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Developmental Psychology (psyc110) Exam #4 Ch 13-17

54 Questions
Psychology Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Caregivers of children/adolescents realize that children/adolescents understand inappropriate sexual behavior.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Victims of incest and sex abuse as children often grow into adults who have a distorted view of sex.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    The term imaginary audience refers to adolescents:
    • A. 

      Ability to understand how other perceive them

    • B. 

      False belief that everyone constantly attending to their behavior and appearance

    • C. 

      Constant posing and posturin before mirros

    • D. 

      Belief that others spy on them

  • 4. 
    Some unpopular children are ______________, not rejected.
    • A. 

      Neglected

    • B. 

      Aggressive

    • C. 

      Withdrawn

    • D. 

      Arrogant

  • 5. 
    Voyeurism and or exhibitionism occurs in the home as well as outside of the home.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Schizophrenia is a mental disorder in which a person becomes overwhelmed by:
    • A. 

      Disorganized and bizarre thoughts

    • B. 

      Delusions

    • C. 

      Hallucinations

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 7. 
    Alishas family was experiencing multiple problems, including her mothers illness, her fathers loss of empoloymenjt and two relatives having moved in to their home. Through the stress, her grades remained high and her study skills good. Most likely, Alisha was:
    • A. 

      Indifferent to the plight of her family.

    • B. 

      Relying on egocentric tendencies to pull her through.

    • C. 

      Using school acheivement as an escape from the stress of home.

    • D. 

      Hoing to go on to college after completing middle school & High school

  • 8. 
    Which of the folliwing is Erikson's fourth stage of psychosocial crises.
    • A. 

      Autonomy vs shame and doubt

    • B. 

      Industry vs inferiority

    • C. 

      Trust vs mistrust

    • D. 

      Ego integrity vs incopetence

  • 9. 
    Denial occurs when the parent participates in the sexuazl abuse by knowingly allowing it to happen.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    A major difference between stage 1 and stage 2 of moral development is that stage 2 focuses on:
    • A. 

      Punishment

    • B. 

      Reward

    • C. 

      Avoiding being caught

    • D. 

      Making a good deal.

  • 11. 
    The percentage of adolescents that consumed the recommended five or more servings of fruits and vegetables daily has:
    • A. 

      Increased over the past decade.

    • B. 

      Remained the same over the past decade

    • C. 

      Decreased over the past decade

    • D. 

      Increased for fruits but decreased for vegetables over the past decade

  • 12. 
    Secondary sesx characteristics are those that:
    • A. 

      Occur later in development

    • B. 

      Are hard to detect

    • C. 

      Are inside the body.

    • D. 

      Are not directly related to reproduction.

  • 13. 
    I*magine a group of students who support the death penalthy ...................................
    • A. 

      Preadolescents would be more likely than adolescents to change their minds

    • B. 

      Adolescents would be more likely than preadolescents to change their mind.

    • C. 

      Both preadolescents and adolescents woulod tend to continue supporting the death penalty

    • D. 

      Neither preadolescents nor adolescents would tend to continue supporting the death penalty.

  • 14. 
    Which of the follo9wing is the correct sequence for Piaget's cognitive states?
    • A. 

      Preoperational, formal operations, sensorimotor, concrete operations

    • B. 

      Preoperational, ermanent operations, egocentrism, formal operations.

    • C. 

      Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, formal operations.

    • D. 

      Sensorimotor, egocentrism, concrete operations, permanent operations.

  • 15. 
    For males, the hormorne that produces most sexdual changes is:
    • A. 

      Testostorone

    • B. 

      Progesterone

    • C. 

      Estrogen

    • D. 

      Adrenaline

  • 16. 
    Sharon does not take a cookie out of moms cookie jar ..........
    • A. 

      Preconventional

    • B. 

      Conventional

    • C. 

      Postconventional

    • D. 

      Stage 4

  • 17. 
    When the absence of a drug creates a craving to satisfy a physiological or psychological need, this is a sign of drug
    • A. 

      Use

    • B. 

      Abuse

    • C. 

      Addiction

    • D. 

      Overdose

  • 18. 
    People who are sexually excited by children/adolescents are pedophiles.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Gender identity refers to_________, while sexual orientation refers to ____________________.
    • A. 

      Self-definition as male or female; erotic desires

    • B. 

      Erotic desires; self definition as male or female

    • C. 

      Chosen gender role; homosexuality

    • D. 

      Heterosexuality; homosexuality

  • 20. 
    The term for a pause in identity formation, when alternatives are explored before final choices are made, is know as:
    • A. 

      Identity diffusion

    • B. 

      Role confusion

    • C. 

      Negative identity

    • D. 

      Moratorium

  • 21. 
    Dysfunctional marriages are the basis fo incest within the family
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Analytic thinking requires a certain level of
    • A. 

      Brain capacity, intellectual maturity, and motivation

    • B. 

      Language development and curiosity

    • C. 

      Emotional connection and empathy

    • D. 

      Dendrites and axons.

  • 23. 
    Passive collusion occurs when the spouse is out of touch with the emotional dynamics in the family and does not recognize that sexual abuse is occurring.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Marian says she thinks about how her moral decision will affect her relationships. This is a characteristic of:
    • A. 

      Postconventional level

    • B. 

      Personal orientation

    • C. 

      Cnventional level

    • D. 

      Care orientation

  • 25. 
    The concept of object permanencedevelops during the _____________stage.
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preoperational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operations

  • 26. 
    Bottom up reasoning is also referred to as
    • A. 

      Top-down reasoning

    • B. 

      Theoretical reasoning

    • C. 

      Concrete reasoning

    • D. 

      Inductive reasoning

  • 27. 
    Identify the true statement about adolescents analytic and intuitive thought pathways
    • A. 

      They generally agree

    • B. 

      Analytic thought is better than intuitive thought

    • C. 

      Intuitive thought is better than analytic thought

    • D. 

      They may coexist and cause conflict in thinking

  • 28. 
    The high risk population for sex abuse are the early maturing girls.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    Most adolescents think about themselves:
    • A. 

      Rarely

    • B. 

      Occasionally

    • C. 

      Periodically

    • D. 

      Frequently

  • 30. 
    For boys, the first ejaculation generally occurs:
    • A. 

      When facial hair first appears.

    • B. 

      After the weight and height spurt

    • C. 

      Following the growth of the testes and penis.

    • D. 

      When the final pubic hair pattern is established.

  • 31. 
    The term organ reserve refers to:
    • A. 

      A decline in functioning of major orans such as the heart.

    • B. 

      The practice of conserving and transplanting solid organs.

    • C. 

      The mechanism that automatically maintains physiological balance.

    • D. 

      The extra capacity available to an organ when subjected to stress.

  • 32. 
    Marhsaw says there is no way I am going to school today with this bruise on my cheek. Everybody is going to laugh at me. She is demonstrating:
    • A. 

      A volatile mismatch

    • B. 

      Implicit judgement

    • C. 

      Her belief in an imaginary audience

    • D. 

      An invicibility fable

  • 33. 
    It is sexual abuse if the adult initiates sexual activity with the children despite the child/adolescents behavior.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    The child who weathers severe family problems, even abuse, and somehow remains unscathed in the process is termed as:
    • A. 

      Buoyant

    • B. 

      Resilient

    • C. 

      Parasympathetic

    • D. 

      Unflappable

  • 35. 
    In females, the glands that are sometimes perceived as sex glands are the
    • A. 

      Hypothalamus and the pituitary

    • B. 

      Pituitary and adrenals

    • C. 

      HPA axis

    • D. 

      Ovaries

  • 36. 
    The demands of emergeing adulthood may cause psycholpathology when added to:
    • A. 

      Preexsisting vullnerability arising from genetic interactions

    • B. 

      Early childhood experiences

    • C. 

      Social circumstances

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 37. 
    During the school years, self-esteem typically:
    • A. 

      Increases

    • B. 

      Decreases

    • C. 

      Stays the same

    • D. 

      Fluctuates up and down

  • 38. 
    The term conswervation refers to the fact that:
    • A. 

      The amount of a substance remains the same even though its shape changes

    • B. 

      Children see and think about the world from other people's viewpoints

    • C. 

      Infants interact with a learn about their environment through sensory experiences.

    • D. 

      Symbols and words can be used to think about things that do not exist.

  • 39. 
    Which of the following is a STI?
    • A. 

      Chlamydia

    • B. 

      Cancer

    • C. 

      Measles

    • D. 

      TB

  • 40. 
    Phil is driving his wife, who is in labor, to the hospital. While his wife is about to deliver a baby.... driving by law
    • A. 

      Stage 1

    • B. 

      Stage 2

    • C. 

      Stage 3

    • D. 

      Stage 4

  • 41. 
    Which of the following glands receives signals directly from the hypothalamus?
    • A. 

      Adrenals

    • B. 

      Testes

    • C. 

      Pituitary

    • D. 

      Gonads

  • 42. 
    Compared with single-parent homes, two parent home usually have:
    • A. 

      Higher moral values

    • B. 

      Higher income

    • C. 

      Fewer children

    • D. 

      Better discipline

  • 43. 
    The expanded definition for incest includes those person who reside only in the residence and have blood ties to the victim.l
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    Symptoms of depression do include
    • A. 

      Decreased energy and enthusiasm

    • B. 

      Extreme feelings of hopelessness

    • C. 

      Trouble concentrating and sleeping

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 45. 
    In the US, which of the following ethnic groups is most likely to accept and support single parents.l
    • A. 

      Ukrainian Americans

    • B. 

      Asian Americans

    • C. 

      African Americans

    • D. 

      Chinese Americans

  • 46. 
    Identify the adolescent who appears to be experiencing identity diffusion
    • A. 

      Jeannine who runs away from a pressured home envirnment and joins a commune

    • B. 

      Fred who is pressured by his parents to go into medicine

    • C. 

      Zachary who spends most of his time just hanging out and seems apathetic about life.

    • D. 

      Barbara a college student who frequently changes majors.

  • 47. 
    Identity refers to
    • A. 

      All of the possible selves that an individual tries out

    • B. 

      The groups of peers with whom an individual spends time

    • C. 

      A set of behaviors adopted to please others

    • D. 

      A consistent definition of the self as a iunique individual

  • 48. 
    A 3 y/o sees a skunk but calls it a kitty. This illustrates
    • A. 

      Maturation

    • B. 

      Conservation

    • C. 

      Accomodation

    • D. 

      Assimilation

  • 49. 
    Joshua and Jessica are brother and sister who live with their bio parents. They live with their...
    • A. 

      Extended fam

    • B. 

      Blended fam

    • C. 

      Foster fam

    • D. 

      Nuclear fam

  • 50. 
    The power of invincibility fable may be observed in
    • A. 

      Young military recruits who hope to be sent into combat

    • B. 

      A 17 y/o boy who drives cautiously.

    • C. 

      A 18 y/o girl who insists her bf use a condom during sex

    • D. 

      An adolescnet who sings in front of the bathroom mirror, knowing that the neighbors must be listening.

  • 51. 
    A thought that arises through a feeling that the thoughts is right is referred to as a(an)
    • A. 

      Intuitive thought

    • B. 

      Factual thought

    • C. 

      Experimental thought

    • D. 

      Logical thought

  • 52. 
    In the US, in the 21st century, it is not uncommon for adolescents to be in moratorium in...
    • A. 

      Religious identity

    • B. 

      Vocational identity

    • C. 

      Sexual identity

    • D. 

      Moral identity

  • 53. 
    Most bullies pick on
    • A. 

      Members of opposite sex.

    • B. 

      Members of their own sex

    • C. 

      People they dont know well

    • D. 

      Their lil brothers and sisters

  • 54. 
    The term gonands refers to
    • A. 

      The adrenal glands

    • B. 

      Testes in boys and ovaries in girls

    • C. 

      Pituitary glands

    • D. 

      The penis in males and the clitoris in females