Praying in a synagogue
Accepting the Eightfold Path
Worshipping many gods
Reading the Koran
Roman Empire collapsed
City of Constantinople fell
Isolating Russia from Japan
Protecting China from Mongol invaders
Preventing Europeans from colonizing East Asia
Serving as a cultural bridge between China and Japan
Extensive river system
Support of exploration by the English government
Trade connections established by Ibn Battuta
Effects of the Atlantic slave trade
Development of new navigational instruments and technology
Colonies developed local industries to compete with Spain.
Spanish colonies traded freely with English colonies.
Spain instituted democratic governments in its colonies.
Colonies were a source of raw materials for Spain.
Use of forced labor
Establishment of trade unions
Increase in landownership by Native Americans
Weakening of the power of peninsulares
Religious leaders control government policy.
Citizens are the source of power in government.
The government limits the thoughts and actions of the people.
The laws of the government are made by influential military officers.
Fire was used as a source of energy for the first time.
Spoken language was used to improve communication.
Domestication of animals and cultivation of crops led to settled communities.
Stone tools and weapons were first developed.
Practice filial piety
Worship spirits in nature
Are required to make pilgrimages
Depend on rice as its main source of food
Seek access to warm-water ports
Adopt policies of neutrality and isolation
Acquire mineral-rich colonies on other continents
Loyalty to their military leader
Devotion to their nation-state
Service to their church
Allegiance to their families
The African written language spread to southwest Asia.
Military leaders eventually controlled Mali.
Islamic learning and culture expanded in Mali.
The trading of gold for salt ended.
Spread of ideas
Beginnings of communism
Establishment of democracy
Development of industrialization
Technical advances would have been greater if the Tang dynasty had lasted longer.
China’s best emperors came from the Tang dynasty.
The Tang emperors granted government jobs to scholars who passed examinations.
The culture of the Tang dynasty was superior to that of the Han dynasty.
Amount of money earned
Level of education achieved
Number of slaves owned
Amount of land possessed
Impact of the Crusades
Effects of the barter system
Growth of the Maya Empire
Rise of Charlemagne
The Silk Roads replaced the all-water route to Asia.
The Chinese forced the Europeans to trade only in Peking.
China was isolated from other countries.
Trade increased between China and Europe.
Germany and Italy
Portugal and Spain
England and France
Russia and the Netherlands
Traded extensively with Africa
Flourished prior to European contact
Declined because of invasion and disease
Converted others to Islam
Adapt their surroundings
Develop a common language
Organize similar forms of government
Prefer to live in isolated areas
Analects of Confucius
Code of Hammurabi
Conquer the Russian city of Moscow
Spread Judaism throughout western Europe
Control key trade routes between Europe and Asia
Unite the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches