Environmental Science

90 Questions  I  By Mmmaxwell
This is the Environmental Science Pre-test.

  
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1.  As in a human body, the Earth's capacity to repair itself is critical to its survival.
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B.
2.  Advantages of automobiles include all of the following except
A.
B.
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D.
E.
3.  About _____ of the Earth's land area is tropical forest.
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B.
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D.
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4.  Sustainable agriculture
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B.
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5.   Which of the following statements best illustrates the tragedy of the commons?
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C.
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6.   Since 1920, urban areas in the United States have seen improvements in
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7.  Which of the following statements is true?
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B.
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8.   In the United States, ______ of all urban transportation is by car.
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9.  Overall, the air quality is poorer and drinking water more polluted today than in the 1970s.
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B.
10.  Man's ability to expand into new habitats increases man's population growth but does so at the expense of the environment. 
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B.
11.  There are significantly more disadvantages than advantages to clear-cutting forests.
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B.
12.  A relationship in which both speicies benefit is best labeled
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13.  In the stratosphere, temperature increases with altitude, due to absorption of UV light by oxygen and ozone.
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B.
14.  Which of the following statements about amphibians is false?
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15.   The UNICEF program to sharply reduce childhood deaths from improper nutrition would include all of the following except
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16.   The quickest, cheapest, and most effective way to reduce the buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is to 
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17.   The world's marine catch is not expected to increase significantly. The factor least responsible for this trend is 
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18.   Which of the following types of agriculture is most characteristic of developing countries?
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19.  Which of the following statements best describes the scientific enterprise?
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20.   Inland wetlands are valuable for providing
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21.   Which of the following is an example of low-quality energy?
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22.  Weather occurs
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23.  All of the following harmful effects have been linked to prolonged exposure to excessive noise except
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24.   What does integrated coastal management accomplish?
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25.  Which of the following statements is the most logical way to cope with the problem of limitations imposed by the three basic laws governing matter?
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26.  Since 1860, mean global temperature has risen ____ degree(s) centigrade.
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27.  The world's economies are not affected by climate change.
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B.
28.   Which of the following is not a factor that leads to urban sprawl?
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29.  All of the following are abiotic factors except
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30.  About _____ of the world fish harvest is used primarily as animal feed, fish meal, and oils.
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31.  Good wilderness management would do all of the following except
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32.  The crude birth rate is the number of live births per _____ persons in a given year.
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33.  During routine water testing on a level one stream, you find nitrates are present in higher concentrations than usual. You hypothesize that the nitrates are running into the stream from a chicken house in the stream's
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34.  Public lands (parks, zoos, national forests, national seashores, etc.) help sustain biodiversity.
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B.
35.  According to pesticide proponents, pesticides
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36.  The organisms that are classified as primary consumers are the 
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37.   Which of the following principles would most environmentalists not want to see being a guide to governance of public lands?
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38.  Which of the following least characterizes U.S. immigration policy?
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39.  The size of a species' population, be that animal or human, is influenced by births, deaths, immigration, and emigration.
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B.
40.   Which of the following is not appropriate to use in describing a tropical rain forest?
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41.  Autotrophs
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42.  Characteristics that make amphibians particularly sensitive to pollution include
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43.  Which of the following statements is false?
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44.  Microclimates are least likely to be produced by
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45.   Which of the following statements is false?
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46.  The declining economic health of cities often reduces services to their residents: water, electricity, open spaces, timely garbage collection, etc.
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B.
47.   Sustainable agriculture is characterized by all of the following except
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B.
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E.
48.   The goal of even-aged management of a forest is
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49.   Which of the following statements is false?
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50.  Biomes are affected by ocean currents and water flow.
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51.   The surface litter horizon is described by the letter
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52.  Which of the following ecosystems has the lowest productivity?
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53.  Species that migrate or are accidentally introduced into an ecosystem are called
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54.  Soil pH affects the nutrients that may or may not be available for native vegetation.
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55.   Developed countries
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56.   Today's cities are not self-sustaining because they import
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57.  To qualify as a metropolitan area, a city must have a population of _______ people.
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58.   Of the following forms of birth control, the least effective is 
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59.  Which statement least characterizes laboratory research?
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60.   Which of the following cutting methods leaves only a few mature seed-producing, wind-resistant trees for regeneration of forest?
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61.  Environmental resistance is enhanced by
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62.  In alley cropping,
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63.  The fragility of the desert ecosystem is indicated by 
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64.  Logging in the United States National Forests has no clear advantages because it provides only 3% of our lumber needs and has little impact on lubmer prices.
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B.
65.  A region's life expectancy is inversely related to crude death rate of that region.
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B.
66.  Home gardeners customarily use organic fertilizers more than commercial farmers do because of their high cost per pound of actual nutrient element.
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B.
67.  Which of the following is the most restricted of all public areas?
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68.  When a country's GDP decrease, the per capita GDP must also decrease.
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B.
69.   Which of the following choices would make the statement false? Economic growth
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70.   Leaf mold, a humus-mineral mixture, and silty loam are indicative of
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71.   With 46% of the world's population, urban dwellers occupy about _____ of the planet's land area, but to meet their demands has required using or disturbing about _____ of the Earth's habitable land area.
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72.   The hydrologic cycle is driven primarily by
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73.  The fact that increased skin cancer rates may not show up for 15-40 years following ozone depletion illustrates the concept of 
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74.  Reducing illegal immigration into the United States would increase the rate of economic growth.
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B.
75.  When a nonrenewable resource is completely exhausted, it is referred to as economically depleted.
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B.
76.  A shark is least likely to be killed
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77.  To help protect the food supply and fight pests responsibly, individuals can
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78.  A tree grower using uneven-aged management most likely has the goal of 
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79.   To decay to what is considered to be a safe level a sample of radioisotope should be stored in a safe enclosure for approximately _____ half lives.
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80.  Based on the theory of island biogeography, you would predict that large islands near the mainland would have relatively
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81.   A form of clear-cutting that can allow a sustainable timer yield without widespread destruction is called
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82.  The United States, China, and Russia, three of the world's major emitters, agreed in 2001 to participate in a cap-and-trade program to slow global warming.
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B.
83.  Which of the following statements is false?
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B.
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84.  The effect of a population increase or environmental resistance is not felt instantly in most cases.
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85.   Which of the following statements about the greenhouse effect is false?
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86.  The actual average replacement-level fertility for the whole world is slightly higher than
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87.  Climate and vegetation vary with
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88.  Energy can be formally defined as
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89.  Urban areas are attracting more and more residents, partly because of the hope for employment.
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90.   Cities established on barrier islands are subject to 
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