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Developmental Psychology Midterm Quiz Part 1

30 Questions
Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY QUIZ. QUESTIONS ARE DERIVED FROM BOOK "HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 11TH EDITION" BY DIANE E. PAPALIA, SALLY WENDKOS OLDS AND RUTH DUSKIN FELDMAN. This quiz covers chapters 1 and 2.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Physical

    • B. 

      Cognitive

    • C. 

      Emotional

    • D. 

      Psychosocial

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Observe

    • B. 

      Predict

    • C. 

      Intervene

    • D. 

      Describe

  • 3. 
    Growth of the body and brain, sensory capacities, motor skills and health are parts of ______________    _________________.
  • 4. 
    A concept or practice that may appear natural and obvious to those who accept it, but in reality is an invention of a particular culture or society is defined as:
    • A. 

      Psychosocial development

    • B. 

      Psychosocial development

    • C. 

      Social construct

    • D. 

      Individual differences

  • 5. 
    ______________: Inborn traits or characteristics inherited from the biological parents
    • A. 

      Maturation

    • B. 

      Enviornments

    • C. 

      Culture

    • D. 

      Heredity

  • 6. 
    The harm done by poverty may be indirect, through its impact on parent's emotional state and parenting practices and on the home enviornment. This is an example of ___________________
    • A. 

      Culture

    • B. 

      Race

    • C. 

      Risk factors

    • D. 

      Punishment

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    ________________  _________________ are unusual events that havea  major impact on individual lives because they disturb the expected sequence of the life cycle.
  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Overgeneralization about an ethnic or cultural group that obscures differences within the group

    • B. 

      Instinctive form of learning

    • C. 

      A group of people strongly influenced by a major historical event during their formative period

    • D. 

      A group of people born at about the same time

  • 10. 
    What is a specific time when a given event or its absence has a specific impact on development?
  • 11. 
    Times in development when a person is particularly open to certain kinds of experiences
  • 12. 
    In Balte's life span developmental approach, some periods of life are more important than others
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Which ones are a part of Baltes's developmental approach
    • A. 

      Development is lifelong, development is multidimensional, development is multidirectional, relative influences of biology and culture shift over the life span, development involves changing resource allocations, development shows plasticity, development is influenced by the historical and cultural context

    • B. 

      Development is lifelong, development is multifunctional, development has sensitive and critical periods, development involves keeping resource allocations, development shows plasticity, development is normative and nonnormative, development is multidirectional

    • C. 

      All of the above

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 14. 
    The reactive model, or ______________  __________________ basically says that you have no control over your responses to stimuli. Human development is predictable.
  • 15. 
    The active model, or _______ _______, states that human development is internally initiated.
  • 16. 
    Which is not one of the 5 learning perspectives?
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic

    • B. 

      Learning

    • C. 

      Cognitive

    • D. 

      Evolutionary

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    When looking at the psychoanalytic learning perspective, two important theorists are
    • A. 

      Pavlov and skinner

    • B. 

      Freud and erikson

    • C. 

      Vygotsky and piaget

    • D. 

      Bandura and bowlby

    • E. 

      Bronfenbrenner and watson

  • 18. 
    Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory states that human development occurs through interaction between a developing person and five surrounding, interlocking contextual systems of influences, from microsystem to chronosystem.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    According to Freud, a person who had too strict potty training may be fixated at the ______ stage.
  • 20. 
    Babies whose needs are not met during the ______ stage may grow up to become nail biters or smokers.
  • 21. 
    Which perspective maintains that development results from a long-lasting change in behavior based on experiences or adaptations to the environment?
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic

    • B. 

      Learning

    • C. 

      Cognitive

    • D. 

      Contextual

    • E. 

      Sociobiological

  • 22. 
    Which perspective views human development as being shaped by unconscious forces?
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic

    • B. 

      Learning

    • C. 

      Cognitive

    • D. 

      Contextual

    • E. 

      Evolutionary

  • 23. 
    Learning based on association of behavior with its consequences is operant conditioning
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Learning based on association of a stimulus that does not ordinarily elicit a particular response with another stimulus that does elicit the response is operant conidtioning
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    The _______  ________ focuses on thought processes and the behavior that reflects those processes
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic perspective

    • B. 

      Learning perspective

    • C. 

      Cognitive perspective

    • D. 

      Contextual perspective

    • E. 

      Evolutionary perspective

  • 26. 
    Piaget's term for organized patterns of thought and behavior used in particular situations
    • A. 

      Organization

    • B. 

      Schemes

    • C. 

      Adaptation

    • D. 

      Assimilation

    • E. 

      Accommodation

  • 27. 
    Scaffolding is
    • A. 

      A process by which children acquire cognitive skills as a part of their inuction into a way of life

    • B. 

      Flowcharts that analyze the specific steps people go through in gathering, storing, retrieving, and using information

    • C. 

      A word that means "nearby"

    • D. 

      Term for the difference between what a child can do alone and what the child can do with help

    • E. 

      Temporary support to help a child master a task

  • 28. 
    View of human development that sees the individual as inseparable from the social context.
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic

    • B. 

      Learning

    • C. 

      Cognitive

    • D. 

      Contextual

    • E. 

      Evolutionary

  • 29. 
    What are the five levels of environmental influence, from intimate to broad?
    • A. 

      Microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, chronosystem

    • B. 

      Exosystem, microsystem,chronosystem, macrosystem, mesosystem

    • C. 

      Chronosystem, mesosystem, microsystem, exosystem, macrosystem

    • D. 

      Microsystem, mesosystem, macrosystem, exosystem, chronosystem

  • 30. 
    The two most common research strategies used to study development are _________ and ______ studies (separate your answer w/ commas and don't use the word "and")