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Final Exam Chap.8

28 Questions
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Final Exam for Justice class

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The professional courtroom actors, including judes, prosecuting attorneys, defense attorneys, public defenders, and others who earn a living serving the court
    • A. 

      Prosecutor

    • B. 

      Prodecutorial discretion

    • C. 

      Courtroom work group

    • D. 

      Judge

  • 2. 
    An elected or appointed public official who presides over a court of law and who is authorized to hear and sometimes to dto conduct decide cases and to conduct trials.
    • A. 

      Prosecutor

    • B. 

      Prosecutorial discretion

    • C. 

      Judge

    • D. 

      Baliff

  • 3. 
    An attorney whose official duty is to conduct crimninal proceedings on behalf of the state or the people against those accused of having committed criminal offenses
    • A. 

      Judge

    • B. 

      Prosecutor

    • C. 

      Bailiff

    • D. 

      Expert witness

  • 4. 
    The decision making power of prosecutors, based on the wide range of choices avalible to them
    • A. 

      Prosecutorial discretion

    • B. 

      Exculpatory evidence

    • C. 

      Defense attorney

    • D. 

      Public defender

  • 5. 
    Any information having a tendency to clear a person of guilt or blame
    • A. 

      Prosecutorial discretion

    • B. 

      Adversarial system

    • C. 

      Change of venue

    • D. 

      Expulpatory evidence

  • 6. 
    What are the three major categoires of defense attorneys assist crimnial crimnal defendants in the U.S
    • A. 

      1.) Lawers 2.) Jury 3.) Judge

    • B. 

      1.) Private attorneys, court appointed consel and public defenders

    • C. 

      1.) Privat attorneys, Jury, Public defenders

  • 7. 
    An attorney employed by a government agency or subagency for the purpose of providing defense services to indigents, or an attorney who has volunteered such service
    • A. 

      Public Defender

    • B. 

      Baliff

    • C. 

      Expert witness

    • D. 

      Lay witness

  • 8. 
    The court officer whose duties are to keep order in the courtroom, to secure witnesses, and to maintain physical cutody of the Jury
    • A. 

      Judge

    • B. 

      Prosecutor

    • C. 

      Juror

    • D. 

      Bailiff

  • 9. 
    A person who has special knowlege and skills recogized by the court as relevant to the determination of guilt or innocence. May express opinions or draw conclusions in ther testimony
    • A. 

      Subpoena

    • B. 

      Lay Witness

    • C. 

      Expert Witness

    • D. 

      Bailiff

  • 10. 
    An eyewitness, Character witness, or other person called on to tesify who is not considered an expert. Must only testify to facts only.
    • A. 

      Bailiff

    • B. 

      Expert Witness

    • C. 

      Lay Witness

    • D. 

      Juror

  • 11. 
    A written order issued by a judicial officer or grand jury requiring an individual to appear in court and to give testimony or to bring material to be used as evidence.
    • A. 

      Lay witness

    • B. 

      Change of venue

    • C. 

      Rules of evidence

    • D. 

      Subpoena

  • 12. 
    A member of a trial or grand dury who has been selected for jury duty and is required to serve as an arbiter of the facts in a court of law
    • A. 

      Judge

    • B. 

      Juror

    • C. 

      Prosecutor

    • D. 

      Baillif

  • 13. 
    The movement of a trial or lawsuit from one jurisdiction to another or from one location to another within the same jurisdiction
    • A. 

      Change of venue

    • B. 

      Rules of evidence

    • C. 

      Adversarial System

    • D. 

      Jury Challenges

  • 14. 
    How many stages are there in a criminal trial
    • A. 

      96

    • B. 

      291

    • C. 

      36

    • D. 

      12

  • 15. 
    The court rules that govern the admissibility of evidence at criminal hearings and trials
    • A. 

      Change of venue

    • B. 

      Rules of evidence

    • C. 

      Adversarial System

    • D. 

      Jury Challenges

  • 16. 
    The two sided structure under which American crimnal trial courts operate that pits the prosecution against the defense
    • A. 

      Prosecutorial discretion

    • B. 

      Adversarial System

    • C. 

      Plea bargaining

    • D. 

      Exculpatory evidence

  • 17. 
    What are the 3 types of jury challenges that are recognized in criminal courts
    • A. 

      1.)Challenge to provide explanation 2.)challenge to ask questions 3.) challenge to testify

    • B. 

      1) challegng to the array, 2.)challenge to plea, 3.) Peremtory challenges

    • C. 

      1)peremtory challenges, Challenge to ask questions, challenge to plea

    • D. 

      1.) challenge to the array, 2.)challenges for cause, and peremtory challenges,

  • 18. 
    The process wherby, according to law and precedent, members of a particular trial jury are chosen.
    • A. 

      Jury selection

    • B. 

      Jury Challenges

    • C. 

      Scientific Jury selection

    • D. 

      Subpoena

  • 19. 
    The use of correlational techniques from the social sciences to guage the likelihood that potential juror will vote for conviciton or for acquittal
    • A. 

      Jury Challenges

    • B. 

      Jury Selection

    • C. 

      Scientific Jury selection

    • D. 

      Subpoena

  • 20. 
    The initial statement of the prosecutuion or for the defense describing the facts that he or she intends to present during trial to prove the case
    • A. 

      Arragnment

    • B. 

      Plea Bargaining

    • C. 

      Opening statement

    • D. 

      Public defender

  • 21. 
    Anything useful to a jude or jury in deciding the facts of a case. May take form of witness testimony, written documnets, videotapes, etc.
    • A. 

      Evidence

    • B. 

      Bail

    • C. 

      Probative value

    • D. 

      Appeal

  • 22. 
    The evidence that , if believed, directly proves a fact. Eye witness testimony and videtaped documentation account for the majority of this type of evidence.
    • A. 

      Real evidence

    • B. 

      Circumstantial Evidence

    • C. 

      Direct Evidence

  • 23. 
    The evidence that requires interpretation or that requires a judge or jury to reach a conclusion based on what the evidence indicates
    • A. 

      Real Evidence

    • B. 

      Circumstantial Evidence

    • C. 

      Direct Evidence

  • 24. 
    Evidence that consists of physical material or traces of physical activity.
    • A. 

      Real Evidence

    • B. 

      Circumstantial Evidence

    • C. 

      Direct Evidence

  • 25. 
    The oral evidence offered by a sworn witness on the witness stand during a criminal trial
    • A. 

      Perjury

    • B. 

      Testimony

    • C. 

      Subpoena

    • D. 

      Deterrence

  • 26. 
    The intential making of a false statement as part of the testimony by a sworn witness in a judical proceeding on a matter relevant to the case at hand
    • A. 

      Testimony

    • B. 

      Perjury

    • C. 

      White collar crime

    • D. 

      Capital offense

  • 27. 
    An oral summation of a case presented to a judge, or to a judge and jury, by the prosecution or by the defense in a criminal trial
    • A. 

      Closing argument

    • B. 

      Verdict

    • C. 

      Perjury

    • D. 

      Captial Offense

  • 28. 
    The decision of the jury in a jury trial or of a judicial officer in a nonjury trial
    • A. 

      Perjury

    • B. 

      Captial Offense

    • C. 

      Clsoing argument

    • D. 

      Verdict

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