Geology Quiz - Study For Final

103 Questions  I  By Wap05a
Please take the quiz to rate it.

 Geology Quiz - Study For Final
This is a personal quiz for study for a final.

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Questions and Answers

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  The ___________ forms the relatively cool, brittle plates of plate tectonics.
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  A ______ is a well-tested and widely accepted view that best explains certain scientific observations.
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  __________ rocks form by crystallization and consolidation of molten magma.
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  _________ rocks always originate at the surface of the solid Earth.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  In correct order from the center outward, Earth includes which units?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The ____ refers to the sum total of all life on Earth.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  ______ is often paraphrased as "the present is the key to the past".
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The composition of the core of the Earth is though to be ___
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The _____ is the thinnest layer of the Earth.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which mineral is composed of silicon dioxide (SiO2)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Which of the following best characterizes ferromagnesian silicates?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  All silicate minerals contain which two elements?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  In which type of chemical bonding are electrons shared between adjacent atoms?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  How do the electrons behave in a mineral with metallic bonding?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which group of minerals are the most abundant in the Earth's crust?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Which of the following describes the light reflecting and transmission characteristics of a mineral?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The sizes,shapes,and arrangements of mineral grains in an igneous rock are known as _______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Visible quartz and potassium feldspar grains are the main constituents in a ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  ________ has the same mineral composition as andesite?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  The last minerals to crystallize on Bowen's reaction series result in igenous rocks with a ______ composition.
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Which type of basaltic lava flow has a fairly smooth,unfragmented,ropy surface?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  ____________ magma is the most abundant type of erupted at oceanic spreading centers.
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Why would a plume of solid silicate rock rising slowly from deep in the mantle begin melting as it neared the base of the lithosphere?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  _______ are usually the most abundant gasses emitted during basaltic volcanism.
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Which one of the following statements is not true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Mount St. Helens is ____
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  The 1943 eruption of Paricutin in Mexico was characterized by ____
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  The recent (geologically) volcanic activity in Yellowstone National Park is ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  What two factors speed up rates of chemical reaction and weathering in rocks and soils?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  In the Rocky Mountain region of the United States, north-facing slopes (downhill direction is toward the north) are typically more moist and heavily forested than south-facing slopes. Why?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Which of the following best describes the "Dust Bowl"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Which of the following is an important, mechanical weathering process for enlarging fractures and extending them deeper into large boulders and bedrock?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Which of the following best describes sets of fractures in relatively fresh bedrock, such as granite, that are roughly parallel to the land surface?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Which one of the following statements concerning mechanical weathering is not true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which one of the following statements best describes erosion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  In which area would weathering by frost wedging probably be most effective?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which one of the following statements concerning soil erosion is not true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  From the land surface downward to the unweathered bedrock, which of the following is the correct order of the different soil horizons?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  ___________, a common mineral found in igneous rocks, is the most abundant mineral in detrital sedimentary rocks.
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  What is the main difference between a conglomerate and a sedimentary breccia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Which type of limestone consists mainly of tiny, marine fossils composed of calcite?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Coal beds originate in _______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  What major change occurs during metamorphism of limestone to marble?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  _______ forms from the metamorphism of limestone or dolostone.
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Which of the following metamorphic rocks could be used to meutralize acidic mine waters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  During metamorphism, what is the major effect of chemically active fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Consider a weathered rock or soil particle lying on a slope. How will the gravitational force pulling the particle downward along the land surface vary with the inclination of the slope?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Why was the Alaskan pipeline built above ground and insulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Which statement best describes slumping, a mass wasting process?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  All of the following are factors affecting mass wasting except for ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  The most rapid type of mass movement is a _______?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  As an erosional process, how is mass wasting unique form wind, water, and ice?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  ___________ is not part of the hydrologic cycle.
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  ________ describes the total sediment load transported by a stream.
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  What is the drop in water surface elevation divided by the distance the water flows?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  _________ generally constitutes the highest percentage of the annual sediment load moved by a stream.
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  The water table is ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  ________ are characteristics found in all good aquifers.
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Excessive groundwater withdrawals can cause ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  A _______ is the icicle-like speleothem that grows down from the roof of a cavern.
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  __________ account for the largest usage of groundwater in the United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  The hot spring deposits at Mammoth Hot Springs, Yellowstone National Park, are travertine. What rock probably lies somewhere beneath the hot springs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  An aquifer is ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Which of the following best describes how geysers erupt?
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Where is the world's largest ice sheet located today?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Which of the following applies to a valley glacier that lengthens (extends its terminus downslope) over a period of many years?
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  The great, Southern Hemisphere glaciation that affected parts of Africa, South America, India, Australia, and Antarctica occurred _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  A fjord is _____
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  The ______ of the geologic time scale represents the time of the most recent "Ice Age".
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  A(n) ______ is likely to host a waterfall or steep rapids today.
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  How do icebergs in the North Atlantic Ocean originate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  Which one of the following statements concerning glacial deposits is not true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  What type of moraine is formed by the merging of two lateral moraines at a junction of two valley glaciers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  ______ have rainfall amounts and soil moisture contents between those of true deserts and humid lands.
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Which one of the following statements concerning rock weathering is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  ________ refers to the "bouncing" mode of sand transport in a windstorm or stream.
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Which one of the following is the one best measure of the wetness or dryness of a region
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Which of the following best describes the climatic factors that cause low latitude deserts like the Sahara in Africa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  A ______ is a crescent-shaped dune whose tips point downward.
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Which of the following would exhibit sheared and mechanically fragmented rocks?
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  Which of the following lists the rocks in the order of increasing grain size and increasing grade of metamorphism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  How do the strength and cohesion of clay-rich regolith or soil change with the addition of water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Which mass wasting process has the slowest rate of movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  Which of the following statements concerning mudflows is not true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  At the head of a delta, the major channel splits into smaller channels that follow different paths to the sea. These smaller channels are known as ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  __________ are components of the hydrologic cycle that release water vapor directly to the atmosphere.
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  Volcanic bombs originate _________
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  __________ tend to increase the explosive potential of a magma body beneath a volcano.
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  Which one of the following statements concerning volcanic blocks and bombs is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Which type of volcanism is typical of mid-oceanic ridge systems?
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  A ____________ volcano is a very large, gently sloping mound composed mainly of basaltic lava flows.
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Which of the following statements best describes the big Hawaiian volcanoes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  What portion of an angular, fracture-bounded granitic block shows the highest rate of weathering?
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  Studies of deep-sediment cores have contributed greatly to scientific knowledge of __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Which statement concerning sedimentary rocks is not true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  _________ is not a common cementing agent for sandstones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  Sedimentary rocks account for about what percentage of the Earth's outermost 10 kilometers of rock. Also, what percentage of the Earth's continental area is covered by sedimentary rocks?
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Which of the following is correct for isotopes of the same element?
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  Which one of the following describes a mineral's response to mechanical impact?
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  What element is the most abundant in the Earth's crust by weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  _______ is a volcanic rock that is extremely vesicular and glassy.
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  _____________ is composed mainly of ferromagnesian minerals.
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  Which of the following best describes an aphanitic texture?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Back to top

Removing ad is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Take Another Quiz
We have sent an email with your new password.