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Chemistry Chapter 8 Review: Ionic Compounds

17 Questions
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Study Guide EXCLUDING THE IONIC COMPOUND FORMULA UNITS!!!!!

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Check all that apply. *Hint: There are 10 correct answers.* Properties of Ionic Compounds 1. Very Strong or 2. Very Weak 3. Brittle or 4. Durable 5. Easy to Break or 6. Hard to Break 7.  Low Melting Point or 8. High Melting Point 9. Conductor of Electricity IN Water or 10. Conductor of Electricity OUT of Water 11. The Strongest Possible Chemical Bonds or 12. The Weakest Possible Chemical Bonds 13. Not Common or 14. Very Common 15. Gases at Room Temperature or 16. Hard Solids at Room Temperature 17. Easy to Melt or 18. Difficult to Melt 19.  Freely Move Around or 20. Stay in Place
    • A. 

      1. Very Strong

    • B. 

      2. Very Weak

    • C. 

      3. Brittle

    • D. 

      4. Durable

    • E. 

      5. Easy to Break

    • F. 

      6. Hard to Break

    • G. 

      7. Low Melting Point

    • H. 

      8. High Melting Point

    • I. 

      9. Conductor of Electricity IN Water

    • J. 

      10. Conductor of Electricity OUT of Water

    • K. 

      11. The Strongest Possible Chemical Bonds

    • L. 

      12. The Weakest Possible Chemical Bonds

    • M. 

      13. Not Common

    • N. 

      14. Very Common

    • O. 

      15. Gases at Room Temperature

    • P. 

      16. Hard Solids at Room Temperature

    • Q. 

      17. Easy to Melt

    • R. 

      18. Difficult to Melt

    • S. 

      19. Freely Move Around

    • T. 

      20. Stay in Place

  • 2. 
    Opposites Attract.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Fill in the Blanks: When ionic compounds _____ or _____  water, their _________ structure ________.
    • A. 

      Melt, Mix with, Three-Dimensional, Grows

    • B. 

      Freeze, Dissolve in, Two-Dimensional, Breaks Apart

    • C. 

      Freeze, Mix with, Two-Dimensional, Grows

    • D. 

      Melt, Dissolve, Three-Dimensional, Breaks Apart

  • 4. 
    Contains ONLY TWO elements. Can contain more than one ion of each element, but never more than two seperate elements. A _________ Compound.
  • 5. 
    To name a binary ionic compound:
    • A. 

      First write the name of the positively charged ion (Usually a Metal), and add -ide. Then, write the name of the negatively charged ion (Usually a Nonmetal).

    • B. 

      First write the name of the positively charged ion (Usually a Metal). Then, write the name of then negatively charged ion (Usually a Nonmetal), and add -ide.

    • C. 

      First write the name of the negatively charged ion (Usually a Nonmetal). Then, write the name of the positively charged ion (Usually a Metal), and add -ide.

    • D. 

      First write the name of the negatively charged ion (Usually a Nonmetal), and add -ide. Then, write the name of the positively charged ion (Usually a Metal).

  • 6. 
    Formula Units SHOULD have a charge.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    The charge on the ion.
    • A. 

      Oxidation Number

    • B. 

      Polyatomic Number

    • C. 

      Atomic Number

    • D. 

      Ionic Number

  • 8. 
    Ion that contains 2 or more different elements. A ___________ ion.
  • 9. 
    ROMAN NUMERALSSSSS! 
    • A. V
    • A.
    • B. X
    • B.
    • C. I
    • C.
    • D. VII
    • D.
    • E. III
    • E.
    • F. VI
    • F.
    • G. IV
    • G.
    • H. VIII
    • H.
    • I. IX
    • I.
    • J. II
    • J.
  • 10. 
    Some d-series and f-series elements have positive charges, and some have negative charges.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    A positive ion, is formed when an atom loses one or more electrons.
  • 12. 
    A negative ion, is formed when an atom gains one or more electrons.
  • 13. 
    A compound in which there is a specific ratio of water to ionic compound.
  • 14. 
    Anhydrous is:
    • A. 

      A compound in which water has been added.

    • B. 

      A compound in which a valence electron has been added.

    • C. 

      A compound in which all of the water has been removed.

    • D. 

      A compound in which a valence electron has been removed.

  • 15. 
    Electrons that move and float around.
    • A. 

      Valence Electrons

    • B. 

      Localized Electrons

    • C. 

      Dehydrous Electrons

    • D. 

      Delocalized Electrons

  • 16. 
    Match the prefixes we use to name hydrates:
    • A. 9
    • A.
    • B. 5
    • B.
    • C. 1
    • C.
    • D. 10
    • D.
    • E. 7
    • E.
    • F. 4
    • F.
    • G. 3
    • G.
    • H. 6
    • H.
    • I. 8
    • I.
    • J. 2
    • J.
  • 17. 
    Allotropes are the only things we can use prefixes (mono, hepta, tri, etc.) with.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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