Genetic Engineering Test/quiz

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 Genetic Engineering Test/quiz
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  • 1. 
    What does "hybrid" mean?
    • A. 

      The parents alleles are the same

    • B. 

      The parents alleles are different

    • C. 

      The parents alleles are false


  • 2. 
    What is a sex linked gene?
    • A. 

      A gene located on the X or Y chromosome

    • B. 

      A gene located on an autosome

    • C. 

      A gene located near any chromosome


  • 3. 
    What is genetic engeering?
    • A. 

      Cutting the DNA code?

    • B. 

      Copying the DNA code?

    • C. 

      Changing the DNA code?


  • 4. 
    What does NON-DISJUNCTION mean?
    • A. 

      Failure to operate

    • B. 

      Failure to seperate

    • C. 

      Failure to live


  • 5. 
    What is DNA FINGERPRINTING?
    • A. 

      Using a fragment of DNA that has little or no function to analyze

    • B. 

      Using a strand of the polymerace chain reaction to analyze bug interials

    • C. 

      Using a group of squiggly lines to identify a person


  • 6. 
    What is PCR( Polymerace Chain Reaction)?
    • A. 

      Domino effect of growing DNA strands

    • B. 

      An enzyme used to destory DNA fragments

    • C. 

      An enzyme being used to fastly make copies of the DNA


  • 7. 
    Where is DNA located in a eukaryotic organism?
    • A. 

      The plasma membrane

    • B. 

      The nucleus

    • C. 

      The fragments of deterorated nucleus walls


  • 8. 
    Humans have how many chromosomes?
    • A. 

      23

    • B. 

      42

    • C. 

      46


  • 9. 
    How are chromosomes paired up on a karyotype?
    • A. 

      By the size and band combination

    • B. 

      By the number of centromeres it has

    • C. 

      By the wieght of the chromosome


  • 10. 
    What pair of chromosomes look completely different but are considered normal?
    • A. 

      Number 21 chromosome

    • B. 

      Number 17 chromosome

    • C. 

      X and Y chromosome

    • D. 

      There isnt such a thing


  • 11. 
    What kind of information can be seen on a karyotype?
    • A. 

      What color your eyes will be

    • B. 

      What race you are

    • C. 

      Diseases, mutations, and sex of the patient


  • 12. 
    If a genetist wants to summarize the information on a karyotype what information will he need to do so?
    • A. 

      The # of chromosomes, Disease(to look for), and sex of the patient

    • B. 

      The # of alleles in each gene

    • C. 

      What diseases they have...the only thing he needs to know.


  • 13. 
    Why would it be more difficult to pair up chromosome on a karyotype if the chromosomes where unstrained?
    • A. 

      The number of actual chromosomes would be difficult to see

    • B. 

      It wouldnt

    • C. 

      The size and the bands would be harder to see


  • 14. 
    Is a female or male more likely to get a sex linked disorder?
    • A. 

      Male

    • B. 

      Female


  • 15. 
    What chromosome is involved in cystic fibrosis, Achondroplasia, and Huntington's disease?
    • A. 

      Chromosome 16

    • B. 

      Chromosome 7

    • C. 

      Chromosome 21


  • 16. 
    What is Phenylketoneuria?
    • A. 

      Cant break down amino acids,resulting in surious retardation

    • B. 

      Cant see or hear anything around them

    • C. 

      Cant break down protiens resulting in surious retardation


  • 17. 
    What is Galactosemia?
    • A. 

      Can 't digest milk and sugar therefore enlarged liver, kidney failure, and brain and eye damage

    • B. 

      Cant digest milk and sugar therefore leading to mental instability

    • C. 

      Cant digest anything leading to death


  • 18. 
    What is cystic fibrosis?
    • A. 

      The failure of a kidney and liver

    • B. 

      This affects mucus and sweat glands leading to thick mucus in lungs and gas exchange. Lethal

    • C. 

      Your Fibers in your blood stop sending your brain messages therefore letting you be totally unaware with nerve messages


  • 19. 
    What is tay sachs disease?
    • A. 

      Nervous system destruction due to lack of skin protection

    • B. 

      Nervous system destruction leading to unfit reactions to things

    • C. 

      Nervous system destruction leading to early death, blindness, etc.


  • 20. 
    Chronic simple glaucoma?
    • A. 

      Drainage system for your eyes doesnt work

    • B. 

      Glands fail to operate

    • C. 

      Goal bladder breaking with age.


  • 21. 
    Huntington' s disease?
    • A. 

      Nervous system works faster than normal causing over sensitive nerves

    • B. 

      Nervous system degeneration results in early death

    • C. 

      Nervous system completely stops working after six years of the persons life


  • 22. 
    Neurofibromatosis?
    • A. 

      Tumors deeper in skin

    • B. 

      Tumors in your eyes

    • C. 

      Causes excess fat in the abdominal section


  • 23. 
    Progeria?
    • A. 

      Exaggerated hulicinations of the patient

    • B. 

      Causes really bad acne to tthe point your skin is sensitive

    • C. 

      Rapidly aging...die at 13


  • 24. 
    Hemophilia?
    • A. 

      Deafness and heart problems

    • B. 

      Absence of one or more proteins necessary for normal blood clotting

    • C. 

      TO much blood clotting


  • 25. 
    What phase does NON DISJUNCTION occur?
    • A. 

      Anaphase 1

    • B. 

      Telophase

    • C. 

      Interphase 1


  • 26. 
    THe human genome consists of how many base pairs?
    • A. 

      7 trillion

    • B. 

      8 billion

    • C. 

      6 billion


  • 27. 
    A working copy of the human genome project was completed when?
    • A. 

      April 2001

    • B. 

      June 2000

    • C. 

      March 1998


  • 28. 
    DNA samples can be obtained from what sources?
    • A. 

      Only your hair

    • B. 

      Blood,dirt under you nails,and your karyotype

    • C. 

      Blood,Sperm,and hair


  • 29. 
    What is the risk of inbreeding?
    • A. 

      A genetic disease can form by bonding the wrong blood types

    • B. 

      Breeding the wrong race

    • C. 

      The patients being to genetically similar so the cross between them will bring together two recessive alleles for a genetic defect


  • 30. 
    A new type of bacteria was created to help enviornmental scientists do what?
    • A. 

      Clean of abused animals

    • B. 

      Clean oil spills

    • C. 

      Help dieing trees


  • 31. 
    Small amount of DNA can be copied by what process?
    • A. 

      PCR

    • B. 

      ADD

    • C. 

      COTD


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