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DNA/rna Review Quiz

20 Questions
DNA Quizzes & Trivia

The entire group needs to participate in this interactive quiz to get each question correct. After answering each question, you will be shown the correct answer. To pass the quiz, you must get 8 out of the 10 correct. You will find out your total score at the end!

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What does DNA stand for?
    • A. 

      Dyribose acid

    • B. 

      Digestive nucleic acid

    • C. 

      Dioxyribosenucleic acid

  • 2. 
    What are the building blocks of DNA?
    • A. 

      Genes

    • B. 

      Nucleotides

    • C. 

      Amino acids

    • D. 

      Ribosomes

  • 3. 
    Which of the following nucleotides bonds with cytosine?
    • A. 

      Guanine only

    • B. 

      Cytosine and guanine

    • C. 

      Adenine only

    • D. 

      Adenine and thymine

  • 4. 
    For what reason is DNA replicated within a cell?
    • A. 

      To add more traits to a living organism as it ages.

    • B. 

      To fill increased space within the nucleus of a growing cell.

    • C. 

      To change the traits of a living organism to meet its needs in a new environment.

    • D. 

      To provide new cells with a complete and identical copy of genetic material.

  • 5. 
    If one side of the DNA molecule reads ATGCCGT, what would the complementary side read?
    • A. 

      TACGCCU

    • B. 

      UACGGCA

    • C. 

      TACGGCA

    • D. 

      TAGCCGA

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Joining together

    • B. 

      Writing out

    • C. 

      Changing from one language to another

    • D. 

      Erasing

  • 7. 
    What did the original DNA that produced an mRNA strand with a sequence of AGUACA look like?
    • A. 

      UCAUGU

    • B. 

      ACTACA

    • C. 

      AGUACA

    • D. 

      TCATGT

  • 8. 
    Transcription is the process of DNA acting as a template for creating a mRNA molecule. Where does this occur?
    • A. 

      In the cell membrane

    • B. 

      In the cytoplasm

    • C. 

      In the nucleus

    • D. 

      In the ribosomes

  • 9. 
    The sequence of mRNA is AGUACA. What is the sequence of tRNA?
    • A. 

      UCAUGU

    • B. 

      AGTACA

    • C. 

      AGUACA

    • D. 

      TCATGT

  • 10. 
    A strand of DNA with the sequence ACTTG serves as a template to form a corresponding sequence with a TGAAC pattern. During which process would this activity occur?
    • A. 

      Replication

    • B. 

      Transcription

    • C. 

      Translation

    • D. 

      Protein synthesis

  • 11. 
    RNA is a double stranded structure.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    RNA and DNA contain a nitrogenous base called uracil.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    DNA is a strand of genetic material that carries the code for:
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Eye color

    • C. 

      Enzymes

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates

  • 14. 
    What are the 3 parts of a nucleotide?
    • A. 

      Fat, carbohydrate, a phosphate group

    • B. 

      Simple sugar, a phosphate group, nitrogenous base

    • C. 

      Lipid, a phosphate group, nitrogenous base

    • D. 

      Carbohydrate, nitrogenous base, a phosphate group

  • 15. 
    Which organism does not contain DNA?
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Animals

    • C. 

      Plants

    • D. 

      Fungi

  • 16. 
    DNA takes on the shape of a double helix.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    The nucleus contains all of the organism's DNA in long, tangled strings called organelles.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    What happens when DNA replicates?
    • A. 

      One molecule forms with two original strands

    • B. 

      Two molecules form with two new strands

    • C. 

      Two molecules form with two original strands

    • D. 

      Two molecules form with one original strand and one new strand

  • 19. 
    The closer the relationship between two organisms, the more similar their DNA nucleotide sequence will be.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    In a chain of nucleotides, the sugar of one nucleotide would join to the:
    • A. 

      Phosphate group of the next nucleotide

    • B. 

      Sugar of the next nucleotide

    • C. 

      Nitrogenous base of the next nucleotide

    • D. 

      Next hydrogen bond