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Environmental Science

90 Questions  I  By Mmmaxwell
Environmental Science
This is the Environmental Science Pre-test.

  
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1.  To help protect the food supply and fight pests responsibly, individuals can
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  In alley cropping,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.   Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.   In the United States, ______ of all urban transportation is by car.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  When a country's GDP decrease, the per capita GDP must also decrease.
A.
B.
6.   The hydrologic cycle is driven primarily by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.   Cities established on barrier islands are subject to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.   Which of the following statements best illustrates the tragedy of the commons?
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B.
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D.
E.
9.  Which of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
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D.
E.
10.  Logging in the United States National Forests has no clear advantages because it provides only 3% of our lumber needs and has little impact on lubmer prices.
A.
B.
11.  Home gardeners customarily use organic fertilizers more than commercial farmers do because of their high cost per pound of actual nutrient element.
A.
B.
12.  When a nonrenewable resource is completely exhausted, it is referred to as economically depleted.
A.
B.
13.  The world's economies are not affected by climate change.
A.
B.
14.  In the stratosphere, temperature increases with altitude, due to absorption of UV light by oxygen and ozone.
A.
B.
15.  The fact that increased skin cancer rates may not show up for 15-40 years following ozone depletion illustrates the concept of 
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B.
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D.
E.
16.   Which of the following is not a factor that leads to urban sprawl?
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B.
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D.
E.
17.  Good wilderness management would do all of the following except
A.
B.
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D.
E.
18.  Advantages of automobiles include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.   To decay to what is considered to be a safe level a sample of radioisotope should be stored in a safe enclosure for approximately _____ half lives.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The actual average replacement-level fertility for the whole world is slightly higher than
A.
B.
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D.
E.
21.  Which of the following statements is the most logical way to cope with the problem of limitations imposed by the three basic laws governing matter?
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B.
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D.
E.
22.  All of the following harmful effects have been linked to prolonged exposure to excessive noise except
A.
B.
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E.
23.  As in a human body, the Earth's capacity to repair itself is critical to its survival.
A.
B.
24.   Which of the following statements about the greenhouse effect is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  A region's life expectancy is inversely related to crude death rate of that region.
A.
B.
26.  Biomes are affected by ocean currents and water flow.
A.
B.
27.  Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The effect of a population increase or environmental resistance is not felt instantly in most cases.
A.
B.
29.   Which of the following statements is false?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Species that migrate or are accidentally introduced into an ecosystem are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  To qualify as a metropolitan area, a city must have a population of _______ people.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of the following ecosystems has the lowest productivity?
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B.
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D.
E.
34.   Which of the following is not appropriate to use in describing a tropical rain forest?
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B.
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D.
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35.   Which of the following choices would make the statement false? Economic growth
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36.   Developed countries
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37.  Climate and vegetation vary with
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D.
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38.  The declining economic health of cities often reduces services to their residents: water, electricity, open spaces, timely garbage collection, etc.
A.
B.
39.   Which of the following is an example of low-quality energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which of the following is the most restricted of all public areas?
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41.   Today's cities are not self-sustaining because they import
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B.
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D.
E.
42.  The crude birth rate is the number of live births per _____ persons in a given year.
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B.
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D.
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43.   The UNICEF program to sharply reduce childhood deaths from improper nutrition would include all of the following except
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B.
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D.
E.
44.  Which of the following statements best describes the scientific enterprise?
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45.   Inland wetlands are valuable for providing
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46.   What does integrated coastal management accomplish?
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47.  The fragility of the desert ecosystem is indicated by 
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B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Man's ability to expand into new habitats increases man's population growth but does so at the expense of the environment. 
A.
B.
49.   Sustainable agriculture is characterized by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  All of the following are abiotic factors except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Public lands (parks, zoos, national forests, national seashores, etc.) help sustain biodiversity.
A.
B.
52.   The surface litter horizon is described by the letter
A.
B.
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D.
E.
53.  Energy can be formally defined as
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B.
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54.   With 46% of the world's population, urban dwellers occupy about _____ of the planet's land area, but to meet their demands has required using or disturbing about _____ of the Earth's habitable land area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The organisms that are classified as primary consumers are the 
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B.
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D.
E.
56.  About _____ of the Earth's land area is tropical forest.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Which of the following least characterizes U.S. immigration policy?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  A shark is least likely to be killed
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B.
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D.
E.
59.  During routine water testing on a level one stream, you find nitrates are present in higher concentrations than usual. You hypothesize that the nitrates are running into the stream from a chicken house in the stream's
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  The size of a species' population, be that animal or human, is influenced by births, deaths, immigration, and emigration.
A.
B.
61.  Sustainable agriculture
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B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  About _____ of the world fish harvest is used primarily as animal feed, fish meal, and oils.
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B.
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D.
E.
63.  Weather occurs
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B.
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64.   The quickest, cheapest, and most effective way to reduce the buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is to 
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B.
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D.
E.
65.   Leaf mold, a humus-mineral mixture, and silty loam are indicative of
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D.
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66.   A form of clear-cutting that can allow a sustainable timer yield without widespread destruction is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Reducing illegal immigration into the United States would increase the rate of economic growth.
A.
B.
68.   Which of the following types of agriculture is most characteristic of developing countries?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.   Which of the following cutting methods leaves only a few mature seed-producing, wind-resistant trees for regeneration of forest?
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B.
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E.
70.  Which statement least characterizes laboratory research?
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71.   Which of the following principles would most environmentalists not want to see being a guide to governance of public lands?
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72.  Since 1860, mean global temperature has risen ____ degree(s) centigrade.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
73.   Of the following forms of birth control, the least effective is 
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B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Environmental resistance is enhanced by
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B.
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D.
E.
75.  A tree grower using uneven-aged management most likely has the goal of 
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B.
C.
D.
E.
76.   Since 1920, urban areas in the United States have seen improvements in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  A relationship in which both speicies benefit is best labeled
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B.
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D.
E.
78.  Autotrophs
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B.
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D.
E.
79.  Soil pH affects the nutrients that may or may not be available for native vegetation.
A.
B.
80.  Which of the following statements about amphibians is false?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  According to pesticide proponents, pesticides
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B.
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D.
E.
82.  The United States, China, and Russia, three of the world's major emitters, agreed in 2001 to participate in a cap-and-trade program to slow global warming.
A.
B.
83.  Urban areas are attracting more and more residents, partly because of the hope for employment.
A.
B.
84.  Overall, the air quality is poorer and drinking water more polluted today than in the 1970s.
A.
B.
85.   The goal of even-aged management of a forest is
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B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Based on the theory of island biogeography, you would predict that large islands near the mainland would have relatively
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B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  There are significantly more disadvantages than advantages to clear-cutting forests.
A.
B.
88.  Microclimates are least likely to be produced by
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B.
C.
D.
E.
89.   The world's marine catch is not expected to increase significantly. The factor least responsible for this trend is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Characteristics that make amphibians particularly sensitive to pollution include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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