General Plan 1- Human Structure And Function

64 Questions  I  By Mnathan21
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  • 1. 
    The scientific term for the study of body structures is...

  • 2. 
    The term for the study of how the body functions is...

  • 3. 
    The term for internal balance is...

  • 4. 
    Without internal balance there is

  • 5. 
    The study of disease and disorder is...

  • 6. 
    The first level of living matter is...

  • 7. 
    Chemicals are formed together to create...

  • 8. 
    They are the basic unit of all life

  • 9. 
    Specialized groups of cells form...

  • 10. 
    Tissues can function together as...

  • 11. 
    Organs functioning together for the same general purpose make up...

  • 12. 
    These systems work together to maintain the body

  • 13. 
    This system includes the skin, hair, nails, sweat glands and oil glands

  • 14. 
    This system includes 206 bones and the joints between them

  • 15. 
    The muscular system includes three different types of muscle

  • 16. 
    What are the two nervous systems included under THE nervous system

  • 17. 
    This system is made up of glands that produce hormones

  • 18. 
    This system includes the heard and blood vessels. It pumps blood, nutrients and oxygen to all the body's tissues, while carrying away waste materials.

  • 19. 
    This system includes the spleen, lymph, vessels and glands.

  • 20. 
    This system includes the mouth, nose, throat, trachea, bronchus and lungs

  • 21. 
    This system comprises all the organs that are involved with taking in food and converting it into substances that body cells can use. The primary organs of this system are the mouth and anus, with accessory organs being the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and teeth.

  • 22. 
    This system's main components are the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Its chief purpose is to rid the body of waste products and excess water

  • 23. 
    This system includes organs that are necessary to produce offspring

  • 24. 
    Metabolism, fluid movement, and negative feedback are all used for internal balance, aka ____

  • 25. 
    All of the life-sustaining reactions that go on within the body systems together make up...

  • 26. 
    The first body process that keeps us in homeostasis is...

  • 27. 
    Metabolism can be divided into two types of activities...

  • 28. 
    The process where complex substances are broken down into simpler compounds is...

  • 29. 
    The process in which simple compounds are used to manufacture materials needed for growth, function, and repair of tissues is

  • 30. 
    The energy obtained from the breakdown of nutrients is used to form a compound often described as "energy currency." This energy is called...

  • 31. 
    The fluid that bathes cells and carry nutrient substances to and from the cells is called...

  • 32. 
    The type of fluid that is contained within the cells is called...

  • 33. 
    Movement of fluid within our body is from areas of _____ concentration to _______ concentration.

  • 34. 
    The body's sensors that monitor internal conditions and bring them back to normal when they shift is called...

  • 35. 
    Any activity in which a given action promotes more of the same action is called...

  • 36. 
    Standing erect, facing front, with arms at the sides, palms forward and feet parallel is called _______ position

  • 37. 
    The directional term for "toward the head," is called

  • 38. 
    The directional term for "toward the feet" is called...

  • 39. 
    The directional term for "toward the front of the body" is called...

  • 40. 
    The directional term for "toward the back of the body" is called

  • 41. 
    The directional term for "toward the midline of the body" is called

  • 42. 
    The directional term for "away from the midline of the body," or towards the side, is called...

  • 43. 
    The directional term for "closest to the trunk" or "nearer to the origin of a structure" is called...

  • 44. 
    The directional term for "away from the trunk" or "away from the origin of a structure" is called...

  • 45. 
    The directional term for "closer to the body surface" is called...

  • 46. 
    The directional term for "away from the body surface" is called...

  • 47. 
    This plane cuts the body into front and rear portions, or anterior and posterior portions

  • 48. 
    This plane cuts the body into right and left portions

  • 49. 
    This directional term is used to describe a cut directly down the center of the body so that the body is in equal right and left halves

  • 50. 
    This plane cuts the body into upper and lower portions, or superior and inferior portions

  • 51. 
    Large internal spaces where various organs are located are called...

  • 52. 
    The two main cavities of the body are...

  • 53. 
    The dorsal cavity has two regions which form one continuous space, the ____ cavity and the ______canal

  • 54. 
    The _______ cavity contains the brain

  • 55. 
    The _______ canal encloses the spinal cord

  • 56. 
    This cavity is much larger than the dorsal cavity, and has two main regions which are separated by the diaphragm.

  • 57. 
    The two regions of the ventral cavity are the ____________ and ___________ cavity

  • 58. 
    This cavity is located above the diaphragm, and contains the heart, lungs, and the large blood vessels that join the heart.

  • 59. 
    This cavity is located below the diaphragm

  • 60. 
    The abdominopelvic cavity is subdivided into two regions, the ___________ and _________ cavities

  • 61. 
    This cavity is the uppermost region of the abdominopelvic cavity and contains the stomach, most of the intestine, kidneys, liver, gallbladder, pancreas and spleen.

  • 62. 
    This cavity is the lower portion of the abdominopelvic cavity, and is separated from the abdominal cavity by an imaginary line across the top of the hip bones. It contains the urinary bladder, rectum, and the internal parts of the reproductive system.

  • 63. 
    What are the four quadrants of the abdomen (abbreviations)

  • 64. 
    What are the more precise, nine ways of dividing the abdomen?

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