DNA Transcription, Translation, Replication

14 Questions  I  By Srprice04
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DNA Quizzes & Trivia
The structure, function, and processes of DNA and RNA in the cell.

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    DNA and RNA are different because:
    • A. 

      DNA uses Uracil while RNA uses Thymine

    • B. 

      DNA is double stranded while RNA is triple stranded

    • C. 

      DNA is only found in the nucleus while RNA can travel anywhere in the cell

    • D. 

      DNA is made of four bases while RNA is made of five bases

    • E. 

      B and C are correct


  • 2. 
    Using the following DNA sequence, what would be the corresponding DNA strand?ATTGCGACCGAG
    • A. 

      UAACGCUGGCUC

    • B. 

      AUUGCGACCGAG

    • C. 

      TAACGCTCCCTC

    • D. 

      UATCGCTGGCUC

    • E. 

      None of the above are correct


  • 3. 
    Which of the following is NOT a type of RNA?
    • A. 

      Messenger

    • B. 

      Transcription

    • C. 

      Transfer

    • D. 

      Ribosomal

    • E. 

      These are all types of RNA


  • 4. 
    Where does DNA replication occur?
    • A. 

      In the nucleus

    • B. 

      In the cytoplasm

    • C. 

      At the ribosome

    • D. 

      In the mitochondrion


  • 5. 
    When transcription occurs, what molecules are involved?
    • A. 

      DNA and rRNA

    • B. 

      DNA, mRNA, amino acids, and rRNA

    • C. 

      DNA and tRNA

    • D. 

      DNA and mRNA


  • 6. 
    When translation occurs, what molecules are involved?
    • A. 

      DNA, mRNA, tRNA, rRNA, and amino acids

    • B. 

      DNA and mRNA

    • C. 

      DNA and rRNA

    • D. 

      DNA, rRNA, and tRNA


  • 7. 
    What would be the corresponding sequence to the following DNA sequence as a result of TRANSCRIPTION?TAAGCATTCCGAG
    • A. 

      ATTCGTAAGGCTC

    • B. 

      AUUCGUAAGGCUC

    • C. 

      UTTCGTUUGGCTC

    • D. 

      UUUGCUUUCCGUG


  • 8. 
    Where in the cell would rRNA be found?
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Ribosomes

    • C. 

      Golgi Apparatus

    • D. 

      Cholorplast


  • 9. 
    What is the role of messenger RNA?
    • A. 

      To bring the DNA message to the mitochondrion

    • B. 

      To bring the tRNA message to the nucleus

    • C. 

      To bring the DNA message to the ribosome

    • D. 

      To take amino acids to the ribosome


  • 10. 
    An mRNA codon has the following sequence:  ACUWhat is the corresponding tRNA sequence called, and what would the sequence be?
    • A. 

      Codex; UGA

    • B. 

      Codon; TGA

    • C. 

      TCode; TGU

    • D. 

      Anticodon; UGA


  • 11. 
    Describe the process of DNA transcription.  What is the sequence of events that occurs?  Where does it occur?  What is the result of this process?  What will happen next? 

  • 12. 
    What are four differences between RNA and DNA?

  • 13. 
    Describe the process of translation (protein synthesis).  Be sure to explain it step-by-step and describe the molecules involved at each step.  Be sure to describe where each step occurs.

  • 14. 
    A DNA strand has the following sequence:GATTCGAATCGATTAG1) What would the corresponding DNA sequence be?2) What would the corresponding mRNA sequence be?3) What would the corresponding tRNA sequence be?4) Using the link here: Amino Acid Table      What would the sequence of Amino Acids be for this DNA strand?  HINT:  REMEMBER WHAT YOU ARE USING TO FIND THE AMINO ACIDS!!!!!!!!!

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