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Hyperventilation leading to respiratory alkalosis and loss of consciousness is a risk.
Sudden increase in arterial oxygen can precipitate diaphragmatic spasm.
Decreased arterial oxygen is the stimulus for breathing in a client with COPD.
Oxygen administration can trigger reflex bronchospasm.
Increase in wheezing upon auscultation
Pink frothy sputum
Decrease in shortness of breath
Decrease in heart rate.
Nicotine transdermal patches
Advair Diskus 250/50
“Make sure to use a humidifier in your room while you sleep.”
“Apply powder to all crevices to prevent yeast while taking oral steroids.”
“Turn the oxygen up to no more than 6 L if you are short of breath.”
“Use your inhalers every day as directed even if symptoms are not present.”
Decreased gas exchange
Paradoxical chest movement
Presence of a friction rub
Decreased respiratory excursion
Absent breath sounds
“I will make sure to puff my cheeks out when I breathe out through my mouth.”
“I will set my lips for breathing out like I am going to whistle.”
“Breathing out should take me twice as long as breathing in.”
“I will never hold my breath when trying to lift something heavy.”
Increased oxygen saturation
Increased respiratory muscle strength
Deep breathing techniques to increase O2 levels.
Cough regularly and deeply to clear airway passages.
Cough following bronchodilator utilization
Decrease CO2 levels by increase oxygen take output during meals.
Enhance the administration of the medication
Increase client compliance
Improve aerosol delivery in clients who are not able to coordinate the MDI
Prevent exacerbation of COPD
Call the health care provider
Put the client in Fowler’s position
Lower the oxygen rate
Take the vital signs
Decreased blood pressure and respirations
Flushing and headache
Restlessness and palpitations
Increased heart rate and blood pressure
RV is increased; TLC is decreased
RV is decreased; TLC is increased
TLC is increased; RV is decreased
TLC is decreased; RV is increased
Allow for a longer inspiratory phase
Allow for a longer expiratory phase
Cause a shorter inspiratory phase
Cause a shorter expiratory phase
Increase the anterior-posterior chest wall dimension