Environmental Science...chapter Six, Section(s) 1 And 2.

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  • 1. 
    The world population increases by about _____ people each day
    • A. 

      1.2 million

    • B. 

      82 million

    • C. 

      2.4

    • D. 

      225,000

    • E. 

      100,000


  • 2. 
    Which of the following is a major factor in human population increase in the last 200 years?
    • A. 

      Humans have developed the ability to expand into almost all of the planet's climate zones

    • B. 

      Early and modern agriculture has allowed more people to be fed per unit of land area

    • C. 

      Improved health and sanitation has lowered the death rate

    • D. 

      All of these answers are correct

    • E. 

      Only two of these answers are correct


  • 3. 
    The cultural carrying capacity is the 
    • A. 

      Number of humans the planet can support with consumptive lifestyles

    • B. 

      Maximum number of people the Earth can support at a reasonable level of comfort without impairing the planet's ability to sustain future generations in the same way

    • C. 

      The maximum number of people that can be supported in a fashion that allows them to pursue culturally satisfying forms of social interaction

    • D. 

      The degree to which an urban area can support a variety of cultural entities such as museums and symphony orchestras

    • E. 

      None of these answers


  • 4. 
    Which of the following are ways that humans have degraded natural capital to meet their own needs and wants?
    • A. 

      Increasing use of the Earth's net primary productivity

    • B. 

      Relying mostly on polluting and climate-changing fossil fuels

    • C. 

      Using some renewable resources faster than they can be replenished

    • D. 

      Eliminating many natural predators and reducing biodiversity

    • E. 

      All of these answers


  • 5. 
    The population change in a particular area or country in a particular year can be calculated by
    • A. 

      (deaths + emigration) (births + immigration)

    • B. 

      (births + immigration) (deaths + emigration)

    • C. 

      (deaths + immigration) (births + emigration)

    • D. 

      (births + emigration) (deaths + immigration)

    • E. 

      (births + deaths) (immigration + emigration)


  • 6. 
    The crude birth rate is the number of live brths per ____ persons in a given year.
    • A. 

      50

    • B. 

      100

    • C. 

      500

    • D. 

      1,000

    • E. 

      10,000


  • 7. 
    The three most populous countries on the Earth are, in order of population size from largest to smallest:
    • A. 

      China, India, and the United States

    • B. 

      India, China, and the United States

    • C. 

      China, India, and Brazil

    • D. 

      China, Brazil, and India

    • E. 

      India, China, and Russia


  • 8. 
    The average number of children bron to womein in a population during their reproductive years is the 
    • A. 

      Crude birth rate

    • B. 

      Total birth rate

    • C. 

      Total fertility rate

    • D. 

      Crude fertility rate

    • E. 

      Population's natural rate of increase


  • 9. 
    Between the years 1950 and 2009, the total fertility rate in developing countries
    • A. 

      Increased from 2.8 to 6.5

    • B. 

      Decreased from 6.5 to 2.8

    • C. 

      Decreased from 2.5 to 1.6

    • D. 

      Increased from 1.6 to 2.5

    • E. 

      Increased from 2.5 to 2.8


  • 10. 
    The actual average replacement-level fertility for the whole world is slightly higer than 
    • A. 

      One child per couple

    • B. 

      Two children per couple

    • C. 

      Three children per couple

    • D. 

      Four children per couple

    • E. 

      Six children per couple


  • 11. 
    Which of the following would decrease the likelihood of a ocuple having a child?
    • A. 

      The child is part of the family labor pool

    • B. 

      Contraceptives are not available

    • C. 

      They have no public or private pension

    • D. 

      Women have many opportunities to participate in the work force

    • E. 

      Infant mortality rates are high


  • 12. 
    Two useful indicators of overall health in a country or region are
    • A. 

      Birth rate and death rate

    • B. 

      Replacement-level fertility rate and total fertility rate

    • C. 

      Life expectancy and infant mortality rate

    • D. 

      Life expectancy and death rate

    • E. 

      Life expectancy and population growth rate


  • 13. 
    A high infant mortality rate is most often associated with
    • A. 

      A high standard of living

    • B. 

      Under nutrition

    • C. 

      Malnutrition

    • D. 

      Under nutrition and malnutrition

    • E. 

      Affluence


  • 14. 
    Infant mortality rate refers to the number of children out of 1,000 that die
    • A. 

      Before birth

    • B. 

      In their first month

    • C. 

      In the first half-year of life

    • D. 

      By their first birthday

    • E. 

      By their fifth birthday


  • 15. 
    All of the following reasons help explain why the united states has one of he highest infant mortality rates of developed countries except
    • A. 

      Lack of health care for children of the poor after birth

    • B. 

      The older age of pregnant women as a result of many women delaying having children

    • C. 

      Lack of health care for poor women while they are pregnant

    • D. 

      High birth rate for teenage women

    • E. 

      None of these answers


  • 16. 
    Currently, legal and illegal immigration account for ____ of the U.S. population growth
    • A. 

      19%

    • B. 

      29%

    • C. 

      39%

    • D. 

      49%

    • E. 

      59%


  • 17. 
    Which of he following countries has the fastest growing population?
    • A. 

      China

    • B. 

      United States

    • C. 

      France

    • D. 

      Great Britain

    • E. 

      Germany


  • 18. 
    Family planning, economic opportunities for women, and schooling for girls generally produces a higher birth rate.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 19. 
    Birth and death rates generally decline as countries develop economically.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 20. 
    Women who live in rural areas have a lower total fertility rate than those in urban areas.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 21. 
    Most of the increase in the world's population in the last 100 years took place because of sharp increase in birth rates.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 22. 
    _________________ refers to a process in which an increasing proportion of an entire population lives in cities and in the suburbs of cities.

  • 23. 
    In areas with a low _________ __________ _________.

  • 24. 
    Urban areas with poor sanitation and numerous health risks will genearll have a low _______ _______.

  • 25. 
    If everyone on the planet reached the U.S. level of consumption of renewable resources by the year 2050, we would need ______ Earth's to meet the demand.

  • 26. 
    As countries become more ________, their populations tend to grow more slowly.

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