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The Environment

70 Questions  I  By Tuc01297
The Environment
Both tests from environment class to practice answers.

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  The question "Which is more important, the survival of people alive today or conservation of the environment?" is difficult to answer. Answering this question demands:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Forests differ from many other natural resources in that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Point C is a significant threshold (on this diagram, because I don't have the one from the exam it's NOAEL). What does point C signify?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The simplest ecosystem needs ________ to function properly.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Use of predators, parasites, and competitors for pest control defines which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  According to the textbook, the nation with the largest forested land surface is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Premise: A straight line is the shortest distance between two points.Premise: The line A to B is the shortest distance between points A and B.Conclusion: Therefore, the line from A to B is a straight line.The above syllogism is an example of ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The following chemical equation describes which process:6CO2 + 6H2O ---> C6H12O6 + 6O2
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of the following is the correct sequence of steps, from beginning to end, in the Scientific Method:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The balance in your bank account is $1200. You have a monthly income of $600 and monthly expenses of $600. Calculate the average residence time (ART) of dollars in your account:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  A hypothesis is defined as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The conclusion of an inductive proof is more _____ than the conclusion of a deductive proof.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Oil production, refining, and transportation have been associated with all the following environmental problems except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Processes that lead to changes in gene frequency include all the following except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  In primitive countries, breast feeding slows population growth because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  A ____ type of feedback mechanism functions as a _____ process for the system as a whole.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which of the following refers to the accumulation of a substance in living tissue as it moves through the food web
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following cycles involves the movement of water from the surface of the Earth through the atmosphere back to the surface of the Earth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The first law of thermodynamics states that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  All of the following are renewable energy sources except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Petroleum is usually found in which of the following situations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  "Cogeneration" refers to the use of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  In a developing country, chronic diseases account for a ________ proportion of total mortality. Acute diseases account for a ________ proportion of total mortality.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Similar environments in different locations lead to the evolution of species with:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Fluxes of nitrogen both into and out of the atmosphere are controlled predominantly by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  _______ are treeless plains in areas of low annual temperatures and low rainfall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Organisms that make their own food from the energy in sulfur are called"
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Soft path energy is characterized as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  No-till agriculture is an agricultural technique where:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which energy transformation occurs as a book falls from the top of your book shelf towards the floor?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which of the terms below refers to the farming of foods in marine and freshwater habitats:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Calculate the doubling time of the population in Kellertopia. The annual population growth in this fictional country is 5.0%.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Gradual, sequential changes in the composition of an ecosystem, particularly following an initial disturbance is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Justification that has to do with the belief that aspects of the environment have a right to exist
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  As a forest management practice, clear cutting:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the following examples is not a pollution point source:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of the following is not a major symptom of desertification?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  A scientist is testing the factors the lead to growth of larger tomatoes. In one particular series of experiments, she holds the moisture and the amount of fertilizer constant, but varies the soil type and measures the resulting changes in tomato weight. Which of the following is the independent variable in these experiments:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The three basic kinds of interaction between species are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Consider a situation where increased solar radiation reaches the Earth's surface and raises the ocean temperature. This results in more evaporation, which produces more clouds. The increased cloud cover reduces the amount of solar radiation that reaches the surface of the Earth. This is an example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Wind power is a clean energy source, but according to its detractors in some locations, it is associated with _________ pollution
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following refers to lack of a specific chemical component of food:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  What is the most important cause of starvation worldwide?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Phosphorus, an important nutrient, enters living plants from:
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B.
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D.
E.
45.  What is biological diversity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  What practice has greatly increased the farm yield per unit area
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B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which of the terms below refers tot he process in which a nuclear fuel, such as Uranium, is split into small particles plus energy:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Immediately after a fire, vegetation grows back extremely rapidly mainly because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  In June 2001, 17,800,000 people inhabited Demographica Island. During the time period from 2000 to 2001, 301,000 births were recorded. During the same period of time 120,000 deaths occurred. Calculate the growth rate (in %) for Demographica Island.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Monoculture is associated with:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Which energy source supplies the majority of electrical power generation in the US?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Which of the following is an example of an ecological island?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The image below illustrates which of the following concepts:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  200,000,000 people in Africa are malnourished. What is the reason for such a situation?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Exactly how does a commercial nuclear power plant convert the energy of atomic nuclei into electricity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  The US has sent several space missions to the planet Mars. A major goal of these missions has been the search for life. Which of the following characteristics of Mars argues against the presence of life?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Energy, chemical elements, and other compounds are transferred from creature to creature along:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  In some ways, natural gas is considered a better fossil fuel than oil. This is primarily because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Biological evolution matches most closely to which of the following descriptions:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  At the present time, the method for handling high-level nuclear waste in the US is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Which of the following examples describes the maximum number of a particular species that an environment can support without degrading the environment?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Biomagnification is associated with all the following except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Why did Amboseli National Park suffer a serious loss of the woodland habitat?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Direct conversion of electricity using sunlight, without using an intermediate fluid medium, is accomplished by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Sea otters live along the Pacific coast of the US and Canada. The otters feed upon sea urchins, and urchins feed upon kelp. Reduction in the number of sea otters leads to an explosion in sea urchin populations, declines in kelp, and declines in all other species that feed upon kelp. Given this information, sea otters are an example of a(n):
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  The total amount of food produced each year worldwide is sufficient to feed all the world's people today. Why do famines nevertheless occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Generally, from early- to mid- succession, a community experiences:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The primary sources of biofuel in India, an example of a developing country are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  When did the most dramatic increase in the history of the human population occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Autotrophs, at the first trophic level, get their food from:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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