Congenital Disorders Of Spleen Part 2

50 Questions  I  By Mnathan21

  
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1.  If the spleen is involved in blunt abdominal trauma, there can be two outcomes. One is _______________ or _______________ hematoma where the capsule ruptures causing a bleed into areas surrounding the spleen. The bleed may be surrounding the spleen or throughout the LUQ. Fluid may also be found in the flanks or in Morrison's pouch. The spleen presents with poorly defined borders.
2.  The most common cause of splenomegaly in adults is what?
3.  A _____________ is a bleed, or a collection of blood usually confined to an organ, tissue or space.
4.  An _________________ is necrosis of tissue resulting from insufficient blood supply.
5.  HematomaAfter a traumatic incident, blood appears ____________.
6.  CT imaging and MRI are the modalities of choice for the spleen.
A.
B.
7.  If the spleen is involved in blunt abdominal trauma, there can be two outcomes. One is __________________ or __________________ hematoma where the capsule remains intact.
8.  ____________ _____________ is when there is massive destruction of blood cells.
9.  A ______________ or very ___________ hematoma may look calcified.
10.  __________________ management is preferred to __________________ if the patient is clinically stable.
11.  With __________ ___________ there is massive enlargement of the spleen.
12.  _____________ refers to excessive macrophages.
13.  ______________ is another cause of splenomegaly, where blood is filtered outside of the body.
14.  Sono Appearance Splenic InfarctionA fresh hemorrhagic infarction (Acute) appears ___________. As the infarct heals, scar tissue develops (chronic), which appears _____________. As infarction continues to necrose, it may enlarge and become more ______________. There may be a possible ___________ appearance.
15.  ______________ is when amyloid proteins are deposited in organs.
16.  Hemolytic anemia can cause splenomegaly. Choose all of the following that cause this.
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  ________________ _______________are common in patients with bacterial endocarditis, leukemia, lymphoma, sickle cell anemia, splenic artery aneurysms, or tumor embolus (traveling thrombus)
18.  ____________ refers to excessive iron accumulation in tissue.
19.  Rupture of the spleen is associated with a _______________ _______________ ______________.
20.  TraumaThe spleen is more likely to be injured if ____________ splenic disease is present. ________ is the imaging modality of choice.
21.  ________________ ________________ is the most common feature of splenic disease.
22.  ___________ _____________ is a lysosomal storage disease where fatty material collects in organs.
23.  Sono Appearance Splenic InfarctionClassic presentation of infarct is a ___________-shaped ______________ area with widest portion continuous with the ________________.
24.  Two types of extramedullary hematopoiesis that cause splenomegaly are ___________ and _____________
25.  Splenomegaly is _____________ but the degree can help narrow down a ______________.
26.  A type of hemolytic anemia in which the blood cells are sphere shaped is called...
27.  ___________ is a disorder of bone marrow where marrow undergoes fibrosis.
28.  The hereditary blood disorder in which there are abnormal hemoglobin molecules is called...
29.  ____________ means outside the bone
30.  The opposite of splenomegaly is ______________ which is an almost complete disappearance of the spleen through progressive _____________ and ______________, such as with __________ __________ ___________.
31.  ____________ is a condition where the body attacks cells and tissues resulting in inflammation. It is a chronic condition.
32.  _______________ ________________ is usually an incidental finding and there may be sudden LUQ pain.
33.  Which of the following are neoplasmic diseases that cause splenomegaly?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
34.  Hematomas are characterized on the basis of ________________ and ________________.
35.  Sono Appearance of splenomegaly-
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  _______________ ________________ is the same type as Gaucher.
37.  A hematoma can result from rupture of _________________, _______________ or _______________ secondary to interventional complications or from _______________ abdominal trauma.
38.  Ultrasound is useful and highly accurate in diagnosing splenic _____________ and ________________.
39.  Causes of Congestive Splenomegaly include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  HematomaAfter the clot organizes, it then turns ____________ then back to _______________ because of the complete liquification into a ______________.
41.  Choose all of the storage diseases that cause splenomegaly
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
42.  ******Splenic rupture can occur from ______________ or ________________, which can be a result of _______________, _______________, or a _______________ _________________.
43.  HematomaThe clot quickly organizes and resembles _____________ tissue.
44.  ______________ causes splenomegaly, and is multiple granulomas.
45.  Symptoms of a hematoma-
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
46.  Immunologic inflammatory conditions that cause splenomegaly include-
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Splenic infarctions are one of the most common causes of ________________ _______________ ______________.
48.  Which of the following are types of infection/splenitis that cause splenomegaly?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
49.  The spleen is more likely to be injured if a ______________ splenic condition is present.
50.  Sono appearance of hematomas depend on the _______ of the bleed. It is important to consider the timing of the exam in respect to ___________ for correct appearance.
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