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Edfd 121 Study Guide And Answers

50 Questions  I  By Solomonc
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Complete study guide from Xavier University's Human Development course. Answers are correct

  
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1.  If teachers consider Gardner's view of intelligence, they would be most likely to conclude that
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.   A girl at an Inuit school in northern Canada is quite a chatterbox in the classroom; in fact, she is often found talking to a classmate when she should be working quietly. Based on their cultural beliefs, her Inuit teachers are likely to think that this girl
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Different theorists conceptualize intelligence differently, but most agree that intelligence
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Max is quite skilled in cartography, the art of making maps. Without knowing anything else about Max, in which of Gardner's multiple intelligences would you expect him to be strong?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Which one of the following statements most accurately describes what developmental theorists mean when they talk about alanguage acquisition device?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.   Which one of the following statements is consistent with B. F. Skinner's view of language development?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  As you work with 2-year-old Effie, you keep track of all the new words she uses. You find that, on average, Effie uses two or three new words every week over a period of several months. Based on this information, Effie's language development:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.   Which one of the following statements is consistent with anativist view of language development?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Which one of the following statements best reflects Sternberg's triarchic theory of intelligence?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  If you were to apply the concept ofworking memory to language development, you would be most likely to suggest that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Which strategy is most likely to be effective in promoting semantic development?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The original purpose of intelligence tests is still their main purpose today–that is, to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.   Most children in the early elementary grades think that being a "good listener" is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Which one of the following best illustrates babbling as developmental theorists typically use the term?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Research indicates that a major advantage of giving children multiple experiences with books during the preschool years is that they:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Mr. Simon is curious about the experiences the children in his preschool class have had with printed materials. Three of the following behaviors will give Mr. Simon useful information about the children's emergent literacy skills. Which behavior is least likely to yield useful information?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Phonological awareness can best be described as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.   Imagine that you are a second-grade teacher. If you were looking for signs of possibledyslexia in one or more of your students, which one of the following would you be most likely to look for?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  If we consider Erikson's theory of psychosocial development, then which one of the following issues would we expect high school students to be most concerned about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.   Five-year-old Harry is blind. Which one of the following aspects of literacy is Harry likely to have the least knowledge about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Which one of the following best describes Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development?
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B.
C.
D.
22.  Three of the following strategies are recommended for helping children acquire mathematical concepts and skills. Which one is not recommended?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  In Erik Erikson's view, children in the initiative versus guilt stage ideally learn to:
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B.
C.
D.
24.  As children grow older, they are more likely to
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B.
C.
D.
25.  When do most youngsters begin to understand historical time and attach meaning to historical dates?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Which one of the following best describes attachment in the early years?
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B.
C.
D.
27.  Which one of the following appears earliest in the development of children's sense of self?
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B.
C.
D.
28.  Which one of the following best describes empathy?
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B.
C.
D.
29.  The formation of children's sense of self is most strongly influenced by:
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B.
C.
D.
30.  Which one of the following statements is most accurate regarding gender differences in emotion?
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B.
C.
D.
31.  Youngsters begin to think more systematically about what other people might be thinking about them during:
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B.
C.
D.
32.  Research on gender differences in children's and adolescents' sense of self tells us that:
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B.
C.
D.
33.  Mike desperately wants to do well on the Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT), as his scores will affect his chances of getting into his first-choice college. He also knows that many students at his school think that SAT scores are good indicators of how "smart" a person is. Yet the night before the test, rather than get a good night's sleep, Mike goes out with his friends, has a few beers, comes home late, and wakes up with a hangover. With this information in mind, we might suspect that Michael:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.   Which one of the following emotions are young infants least likely to feel?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which one of the following adolescents is displaying intrinsic motivation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Primary reinforcers are stimuli or events that:
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C.
D.
37.  In adolescence, ________ is increasingly replaced by ________ as a basis for choosing activities.
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C.
D.
38.  Which one of the following alternatives best describes differences between children with a mastery orientation and children with learned helplessness?
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B.
C.
D.
39.  Curtis works hard at school because he knows it will lead to good grades, praise from his mother, and money from his father. It is clear that ________ are effective with Curtis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.   Which one of the following statements best describes vicarious reinforcement?
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B.
C.
D.
41.   When we see signs that a child feels ashamed or guilty about something that he or she has done, we can reasonably conclude that the child:
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B.
C.
D.
42.  A student who has developed learned helplessness about his or her spelling ability is most likely to say which one of the following?
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B.
C.
D.
43.  Behaviors that are clearly interpersonal in nature are first seen:
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B.
C.
D.
44.  Adults can most effectively enhance children's sense of self when they:
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C.
D.
45.  Youngsters at Kohlberg's preconventional level of moral reasoning are likely to define "right" behavior in terms of:
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B.
C.
D.
46.  Judging from what you have learned about how intelligence is typically measured, which one of the following would you be least likely to find on an intelligence test?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Which one of the following statements is most accurate regarding the origins of prosocial and aggressive behavior?
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B.
C.
D.
48.  Which one of the following forms of aggression are you most apt to see ingirls' behavior?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Carol Gilligan's theory of moral development differs from Lawrence Kohlberg's theory in that it:
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B.
C.
D.
50.   Which one of the following is most typical of the moral development of high school students?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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