Community Health Nursing - Prep For Exam 1

32 Questions  I  By RBear3 on February 4, 2011
Exam 1 preparation

  

Question Excerpt

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1.  This has frequently been described as the synthesis of public health and nursing practice.
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2.  Freeman defined this as, "...professional practice in nursing and in public health in which technical nursing, interpersonal, analytical, and organizational skills are applied to problems of health as they affect the community.  These skills are applied in concert with those of other persons engaged in health care, through comprehensive nursing care of families and other groups through care of families and other groups through measures for evaluation or control of threats to health, for health education of the public, and for mobilization of the public for health action"
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3.  This type of nursing directs care to individuals, families, or groups; this care contributes to the health of the total population.
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4.  The ANA defines this as "the synthesis of nursing practice and public health practice applied to promoting and preserving the health of populations.
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5.  This has more recently been defined as, "the practice of promoting and protecting the health of populations using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences."
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6.  This has been defined as "population -focused, with the goals of promoting health and preventing disease and disability for all people through the creation of conditions in which people can be healthy."
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7.  Screening for STDs is an example of ___.
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8.  Immunization and water purification are examples of ___.
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9.  Encouraging regular exercise is an example of ___.
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10.  Promotion of good nutrition and provision of adequate shelter are examples of ___.
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11.  Teaching how to perform self insulin injections and leading a support group for grieving family members are examples of ___.
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12.  Mammography and blood pressure screening are examples of ___.
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13.  Occupational and physical therapy  for a patient with a spinal cord injury are examples of ___.
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14.  Scoliosis screening and pap smears are examples of ___.
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15.  Educating students on sexual abstinence or safe sex practices are examples of ___.
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16.  HIV testing for high risk clients is an example of ___.
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17.  There is convincing evidence that that indicates that the amount of money spent for health care improves the health of a population.
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18.  There is convincing evidence that that indicates that the amount of money spent for health care improves the health of a population.
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19.  Diseases that are not always present in a population but flare up on occasion (diptheria, measles)
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20.  Diseases that are always present in a population (colds, pneumonia)
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21.  The existence of diseases in a large proportion of the population; a global epidemic (HIV, AIDS, annual outbreaks of influenza type A)
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22.  Organized a census in Boston that outlined mortality rates and recommended modern public health reforms that included keeping vital statistics.  He called for well-baby, well-child, mental health care, vaccinations, and health education.
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23.  Called attention to the consequences of unsanitary conditions that resulted in health disparities in large industrial cities.  Compared the shorter lives of laborers to the longer lives of tradesmen and upper classes.
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24.  An English physician who slowed the spread of cholera in 1854 by removing the Broad Street water pump handle.
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25.  Worked with cow pox and small pox to create a vaccine.
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26.  Worked with cow pox and small pox to create a vaccine.
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27.  "The House on Henry Street" was created in New York City in 1893 by Mary Brewster and ____ ____ and played an important role in establishing public health nursing in the United States.
28.  In 1902, Lillian Wald convinced the Commissioner of Health to allow a nurse (on loan from Henry Street) to work in a school.  The experiment was successful and schools adopted nursing on a widespread basis.  School nurses performed physical assessments, treated minor infections,
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29.  In 1997, about two thirds of active physicians in the United States were primary care physicians.
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30.  Trying to address the root causes of poor health is known as thinking _____.
31.  Downstream endevors are characterized by short-term, individual-based interventions and take place in settings such as the E.R., critical care units, adn other healthcare settings focussed on illness care.
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32.  Downstream thinking focusses on modifying economic, political, and environmental factors that are precursors to poor health.
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