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Disorders And Therapy

18 Questions
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Abnormal psychology and therapy

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The medical model of psychologically disordered behavior is most likely to be criticized for neglecting the importance of:
    • A. 

      Anxiety and depression

    • B. 

      Social circumstances

    • C. 

      Personality disorders

    • D. 

      The DSM IV

    • E. 

      Genetic abnormalities

  • 2. 
    In a study by David Rosenhan, researchers were admitted as patiens into various mental hospitals after they falsely claimed to be "hearing voices"  This study best illustrated the negative effects of:
    • A. 

      The medical model

    • B. 

      Schizophrenia

    • C. 

      Hallucinations

    • D. 

      Linkage analysis

    • E. 

      Diagnostic labels

  • 3. 
    Panic attacks are most closely associated with:
    • A. 

      Schizophrenia

    • B. 

      Anxiety disorders

    • C. 

      Dissociative disorders

    • D. 

      Mood disorders

    • E. 

      Personality disorders

  • 4. 
    A rape victim may experience a panic attack when she sees anyone wearing a ski mask like the one worn by her attacker.  This reaction is best explained from a ___________ perspective.
    • A. 

      Trait

    • B. 

      Psychoanalytic

    • C. 

      Learning

    • D. 

      Biological

    • E. 

      Humanistic

  • 5. 
    Research on anxiety disorders indicate that
    • A. 

      Some people are genetically predisposed to develop anxiety disorders

    • B. 

      Obsessive-compulsive disorders are more common than phobias

    • C. 

      People, but not animals, may acquire fear through observational learning

    • D. 

      Phobic reactions to cats are much more common than to dogs

  • 6. 
    Which of the following disorders is classified as a mood disorder?
    • A. 

      Cataonia

    • B. 

      Bipolar disorder

    • C. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder

    • D. 

      Antisocial personality disorder

    • E. 

      Phobia

  • 7. 
    Depression is associated with ______ norepinephrine levels and _________ serotonin levels.
    • A. 

      High, low

    • B. 

      Low, high

    • C. 

      High, high

    • D. 

      Low, low

  • 8. 
    Learned helplessness is most closely associated with:
    • A. 

      Dissociateive disorders

    • B. 

      Depression

    • C. 

      Schizophrenia

    • D. 

      Phobias

    • E. 

      Compulsions

  • 9. 
    Schizophrenia is most likely to be characterized by:
    • A. 

      Suicidal thoughts

    • B. 

      Periodic intervals of uncontrollable violence

    • C. 

      A lack of guilt feelings

    • D. 

      Alternations between extreme hopelessness and unrealistic optimism

    • E. 

      Disorganized and fragmented thinking

  • 10. 
    The hallucinations expeienced by those who suffer from schizphrenia are most likely to involve _____ things that are not there.
    • A. 

      Seeing

    • B. 

      Feeling

    • C. 

      Hearing

    • D. 

      Tasting

    • E. 

      Smelling

  • 11. 
    Those with histrionic personality disorder are most likely to display:
    • A. 

      Lack of guilt feelings

    • B. 

      Delusions from persecutions

    • C. 

      Apathy and lack of energy

    • D. 

      Shallow, attention getting emotions

  • 12. 
    The major characteristic of dissociative disorders is a disturbance of:
    • A. 

      Memory

    • B. 

      Sleep

    • C. 

      Mood

    • D. 

      Perception

  • 13. 
    Psychoanalysists would suggest that resistance during therapy supports and maintains the process of:
    • A. 

      Sublimination

    • B. 

      Transference

    • C. 

      Free association

    • D. 

      Dream interpretation

    • E. 

      Repression

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is considered to be the most nondirective form of therapy?
    • A. 

      Humanistic

    • B. 

      Cognitive

    • C. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • D. 

      Systematic desensitization

    • E. 

      Light exposure therapy

  • 15. 
    Which of the following techniques is derived from classical conditioning principles?
    • A. 

      Token economy

    • B. 

      Light exposure therapy

    • C. 

      Systematic desensitization

    • D. 

      Stress inoculation training

    • E. 

      Transference

  • 16. 
    A therapeutic technique in which child molesters receive electric shocks as they view photos of nude children best illustrates the use of:
    • A. 

      Systematic desensitization

    • B. 

      EMDR

    • C. 

      Stress inoculation training

    • D. 

      Aversive conditioning

    • E. 

      Electroconvulsive therapy

  • 17. 
    The value of light exposure therapy appears to result from its influence on people's:
    • A. 

      Unconscious conflicts

    • B. 

      Circadian rhythm

    • C. 

      Self-blaming explainations for failures

    • D. 

      Social relationships

    • E. 

      Visual acuity

  • 18. 
    In order to help an adult client overcome fears of venturing out of this own home, Dr. Ricci plans to use behavior therapy in combination with drug therapy.  Which of the following drugs would Dr. Ricci be most likely to prescribe?
    • A. 

      Lithium

    • B. 

      Clozaril

    • C. 

      Valium

    • D. 

      Thorazine

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