Embalming Chemistry

148 Questions  I  By Tlwadsworth
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1.  Any elements with the atomic number 58 through 71 and 90 through 103.
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2.  CH2O1. a compound2. a pure substabce3. a mixture4. an element5. matter
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3.  The bonds formed by the sharing of electrons between two atoms.
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4.  The setting of plaster of Paris is____________.
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5.  Oxygen acts a reducing agent but does support combustion.
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6.  A substance that donates a pair of electrons
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7.  Which of the following radioisotopes are used in medical procedures?1. Cobalt 572. uranium 2383. Gold 1984. Stontium 895. Radium 226
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8.  A substance whose water solution will not conduct electricity
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9.  2NaHCO3 + H2SO4 ------>   2H2O + 2CO2 + Na2SO4This is a chemical process whereby carbon dioxide, water, and salt are formed. What is NaHCO3?
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10.  Arrhenius was not aware of the self-ionization of water
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11.  Oxygen is highly electronegative
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12.  Hydrates that release moisture to air.
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13.  Hydrates have finite amounts of water of crystallization. THe amounts will not vary.
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14.  Which is true regarding gamma rays?1. Frequently, gamma rays are emitted from a nucleus during the process of either alpha or beta decay.2. in air, gamma rays travel no more than several inches.3. Gamma rays can be stopped by a piece of aluminum foil or plastic4. Gamma rays can penetrate the human body and can damage both cells and the tissue of internal organs.
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15.  Which of the following is formed from a cation of a base and an anion of an acid?
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16.  Brass, bronze, stainless steel are...
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17.  The decomposition of liquid water into hydrogen gas and oxygen gas when an electric current passes through it.
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18.  The word ____ means "without water"
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19.  The separation of substances in solution by the differences in their rates of diffusion through a semipermeable membrane
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20.  2KClO3 + MnO2 ---> 2KCl + 2O2 + MnO2 This reaction is an example of...
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21.  Washing soda, epsom salts, borax, and plaster of Paris are examples of _______.
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22.  All atoms with the exception of hydrogen contain nuetrons
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23.  Alpha particles consist of ___Each alpha particle has a ______charge
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24.  The temperature at which a substance changes from the liquid state to the gaseous state describes...
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25.  Which of the following is true?1. A non-metallic oxide will react with water to form an acid.2. nonmetaalic oxides are basic anyhydrides.3 Metal oxides will react with water to form bases.4. Metallic oxides are known as basic anyhydrides.
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26.  Which of the lowwing is the most efficient method of purifying water ( not necessarily cost effective, though).
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27.  Pure water is a non-electrolyte?
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28.  Zn + H2SO4 ----> ZnSO4 + H2  This equation illustrates....
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29.  When embalming the body harboring harmful radioisotopes, which true regarding the personal hygiene for the embalmer?1. instruments should be soaked in a good soap or detergent, then rinsed well with running water.2. Dispisble waste matter may be collected and disposed of in a garbage container. 3. Gowns, towels, clothing, etc should be monitered and stored for suitable decay before being sent to the laundry4. if the embalmer suffers an introduction of material from the body into lesions, he/she should wash the injured area copiously with running water and thereafter consult with his/her physician or a radiation officer.
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30.  If a red blood cell is placed in a 5 percent salt water solution, we would say the solution of the red blood cell is _____ when compared to that of the salt water solution. ( a red blood cell is isotonic physiologic saline at 0.9 percent NaCl.)
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31.  The Brownian Movement is a characteristic of .....
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32.  _________ is the single most important factor in the initiation of decomposition.
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33.  In the embalming of unautopsied remains, the embalmer should be most concerned with _______ radiation.
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34.  Select the correct definition of "calorie"
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35.  Which of the following is good advice for embalming the unautopsied body harboring harmful radioisotopes/1.Use time, distance, and shielding to your advantage2. Wear a fluoroscopic lead-rubber apron. It is effective against gamma radiation.3. In a body contraining phosphorous 32, the embalming should take place in a hospital autospy room under the direction of a radiation protection supervisor.4. If a body containgin iodine 131, the bllod and urine may be disposed of normally because they contain no appreciable radioactive material.
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36.  The freezing point (temperature) of a substance is the same as its melting point (temperature)
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37.  It is consistent to sya that one milliter equals one cubic centimeter
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38.  What is true regarding the Kinetic Theory of Gas?
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39.  Which of the following is true?1. Hydrogen is the most abundnt element on earth.2. WATER IS THE MOST ABUNDANT COMPOUND3. The human body consists of about 85 percent of water4.The molecular mass of water is 18 amu
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40.  HCl, H2SO4, and H3PO4 are examples of
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41.  The atomic number is defined as ......
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42.  If an atom lose an electron, it becomes an ______ with a _________charge.
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43.  2H2O ----> 2H2 + O2 This is an equation for...
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44.  A substance that yields hydroxide ions in aqueous solution
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45.  A substance whose water will conduct electricty
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46.  Which of the following will not form ions in water?
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47.  Which temperature scale is used in gas law calculations?
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48.  The following properties describe ______1. sour taste2. blue litmus paper turns red3. hydrogen gas i lberated when this type of compound ( in a dilute solution) reacts with a more active metal
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49.  Which of the following has a particle size more than 100 nm?
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50.  The decay of the flurine atom to produce a stable form of oxygen and a proton is brought about by way of...
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51.  A solution measuring more hydroxide ions than there are hydrogen ions
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52.  Which of the following have a particle size less than 1 nm?
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53.  Isotopes of the same element differ in their number of...
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54.  Assume we are comparing the concentarion of 2 solutions. The 1 st contains 37 grams of formaldehyde in 100 cc of water. The 2nd solution contains 35 grams of formaldehyde in 100 cc of water. (The solubility of formaldehyde in 100 cc of water is 37 grams. ) in comparison, the solution containing 37 grams of formaldehyde in 100 cc of water is...
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55.  A group of atoms that behave as if it were a single atom. The groups has its own charge and is called....
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56.  Which of the following is true regarding the cremation of dead human remains harboring harmful radioisotopes?1.Persons who mayhbe exposed to radioactive material by the cremation process are those living in the vicinty of a crematory who could be expsed to radioactive material emitted with the stack gases.2. If a body is to be cremated without embalming, there will be no radiation hazard fro external handling.3.Persons who may be exposed to radioactive material by the cremation process are crematory employees who may inhale dust while handling radioactive cremated remains.
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57.  The number of radioactive disintegrations occuring per second in a one gram sample of radium.....
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58.  Oil and water mixed together make....
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59.  Oxygen is lighter than air.
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60.  Which will yield hydroxide ions in solution?
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61.  Deuterium is an isotope of.........
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62.  Which is ture regarding halogens?1. They are known as "salt formers"2. They are found in group 6A of the periodic table of elements3. Examples include Cl, F, Br, and I4, They are found in disinfectnts and bleaching agents.
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63.  According to the text, which of the following is the commercial method of preparatino of oxygen?
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64.  Acids that yield a large number of hydrogen atoms in solution are...
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65.  Loss of electrons is ___Gain of electrons is _____
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66.  Which is true regarding surface tension and embalming?1. It occurs at intergaces of solutions and cell membranes.2. It occurs at the surfaces of liquids3. It enhances the diffusion of embalming chemicals from capillaries into the tissues4. Surface tension reducing agents are usually incorporated into embalming fluids.
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67.  In rationalizing the structure of a molecule, atoms try to become "happy" by attaining the electronic configuration of a ________
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68.  They typre of bond that results from the transfer of electrons from one atom to another.
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69.  The study of compounds produced by living organisms
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70.  Temperature affects solubility.
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71.  Which of the following will form ions in water?
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72.  Oxygen reacts slowly at high temperatures
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73.  Which of the following is true regarding colloid?1. The particles can pass through filters and membrane openings.22. The particles show Brownian motion.3. The particles do settle out of solution.4. The particles are invisible.
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74.  "a force that causes a surface of liquid to contract"...
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75.  A red blood cell placed in a physiologic saline solution will undergo.......
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76.  A tincture contains____ as a solvent
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77.  2NaCl may be considered......1. two molecules2. one molecule3. one type of compound4. an element
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78.  CaS + H2O --->   CaO +H2S
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79.  Which of the following is true?
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80.  Which of the following is true regarding water?
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81.  A fmiliar manifestation of energy is heat.
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82.  Whichi of the following is true regarding the embalming of a body horboring harmful radioisotopes?1. If such a body is embalmed without an autospsy, use standard aspiration and injectino methods.2. If the body's radioactivity is above the level of 30 mCi and there is not to be an autopsy, the body should be embalmed in the hospital morgue under the direction of a radiation protection officer.3. If a body containts appreciably more than 5 mCi of any radioisotope and there is to be an autopsy and emablming following autopsy, it should be done only under the advice of a radiation protection officer.4. If the body is to be interred or cremated without embalming, assume there will be no radiation hazrd from external handling.
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83.  By definition, pH is ...
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84.  A positive ion.
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85.  Which of the following is characterized as one atomic mass unit?
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86.  The oxidation number of oxygen is...
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87.  The use of hard water as a diluents for embalming fluid causes which of the following embalming problems?
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88.  Which of the following are examples of chemical changes?1. Rusting of iron2. Combustion3. Decompostion4.Hydrolysis
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89.  Hydrogen supports combustion
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90.  CaCl2 + Na2CO3 ---> CaCO3 + 2NaCl. This reation illustrates...
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91.  100 ml. of a gas at 300 degrees absolute would occupy 50 ml at 150 degrees absolute. This example illustrates____________.
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92.  If a red blood cell is places in pure water we would say the solution of the red blood cell is ________when compared to that of pure water. ( re bllod cell is isotonic to physiologic saline at 0.9 percent NaCl.)
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93.  CuSO4 * 5H2O this is an example of ___
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94.  NaOH, KOH, and Ca(OH) 2 are considered....
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95.   Oxygen is insoluble in water
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96.  What is added to embalming to fluid to help balance pH?
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97.  Milk of magnesia, milk of lime, clay & water examples of ....
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98.  Which of the following is the commercial method used to prepare hydrogen?
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99.  Which is true regarding alpha particles?1. They can reach internal organcs from outside the body.2. If ingested or inhaled, alpha emitters will damage cells of internal organs.3. It is possible to stop them by a peice of paper.4. TIhay can penetrate deeply through tissue.
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100.  The temperature at a given pressure at which a substance changes from the solid state to the liquid state describes...
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101.  Gases in embalming fluids are....
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102.  Alpha particle are equivalent to the nuclei of helium.
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103.  Protein + Water ---> Amino Acids This decompositon reaction illustrates....
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104.  The following reaction illustrates how hydrogen is _____Zn + H2SO4 ---> H2 + ZnSO4
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105.  Color, odor, and tast are examples of....
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106.  Tearing of paper and melting of butter are examples of....
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107.  Gases such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, ammonia, and chlorine can not be removed by distillation.
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108.  To attain uniform concentration throughout a solution, particles move from regions of higher concentration to lower concentration. This describes..
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