1.  181. If most drivers are _____________ in their demand for driving, then as cars become more fuelefficient ______________ greenhouse gases will be emitted. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
2.  54. The quantity supplied of land is constant regardless of price. Suppose a tax is imposed on the rental price of land. Who will pay the greater share of such a tax? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
3.  The price elasticity of demand is lowest for which of the following goods? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
4.  95. If a 7 percent increase in the price of a commodity results in a 12 percent increase in the quantity supplied, supply is said to be 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
5.  119. Refer to Exhibit 57. Which of the graphs shows a perfectly inelastic demand curve? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
6.  56. Refer to Exhibit 51. The demand curve D_{1} is 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
7.  53. The demand curve for good X is generally highly inelastic at and around the current price. If we assume that the supply curve is neither perfectly elastic nor perfectly inelastic, then who will pay the greater share of a tax placed on the production of good X? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
8.  26. Cross elasticity of demand measures the responsiveness of changes in the quantity __________ of one good to changes in __________. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
9.  18. The fewer substitutes for a good, 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
10.  64. Refer to Exhibit 52. The market for good X is initially in equilibrium at $5. The government then places a perunit tax on good X, as shown by the shift of S_{1} to S_{2}. Approximately what percentage of the tax do producers end up paying? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
11.  Which of the following would result in higher price elasticity? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
12.  11. If quantity demanded is completely unresponsive to changes in price, demand is 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
13.  60. Refer to Exhibit 52. The market for good X is initially in equilibrium at $5. The government then places a perunit tax on good X, as shown by the shift of S_{1} to S_{2}. As a result, the equilibrium price 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
14.  160. Price elasticity of supply, and price elasticity of demand, are likely to be __________ in the __________ than in the __________. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
15.  Which of the following would result in higher price elasticity? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
16.  16. For a certain good, when price falls from $20 to $19, quantity demanded rises from 5,000 to 5,700. The price elasticity of demand here is 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
17.  50. Suppose a producer decides that if the price of her product is $9, the quantity supplied will be 1,000 units, and if the price is $11, the quantity supplied will be 1,300. The price elasticity of supply for the good is approximately 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
18.  8. If the percentage change in quantity demanded is greater than the percentage change in price, demand is 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
19.  150. Income elasticity of demand for an inferior good is 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
20.  125. As the price of good X rises from $10 to $12 the result is a decrease in the quantity demanded of good X from 120 units to 100 units. The price elasticity of demand for good X is _____________ and total revenue __________ as the price of good X rises from $10 to $12. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
21.  71. When the price of cigarettes decreases by 6 percent, the quantity demanded increases by 2 percent. The price elasticity of demand for cigarettes is __________, making cigarettes an ____________ product. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
22.  62. Refer to Exhibit 52. The market for good X is initially in equilibrium at $5. The government then places a perunit tax on good X, as shown by the shift of S_{1} to S_{2}. What is the perunit tax equal to? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
23.  140. Which of the following statements is true? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
24.  If the price of good X falls and the demand for good X is unit elastic, then the percentage rise in quantity demanded is __________ the percentage fall in price, and total revenue __________. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
25. 

A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
26.  24. The longer the period of time consumers have to adjust to price changes, the __________ the __________ elasticity of demand. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
27.  120. Refer to Exhibit 57. If the government is contemplating imposing a perunit tax and it wants the tax to have as small a negative effect on consumers as possible, it should choose a good for which the market is depicted on graph 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
28.  130. Which of the following defines elastic demand? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
29.  121. Refer to Exhibit 57. If the government wants to impose a perunit tax in order to raise revenues, which of the depicted markets should it choose in order to maximize tax revenues? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
30.  166. If demand is __________, price and total revenue are __________ related; if demand is __________, price and total revenue are directly related. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
31. 

A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
32.  178. The longer the period of time allowed for the producer of a good to adjust to a change in the price of the good, the ____________ the price elasticity of supply will be. This statement assumes that the quantity supplied __________ be altered with time. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
33.  118. Refer to Exhibit 57. Which of the graphs shows a perfectly elastic demand curve? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
34.  63. Refer to Exhibit 52. The market for good X is initially in equilibrium at $5. The government then places a perunit tax on good X, as shown by the shift of S_{1} to S_{2}. Approximately what percentage of the tax do consumers end up paying? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
35.  76. If the demand for a good is unit elastic and the price of the good increases, 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
36.  115. Refer to Exhibit 56. Let S_{1} be the supply curve of a producer. If S_{2} is the supply curve of the same producer after the government imposes a perunit tax, the share of the tax paid by the producer as compared to the share of the tax paid by consumers will be 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
37.  16. For a certain good, when price falls from $20 to $19, quantity demanded rises from 5,000 to 5,700. The price elasticity of demand here is 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
38.  If the price of good X rises and the demand for good X is inelastic, then the percentage fall in quantity demanded is __________ the percentage rise in price, and total revenue __________. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
39. 

A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
40.  110. Refer to Exhibit 55. Which of the graphs represents a greater percentage change in quantity demanded than the percentage change in price? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
41.  4. If the price elasticity of demand for a given product is 7, this means that 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
42.  116. Refer to Exhibit 56. Suppose the three equilibrium quantities are 700, 800, and 900, and the two other equilibrium prices are $2.20 and $2.75. What is the tax revenue collected from the tax that shifted S_{1} to S_{2} when D_{1} is the relevant demand curve? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
43.  168. If supply is inelastic, it follows that 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
44.  168. If supply is inelastic, it follows that 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
45.  75. If the demand for a good is inelastic and the price of the good decreases, 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
46.  32. If price rises and total revenue falls, 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
47.  108. Refer to Exhibit 55. Assume that the seller of X increases the price from $1.50 to $2.00, and this results in an increase in total revenue. Which of the graphs represents the demand curve for X? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
48.  For a certain good, when price rises from $90 to $95, quantity demanded falls from 90,000 to 85,000. The price elasticity of demand here is _____________, making the demand for this good ____________ in the price range between $90 and $95. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
49.  134. If the price elasticity of demand for a good is zero, then demand is 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
50.  100. If a small increase in the price of a good reduces quantity demanded to zero, demand is ________________ and the price elasticity of demand is 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
51.  90. If elasticity of demand is 0.5, it follows that a _______ percent decrease in price causes a _______ percent increase in quantity demanded. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
52.  25. Cross elasticity of demand is the percentage change in the quantity __________ of a good divided by the percentage change in __________. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
53.  1. Price elasticity of demand is a measure of the responsiveness of quantity demanded to changes in 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
54.  35. If Jack bought 21 CDs last year when his income was $18,000 and he buys 23 CDs this year when his income is $20,000, then his income elasticity of demand is ______________ making CDs a(n) ______________ good for Jack. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
55.  21. Vernon spends the following percentages of his budget on the following goods: 23 percent on good A, 11 percent on good B, 1 percent on good C, and 3 percent on good D. For which good is price elasticity of demand the highest, ceteris paribus? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
56.  12. Suppose at a price of $4 and at a price of $6, John purchases 40 units of good X. Given this information, we know that 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
57.  57. Refer to Exhibit 5l. The demand curve D_{2} is 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
58.  55. Suppose the demand for a particular good is perfectly inelastic and the government decides to impose a tax on the production of this good. Who will pay the greater share of such a tax? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
59.  9. If the percentage change in quantity demanded is less than the percentage change in price, demand is 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
60.  33. If the cross elasticity of demand for good A with respect to good B is +2.7, then good A is 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
61.  5. If the price of good X rises and the demand for good X is elastic, then the percentage __________ in quantity demanded is __________ the percentage rise in price, and total revenue __________. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
62.  122. Refer to Exhibit 57. As a producer, if you had a choice, which of the depicted markets would you operate in? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
63.  105. Refer to Exhibit 54. As a consequence of the depicted change in supply of X, the demand curve for Y shifted from D_{1} to D_{2}. What is true of the cross elasticity of demand for Y? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
64.  111. Refer to Exhibit 55. For graph (1), what is the price elasticity of demand going between $2.00 and $1.50? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
65.  59. Refer to Exhibit 52. The market for good X is initially in equilibrium at $5. The government then places a tax on the producers of good Xin effect, taxing them on each unit of good X they sell. As a result, the supply curve 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
66.  164. Which of the following statements represents a correct and sequentially accurate economic explanation? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
67.  165. Which of the following statements is false? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
68.  65. Refer to Exhibit 52. The market for good X is initially in equilibrium at $5. The government then places a perunit tax on good X as shown by the shift of S_{1} to S_{2}. What is an expression for the tax revenue raised? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
69.  23. The shorter the period of time consumers have to adjust to price changes, the __________ the __________ elasticity of demand. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
70.  22. A good will tend to have a low price elasticity of demand if 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
71.  58. Refer to Exhibit 5l. The demand curve D_{3} is 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
72.  167. If income elasticity of demand is 2.12, it means that quantity demanded will __________ by 2.12 percent for every __________ percent __________ in income. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
73.  29. If two goods are substitute goods, 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
74.  72. If the demand for a good is elastic, then 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
75.  74. If the demand for a good is perfectly inelastic, then 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
76.  20. Which of the following statements is false? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
77. 

A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
78.  10. If the percentage change in quantity demanded is equal to the percentage change in price, demand is 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
79.  2. The price elasticity of demand is the ratio of the 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
80.  155. For a normal good, __________ falls as income __________; for an inferior good, __________ rises as income __________. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
81.  145. If the demand for good X is inelastic in the short run, then it will be __________ in the long run (as more time passes). 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
82.  30. If the price of good A decreases by 10 percent and the quantity demanded of good B increases by 10 percent, this is evidence that A and B are 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
83.  109. Refer to Exhibit 55. For graph (3), if the seller of X raises the price from $1.50 to $2.00, the total revenue the seller receives will 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
84.  3. If quantity demanded rises by 10 percent as price falls by 7 percent, the price elasticity of demand equals 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
85.  135. If the seller of good X raises the price of good X, it follows that the total revenue of good X will __________, if demand is __________. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
86.  70. When the price of diamond rings rises by 40 percent, the quantity demanded falls by 10 percent. The price elasticity of demand for diamond rings is ____________, making diamond rings an _______________ good (in this example). 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
87.  114. Refer to Exhibit 56. Let S_{1} be the supply curve of a producer. If S_{2} is the supply curve of the same producer after the government imposes a perunit tax, the tax revenue generated will be 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
88.  28. If goods A and B have a cross elasticity of demand that is positive, this is evidence that goods A and B are __________ goods. 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
89.  7. Price falls from $1.80 to $1.70, and the quantity demanded rises from 110 units to 118 units. What is the price elasticity of demand between these two prices? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
90. 

A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
91.  85. Cross elasticity of demand measures the responsiveness of 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
92. 

A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
93.  117. Refer to Exhibit 56. Suppose the three equilibrium quantities are 700, 800, and 900, and the two other equilibrium prices are $2.20 and $2.75. What is the change in total revenue when a perunit tax shifts S_{1} to S_{2}, given that D_{2} is the relevant demand curve? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
94.  61. Refer to Exhibit 52. The market for good X is initially in equilibrium at $5. The government then places a perunit tax on good X, as shown by the shift of S_{1} to S_{2}. As a result, 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 
95.  113. Refer to Exhibit 56. Let S_{1} be the supply curve of a firm. If S_{2} represents the supply curve of the same firm after the government imposes a perunit tax, the tax is 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
96.  112. Refer to Exhibit 55. For graph (3), what is the price elasticity of demand going between $2.00 and $1.50? 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
97.  48. Price elasticity of supply registers perfect inelasticity at the value of 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
98.  31. If the price of good A decreases by 10 percent and the quantity demanded of good B decreases by 10 percent, this is evidence that A and B are 
A. 
B. 
C. 
D. 
E. 