Cosmetology State Board Test

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  • 1. 
    In ancient Rome, middle-class women colored their hair:
    • A. 

      Black

    • B. 

      Red

    • C. 

      Blond

    • D. 

      Brown


  • 2. 
    During the Victorian age, women pinched their cheeks and bit their lips to:
    • A. 

      Punish themselves

    • B. 

      Create a mask

    • C. 

      Induce natural color

    • D. 

      Ready themselves for sleep


  • 3. 
    A combination of understanding, empathy, and acceptance is called:
    • A. 

      Arrogance

    • B. 

      Sensitivity

    • C. 

      Straightforwardness

    • D. 

      Assertiveness


  • 4. 
    Stressful, repetitive motions have a cumulative effect on joints and:
    • A. 

      Eyes

    • B. 

      Muscles

    • C. 

      Skin

    • D. 

      Heart


  • 5. 
    The act of effectively sharing information between two people, or groups of people, is known as:
    • A. 

      Listening

    • B. 

      Language

    • C. 

      Speaking

    • D. 

      Communication


  • 6. 
    The type of bacteria that rarely shows any active motility is:
    • A. 

      Cocci

    • B. 

      Pathogenic

    • C. 

      Spirilla

    • D. 

      Flagellum


  • 7. 
    A rod-shaped microorganism that infected clients due to improper disinfection of a whirlpool foot spa was:
    • A. 

      Of vegetable origin

    • B. 

      Diplococci furunculosis

    • C. 

      Mycobacterium fortuitum furnunculosis

    • D. 

      Staphylococci fortuitum


  • 8. 
    A pimple or abscess is an example of a:
    • A. 

      Blood disease

    • B. 

      General infection

    • C. 

      Daughter cell

    • D. 

      Local infection


  • 9. 
    Nonpathogenic bacteria are:
    • A. 

      Harmful

    • B. 

      Harmless

    • C. 

      Disease producing

    • D. 

      Toxic


  • 10. 
    A disease that spreads from one person to another by contact is said to be:
    • A. 

      Epidemic

    • B. 

      Immunity

    • C. 

      Community

    • D. 

      Contagious


  • 11. 
    Organisms that live in or on another living organism and draw their nourishment from the host organism are:
    • A. 

      Scabies

    • B. 

      Fumigations

    • C. 

      Parasites

    • D. 

      Pathogens


  • 12. 
    Nail fungus can be contracted through implements that are not properly:
    • A. 

      Washed

    • B. 

      Sharp

    • C. 

      Stored

    • D. 

      Disinfected


  • 13. 
    The skin disease that is caused by an infestation of head lice is called:
    • A. 

      Pediculosis bacteria

    • B. 

      Pediculosis capitis

    • C. 

      Contagious diseases

    • D. 

      Filterable virus


  • 14. 
    The three main types of decontamination are:
    • A. 

      Sanitation, sterilizing, and dry hear

    • B. 

      Sterilizing, cleaning, and processing

    • C. 

      Sanitation, disinfection, and sterilization

    • D. 

      Sanitation, steam autoclave, and heat


  • 15. 
    Single-use items that do not have the capacity to be disinfected after each client use must be:
    • A. 

      Discarded

    • B. 

      Washed

    • C. 

      Stored

    • D. 

      Immersed


  • 16. 
    When removing implements from the disinfectant solution, to avoid damaging the skin or contaminating the disinfectant solution, use:
    • A. 

      A spatula

    • B. 

      Your fingers

    • C. 

      Tongs

    • D. 

      A spoon


  • 17. 
    All of the following need to be disposed of after a single use except for
    • A. 

      A paper towel

    • B. 

      Neck strips

    • C. 

      Nippers

    • D. 

      Orangewood sticks


  • 18. 
    If an exposure incident should occur, discard all disposable contaminated objects in a:
    • A. 

      Trash bag

    • B. 

      Container for contaminated waste

    • C. 

      Marked paper bag

    • D. 

      Paper towel


  • 19. 
    The first step in the decontamination process is called:
    • A. 

      Sterilization

    • B. 

      Cleaning

    • C. 

      Sanitation

    • D. 

      Shampooing


  • 20. 
    Tissue that carries blood and lymph, food and hormones through the body is:
    • A. 

      Liquid tissue

    • B. 

      Connective tissue

    • C. 

      Epithelial tissue

    • D. 

      Nerve tissue


  • 21. 
    Groups of tissues designed to perform a specific function are:
    • A. 

      Cells

    • B. 

      Reproduction

    • C. 

      Organs

    • D. 

      Neurons


  • 22. 
    Nerve tissue carries messages to the brain and is made up of special cells known as:
    • A. 

      Protoplasm

    • B. 

      Hormones

    • C. 

      Neurons

    • D. 

      Nucleolus


  • 23. 
    The facial skeleton has how many bones?
    • A. 

      6

    • B. 

      8

    • C. 

      12

    • D. 

      14


  • 24. 
    THe study of the structure, function, and diseases of the muscles is called:
    • A. 

      Myology

    • B. 

      Histology

    • C. 

      Myopia

    • D. 

      Osteology


  • 25. 
    The middle part of the muscle is the:
    • A. 

      Insertion

    • B. 

      Origin

    • C. 

      Masseter

    • D. 

      Belly


  • 26. 
    The muscle that covers the back of the neck and upper and middle region of the back and that rotates and controls the swinging movement of the arms is the:
    • A. 

      Corrugator muscle

    • B. 

      Pectoralis minor

    • C. 

      Latissimus dorsi

    • D. 

      Trapezius


  • 27. 
    The thinnest skin can be found on the:
    • A. 

      Eyelids

    • B. 

      Fingertips

    • C. 

      Lips

    • D. 

      Nose


  • 28. 
    The clear, transparent layer just under the skin surface that consists of small cells through which light can pass is the:
    • A. 

      Stratum lucidum

    • B. 

      Stratum corneum

    • C. 

      Stratum spinosum

    • D. 

      Stratum granulosum


  • 29. 
    A fiber protein that is the principal component of hair, skin, and nails is:
    • A. 

      Appendages

    • B. 

      Melanocytes

    • C. 

      Keratin

    • D. 

      Melanin


  • 30. 
    The fatty layer found below the dermis is the:
    • A. 

      Tactile

    • B. 

      Papillae

    • C. 

      Subcutaneuos

    • D. 

      Papillary


  • 31. 
    The tiny granules of coloring matter deposited in cells that provide skin with its color are:
    • A. 

      Protein

    • B. 

      Lucid

    • C. 

      Melanin

    • D. 

      Matter


  • 32. 
    The melanin produced by the body that is red to yellow in color is:
    • A. 

      Granular melanin

    • B. 

      Pheomelanin

    • C. 

      Eumelanin

    • D. 

      Photovoltaic


  • 33. 
    A fibrous protein that gives the skin form and strength is:
    • A. 

      Elastin

    • B. 

      Collagen

    • C. 

      Keratin

    • D. 

      Melanin


  • 34. 
    When sebum hardens and the sebaceous duct becomes clogged, the pore impaction that is formed is a :
    • A. 

      Coil

    • B. 

      Lubricant

    • C. 

      Scar

    • D. 

      Comedone


  • 35. 
    The principal functions of the skin are protection, sensation, heat regulation, excretion, and:
    • A. 

      Absorption and cooling

    • B. 

      Presentation and regulation

    • C. 

      Perspiration and absorption

    • D. 

      Secretion and absorption


  • 36. 
    The nail is an appendage of the skin and is part of what system?
    • A. 

      Muscular

    • B. 

      Integumentary

    • C. 

      Skeletal

    • D. 

      Protective


  • 37. 
    The part of the nail where the natural nail is formed is the:
    • A. 

      Extension

    • B. 

      Matrix

    • C. 

      Lunula

    • D. 

      Free edge


  • 38. 
    The nail that grows the slowest is on the:
    • A. 

      Index finger

    • B. 

      Thumb

    • C. 

      Middle finger

    • D. 

      Little finger


  • 39. 
    The thickened, clublike structure that forms the lower part of the hair root is the:
    • A. 

      Cuticle layer

    • B. 

      Hair bulb

    • C. 

      Dermal papilla

    • D. 

      Arrector pili


  • 40. 
    A lengthwise section of hair shows that cuticle scales overlap and each individual cuticle scale is attached to the:
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Melanin

    • C. 

      Cortex

    • D. 

      Root


  • 41. 
    The cortex is responsible for the natural color of hair, 90 percent of the total weight, and hair:
    • A. 

      Growth

    • B. 

      Elasticity

    • C. 

      Length

    • D. 

      Porosity


  • 42. 
    The units of structure that build protein and are linked end-to-end like a string of pearls are:
    • A. 

      Oxygenated cells

    • B. 

      Primary acids

    • C. 

      Amino acids

    • D. 

      Lymph glands


  • 43. 
    The three different types of cross-links that form bonds between the polypeptide chains in the cortex are:
    • A. 

      Oxygen, hydrogen, and salt bonds

    • B. 

      Hydrogen, ionic, and carbon bonds

    • C. 

      Ionic,helix, and covalent

    • D. 

      Hydrogen,salt, and disulfide bonds


  • 44. 
    All natural hair color is the result of pigment located in the cortex called:
    • A. 

      Melanin

    • B. 

      Tissue

    • C. 

      Sebum

    • D. 

      Proteins


  • 45. 
    The melanin that provides brown or black color to hair is:
    • A. 

      Ionic

    • B. 

      Eumelanin

    • C. 

      Pheomelanin

    • D. 

      Telogen


  • 46. 
    Hair that has the largest diameter and usually requires more processing time is:
    • A. 

      Fine hair texture

    • B. 

      Coarse hair texture

    • C. 

      Medium hair texture

    • D. 

      Gray hair


  • 47. 
    The technical term for gray hair is:
    • A. 

      Acquired

    • B. 

      Canities

    • C. 

      Albino

    • D. 

      Ringed


  • 48. 
    Current research confirms that dandruff is the result of a fungus called:
    • A. 

      Pyrithione

    • B. 

      Steatoides

    • C. 

      Capitis

    • D. 

      Malassezia


  • 49. 
    Tinea is characterized by itching scales and sometimes painful circular lesions and is caused by:
    • A. 

      Seborrheic dermatitis

    • B. 

      Parasites

    • C. 

      Subcutaneous tissue

    • D. 

      Fungal organisms


  • 50. 
    A carbuncle is an inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue caused by:
    • A. 

      Staphylococci

    • B. 

      Mites

    • C. 

      Nits

    • D. 

      Headlice


  • 51. 
    The simplest form form of matter that cannot be broken down without the loss of identity is a(n)
    • A. 

      Element

    • B. 

      Energy

    • C. 

      Substance

    • D. 

      Mineral


  • 52. 
    Liquids that are not capable of being mixed into stable solutions are:
    • A. 

      Liquids

    • B. 

      Toxins

    • C. 

      Minerals

    • D. 

      Immiscible


  • 53. 
    Suspensions differ from solutions in that suspensions contain particles that are:
    • A. 

      Emulsified

    • B. 

      Undissolved

    • C. 

      Invisible

    • D. 

      Elements


  • 54. 
    A common volatile organic compound that evaporates quickly and is used in hair spray is:
    • A. 

      Ionized water

    • B. 

      Ammonia water

    • C. 

      Hydrogen peroxide

    • D. 

      Ethyl alcohol


  • 55. 
    Ions with a positive electrical charge are considered to be:
    • A. 

      Nonaqueous

    • B. 

      Cation

    • C. 

      Neutral

    • D. 

      Anion


  • 56. 
    Rubber,silk, wood, and glass are common examples of:
    • A. 

      Modalities

    • B. 

      Currents

    • C. 

      Insulators

    • D. 

      Converters


  • 57. 
    The even-flowing electric current that travels in one direction only is:
    • A. 

      Indirect current

    • B. 

      Alternating current

    • C. 

      Electrode current

    • D. 

      Direct current


  • 58. 
    A converter is an apparatus that changes direct current to:
    • A. 

      Indirect current

    • B. 

      Converted current

    • C. 

      Electrodes

    • D. 

      Alternating current


  • 59. 
    Cordless electric clippers and battery chargers convert AC current from a wall unit to DC current needed to recharge DC batteries with the use of:
    • A. 

      A rectifier

    • B. 

      Ohms

    • C. 

      A converter

    • D. 

      A conductor


  • 60. 
    Careless electrical connections and overloaded circuits can result in an electric shock, burn, or:
    • A. 

      Fire

    • B. 

      Connection

    • C. 

      Indirect ray

    • D. 

      Electrons


  • 61. 
    Electronic facial treatments are commonly referred to as:
    • A. 

      Electrotherapy

    • B. 

      Electronics

    • C. 

      Receptacle

    • D. 

      Electromagnetic


  • 62. 
    The positive electrode is called the:
    • A. 

      Annode

    • B. 

      Device

    • C. 

      Cathode

    • D. 

      Galvanic


  • 63. 
    Infrared lamps used during hair treatments and to process hair color should be operated at a distance of at least:
    • A. 

      10 inches

    • B. 

      20 inches

    • C. 

      30 inches

    • D. 

      40 inches


  • 64. 
    The element used to define texture and line and tie design elements together is:
    • A. 

      Form

    • B. 

      Color

    • C. 

      Space

    • D. 

      Curves


  • 65. 
    A single line of color, or a series of repeated lines, creates a:
    • A. 

      Thinner and straighter accent

    • B. 

      Closer-to-the surface accent

    • C. 

      Bold, dramatic accent

    • D. 

      Soft, warm excitement


  • 66. 
    To draw a line in a hairstyle in the direction you want the eye to travel, use a:
    • A. 

      Light color

    • B. 

      Dark color

    • C. 

      Recessed color

    • D. 

      Warm color


  • 67. 
    The two defining characteristics of hair type are:
    • A. 

      Wave patterns and hair texture

    • B. 

      Wave patterns and hair color

    • C. 

      Hair texture and hair length

    • D. 

      Hair color and head profiles


  • 68. 
    To offset or round out the square facial type, choose a style that has:
    • A. 

      The illusion of width in the forehead

    • B. 

      Volume around areas between the temples and jaw and adds width around ears

    • C. 

      The illusion of length to the face

    • D. 

      No volume around the area between the temples and no width around the ears


  • 69. 
    The outline of the face, head, and figure seen in a side view is the:
    • A. 

      Profile

    • B. 

      Shape

    • C. 

      Silhouette

    • D. 

      Convex


  • 70. 
    Water that is chemically softened and allows soaps and shampoos to lather freely is:
    • A. 

      Soft water

    • B. 

      Well water

    • C. 

      Hard water

    • D. 

      Salt water


  • 71. 
    The main ingredient of most shampoos is:
    • A. 

      Detergent

    • B. 

      Botanicals

    • C. 

      Surfactants

    • D. 

      Water


  • 72. 
    The water-attracting head of the surfactant molecule is:
    • A. 

      Deionized

    • B. 

      Hydrophilic

    • C. 

      Lipophilic

    • D. 

      A salt atom


  • 73. 
    Conditioners that have a pH range of 3.5 to 6.0 are used to restore the pH of hair after:
    • A. 

      Dry shampoos

    • B. 

      Conditioning treatments

    • C. 

      Medication

    • D. 

      Chemical services


  • 74. 
    Brushes with bristles that have tiny overlapping layer of scales, which clean and add luster to the hair are:
    • A. 

      Natural

    • B. 

      Nylon

    • C. 

      Sharp

    • D. 

      Synthetic


  • 75. 
    When securing a cape during the client preparation, do not let the cape touch the:
    • A. 

      Client's skin

    • B. 

      Shampoo sink

    • C. 

      Client's towel

    • D. 

      Clean towel


  • 76. 
    When manipulating the scalp during a shampoo, begin at the front hairline and work in a(n):
    • A. 

      Side-to side movement

    • B. 

      Up-and-down movement

    • C. 

      Back-and-forth movement

    • D. 

      Zigzag movement


  • 77. 
    A stylist should recommend a hair or scalp treatment only after having performed a(n):
    • A. 

      Shampoo procedure

    • B. 

      Hair and scalp examination

    • C. 

      Conditioning treatment

    • D. 

      Abrasion test


  • 78. 
    Reference points in a haircut are used to establish:
    • A. 

      Head forms

    • B. 

      Techniques

    • C. 

      Design lines

    • D. 

      Tension


  • 79. 
    Placing a comb flat against the nape of the head and finding where the comb leaves the head can be used to locate the:
    • A. 

      Parietal ridge

    • B. 

      Reference points

    • C. 

      Four corners

    • D. 

      Occipital bone


  • 80. 
    Achieving balance within a design can be accomplished by understanding the head shape and:
    • A. 

      Head points

    • B. 

      Reference points

    • C. 

      Four corners

    • D. 

      Technique points


  • 81. 
    The two front corners represent the widest part of the:
    • A. 

      Apex area

    • B. 

      Parietal area

    • C. 

      Bang area

    • D. 

      Nape area


  • 82. 
    The area of the head that is between the apex and the back of the parietal ridge is the:
    • A. 

      Crown

    • B. 

      Front

    • C. 

      Sides

    • D. 

      Top


  • 83. 
    The area that begins at the apex and ends at the front corners and is located by placing a comb on top of the head so that the middle of the comb is balanced is the:
    • A. 

      Side area

    • B. 

      Top area

    • C. 

      Back area

    • D. 

      Bang area


  • 84. 
    Lines in haircutting that are parallel to the horizon,or the floor are:
    • A. 

      Horizontal lines

    • B. 

      Vertical lines

    • C. 

      Elevation lines

    • D. 

      Weight lines


  • 85. 
    Lines that are up and down and perpendicular to the floor are:
    • A. 

      Weight lines

    • B. 

      Angle lines

    • C. 

      Horizontal lines

    • D. 

      Vertical lines


  • 86. 
    Horizontal lines are used to create one-length and low-elevation cuts and build:
    • A. 

      Style

    • B. 

      Movement

    • C. 

      Weight

    • D. 

      Layers


  • 87. 
    THe uniform working areas used for control during haircutting are called:
    • A. 

      Partings

    • B. 

      Ridges

    • C. 

      Elevation

    • D. 

      Sections


  • 88. 
    Lifting any section of hair above 0 degrees is known as:
    • A. 

      Elevation

    • B. 

      Subsectioning

    • C. 

      Parting

    • D. 

      Seperating


  • 89. 
    THe hair type that requires less elevation and should be left a bit longer because of shrinkage when it dries is:
    • A. 

      Coarse hair

    • B. 

      Dry hair

    • C. 

      Straight hair

    • D. 

      Curly hair


  • 90. 
    In creating a length increase in the design of graduated and layered haircuts, the technique to use is:
    • A. 

      Over-direction

    • B. 

      Beveling

    • C. 

      Stacking

    • D. 

      Traveling


  • 91. 
    On a layered haircut, if you want the hair to be longer toward the front, overdirect the sections to a stationary guide at the:
    • A. 

      Tope of the face

    • B. 

      Front of the ears

    • C. 

      Front of the crown

    • D. 

      Back of the ears


  • 92. 
    The growth pattern is the direction in which hair grows from the scalp and is also called the:
    • A. 

      Hair texture

    • B. 

      Natural falling position

    • C. 

      Natural hairline

    • D. 

      Outer perimeter


  • 93. 
    When cutting hair, a general rule of thumb is to stand or sit directly in front of the area you are cutting and to keep your body weight:
    • A. 

      Elevated

    • B. 

      Centered

    • C. 

      Angled

    • D. 

      Movable


  • 94. 
    After a haircut and before blow-drying, sanitation and disinfection guidelines require the practitioner to:
    • A. 

      Change drapes

    • B. 

      Clean shears

    • C. 

      Apply conditioner

    • D. 

      Sweep and dispose of hair


  • 95. 
    Haircuts that generally have less weight than graduated haircuts are:
    • A. 

      One-length cuts

    • B. 

      Blunt cuts

    • C. 

      Layered cuts

    • D. 

      Tension cuts


  • 96. 
    The technique used to check a haircut for precision of line and shape is:
    • A. 

      Stationary checking

    • B. 

      Origination lines

    • C. 

      Overdirection

    • D. 

      Cross checking


  • 97. 
    The process of removing excess bulk without shortening hair length is:
    • A. 

      Beveling

    • B. 

      Tapering

    • C. 

      Stacking

    • D. 

      Texturizing


  • 98. 
    A more aggressive version of point cutting that creates a chunkier effect is:
    • A. 

      Slide cutting

    • B. 

      Notching

    • C. 

      Texturizing

    • D. 

      Beveling


  • 99. 
    Thinning hair using a sliding movement with the blades of the shear partially opened to reduce volume and create movement is?
    • A. 

      Slithering

    • B. 

      Slicing

    • C. 

      Free hand

    • D. 

      Beveling


  • 100. 
    The technique that allows you to cut the hair very close to the scalp and create a flat-top or square shape is:
    • A. 

      Comb-over scissor

    • B. 

      Clipper-over-comb

    • C. 

      Notching shear-over-comb

    • D. 

      Clipper-under-comb


  • 101. 
    The type of curl that is placed completely off base and allows for the greatest mobility is the:
    • A. 

      Haif-stem curl

    • B. 

      Base curl

    • C. 

      No-stem curl

    • D. 

      Full-stem curl


  • 102. 
    Pine curls sliced from a shaping and formed without lifting the hair from the head are referred to as:
    • A. 

      Ridge curls

    • B. 

      Carved curls

    • C. 

      Alternating curls

    • D. 

      Skip waves


  • 103. 
    To create curls in using rollers, the hair should be wrapped around the roller:
    • A. 

      One-and-a-half turns

    • B. 

      Two-and-a-half turns

    • C. 

      One complete turn

    • D. 

      Two complete turns


  • 104. 
    Another term used to describe back-brushing is:
    • A. 

      Back-combing

    • B. 

      Matting

    • C. 

      Teasing

    • D. 

      Ruffing


  • 105. 
    The technique of drying and styling damp hair in one operation is:
    • A. 

      French lacing

    • B. 

      Velcro styling

    • C. 

      Wrapping hair

    • D. 

      Blow-dry-styling


  • 106. 
    Large, flat brushes with staggered pin patterns used for mid-to-0longer hair length are:
    • A. 

      Vent brushes

    • B. 

      Grooming brushes

    • C. 

      Classic styling brushes

    • D. 

      Paddle brushes


  • 107. 
    As a rule of thumb, coarse and gray hair can withstand more heat than:
    • A. 

      Fine hair

    • B. 

      Long hair

    • C. 

      Short hair

    • D. 

      Conditioned hair


  • 108. 
    Hanging curls that are suitable for medium-to-long hairstyles are:
    • A. 

      Barrel curls

    • B. 

      Roll curls

    • C. 

      Spiral curls

    • D. 

      Flat curls


  • 109. 
    The process of temporarily straightening extremely curl hair by means of heated comb is called:
    • A. 

      Hair pressing

    • B. 

      Hair texturizing

    • C. 

      Hair relaxing

    • D. 

      Hair treatments


  • 110. 
    The press that removes 60-75 percent of the curl is:
    • A. 

      Hard press

    • B. 

      Thermal press

    • C. 

      Medium press

    • D. 

      Soft press


  • 111. 
    THe hair type that is very resistant to hair pressing and requires more heat and pressure is:
    • A. 

      Fine/soft

    • B. 

      Coarse/brittled

    • C. 

      Wiry/curly

    • D. 

      Medium/straight


  • 112. 
    A pressing comb with less space between the teeth produces a(n):
    • A. 

      Open-looking press

    • B. 

      Medium press

    • C. 

      Soft press

    • D. 

      Smooth press


  • 113. 
    Styles that are full around the forehead and jawline to create a more oval appearance are recommended for:
    • A. 

      Triangle face shapes

    • B. 

      Diamond face shapes

    • C. 

      Square face shapes

    • D. 

      Oval face shapes


  • 114. 
    The blow-dryer attachment that stretches and softens texturized hair and loosens the curl pattern is a:
    • A. 

      Concentrator

    • B. 

      Metal pick nozzle

    • C. 

      Plastic pick nozzle

    • D. 

      Diffuser


  • 115. 
    A manufactured synthetic fiber with a texture similar to extremely curly or coiled hair types that does not reflect light and is used for hair extensions is:
    • A. 

      Kanekalon

    • B. 

      Yarn

    • C. 

      Synthetic

    • D. 

      Rayon


  • 116. 
    An imported wool fiber available in black or brown with a matte finish that is used in hair extensions is:
    • A. 

      Lin

    • B. 

      Yak

    • C. 

      Rayon

    • D. 

      Linen


  • 117. 
    The braid made when two strands are twisted around each other is s:
    • A. 

      Rope

    • B. 

      Fishtail

    • C. 

      French

    • D. 

      Visible


  • 118. 
    A simple two-strand braid in which the hair is picked up from the sides and added to strands as they are crossed over each other is the:
    • A. 

      Inverted

    • B. 

      Extensions

    • C. 

      Fishtail

    • D. 

      Invisible


  • 119. 
    A rule of classic proportion in the ratio of head size to body size is:
    • A. 

      1 to 3

    • B. 

      2 to 4

    • C. 

      1 to 7

    • D. 

      1-10


  • 120. 
    Hair that burns slowly and gives off a distinctive odor is:
    • A. 

      Artificial

    • B. 

      Kanekalon

    • C. 

      Mixed

    • D. 

      Human


  • 121. 
    When testing synthetic hair or fibers by burning, the hair will either ball up, melt, or burn:
    • A. 

      Quickly with a strong odor

    • B. 

      Slowly with no odor

    • C. 

      Quickly with no odor

    • D. 

      Slowly with a strong odor


  • 122. 
    Wigs that most closely resemble actual human hair growth with flexibility at the roots are:
    • A. 

      Hand-knotted

    • B. 

      Semi-hand knotted

    • C. 

      Machine made

    • D. 

      Capless wigs


  • 123. 
    Before taking the head measurements in fitting for a wig, the natural hair should be:
    • A. 

      Flat and tight to the scalp

    • B. 

      Loose and flat to the scalp

    • C. 

      Styled and conditioned

    • D. 

      Clean and loose at the scalp


  • 124. 
    When using heat on human hair wigs, the temperature setting on the styling tool should be:
    • A. 

      Low

    • B. 

      High

    • C. 

      Fast

    • D. 

      Strong


  • 125. 
    Prior to a full-color application to a wig or hairpiece, it is recommended to perform a(n)
    • A. 

      Elasticity test

    • B. 

      Strand test

    • C. 

      Allergy test

    • D. 

      Porosity test


  • 126. 
    A small wig used by men to cover the top or crown of the head is:
    • A. 

      Toupee

    • B. 

      Cap

    • C. 

      Switch

    • D. 

      Medium


  • 127. 
    The needle that is used to sew extensions onto a track should be:
    • A. 

      Long and thin

    • B. 

      Curved and sharp

    • C. 

      Straight or curved

    • D. 

      Short and flat


  • 128. 
    Chemical hair texturizers temporarily raise the pH of the hair in order to:
    • A. 

      Expand and harden the shaft

    • B. 

      Harden and close the shaft

    • C. 

      Swell and set the shaft

    • D. 

      Soften and swell the shaft


  • 129. 
    Hydrogen bonds are easily broken by water or hear and re-formed when the hair is:
    • A. 

      Stretched

    • B. 

      Dried

    • C. 

      Softened

    • D. 

      Styled


  • 130. 
    Chemical services should not be performed if the scalp analysis shows any signs of:
    • A. 

      Porosity

    • B. 

      Abrasions

    • C. 

      Disorders

    • D. 

      Tightness


  • 131. 
    The two methods of wrapping the hair around a perm rod are:
    • A. 

      Flat and spiral

    • B. 

      Croquignole and even

    • C. 

      Spiral and perpendicular

    • D. 

      Croquignole and spiral


  • 132. 
    Waves that are activated from an outside heat source are considered:
    • A. 

      Stabilized

    • B. 

      Endothermic

    • C. 

      Exothermic

    • D. 

      Acid waves


  • 133. 
    THe bands of permanent wave rods should be smooth and fastened:
    • A. 

      At a diagonal angle on top of the rod

    • B. 

      Straight arose the top of the rod

    • C. 

      Twisted at sides of rods

    • D. 

      Tightly at base area


  • 134. 
    The neutralizing of remaining hydroxide ions to lower the pH of the hair and scalp after a relaxer requires a(n)
    • A. 

      Oxidation shampoo

    • B. 

      Concentrated lotion

    • C. 

      Normalizing lotion

    • D. 

      Conditioning shampoo


  • 135. 
    Sodium hydroxide relaxers are commonly called:
    • A. 

      Metal relaxers

    • B. 

      No-lye relaxers

    • C. 

      Lye relaxers

    • D. 

      Medium relaxers


  • 136. 
    Relaxers that contain two components and must be mixed immediately prior to use are:
    • A. 

      Guanidine hydroxide relaxers

    • B. 

      Ammonium thioglycolate

    • C. 

      No-lye relaxers

    • D. 

      Potassium hydroxide relaxers


  • 137. 
    The difference in the strength of most chemical hair relaxers is determined by the concentration of:
    • A. 

      Lanthionization

    • B. 

      Hydroxide

    • C. 

      Ammonia

    • D. 

      Coatings


  • 138. 
    To avoid overprocessing and scalp irritation in a virgin relaxer application,start at least:
    • A. 

      1/4 inch away from scalp

    • B. 

      1/2 inch away from scalp

    • C. 

      At the scalp

    • D. 

      At the hair ends


  • 139. 
    During a retouch relaxer application, to avoid overprocessing of hair breakage, do not:
    • A. 

      Smooth hair ends

    • B. 

      Smooth the relaxer

    • C. 

      Overlap the relaxes

    • D. 

      Apply to resistant areas first


  • 140. 
    A combination of a the relaxer and a the permeant wrapped on large rods is a:
    • A. 

      Permanent wave

    • B. 

      Soft curl perm

    • C. 

      Hard curl perm

    • D. 

      Relaxer retouch


  • 141. 
    When the cuticle of the hair is lifted and the hair is overly porous and absorbs color quickly, the hair porosity is defined as:
    • A. 

      High

    • B. 

      Medium

    • C. 

      Low

    • D. 

      Even


  • 142. 
    The predominant melanin that gives black and brown color to hair is:
    • A. 

      Primary

    • B. 

      Eumelanin

    • C. 

      Pigment

    • D. 

      Pheomelanin


  • 143. 
    The darkest hair colors in the level system are identified as being a level:
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      6

    • D. 

      10


  • 144. 
    Natural looking hair color is made up of a combination of primary and:
    • A. 

      Contributing colors

    • B. 

      Pure colors

    • C. 

      Secondary colors

    • D. 

      Neutral colors


  • 145. 
    Hair coloring products fall into one of how many categories?
    • A. 

      Two

    • B. 

      Six

    • C. 

      Three

    • D. 

      Four


  • 146. 
    The chemical process involving the diffusion of natural color pigment or artificial color from the hair is:
    • A. 

      Color deposit

    • B. 

      Hair lightening

    • C. 

      Hair softening

    • D. 

      Complementary colors


  • 147. 
    Coloring products that have a coating action on the hair and are removed by shampooing are:
    • A. 

      Semipermanent colors

    • B. 

      Ammonia colors

    • C. 

      Primary colors

    • D. 

      Temporary colors


  • 148. 
    The coloring products that are regarded as the best for covering gray hair are:
    • A. 

      Liquid haïr coloring

    • B. 

      Protein colors

    • C. 

      Demipermenent colors

    • D. 

      Permanent hair coloring


  • 149. 
    The most commonly used developer in hair color is:
    • A. 

      Ammonia peroxide

    • B. 

      Hydrogen propitiator

    • C. 

      Hydrogen peroxide

    • D. 

      Potential activators


  • 150. 
    The most critical part of a color service is the:
    • A. 

      Hair color consultation

    • B. 

      Client draping

    • C. 

      Color removal

    • D. 

      Shampoo


  • 151. 
    Examples of single-process permeant coloring applications are virgin color applications and:
    • A. 

      Semipermanent applications

    • B. 

      Color retouch applications

    • C. 

      Color shampoos

    • D. 

      Cream lighteners


  • 152. 
    An oxidizer added to hydrogen peroxide increase its chemical action is a(n):
    • A. 

      Accelerator

    • B. 

      Ammonia

    • C. 

      Activator

    • D. 

      Dffuser


  • 153. 
    Specialized preparations designed to equalize hair porosity and deposit a base color in one application are:
    • A. 

      Fillers

    • B. 

      Conditioners

    • C. 

      Mixers

    • D. 

      Activators


  • 154. 
    The rays of the sun that cause sunburns and tanning and are also known as burning rays are
    • A. 

      AB rays

    • B. 

      AC rays

    • C. 

      UVB rays

    • D. 

      UVT rays


  • 155. 
    If a client has a skin disorder that is not recognized as a simple disorder, the client should be referred to a:
    • A. 

      Stylist

    • B. 

      Esthetician

    • C. 

      Physician

    • D. 

      Technician


  • 156. 
    A spot or discoloration of the skin, neither raised nor  sunken, is a:
    • A. 

      Pastule

    • B. 

      Bulla

    • C. 

      Lesion

    • D. 

      Macule


  • 157. 
    Lesions of the skin that develop in the later stages of a disease are classified as:
    • A. 

      Secondary skin lesions

    • B. 

      Primary skin lesions

    • C. 

      Contagious skin lesions

    • D. 

      Excessive lesions


  • 158. 
    An inflamed pimple containing pus is a:
    • A. 

      Papilla

    • B. 

      Pastule

    • C. 

      Wheal

    • D. 

      Vesicle


  • 159. 
    A thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue is known as a:
    • A. 

      Stain

    • B. 

      Cyst

    • C. 

      Keloid

    • D. 

      Bulla


  • 160. 
    A generic medical term used to describe an abnormal inflammatory condition of the skin is:
    • A. 

      Steatoma

    • B. 

      Bromhidrosis

    • C. 

      Dermatitis

    • D. 

      Miliaria


  • 161. 
    The American Cancer Society recommends using a checklist to recognize potential skin cancer or changes in moles, using the letter B to check mole:
    • A. 

      Borders

    • B. 

      Building

    • C. 

      Brightness

    • D. 

      Balance


  • 162. 
    The two major categories of hair removal are classified as:
    • A. 

      Temporary and permanent

    • B. 

      Semi and permanent

    • C. 

      Waxing and epilation

    • D. 

      Epilation and depilatories


  • 163. 
    Client questionnaires used for hair removal services should contain information about client medications and document:
    • A. 

      Employment and allergies

    • B. 

      Allergies and skin disorders

    • C. 

      Age and finances

    • D. 

      Vitamins and diet routine


  • 164. 
    A hair removal service should not be performed on clients taking a medication containing:
    • A. 

      Alcohol

    • B. 

      Niacin

    • C. 

      Retin-A

    • D. 

      Vitamin D


  • 165. 
    A method of hair removal using a beam pulsed on the skin that requires specialized training is:
    • A. 

      Pulsated hair removal

    • B. 

      Epilation removal

    • C. 

      Laser hair removal

    • D. 

      Needle hair removal


  • 166. 
    A commonly used epilator that removes hair from the bottom of the follicle is:
    • A. 

      Depilatory

    • B. 

      Honey

    • C. 

      Acid

    • D. 

      Wax


  • 167. 
    To avoid infection, sponge a tweezed area frequently with cotton moistened with:
    • A. 

      Antiseptic lotion

    • B. 

      Disinfectant lotion

    • C. 

      Emollient cream

    • D. 

      Warm water


  • 168. 
    Prior to application, the temperature of the heated wax should be tested on:
    • A. 

      Fingers

    • B. 

      Hands

    • C. 

      The wrist

    • D. 

      Eyebrows


  • 169. 
    Wax that has a high incidence of allergic reactions and may require a patch test is:
    • A. 

      Resin wax

    • B. 

      Beeswax

    • C. 

      Aloe wax

    • D. 

      Cold wax


  • 170. 
    When removing cleanser in the eye area, move outward on the upper lid and:
    • A. 

      Circular on the lower lid

    • B. 

      Inward on the lower lid

    • C. 

      Outward on the lower lid

    • D. 

      Down on the lower lid


  • 171. 
    The amount of sebum produced by the sebaceous glands determines the size of the:
    • A. 

      Layers

    • B. 

      Pores

    • C. 

      Glands

    • D. 

      Thickness


  • 172. 
    Dry skin that is not producing enough sebum is also known as:
    • A. 

      Combination

    • B. 

      Alipidic

    • C. 

      Hydrated

    • D. 

      Extreme


  • 173. 
    Dark blotches of color on the skin caused by sun exposure or hormone imbalance is:
    • A. 

      Dehydration

    • B. 

      Hyperpigmentation

    • C. 

      Hypertrichosis

    • D. 

      Albinsm


  • 174. 
    Products that are designed to lower the pH of skin after cleaning and aid in the removal of excess cleaning products are:
    • A. 

      Disinfectants

    • B. 

      Surfactants

    • C. 

      Toners

    • D. 

      Exfoliants


  • 175. 
    Skin products that have a higher concentration of ingredients are:
    • A. 

      Masks

    • B. 

      Washes

    • C. 

      Serums

    • D. 

      Tonics


  • 176. 
    Oil-absorbing masks that have an exfoliating and astringent effect, making large pores appear smaller are:
    • A. 

      Clay based

    • B. 

      Serum based

    • C. 

      Enzyme based

    • D. 

      Astringent based


  • 177. 
    Masks that contain special crystals and dry to plaster-like consistency are:
    • A. 

      Alginate masks

    • B. 

      Gel masks

    • C. 

      Medium masks

    • D. 

      Modelage masks


  • 178. 
    A thin, open-meshed cotton fabric this is used to hold mask products on the the face is:
    • A. 

      Linen

    • B. 

      Satin

    • C. 

      Gauze

    • D. 

      Tape


  • 179. 
    The manual or mechanical manipulation of the cody by rubbing, kneading, or other movements is called:
    • A. 

      Metabolism

    • B. 

      Massage

    • C. 

      Absorption

    • D. 

      Physiology


  • 180. 
    A light continuous, stroking movement applied with the fingers or palms with no pressure is:
    • A. 

      Fulling

    • B. 

      Petrissage

    • C. 

      Kneading

    • D. 

      Effleurage


  • 181. 
    An applicator used to direct electric current from a machine to the clients's skin is a(n)
    • A. 

      Apparatus

    • B. 

      Charger

    • C. 

      Electrode

    • D. 

      Extractor


  • 182. 
    The process of using galvanic current to penetrate water-soluble products containing ions into the skin is known as:
    • A. 

      Desincrustation

    • B. 

      Insertion

    • C. 

      Passive

    • D. 

      Iontophoresis


  • 183. 
    The therapeutic use of oils in skin care products that creates positive effects on the body, mind, and spirits is:
    • A. 

      Anatagonism

    • B. 

      Aromatherapy

    • C. 

      Psychology

    • D. 

      Dermatology


  • 184. 
    Liquids and creams forms of foundation are a mixture of water and oil with coloring agents called:
    • A. 

      Melanocytes

    • B. 

      Prescriptives

    • C. 

      Pigments

    • D. 

      Alkaloids


  • 185. 
    Lipstick when applied properly should be even on both sides of the mouth and:
    • A. 

      Automatic

    • B. 

      Symmetrical

    • C. 

      Asymmetrical

    • D. 

      Shaded


  • 186. 
    Eye shadow that is lighter then the client's skin tone is considered:
    • A. 

      Complementary

    • B. 

      Highlighting

    • C. 

      Shadowing

    • D. 

      Contrasting


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