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Environmental Science

90 Questions  I  By Mmmaxwell
Environmental Science
This is the Environmental Science Pre-test.

  
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1.   To decay to what is considered to be a safe level a sample of radioisotope should be stored in a safe enclosure for approximately _____ half lives.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.   With 46% of the world's population, urban dwellers occupy about _____ of the planet's land area, but to meet their demands has required using or disturbing about _____ of the Earth's habitable land area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  When a country's GDP decrease, the per capita GDP must also decrease.
A.
B.
4.   Leaf mold, a humus-mineral mixture, and silty loam are indicative of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Species that migrate or are accidentally introduced into an ecosystem are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the following statements best describes the scientific enterprise?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  All of the following harmful effects have been linked to prolonged exposure to excessive noise except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.   Of the following forms of birth control, the least effective is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.   Sustainable agriculture is characterized by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  During routine water testing on a level one stream, you find nitrates are present in higher concentrations than usual. You hypothesize that the nitrates are running into the stream from a chicken house in the stream's
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.   Which of the following statements best illustrates the tragedy of the commons?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  All of the following are abiotic factors except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.   Which of the following statements about the greenhouse effect is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The effect of a population increase or environmental resistance is not felt instantly in most cases.
A.
B.
16.  Which statement least characterizes laboratory research?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Logging in the United States National Forests has no clear advantages because it provides only 3% of our lumber needs and has little impact on lubmer prices.
A.
B.
18.  Good wilderness management would do all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  To qualify as a metropolitan area, a city must have a population of _______ people.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Since 1860, mean global temperature has risen ____ degree(s) centigrade.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Sustainable agriculture
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  A region's life expectancy is inversely related to crude death rate of that region.
A.
B.
23.  About _____ of the world fish harvest is used primarily as animal feed, fish meal, and oils.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The world's economies are not affected by climate change.
A.
B.
25.   Today's cities are not self-sustaining because they import
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Based on the theory of island biogeography, you would predict that large islands near the mainland would have relatively
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  As in a human body, the Earth's capacity to repair itself is critical to its survival.
A.
B.
28.  Which of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Soil pH affects the nutrients that may or may not be available for native vegetation.
A.
B.
30.  In the stratosphere, temperature increases with altitude, due to absorption of UV light by oxygen and ozone.
A.
B.
31.  Which of the following least characterizes U.S. immigration policy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The size of a species' population, be that animal or human, is influenced by births, deaths, immigration, and emigration.
A.
B.
33.   What does integrated coastal management accomplish?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of the following ecosystems has the lowest productivity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  There are significantly more disadvantages than advantages to clear-cutting forests.
A.
B.
36.  When a nonrenewable resource is completely exhausted, it is referred to as economically depleted.
A.
B.
37.  Public lands (parks, zoos, national forests, national seashores, etc.) help sustain biodiversity.
A.
B.
38.  Which of the following statements about amphibians is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The declining economic health of cities often reduces services to their residents: water, electricity, open spaces, timely garbage collection, etc.
A.
B.
40.  The fragility of the desert ecosystem is indicated by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Home gardeners customarily use organic fertilizers more than commercial farmers do because of their high cost per pound of actual nutrient element.
A.
B.
42.  Which of the following is the most restricted of all public areas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  According to pesticide proponents, pesticides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.   Since 1920, urban areas in the United States have seen improvements in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.   Which of the following is not appropriate to use in describing a tropical rain forest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The United States, China, and Russia, three of the world's major emitters, agreed in 2001 to participate in a cap-and-trade program to slow global warming.
A.
B.
47.  Biomes are affected by ocean currents and water flow.
A.
B.
48.  Advantages of automobiles include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  The fact that increased skin cancer rates may not show up for 15-40 years following ozone depletion illustrates the concept of 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  The crude birth rate is the number of live births per _____ persons in a given year.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  The organisms that are classified as primary consumers are the 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The actual average replacement-level fertility for the whole world is slightly higher than
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.   Which of the following choices would make the statement false? Economic growth
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Man's ability to expand into new habitats increases man's population growth but does so at the expense of the environment. 
A.
B.
55.   Inland wetlands are valuable for providing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.   A form of clear-cutting that can allow a sustainable timer yield without widespread destruction is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.   Cities established on barrier islands are subject to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Microclimates are least likely to be produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  A shark is least likely to be killed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.   Which of the following cutting methods leaves only a few mature seed-producing, wind-resistant trees for regeneration of forest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  About _____ of the Earth's land area is tropical forest.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.   Which of the following types of agriculture is most characteristic of developing countries?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Environmental resistance is enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Autotrophs
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.   The world's marine catch is not expected to increase significantly. The factor least responsible for this trend is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  A tree grower using uneven-aged management most likely has the goal of 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.   The UNICEF program to sharply reduce childhood deaths from improper nutrition would include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.   Developed countries
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  In alley cropping,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Climate and vegetation vary with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  A relationship in which both speicies benefit is best labeled
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Which of the following statements is the most logical way to cope with the problem of limitations imposed by the three basic laws governing matter?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.   Which of the following is an example of low-quality energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  To help protect the food supply and fight pests responsibly, individuals can
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Characteristics that make amphibians particularly sensitive to pollution include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.   Which of the following principles would most environmentalists not want to see being a guide to governance of public lands?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Overall, the air quality is poorer and drinking water more polluted today than in the 1970s.
A.
B.
79.   Which of the following is not a factor that leads to urban sprawl?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.   In the United States, ______ of all urban transportation is by car.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.   The hydrologic cycle is driven primarily by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Energy can be formally defined as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Weather occurs
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.   The quickest, cheapest, and most effective way to reduce the buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.   Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.   Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.   The goal of even-aged management of a forest is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Urban areas are attracting more and more residents, partly because of the hope for employment.
A.
B.
89.  Reducing illegal immigration into the United States would increase the rate of economic growth.
A.
B.
90.   The surface litter horizon is described by the letter
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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