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Environmental Science

90 Questions  I  By Mmmaxwell
Environmental Science Quizzes & Trivia
This is the Environmental Science Pre-test.

  
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1.   To decay to what is considered to be a safe level a sample of radioisotope should be stored in a safe enclosure for approximately _____ half lives.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Soil pH affects the nutrients that may or may not be available for native vegetation.
A.
B.
3.   Cities established on barrier islands are subject to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.   Which of the following statements best illustrates the tragedy of the commons?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Urban areas are attracting more and more residents, partly because of the hope for employment.
A.
B.
6.  Climate and vegetation vary with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Species that migrate or are accidentally introduced into an ecosystem are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Environmental resistance is enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  To help protect the food supply and fight pests responsibly, individuals can
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Characteristics that make amphibians particularly sensitive to pollution include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.   The goal of even-aged management of a forest is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The actual average replacement-level fertility for the whole world is slightly higher than
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which of the following least characterizes U.S. immigration policy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The size of a species' population, be that animal or human, is influenced by births, deaths, immigration, and emigration.
A.
B.
15.  Home gardeners customarily use organic fertilizers more than commercial farmers do because of their high cost per pound of actual nutrient element.
A.
B.
16.   The world's marine catch is not expected to increase significantly. The factor least responsible for this trend is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.   With 46% of the world's population, urban dwellers occupy about _____ of the planet's land area, but to meet their demands has required using or disturbing about _____ of the Earth's habitable land area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.   Which of the following principles would most environmentalists not want to see being a guide to governance of public lands?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Public lands (parks, zoos, national forests, national seashores, etc.) help sustain biodiversity.
A.
B.
20.   Leaf mold, a humus-mineral mixture, and silty loam are indicative of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Sustainable agriculture
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which of the following ecosystems has the lowest productivity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which of the following statements about amphibians is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Microclimates are least likely to be produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.   The surface litter horizon is described by the letter
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.   The quickest, cheapest, and most effective way to reduce the buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.   Which of the following is an example of low-quality energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  In the stratosphere, temperature increases with altitude, due to absorption of UV light by oxygen and ozone.
A.
B.
29.   Today's cities are not self-sustaining because they import
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Good wilderness management would do all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Since 1860, mean global temperature has risen ____ degree(s) centigrade.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  A shark is least likely to be killed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  A tree grower using uneven-aged management most likely has the goal of 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  During routine water testing on a level one stream, you find nitrates are present in higher concentrations than usual. You hypothesize that the nitrates are running into the stream from a chicken house in the stream's
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  When a country's GDP decrease, the per capita GDP must also decrease.
A.
B.
36.   Which of the following cutting methods leaves only a few mature seed-producing, wind-resistant trees for regeneration of forest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Man's ability to expand into new habitats increases man's population growth but does so at the expense of the environment. 
A.
B.
38.   Which of the following is not appropriate to use in describing a tropical rain forest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.   What does integrated coastal management accomplish?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Reducing illegal immigration into the United States would increase the rate of economic growth.
A.
B.
41.  In alley cropping,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.   In the United States, ______ of all urban transportation is by car.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  About _____ of the Earth's land area is tropical forest.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The crude birth rate is the number of live births per _____ persons in a given year.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  According to pesticide proponents, pesticides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The declining economic health of cities often reduces services to their residents: water, electricity, open spaces, timely garbage collection, etc.
A.
B.
47.  The fact that increased skin cancer rates may not show up for 15-40 years following ozone depletion illustrates the concept of 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following statements best describes the scientific enterprise?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Advantages of automobiles include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.   Which of the following is not a factor that leads to urban sprawl?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.   A form of clear-cutting that can allow a sustainable timer yield without widespread destruction is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.   Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  As in a human body, the Earth's capacity to repair itself is critical to its survival.
A.
B.
54.   The hydrologic cycle is driven primarily by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  All of the following are abiotic factors except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Energy can be formally defined as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  The effect of a population increase or environmental resistance is not felt instantly in most cases.
A.
B.
58.  Logging in the United States National Forests has no clear advantages because it provides only 3% of our lumber needs and has little impact on lubmer prices.
A.
B.
59.  About _____ of the world fish harvest is used primarily as animal feed, fish meal, and oils.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.   Which of the following types of agriculture is most characteristic of developing countries?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  To qualify as a metropolitan area, a city must have a population of _______ people.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Biomes are affected by ocean currents and water flow.
A.
B.
63.   The UNICEF program to sharply reduce childhood deaths from improper nutrition would include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  All of the following harmful effects have been linked to prolonged exposure to excessive noise except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  A region's life expectancy is inversely related to crude death rate of that region.
A.
B.
66.   Which of the following choices would make the statement false? Economic growth
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  When a nonrenewable resource is completely exhausted, it is referred to as economically depleted.
A.
B.
68.  Which of the following statements is the most logical way to cope with the problem of limitations imposed by the three basic laws governing matter?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Which of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Weather occurs
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.   Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.   Developed countries
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Overall, the air quality is poorer and drinking water more polluted today than in the 1970s.
A.
B.
74.  Which of the following is the most restricted of all public areas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.   Which of the following statements about the greenhouse effect is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.   Since 1920, urban areas in the United States have seen improvements in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  The fragility of the desert ecosystem is indicated by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  The world's economies are not affected by climate change.
A.
B.
79.  The organisms that are classified as primary consumers are the 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Autotrophs
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  There are significantly more disadvantages than advantages to clear-cutting forests.
A.
B.
82.  A relationship in which both speicies benefit is best labeled
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.   Sustainable agriculture is characterized by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.   Of the following forms of birth control, the least effective is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  The United States, China, and Russia, three of the world's major emitters, agreed in 2001 to participate in a cap-and-trade program to slow global warming.
A.
B.
87.   Inland wetlands are valuable for providing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Based on the theory of island biogeography, you would predict that large islands near the mainland would have relatively
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Which statement least characterizes laboratory research?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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