DNA Replication, Transcription And Translation

15 Questions  I  By Kvernon
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  • 1. 
    When DNA is copied, the process is called __________________________.

  • 2. 
    _______________________ is the enzyme the “unzips” the DNA.

  • 3. 
    _______________________ is the enzyme that adds more nucleotides to the new piece of DNA.

  • 4. 
    RNA is synthesized on a DNA template in a process called _______________________.

  • 5. 
    The enzyme that adds new nucleotides to an RNA strand is called ____________________.

  • 6. 
    Given the following DNA strand, what is the complementary DNA strand: TACGGCATGTGCTCAATT

  • 7. 
    Given the DNA strand in the previous question, what is the mRNA sequence?

  • 8. 
    Based on the mRNA you figured out in the last question, what is the amino acid sequence that corresponds?

  • 9. 
    In what part of the cell does DNA replication occur?  

  • 10. 
    In what part of the cell does transcription occur?  

  • 11. 
    In what part of the cell does translation occur? 

  • 12. 
    What two scientists were responsible for discovering the structure of DNA?
    • A. 

      Watson and Crick

    • B. 

      Franklin and Wilkins

    • C. 

      Hersey and Chase

    • D. 

      Griffith and Avery


  • 13. 
    In what structure does translation occur?
    • A. 

      The Nucleus

    • B. 

      The Golgi Apparatus

    • C. 

      The Ribosomes

    • D. 

      The Endoplasmic Reticulum


  • 14. 
    Which codon is always the START codon?
    • A. 

      AGU

    • B. 

      UAG

    • C. 

      UGA

    • D. 

      AUG


  • 15. 
    Which of the following is a STOP codon?
    • A. 

      UAA

    • B. 

      UAG

    • C. 

      UGA

    • D. 

      All of the above


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