • B. 

      Will be happiest in work environments that match their personalities

    • C. 

      Should take tests to determine which career is best for them

    • D. 

      Should choose a career based on economical issues and should not be concerned about choosing a career in order to fulfill their lives

  • 47. 
    Which is NOT a common warning sign of suicide?
    • A. 

      Change is eating habits

    • B. 

      Increased levels of activity

    • C. 

      Persistent feelings of helplessness

    • D. 

      Giving away valued possessions

  • 48. 
    The greatest worry of most adoptive, foster, and stepparents is that the adoptive child in their life will
    • A. 

      Not physically resemble them

    • B. 

      Fail to bond with them

    • C. 

      Lack intelligence

    • D. 

      Be carrying some undetected genetic disorder

  • 49. 
    To qualify as "married singles" a couple must
    • A. 

      Be divorced

    • B. 

      Be considering divorce

    • C. 

      Live apart

    • D. 

      Live together

  • 50. 
    Which best describes the typical pattern of marital satisfaction from honeymoon through retirement?
    • A. 

      High to low to high

    • B. 

      High to medium to low

    • C. 

      Medium to high to low

    • D. 

      Low to medium to high

  • 51. 
    Which might best be characterized as a "trial marriage?"
    • A. 

      Limited cohabitation

    • B. 

      Premarital cohabitation

    • C. 

      Substitute marriage

    • D. 

      Part-time cohabitation

  • 52. 
    O'Leary (1993) presents a continuum of aggressive behavior in abusive realtionships anchored by ____ on one end and ____ on the other end.
    • A. 

      Physical aggression, verbal aggression

    • B. 

      Severe aggresion, murder

    • C. 

      Verbal aggression, murder

    • D. 

      Physical aggression, murder

  • 53. 
    The defining belief among individuals experiencing "battered woman's syndrome" is that
    • A. 

      The abuse is tied to a sense of personal high self esteem

    • B. 

      The abuse is not harmful to them

    • C. 

      The abuser is acting out of unconditional love

    • D. 

      They are powerless to get away from the abuse

  • 54. 
    The inital stage in friendship development is called
    • A. 

      Buildup

    • B. 

      Acquaintanceship

    • C. 

      Continuation

    • D. 

      Deterioration

  • 55. 
    Which is the highest level of thinking in adulthood?
    • A. 

      Conventional thought

    • B. 

      Sensorimotor thought

    • C. 

      Postformal thought

    • D. 

      Hypothetical-deductive thought

  • 56. 
    A baseball coach tells a ptcher, "With a little training I think that you could learn to throw a knuckleball." This provides a good example of a belief in the _____ of an ability
    • A. 

      Multidimensionality

    • B. 

      Plasticity

    • C. 

      Multidirectionality

    • D. 

      Fluid Nature

  • 57. 
    Intellectual multidirectionality is based on the premise that
    • A. 

      No two people develop the same way intellectually

    • B. 

      There is more than one kind of intelligence

    • C. 

      Most aspects of intelligence cannot be modified

    • D. 

      With age, some aspects of intelligence improve while others may decline

  • 58. 
    In the U.S., the poorest health conditions are found in those living in
    • A. 

      Inner city neighborhoods

    • B. 

      The south

    • C. 

      Ethnic neighborhoods

    • D. 

      Nursing homes

  • 59. 
    Jimmy goes to a party with his college buddies and consumes 6 beers in a row. Jimmy's behavior would most likely be
    • A. 

      Alcoholism

    • B. 

      Light drinking

    • C. 

      Binge drinking

    • D. 

      Heavy drinking

  • 60. 
    People who quit smoking after smoking for a long time
    • A. 

      May not get worse, but their overall health will remain bad

    • B. 

      Show significant improvements in their health

    • C. 

      Will continue to deteriorate, but at a slower rate

    • D. 

      Will reamin at risk for heart attack, but not for cancer

  • 61. 
    If you were asked to list the most common causes of death in young adults (ages 25-44) in the U.S., you should AVOID saying
    • A. 

      AIDS

    • B. 

      Cancer

    • C. 

      Automobile accident

    • D. 

      Homicide

  • 62. 
    The youngest age at which most college lable an individual as a returning student is
    • A. 

      25

    • B. 

      45

    • C. 

      55

    • D. 

      35

  • 63. 
    Erikson would argue that 25-year-old Rollie is currently expierencing a crisis involving
    • A. 

      Trust vs mistrust

    • B. 

      Identity vs role confusion

    • C. 

      Autonomy vs shame & doubt

    • D. 

      Intimacy vs isolation

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