Constitutional Law And The Criminal Justice System

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 Constitutional Law And The Criminal Justice System
This quiz is a foundation for understanding Constitutional Law.

  
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  • 1. 
    The first three articles of the Constitution establish:
    • A. 

      Judicial activism.

    • B. 

      The legislative, executive and judicial branches of government.

    • C. 

      The Articles of Confederation.

    • D. 

      Names of the states.

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 2. 
    The Quartering Act
    • A. 

      Paid for the British troops staying in the colonies.

    • B. 

      Required colonists to feed and house British solders.

    • C. 

      Established the United States Mint.

    • D. 

      Created the Secret Service to combat counterfeiting.

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 3. 
    The Articles of Confederation were found to be inadequate as the foundation for an effective government because they:
    • A. 

      Established a league of friendship between the states.

    • B. 

      Copied the antiquated Magna Carta

    • C. 

      None of these choices.

    • D. 

      Lacked a balance of power between the states and the central government.

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 4. 
    The Constitution is considered a "living law" because:
    • A. 

      It has the ability to change to meet the currents.

    • B. 

      Those who promulgated it were alive at the time.

    • C. 

      It represented the "living tree of freedom."

    • D. 

      Only political office holders can affect it.

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 5. 
    The requirements for a fair trial are found in:
    • A. 

      The Second Amendment.

    • B. 

      The Sixth Amendment.

    • C. 

      The Third Amendment.

    • D. 

      The Second Amendment.

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 6. 
    The first ten amendments to the Constitution are known as the:
    • A. 

      Magna Carta.

    • B. 

      Articles of Confederation.

    • C. 

      Constitution.

    • D. 

      Bill of Rights.

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 7. 
    Pluralism is defined as:
    • A. 

      Many people, many laws.

    • B. 

      An existential framework upon which a complex set of substantive and procedural law is built

    • C. 

      A liberal ideal that seeks to incorporate the thoughts and ideas of many into a single government.

    • D. 

      A society in which many distinct ethnic, religious or cultural groups coexist within one nation, each contributing to the societal whole.

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 8. 
    The Magna Carta:
    • A. 

      Established the concept of due process in Roman law.

    • B. 

      Was drafted in England after the establishment of American colonies.

    • C. 

      Was relatively unimportant to the development of the American Constitution.

    • D. 

      Was drafted in England prior to the establishment of American colonies.

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 9. 
    Opponents of capital punishment most frequently cite this amendment:
    • A. 

      The Sixth Amendment.

    • B. 

      The Ninth Amendment.

    • C. 

      The Second Amendment.

    • D. 

      The Eighth Amendment.

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 10. 
    The president is the commander in chief of the armed forces, but the legislative branch declares war and authorizes payment for it; this is an example of the checks and balances found in:
    • A. 

      Article 5.

    • B. 

      Article 6.

    • C. 

      Article 2.

    • D. 

      Article 3.

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 11. 
    ___________were colonist who opposed a strong federal government.
    • A. 

      Delegates

    • B. 

      Federalists

    • C. 

      Anti-federalist

    • D. 

      Founding fathers

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 12. 
    The requirement that colonists purchase stamps to be placed on legal documents was known as:
    • A. 

      Judicial activism.

    • B. 

      A compact.

    • C. 

      The Quartering Act.

    • D. 

      The Stamp Act.

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 13. 
    How the Constitution may be amended is found in:
    • A. 

      Article 3.

    • B. 

      Article 6.

    • C. 

      Article 2.

    • D. 

      Article 5.

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 14. 
    "Law" can be defined as:
    • A. 

      Contributions from representatives of the pluralistic union formatting what was to become the United States of America.

    • B. 

      A compact or charter.

    • C. 

      A body of rules promulgated to support societal norms, enforced through legal consequences.

    • D. 

      A conceptual framework.

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 15. 
    Constitutionalism refers to a government in which power is distributed and limited by a system of laws that must be obeyed by those who rule.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 16. 
    As a check against judicial power, Congress is authorized to regulate the courts'dockets by deciding what kinds of cases the Supreme Court may hear on appeal.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 17. 
    A charter is a document establishing how a community or colony chooses to govern itself.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 18. 
    The Mayflower Compact is considered to be the first formal attempt at self-government by the colonists.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 19. 
    The Constitution and Bill of Rights abolished slavery.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 20. 
    A legal system used in the U.S. which place one party against another to resolve a legal issue,stipulating that only in an actual conflict will a judicial body hear the case.
    • A. 

      Codified law

    • B. 

      Common law system

    • C. 

      Adversarial judicial system

    • D. 

      Case law system

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 21. 
    The only courts that can hear specific cases.
    • A. 

      General jurisdiction

    • B. 

      Limited jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Concurrent jurisdiction

    • D. 

      Exclusive jurisdiction

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 22. 
    Two or more courts authorized to hear a specific type of case.
    • A. 

      General jurisdiction

    • B. 

      Limited jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Concurrent jurisdiction

    • D. 

      Exclusive jurisdiction

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 23. 
    Courts have the ability to hear a wide range of cases.
    • A. 

      General jurisdiction

    • B. 

      Limited jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Concurrent jurisdiction

    • D. 

      Exclusive jurisdiction

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 24. 
    Restriction of the types of cases a particular court might hear.
    • A. 

      General jurisdiction

    • B. 

      Limited jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Concurrent jurisdiction

    • D. 

      Exclusive jurisdiction

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 25. 
    Law specifically set fort in organized,structured codes such as the U. S. Criminal code,state statutes or local ordinances.  Alsocalled statutory law.
    • A. 

      Codified law

    • B. 

      Common law

    • C. 

      Case law

    • D. 

      Comparative law

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 26. 
    Invoked when a case comes to court too soon,preventing the court from getting prematurely involved in a case may eventually resolve through other measures.
    • A. 

      Consensus theory

    • B. 

      Mootness

    • C. 

      Ripeness doctrine

    • D. 

      Conflict theory

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 27. 
    The geographical area in which a specific case may come to trial and the area from which the jury is selected.
    • A. 

      Jurisdiction

    • B. 

      Common law

    • C. 

      Standing

    • D. 

      Venue

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 28. 
    Changes to a contitution or bylaws.
    • A. 

      Pluralism

    • B. 

      Law

    • C. 

      Charters

    • D. 

      Amendments

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 29. 
    A system of basic laws and principles that establish the nature,functions and limits of a government or other institution.
    • A. 

      Constitution

    • B. 

      Pluralism

    • C. 

      Compacts

    • D. 

      Constitutionalism

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 30. 
    A society in which numerous distinct ethnic,religious or cultural groups coexist with one nation,each contributing to the society as a whole.
    • A. 

      Constitution

    • B. 

      Pluralism

    • C. 

      Constitutionalism

    • D. 

      Compacts

    • E. 

      All of the above


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