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Geology

81 Questions  I  By Mhollis2
Geology Quizzes & Trivia

  
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1.  All but which of the following distinguish hominids from other hominoids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The Laramide orogeny is distinctive because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The extinction of dinosaurs was important to the evolution of mammals because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  All but which of the following mountain ranges could be considered part of the Alpine chain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  All of the following except which are features of primates?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  At the height of the Great Ice Age, the present desert regions of the southwestern United States
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  During the maximum continental glaciation, the crust of Earth
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The extinction at the end of the Pleistocene affected
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  During the Early Tertiary, the interior lowlands of the continent were the site of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Eastern North America during the Cenozoic can be described as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The abundance of marine diatoms may be related to increased volcanism because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The Himalayas today are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The Cascade Mountain Range is formed primarily of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The Himalayan Range formed as a result of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The orogenic event of the North American Cordillera which began in the Late Cretaceous and extended into the Cenozoic is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The Columbia River volcanic field is related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Ungulates include orders of mammals which are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The present interglacial began about
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The development of the common features of hominids may have been in response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The angle of the subducted slab during the Laramide orogeny was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The last ice age began about
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The Columbia River volcanic field can be described as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The mammalian fauna of the Pleistocene is characterized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The Early Tertiary sedimentary sequence of the Gulf Coastal Plain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Formation of basin and range mountains is a result of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Among the most abundant and diverse marine fauna in the Mesozoic was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Greatly accelerated rates of extinction are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The amalgamation of Pangaea served an important role in evolution because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  In addition to expansion of reptile species during the Mesozoic, other life groups which showed increase in diversity include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The difference between a reptile’s lower jaw and a mammal’s lower jaw is that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The method of flight for the pterosaurs was probably
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The meteorite impact theory for the Cretaceous mass extinction is based on
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The two groups of marine reptiles were
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The mammal-like reptiles at the end of the Paleozoic were
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  A significant change in land-plant communities occurred in the Cretaceous with the evolution of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  The major distinction between the ornithischian and saurischian dinosaurs is based on
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Because of the nature of the world-wide climatic conditions in the Mesozoic, organisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Ichthyosaurs and plesiosaurs differed in that  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The effect of the meteorite impact at the end of the Cretaceous is thought to have been
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The pterosaur was adapted to flight with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Cretaceous marine transgressions onto the continents were caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  In the early Mesozoic, the western margin of North America underwent a transition from a(n) _______ margin to a _______-_______ _______ plate boundary
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The mountain building events of the west coast that began in the Jurassic and continued into the Cenozoic are collectively called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The Sevier orogeny was characterized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The shift in subduction-related igneous activity, from west to east during the Nevadan orogeny, was probably related to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The three phases of the Cordilleran orogeny, in order from oldest to youngest, are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  The three time periods of the Mesozoic are, from oldest to youngest
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The separation of South America from Africa occurred during the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  The collision of an island arc with the western margin of North America in the Permian/Triassic was called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  The Tethys Sea began to close in the Mesozoic as a result of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  This formation was created from sediments derived from uplifting mountains that were deposited into the retreating Sundance Sea; the formation is famous for dinosaur remains:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Triassic sedimentation in western North America consisted of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The orogenic episode of the Cordilleran that occurred in the Jurassic
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Mountain-building activity in the present-day Rocky Mountains occurred during this phase of the Cordilleran orogeny:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The interior of the North American continent was flooded by the Middle Jurassic
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  These mineral deposits were formed at great depths and brought to the surface during explosive volcanism during the Cretaceous Period:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  The craton can be subdivided into
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Pennsylvanian rocks have a characteristic deposition sequence of marine and nonmarine sediments called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Which of the following is not essential in the formation of black shale units?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  The geologic history of the North American craton can be divided into two parts, which are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Which of the following is indicative of uniformly moist, warm climate during the Carboniferous on North America and Western Europe?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  The basal unit of the Tippecanoe sequence is an important source for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  The Silurian Clinton Formation is an important source for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The Taconic orogeny that began in the _______ _______ can be related to _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  All of the following played a role in development of thick evaporite sequences in reef-fringed basins except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  In the Cambrian, the major event for the North American continent was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Which of the following occurred during the Late Paleozoic Era?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The first mountain building episode of the Appalachians was the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The ocean off the western coast of Pangaea at the end of the Paleozoic was the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  The climatic extremes during the Late Paleozoic were related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Global transgressive and regressive cycles can be caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  With movement of Gondwana over the South Pole, extensive glaciation occurred during the  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  The presumed causes for transgressions and regressions of shallow seas during the Paleozoic were
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The Queenston Delta formed in response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Extremely large scale lithostratigraphic units bounded by transgressive-regressive unconformities are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  During the Cambrian, most of the continents were
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  The orogenies that made the Appalachian Mountains along the eastern United States occurred as a result of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Organic reefs are useful paleoecological indicators because modern reef builders only  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  During the Permian, scientists think that arid conditions existed in much of Pangaea, based on the presence of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  One of the economic resources to come from the black shales is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  The clastic wedge that formed off of the uplifted Caledonian Highlands is known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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