Environmental Science

90 Questions  I  By Mmmaxwell
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Environmental Science Quizzes & Trivia
This is the Environmental Science Pre-test.

  
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1.   Which of the following cutting methods leaves only a few mature seed-producing, wind-resistant trees for regeneration of forest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Sustainable agriculture
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  As in a human body, the Earth's capacity to repair itself is critical to its survival.
A.
B.
5.  Autotrophs
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  To qualify as a metropolitan area, a city must have a population of _______ people.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following ecosystems has the lowest productivity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of the following is the most restricted of all public areas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The effect of a population increase or environmental resistance is not felt instantly in most cases.
A.
B.
10.  Home gardeners customarily use organic fertilizers more than commercial farmers do because of their high cost per pound of actual nutrient element.
A.
B.
11.   With 46% of the world's population, urban dwellers occupy about _____ of the planet's land area, but to meet their demands has required using or disturbing about _____ of the Earth's habitable land area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.   The world's marine catch is not expected to increase significantly. The factor least responsible for this trend is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.   Which of the following choices would make the statement false? Economic growth
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Good wilderness management would do all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  About _____ of the world fish harvest is used primarily as animal feed, fish meal, and oils.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  A tree grower using uneven-aged management most likely has the goal of 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.   Inland wetlands are valuable for providing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.   Which of the following is an example of low-quality energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the following statements best describes the scientific enterprise?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.   Cities established on barrier islands are subject to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which of the following statements about amphibians is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  In alley cropping,
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B.
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D.
E.
25.  Weather occurs
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.   The quickest, cheapest, and most effective way to reduce the buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.   Today's cities are not self-sustaining because they import
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.   Which of the following statements about the greenhouse effect is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.   Leaf mold, a humus-mineral mixture, and silty loam are indicative of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.   Which of the following statements best illustrates the tragedy of the commons?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Overall, the air quality is poorer and drinking water more polluted today than in the 1970s.
A.
B.
32.  Based on the theory of island biogeography, you would predict that large islands near the mainland would have relatively
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.   To decay to what is considered to be a safe level a sample of radioisotope should be stored in a safe enclosure for approximately _____ half lives.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.   The surface litter horizon is described by the letter
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The fragility of the desert ecosystem is indicated by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Characteristics that make amphibians particularly sensitive to pollution include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The United States, China, and Russia, three of the world's major emitters, agreed in 2001 to participate in a cap-and-trade program to slow global warming.
A.
B.
38.  Soil pH affects the nutrients that may or may not be available for native vegetation.
A.
B.
39.  The world's economies are not affected by climate change.
A.
B.
40.   Developed countries
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B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Advantages of automobiles include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.   Of the following forms of birth control, the least effective is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.   Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.   Sustainable agriculture is characterized by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The declining economic health of cities often reduces services to their residents: water, electricity, open spaces, timely garbage collection, etc.
A.
B.
46.  When a country's GDP decrease, the per capita GDP must also decrease.
A.
B.
47.  All of the following are abiotic factors except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Biomes are affected by ocean currents and water flow.
A.
B.
49.  A region's life expectancy is inversely related to crude death rate of that region.
A.
B.
50.  According to pesticide proponents, pesticides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Urban areas are attracting more and more residents, partly because of the hope for employment.
A.
B.
52.  Species that migrate or are accidentally introduced into an ecosystem are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  About _____ of the Earth's land area is tropical forest.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The actual average replacement-level fertility for the whole world is slightly higher than
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.   The UNICEF program to sharply reduce childhood deaths from improper nutrition would include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  In the stratosphere, temperature increases with altitude, due to absorption of UV light by oxygen and ozone.
A.
B.
57.  When a nonrenewable resource is completely exhausted, it is referred to as economically depleted.
A.
B.
58.  Energy can be formally defined as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  A relationship in which both speicies benefit is best labeled
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B.
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D.
E.
60.   The hydrologic cycle is driven primarily by
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B.
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D.
E.
61.   The goal of even-aged management of a forest is
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B.
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D.
E.
62.   Since 1920, urban areas in the United States have seen improvements in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  To help protect the food supply and fight pests responsibly, individuals can
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The size of a species' population, be that animal or human, is influenced by births, deaths, immigration, and emigration.
A.
B.
65.  During routine water testing on a level one stream, you find nitrates are present in higher concentrations than usual. You hypothesize that the nitrates are running into the stream from a chicken house in the stream's
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  All of the following harmful effects have been linked to prolonged exposure to excessive noise except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The fact that increased skin cancer rates may not show up for 15-40 years following ozone depletion illustrates the concept of 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Reducing illegal immigration into the United States would increase the rate of economic growth.
A.
B.
69.  Which statement least characterizes laboratory research?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Which of the following statements is the most logical way to cope with the problem of limitations imposed by the three basic laws governing matter?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  There are significantly more disadvantages than advantages to clear-cutting forests.
A.
B.
72.   Which of the following principles would most environmentalists not want to see being a guide to governance of public lands?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Climate and vegetation vary with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The organisms that are classified as primary consumers are the 
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B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Which of the following least characterizes U.S. immigration policy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Microclimates are least likely to be produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Man's ability to expand into new habitats increases man's population growth but does so at the expense of the environment. 
A.
B.
78.   Which of the following is not appropriate to use in describing a tropical rain forest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  A shark is least likely to be killed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.   Which of the following is not a factor that leads to urban sprawl?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  The crude birth rate is the number of live births per _____ persons in a given year.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.   Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.   Which of the following types of agriculture is most characteristic of developing countries?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.   In the United States, ______ of all urban transportation is by car.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Environmental resistance is enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Since 1860, mean global temperature has risen ____ degree(s) centigrade.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.   A form of clear-cutting that can allow a sustainable timer yield without widespread destruction is called
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B.
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D.
E.
88.   What does integrated coastal management accomplish?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Logging in the United States National Forests has no clear advantages because it provides only 3% of our lumber needs and has little impact on lubmer prices.
A.
B.
90.  Public lands (parks, zoos, national forests, national seashores, etc.) help sustain biodiversity.
A.
B.
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