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Complex Peds 1

109 Questions  I  By Mygr8danes
Complex peds 1

  
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1.  Fowler 6 to 12  yr
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B.
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2.  Booster seat til when
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B.
C.
3.  Fowler 3 to 6  yr
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B.
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4.  Fowler 1-3  yr
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C.
5.  Fowler birth to 1 year
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B.
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6.  Nuclear family
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B.
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7.  Likes to please. why why why?
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B.
C.
8.  Freud  birth - 1 yr
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B.
C.
9.  Community nursing. three levels.tertiary focuses on :
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B.
C.
10.  Seperation anxiety at its height
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B.
C.
11.                 What describes a toddler’s cognitive development at age 20 months? a. Searches for an object only if he or she sees it being hidden b. Realizes that “out of sight” is not out of reach c. Puts objects into a container but cannot take them out d. Understands the passage of time such as “just a minute” and “in an hour”
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D.
12.  Freud 1-3 yr
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13.  The Austin, age 6 months, has six teeth. The nurse should recognize that this is: a. Normal tooth eruption. c. Unusual and dangerous. b. Delayed tooth eruption. d. Earlier-than-normal tooth eruption.
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B.
C.
D.
14.  Kohlberg 1-6yr
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B.
C.
15.  Magical thinking
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B.
C.
16.  Kids think rules are all powerful when? Kohlberg.
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B.
C.
17.  Fetal iron stores deplete when
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B.
C.
18.  2. The     psychosocial developmental tasks of toddlerhood include: a. Development of a conscience. b. Recognition of sex differences. c. Ability to get along with age mates. d. Ability to withstand delayed gratification.
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B.
C.
D.
19.                                                                                                                                                                                       Which statement is correct about toilet training? a. Bladder training is usually accomplished before bowel training. b. Wanting to please the parent helps motivate the child to use the toilet. c. Watching older siblings use the toilet confuses the child. d. Children must be forced to sit on the toilet when first learning.
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B.
C.
D.
20.  Associate play when?
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B.
C.
21.              Two toddlers are playing in a sandbox when one child suddenly grabs a toy from the other child. The best interpretation of this behavior is that: a. This is typical behavior because toddlers are aggressive. b. This is typical behavior because toddlers are egocentric. c. Toddlers should know that sharing toys is expected of them. d. Toddlers should have the cognitive ability to know right from wrong.
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B.
C.
D.
22.  Piaget.-which stage do they start using thought processes to experience new events and actions- minds are very active.- they do not get sarcasm- develop an understanding of relationships- progress in reasoning---> move from preceptual  (what they see) to conceptuall (based on reason)develop classification systems
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B.
C.
23.  Seperation anxiety starts?
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B.
C.
24.               In terms of cognitive development the 5-year-old child would be expected to: a. Use magical thinking. b. Think abstractly. c. Understand conservation of matter. d. Be unable to comprehend another person’s perspective.
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B.
C.
D.
25.  Freud 12 yr +
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C.
26.               Parents tell the nurse that their toddler daughter eats little at mealtime, only sits at the table with the family briefly, and wants snacks “all the time.” The nurse should recommend that the parents: a. Give her planned, frequent, and nutritious snacks. b. Offer rewards for eating at mealtimes. c. Avoid snacks so she is hungry at mealtimes. d. Explain to her in a firm manner what is expected of her.
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B.
C.
D.
27.  Which PIAGET Stage? This stage brings cognition to its final form. This person no longer requires concrete objects to make rational judgements. At his point, he is capable of hypothetical and deductive reasoning. Teaching for the adolescent may be wideranging because he'll be able to consider many possibilities from several perspectives.
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D.
28.  Erikson 12 yr and older
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B.
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29.  Object permenance
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30.  Sit up well
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31.  Piaget.able to think more abstractly and logically. can do algebra.no longer restricted to the real and actual.think beyond presentbetter able to accept members from other culturespeer group is important.
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B.
C.
32.                  Although a 14-month-old girl received a shock from an electrical outlet recently, her parents find her about to place a paper clip in another outlet. The best interpretation of this behavior is: a. Her cognitive development is delayed. b. This is typical behavior because toddlers are not very developed. c. This is typical behavior because of inability to transfer knowledge to new situations. d. This is not typical behavior because toddlers should know better than to repeat an act that caused pain.
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B.
C.
D.
33.  According to Piaget, the 6-month-old infant would be in what stage of the sensorimotor phase? a. Use of reflexes c. Secondary circular reactions b. Primary circular reactions d. Coordination of secondary schemata
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B.
C.
D.
34.               What is    Wh         what describes the cognitive abilities of school-age children? a. Have developed the ability to reason abstractly b. Become capable of scientific reasoning and formal logic c. Progress from making judgments based on what they reason to making judgments based on what they see d. Have the ability to classify, group and sort, and hold a concept in their minds while making decisions based on that concept
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C.
D.
35.              According to Piaget the adolescent is in the fourth stage of cognitive development, or period of: a. Formal operations. c. Conventional thought. b. Concrete operations. d. Postconventional thought.
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D.
36.  Palmer grasp when?
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D.
37.  Binuclear family
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B.
C.
38.  Kids master symbols when? piaget.
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B.
C.
39.  Community nursing. three levels.secondary focuses on :
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B.
C.
40.  Freud 3-6 yr 
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B.
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41.  How many wet diapers a day expected for normal?
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C.
42.  T            parent of 2-week-old Sarah asks the nurse if Sarah needs fluoride supplements because she is exclusively breastfed. The nurse’s best response is: a. “She needs to begin taking them now.” b. “They are not needed if you drink fluoridated water.” c. “She may need to begin taking them at age 6 months.” d. “She can have infant cereal mixed with fluoridated water instead of supplements.”
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D.
43.  C            Which aspect of cognition develops during adolescence? a. Capability to use a future time perspective b. Ability to place things in a sensible and logical order c. Ability to see things from the point of view of another d. Progress from making judgments based on what they see to making judgments based on what they reason
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B.
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D.
44.  Negativism
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45.  Which erikson stage: During this period we experience a desire to copy the adults around us and create play situations. We make up stories with Barbie's and Ken's, toy phones and miniature cars, playing out roles in a trial universe, experimenting with the blueprint for what we believe it means to be an adult. We also begin to use that wonderful word for exploring the world—"WHY?"at this stage we usually become involved in the classic "Oedipal struggle"
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B.
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E.
46.  Failure to learn delayed gratification leads to mistrust.
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C.
47.  An        8-year-old girl tells the nurse that she has cancer because God is punishing her for “being bad.” She shares her concern that, if she dies, she will go to hell. The nurse should interpret this as being: a. A belief common at this age. b. A belief that forms the basis for most religions. c. Suggestive of excessive family pressure. d. Suggestive of a failure to develop a conscience.
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B.
C.
D.
48.  Start to sit up
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49.                  17 month-old child would be expected to be in what stage according to Piaget? a. Trust c. Secondary circular reaction b. Preoperations d. Tertiary circular reaction
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50.  Erikson:starts with turmoil, ends with relative stability. Group identity, sex identity, emotionality. marked by insecurity, tension, indecision.
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51.  Erikson 6-12 yr
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52.         An important consideration for the school nurse who is planning a class on bicycle safety is: a. Most bicycle injuries involve collision with an automobile. b. Head injuries are the major causes of bicycle-related fatalities. c. Children should wear bicycle helmets if they ride on paved streets. d. Children should not ride double unless the bicycle has an extra-large seat.
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B.
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D.
53.  Potty training when?
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54.  At  m     most infants sit steadily unsupported? a. 4 months c. 8 months b. 6 months d. 10 months
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55.  Kohlbergsearches moral code to live by.
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56.  Freud 6-12 yr
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57.  Piaget: Sensorimotor has 6 sub stages. 4 in infancy, 2 in toddler.Class notes: -more deliberate acts to elicit a reaction- repetitive.- recognition of an orderly sequence (recongize smells, sounds, objects)- cry ceases when they hear a voice before feedingMore: this stage focuses replacing reflexive behavior with voluntary acts. they begin to recognize the stimulus that produced a response. they associate the nipple with the sound of a parents voice.  they will cry b/c they are hungry but will stop crying when they hear the voice, BEFORE receiving the nippple.  what it taking place is a realization of causality and recognition of an orderly seq of events. the environment is taken in with all the senses and with whatever motor ability is present. 
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58.  Kids learn from bad or right or wrong. this is a preconventional method of which theorist?
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59.  Morbidity
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B.
60.  Reverse car seat until when?
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61.  Can get physiologic anorexia
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62.  Kids fear they will go to hell for misbehavior when? think prayers will be answered. fowler.
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63.  Walk
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64.               What is T      he nurse is caring for a hospitalized 4-year-old boy, Ryan. His parents tell the nurse that they will be back to visit at 6 PM. When Ryan asks the nurse when his parents are coming, the nurse’s best response is: a. “They will be here soon.” b. “They will come after dinner.” c. “Let me show you on the clock when 6 PM is.” d. “I will tell you every time I see you how much longer it will be.”
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D.
65.  Number 1 cause of death for 5 to 9 year olds
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B.
C.
66.  Community nursing. three levels.primary focuses on :
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B.
C.
67.  A mot    mother tells the nurse that she is discontinuing breastfeeding her 5-month-old infant. The nurse should recommend that the infant be given: a. Skim milk. c. Commercial iron-fortified formula. b. Whole cow’s milk. d. Commercial formula without iron.
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B.
C.
D.
68.  According to Piaget, the 6-month-old infant would be in what stage of the sensorimotor phase? a. Use of reflexes c. Secondary circular reactions b. Primary circular reactions d. Coordination of secondary schemata
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B.
C.
D.
69.  Erikson 3-6yr
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70.  Number 1 cause of death for early childhood
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71.  W          whhich predisposes the adolescent to feel an increased need for sleep? a. An inadequate diet b. Rapid physical growth c. Decreased activity that contributes to a feeling of fatigue d. The lack of ambition typical of this age group
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72.  25. The parents of a 4-month-old infant tell the nurse that they are getting a microwave oven and will be able to heat the baby’s formula faster. The nurse should recommend to: a. Never heat a bottle in a microwave oven. b. Heat only 10 ounces or more. c. Always leave bottle top uncovered to allow heat to escape. d. Shake bottle vigorously for at least 30 seconds after heating.
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73.  The crude pincer grasp is apparent at about age
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74.  Piaget: Sensorimotor has 6 sub stages. 4 in infancy, 2 in toddler.Class Notes:maturation begins.-more and prolonged repetition-play becomes more evident-shaking bang, and pulling-object permanence at END of stagemore: grasping and holding now become banging pulling and shaking. shaking is performed to hear a noise not just to shake it. quality and quantity of an act becomes evident. they begin playing and take pleasure in mastering an act. objects are out of sight, out of mind. . 
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75.  Which PIAGET Stage?During this stage, accommodation increases. The child develops an ability to think abstractly and to make rational judgements about concrete or observable phenomena, which in the past he needed to manipulate physically to understand. In teaching this child, giving him the opportunity to ask questions and to explain things back to you allows him to mentally manipulate information
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D.
76.  Which Fowler stage:it is important for this age group to view god as unconditional love. likes to pray and attend church.
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77.  Master symbols
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78.  Kohlberg 12 and older
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79.  Number 1 cause of death for adolescence
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80.  Which erikson stage:start to play sports, feel part of a team. but teasing is at its height and can have lasting impressions.
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81.  Which PIAGET Stage?Applying his new knowledge of language, the child begins to use symbols to represent objects. Early in this stage he also personifies objects. He is now better able to think about things and events that aren't immediately present. Oriented to the present, the child has difficulty conceptualizing time. His thinking is influenced by fantasy -- the way he'd like things to be -- and he assumes that others see situations from his viewpoint. He takes in information and then changes it in his mind to fit his ideas. Teaching must take into account the child's vivid fantasies and undeveloped sense of time. Using neutral words, body outlines and equipment a child can touch gives him an active role in learning.
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D.
82.  Thinks angels come at night. likes to say prayers. attends church. learns from significant others in their enviroment.
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C.
83.  Which erikson stage:we gain more control over our bodies and acquire new skills, learning right from wrong but we are very vulnerable. if we feel shame during potty training, we can have low self esteem. the most significant relationship is with our parents.
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84.  Piaget: sensorimotor has 6 substages. 4 in infancy, 2 in toddler.Class notes: child uses new experimentation to achieve previously unattainable goals. develops thinking through reasoning. put a toy on the chest. child will try diff ways to reach the toy.more info:awareness of causal relationships between two events is apparent. after flipping a light switch, toddlers are aware that a reciprocal response occurs. BUT they do not transfer taht knowledge to new situations. so every time they see what looks like a light switch, they must reinvestigate further. even if they recieve a shock from an electrical outlet, they will still inspect all other outlets, but they will avoid the same outlet that shocked them.
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F.
85.  Freud: conflict arises when a boy relizes his father is stronger than him. kids start to realize there are sex differences in boys/girls/
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C.
86.  The nurse is interviewing the father of 10-month-old Megan. She is playing on the floor when she notices an electrical outlet and reaches up to touch it. Her father says “No” firmly and removes her from near the outlet. The nurse should use this opportunity to teach the father that Megan: a. Is old enough to understand the word “No.” b. Is too young to understand the word “No.” c. Should already know that electrical outlets are dangerous. d. Will learn safety issues better if she is spanked.
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B.
C.
D.
87.  Kohlberg 6 to 12 yr
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88.  . . The     nurse is discussing with a parent group the importance of fluoride for healthy teeth. The nurse should recommend that the parents: a. Use fluoridated mouth rinses in children older than 1 year. b. Have children brush teeth with fluoridated toothpaste unless fluoride content of water supply is adequate. c. Give fluoride supplements to breastfed infants beginning at age 1 month. d. Determine whether water supply is fluoridated.
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B.
C.
D.
89.  Number 1 cause of death for infants
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B.
C.
90.  Piaget: sensorimotor has 6 substages. 4 in infancy, 2 in toddler.copy others actions. uses words like up, down with meaning. starts to put meaning to words such as wait a minute: they will wait. refer to self by name. engages in parallel play.
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91.  Number 1 cause of death for 10 to 14 yo
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92.               What is descriptive of the preschooler’s understanding of time? a. Has no understanding of time b. Associates time with events c. Can tell time on a clock d. Uses terms like “yesterday” appropriately
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D.
93.  Which Kohlberg stage:adopt and internalize moral values of heir parents but may not understand them. learn acceptable behavior. rules are all powerful.
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C.
94.               What is T      he Wh         what describes moral development in younger school-age children? a. The standards of behavior now come from within themselves. b. They do not yet experience a sense of guilt when they misbehave. c. They know the rules and behaviors expected of them but do not understand the reasons behind them. d. They no longer interpret accidents and misfortunes as punishment for misdeeds.
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C.
D.
95.  Mortality
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B.
96.  Erikson 1-3 yr
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97.  Piaget: Sensorimotor has 6 sub stages. 4 in infancy, 2 in toddler.  class notes: use of reflexes. suck-root-  grasp. CRY- FEED- SLEEPmore info: this stage focuses on use of reflexes.  infants individuality and temperment are expressed through the physiologic reflex of sucking, rooting, grasping, and crying.  associate and act and response. cry and they get a bottle.  Cry- Suck- Sleep. they begin to perceive certain patterns or ordering.
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B.
C.
D.
98.  Head control
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B.
C.
99.               According to Erikson, the psychosocial task of adolescence is developing: a. Intimacy. c. Initiative. b. Identity. d. Independence.
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B.
C.
D.
100.  Th     e most common cause of death in the adolescent age-group involves: a. Drownings. c. Drug overdoses. b. Firearms. d. Motor vehicles.    
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B.
C.
D.
101.  Erikson birth to 1 yr
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B.
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102.  Piaget toddlerhood.which stage do they go from totally egocentric thought to social awareness and the ability to consider otehr viewpoints?
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B.
C.
103.  Piaget: Sensorimotor has 6 sub stages. 4 in infancy, 2 in toddler.  class notes:adding new intellectual skills learned previously- a transitional stage-marks the begiining of intellectual skills-more aware of environment and anticipates events--COMPETION of object permanencemore:they begin intellectual reasoning. associate symbols with meaning :"bye-bye" --> daddy goes to work, for example.explores surroundings.
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B.
C.
D.
104.                 RN is doing a routine assessment on a 14-month-old infant and notes that the anterior fontanel is closed. This should be interpreted as: a. A normal finding. b. A questionable finding—infant should be rechecked in 1 month. c. An abnormal finding—indicates need for immediate referral to practitioner. d. An abnormal finding—indicates need for developmental assessment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  Which PIAGET Stage?During this stage, the child learns about himself and his environment through motor and reflex actions. Thought derives from sensation and movement. The child learns that he is separate from his environment and that aspects of his environment -- his parents or favorite toy -- continue to exist even though they may be outside the reach of his senses. Teaching for a child in this stage should be geared to the sensorimotor system. You can modify behavior by using the senses: a frown, a stern or soothing voice -- all serve as appropriate techniques
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D.
106.  By what age does the posterior fontanel usually close?
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C.
107.  Fowler age 12-18 yr
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108.  Stand
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109.  2. The     3. A      parent of an 18-month-old boy tells the nurse that he says “no” to everything and has rapid mood swings. If he is scolded, he shows anger and then immediately wants to be held. The nurse’s best interpretation of this behavior is that: a. This is normal behavior for his age. b. This is unusual behavior for his age. c. He is not effectively coping with stress. d. He is showing he needs more attention.
A.
B.
C.
D.
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