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There is very little control over the bureaucracy because agencies make regulations that have the force of the law.
The executive branch controls the bureaucracy bt appointing all federal employees.
Congress controls the bureaucracy because it has the power to fire agency heads after the oversight hearings and for cause.
The judicial branch controls the bureaucracy by reviewing regulations to make sure they are constitutional before they go into effect.
Both congress and the executive branch have controls over the bureaucracy.
It has become more political because more government jobs have been created and are filled through patronage.
It is based now solely on merit; all federal government employees must take civil service exam.
It is a combination of merit and political appointment with most jobs in the bureaucracy based on an exam or specific job qualifications
Prospective employees take a civil service exam, and the person with the best score who is also a member of the president's political party is awarded the position.
There is no set procedure for filling jobs in the bureaucracy; each agency has its own rules.
Standard operating procedures
Abuse of power
Complexity and red tape
It is too political, and bureaucrats are often terminated for expressing their political beliefs.
Although bureaucrats must be given written warnings before they are terminated, there in nont enough time given for them to improve their performance.
It is too difficult to fire bureaucrats because the process is elaborate and time-consuming.
Many good people do not enter the bureaucracy because most federal bureaucrats are fired when a new president takes office.
The process for terminating an employee differs from agency to agency, making the firing process too inconsistent.
Women and minorities mirror the population as a whole at all levels of the bureaucracy.
There are more women and minorities in congress than in the bureaucracy.
There are more women in the bureaucracy than in the rest of the government, but there are fewer minorities than in the population as a whole.
There are more women and minorities in the bureaucracy, but they are clustered in lower level jobs.
The bureaucracy is overwhelmingly white and male.
It gives the agency allies in Congress, as well as in the private sector.
It allows federal agencies to recieve funding directly from interest groups.
It provides agency heads with access to the media, so they can publicize their programs.
It gives the federal agency a direct link to the White House staff.
It preventss Congress from using oversight hearings as a means of cutting agency budget.
I and II
I, II, and III
I, III, and IV
II, III, and IV
I and III
Cinflict among agencies
Conflict and lack of coordination among agencies
When people have personal dealings with bureaucrats, they generally have positive experiences, although they have a less favorable attitude about the government as a whole.
When people have personal dealings with the bureaucrats, they generally have negative experiences, although they a more favorable attitude about the government as a whole.
People have negative experiences with individual bureaucrats and feel negatively about the goverernment as a whole.
People have positive experiences with individual bureaucrats and feel positively about the goverernment as a whole
People believe that bureaucrats try to be helpful, but they believe that the bureaucracy is too small to provide services effectively.