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General Meteorology Exam

50 Questions  I  By Ddrummerboy76
Meteorology Quizzes & Trivia
A review guide for your upcoming General Meteorology Exam.

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  During one part of the nitrogen cycle, nitrogen is removed from the air mainly by nitrogen-fixing 
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The atmosphere contains tiny solid particles called
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  A barometer measures
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Almost all of the water and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is in the 
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The process by which the atmosphere slow Earth's loss of heat to space is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Energy as heat can be transferred within the atmosphere in three ways-- radiation, conduction, and 
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A vertical looping pattern of airflow is known as 
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A gentle wind that covers less than 100 km is called 
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Which of the following layers of the atmosphere is closest to the ground?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which of the following layers of the atmosphere is closest to space?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  When the temperature of the air decreases, the rate of evaporation
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The type of fog that results when moist air moves across a cold surface is 
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B.
C.
D.
13.  Changes in temperature that result from the cooling of rising air or the warming of sinking air are
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B.
C.
D.
14.  Clouds form when the water vapor in air condenses as 
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B.
C.
D.
15.  The prefix nimbo-and suffix -nimbus mean
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B.
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D.
16.  The fog that results from the nightly cooling of Earth is called
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B.
C.
D.
17.  Rain that freezes when it strikes a surface produces
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B.
C.
D.
18.  Clouds in which the water droplets remain liquid below O degrees Celsius are said to be
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B.
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D.
19.  In one method of cloud seeding, silver iodide crystals are used as
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B.
C.
D.
20.  An instrument that uses the electrical conductance of the chemical lithium chloride to measrue relative humidity is the 
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B.
C.
D.
21.  Which of the following is information you would not find from a station model?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Continental polar Canadian air masses generally move
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The type of front that forms when two air masses move paralllel to the front between them is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The type of front that is completely lifted off the ground by cold air is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  The eye of a hurricane is a region of
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The winds of a midlatitude cyclone blow in circular paths around a 
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  In the mature stage of a thunderstorm, a cumulus cloud grows until it becomes a 
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  An instrument package attached to a weather ballon is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The lines that connect points of equal atmospheric pressure on a weather map are called 
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The atmosphere is a mixture of gases that surrounds a planet, such as Earth
A.
B.
31.  The troposphere is the uppermost layer of the atmosphere, in which temperature increases as altitude increases; includes the ionosphere
A.
B.
32.  The stratosphere is the layer of the atmosphere that lies between the troposphere and the mesosphere and in which temperature increases as altitude increases; contains the ozone layer
A.
B.
33.  Temperature is the lowest layer of the atmosphere, in which temperature drops at a constant rate as altitude increases; the part of the atmosphere where weather conditions exist
A.
B.
34.  The mesosphere is the coldest layer of the atmosphere, between the stratosphere and the the thermosphere, in which temperature decreases as altitude increases
A.
B.
35.  The thermosphere is the layer of the earth in which convection currents cause the phenomenon of plate tectonics
A.
B.
36.  A hygrometer measures relative humidity
A.
B.
37.  Relative humidity is the mass of water vapor in a unit of air relative to the mass of the dry air.
A.
B.
38.  Supercooling is a condition in which a substance is cooled below its freezing point, condensation point, or sublimation point with going through a change of state
A.
B.
39.  An air mass is simply a mass of air that has no unique properties
A.
B.
40.  A midlatitude cyclone is an area of low pressure that is characterized by rotating wind that moves toward the rising air of the central low-pressure region
A.
B.
41.  How is heat energy transferred by Earth's atmosphere?
42.  How does latitude affect the temperature of a region?
43.  How do surface features influence local wind patterns?
44.  Describe how cloud seeding may increase precipitation.
45.  Why would polluted air be more likely to form fog than clean air would?
46.  How would a significant decrease in condensation nuclei in the world's atmosphere affect cloud formation and climate?
47.  Describe the weather before and after an occluded front.
48.  Identify the wind direction of wind given as 315 degrees. What direction would a wind vane point in that case?
49.  Identify the type of air mass that would most likely be resposible if the air in your region is warm and dry. What letters designate this air mass?
50.  Explain how cP and mT air masses travel across the United States, and explain whyy this information helps meteorologists make forecasts
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