Final Study Guide

85 Questions  I  By Bdavis12 on December 14, 2009
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1.  All unauthorized personnel must be _____________ from the crime scene.
2.  The rate of  cooling of a dead body can  be influenced by all BUT the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Who developed a system called anthropology?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which entity maintains the largest crime laboratory in the world?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  A rough sketch need NOT include a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  What s the least important consideration in the gathering of evidence at a crime scene?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which area of science is NOT in criminalistics?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The most basic methods of crime scene recording DO NOT include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Charred debris from arson scence should be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The collection of standard reference samples at the crime scene is important because they:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The likelihood of finding class physical evidence is _________ the likelihood of finding physical evidence with individual characteristics.
A.
B.
C.
12.  Physical evidence can be used to exonerate or exclude a person from suspicion if:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  As the magnification of microscope is increased the field of view
A.
B.
C.
14.  The heat intensity (hotness) of water at 100C is __________ the heat intensity of water at 212F.
A.
B.
C.
15.  If an object is immersed in a liquid of a greater density, it will:
A.
B.
C.
16.  Tempered glass is used in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The process of glass prism separating sunlight into component colors is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  When a bullet penetrates a panel of glass, it leaves a crater-shaped hole that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  8 inches is approximately ________ centimeters.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which microscope has the largest potential working distance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Which is NOT part of the composition of paint?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Medulla may be classified as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  By far the most prevalent plant fiber is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  A human hair in cross section appeared flat in shape.  the racial origin was most likely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Pigment granules that impart hair with color are found in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which of the following is not a layer of the hair shaft?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Under which circumstances have two people been found to have identical prints?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  What is the minimum number of ridge characteristics
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Prints that are not readily visible are commonly referred to as
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Sublimation occurs with the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Superglue fuming is NOT suitable for use on
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The application of chemistry, physics, and geology to the identification and comparison of crime-scene evidence is the function of the ______________ unit of a crime laboratory.
33.  The examination of bullets, cartridge cases, shotgun shells, and ammunition of all types is the responsibility of the ___________ unit.
34.  Most physical evidence collected at the crime scene will require the accompanying submission of _____________ material for comparison.
35.  A microscope uses a combination of _____ to magnify the image.
36.  T/F: the distinction between individual and class evidence is always easy to make.
37.  Evidence that can be traced to a common source with an extremely high degree of probability is said to possess _____________ characteristics.
38.  When glass is immersed in a liquid of similar refractive index, its _____________ disappears and a minimum contrast between the glass and a liquid is observed.
39.  The two most useful physical properties of glass for forensic comparison are ___________ and _____________.
40.  T/F: it is easy to determine from the size and a shape of a hole in glass whether it was made by a bullet or some other projectile.
41.  A _________ microscope consists of two lenses mounted at each other end of a hollow tube.
42.  The _______ microscope focuses a beam of electrons on a specimen to produce an image.
43.  T/F: the age and sex of an individual from whom a hair sample has been taken can eb determined through an examination of the hair's morphological features.
44.  A(n) ________ hair root is a likely candidate for DNA typing.
45.  _____________ composed of a large number of units arranged in repeating fashion.
46.  A qualitative test will reveal the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  T/F: pain samples removed for examination must always include all of their paint layers.
48.  The three general patterns in which fingerprints are divided are ___________, ____________, and ______________.
49.  Approximately 5% of population has the _________ fingerprint pattern.
50.  All loops must have (one, two) deltas
51.  Arches (have, don't have) deltas.
52.  Which physical state has volume but no specific shape?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which chromatographic process is used to analyze organic explosives and heat-sensitive drugs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Thin layer chromatography was performed and four spots were visualized on the glass side.  the substance with which Rf value was least soluable in the stationary phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Which of the following statements is FALSE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Use of which of the following drugs is LEAST likely to lead to psychological dependence?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Which drug is often incorrectly classified as a narcotic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  What is the most potent form of marijuana?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Which is true of the use of mild tranquilizers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  The most satisfactory way to simultaneously separating and tentatively identifying drugs is by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Which is NOT a factor in determining the rate at which alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  There is a(n) ______ relationship between the amount of alcohol in the blood and that in the alveolar breath.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  To analyze blood for alcohol, forensic labs normally use:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  A substance with a pH of 8 is likely to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Carbon monoxide combines with what component of blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Type AB blood contains
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The amount of spatter from a blood droplet falling on a hard, non-porus surface is _____ that of a drop of blood of equal size, falling from the same distance, onto a softer, porous surface.
A.
B.
C.
68.  Paternity testing is done involving a woman with type AB blood who has accused a man with type B blood of fathering her child who was tested AB.  What can be determined in this case?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  To determine whether a bloodstain is of human or animal origin, the serologist will perform
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Acid-phosphotase test is used in the analysis of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The building blocks of the DAN molecule are known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  What is the number of nitrogenous bases needed to code for a specific amino acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  PCR is a technique that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  In the PCR process, the first step is to heat the DNA strands.  this is to permit the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  The separation of STRs using capillary electrophoresis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  The amount of DNA material required for STR analysis is _______ the amount of DNA required for RFLP analysis
A.
B.
C.
77.  The discriminating power of mtDNA is _______ the discriminating power of STR analysis
A.
B.
C.
78.  The writing characteristics of a person may be altered by whether
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Document examiners frequently uncover the original writing of words that have been crossed out with the aid of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  ___________ is the sticky resin extracted from the marijuana plant.
81.  Alcohol is eliminated from the body by ________ and _________.
82.  Physical dependency develops only when the drug user adheres to the ___________ schedule of drug intake
83.  T/F: methadone is classified as a narcotic drug, even though it is not derived from opium or morphine.
84.  Alcohol (stimulates, depressed) the central nervous system.
85.  Inks on handwritten documents may be compared for their chemical composition by the technique of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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