Chapters 14-16

42 Questions  I  By Blinkblink
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  • 1. 
    Earth is thought to have formed about 4.6 billion years ago.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 2. 
    The conditions on primitive Earth were very suitable for life.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 3. 
    Geological events on Earth set up conditions that would play a major role in the evolution of life on Earth.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 4. 
    By the end of the Mesozoic, the continents took on their modern shape.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 5. 
    The first organisms appeared on land between 3.9 and 3.4 billion years ago.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 6. 
    A footprint, trail, or burrow, providing evidence of animal activity
    • A. 

      Petrified fossil

    • B. 

      Imprint

    • C. 

      Trace fossil

    • D. 

      Cast

    • E. 

      Amber-preserved

    • F. 

      Fossil

    • G. 

      Mold


  • 7. 
    A fossil embedded in tree sap, valuable because the organism is preserved intact
    • A. 

      Petrified fossil

    • B. 

      Imprint

    • C. 

      Trace fossil

    • D. 

      Cast

    • E. 

      Amber-preserved

    • F. 

      Fossil

    • G. 

      Mold


  • 8. 
    An exact stone copy of an original organism, the hard parts of which have been penetrated and replaced by minerals
    • A. 

      Petrified fossil

    • B. 

      Imprint

    • C. 

      Trace fossil

    • D. 

      Cast

    • E. 

      Amber-preserved

    • F. 

      Fossil

    • G. 

      Mold


  • 9. 
    Any evidence of an organism that lived long ago
    • A. 

      Petrified fossil

    • B. 

      Imprint

    • C. 

      Trace fossil

    • D. 

      Cast

    • E. 

      Amber-preserved

    • F. 

      Fossil

    • G. 

      Mold


  • 10. 
    The fossil of a thin object, such as a leaf or feather, that falls into sediments and leaves an outline when the sediments hardened
    • A. 

      Petrified

    • B. 

      Imprint

    • C. 

      Trace fossil

    • D. 

      Cast

    • E. 

      Amber-preserved

    • F. 

      Fossil

    • G. 

      Mold


  • 11. 
    An empty space left in rock, showing the exact shape of the organism that was buried and decayed there
    • A. 

      Petrified fossil

    • B. 

      Imprint

    • C. 

      Trace fossil

    • D. 

      Cast

    • E. 

      Amber-preserved

    • F. 

      Fossil

    • G. 

      Mold


  • 12. 
    An object formed when a mold is filled in by minerals from the surrounding rock
    • A. 

      Petrified fossil

    • B. 

      Imprint

    • C. 

      Trace fossil

    • D. 

      Cast

    • E. 

      Amber-preserved

    • F. 

      Fossil

    • G. 

      Mold


  • 13. 
    What do the following sentences explain?In undisturbed rock and fossil layers, the rock on the surface layers must be younger than the deeper layers. Younger ones form on top of the older ones.
    • A. 

      Radiometric dating

    • B. 

      Relative dating

    • C. 

      Carbon fixation

    • D. 

      Spontaneous generation


  • 14. 
    What dating technique is often used by paleontologists to determine the specific age of a fossil?
    • A. 

      Radiometric dating

    • B. 

      Relative dating

    • C. 

      Radioactive dating

    • D. 

      Spontaneous generation


  • 15. 
    Early scientists believed that life arose from __________  _________ through a process they called ______________ ________.

  • 16. 
    In 1668, the Italian physician Francesco Redi conducted an experiment with flies that disproved the idea of spontaneous generation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 17. 
    What was the name of the man who disproved the hypothesis of spontaneous generation once and for all by setting up an experiment, using flasks with unique S-shaped necks?
    • A. 

      Alexander Oparin

    • B. 

      Francesco Redi

    • C. 

      Charles Darwin

    • D. 

      Louis Pasteur


  • 18. 
    Louis Pasteur hypothesized that many chemical reactions occurring in the atmosphere resulted in the formation of a primordial soup.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 19. 
    What is an autotroph?
    • A. 

      An organism that can make their own food

    • B. 

      Organisms that work together to make food

    • C. 

      An organism that can not make their own food

    • D. 

      Organisms that do not eat food


  • 20. 
    In what year was the Stanley Miller Experiment conducted?
    • A. 

      1953

    • B. 

      1924

    • C. 

      1942


  • 21. 
    Who proposed the Endosymbiont Theory in the 1960s?
    • A. 

      Charles Darwin

    • B. 

      Louis Pasteur

    • C. 

      Alexander Oparin

    • D. 

      Lynn Margulis


  • 22. 
    What theory did Redi and Pasteur prove?
    • A. 

      Biogenesis

    • B. 

      Spontaneous generation

    • C. 

      Natural selection


  • 23. 
    H.M.S. Beagle, upon which Charles Darwin served as naturalist, set sail on a collecting and mapping expedition in 1831.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 24. 
    The environments that Darwin studied exhibited little biological diversity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 25. 
    By careful anatomical study, Darwin found that the many species of plants and animals on the Galapagos Islands were unique and bore no relation to species seen in other parts of the world.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 26. 
    The tortoises of the Galapagos Islands are among the largest on Earth.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 27. 
    After returning to England, Darwin studied his collections for 10 years.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 28. 
    Darwin named the process by which evolution proceeds artificial selection.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 29. 
    Female finches found on the Galapagos Islands lay enormous numbers of eggs.
    • A. 

      Overproduction of Offspring

    • B. 

      Struggle for Existence

    • C. 

      Natural Selection

    • D. 

      Variation


  • 30. 
    These finches compete for a particular species of insect that inhabits the small holes found in tree bark.
    • A. 

      Overproduction of Offspring

    • B. 

      Natural Selection

    • C. 

      Struggle for Existence

    • D. 

      Variation


  • 31. 
    Some finches' beaks are long, some are short. The finches with long beaks are better adapted to remove the insects from the bark.
    • A. 

      Overproduction of Offspring

    • B. 

      Natural Selection

    • C. 

      Struggle for Existence

    • D. 

      Variation


  • 32. 
    The finches with the long beaks survive and produce greater numbers of offspring with long beaks.
    • A. 

      Overproduction of Offspring

    • B. 

      Natural Selection

    • C. 

      Struggle for Existence

    • D. 

      Variation


  • 33. 
    Enable(s) an organism to blend in with its surroundings.
    • A. 

      Mimicry

    • B. 

      Camouflage

    • C. 

      Both


  • 34. 
    Provide(s) protection for an organism by copying the appearance of another species
    • A. 

      Mimicry

    • B. 

      Camouflage

    • C. 

      Both


  • 35. 
    The coloration of a flounder that allows the fish to avoid predators
    • A. 

      Mimicry

    • B. 

      Camouflage

    • C. 

      Both


  • 36. 
    Involve(s) changes to the external appearance of an organism
    • A. 

      Mimicry

    • B. 

      Camouflage

    • C. 

      Both


  • 37. 
    A flower that looks like a female bee
    • A. 

      Mimicry

    • B. 

      Camouflage

    • C. 

      Both


  • 38. 
    Check the kind of evidence described.Homologous structure
    • A. 

      A modified structure seen among different groups of descendants

    • B. 

      In the earliest stages of development, a tail and pharyngeal pouches can be seen in fish, birds, and mammals

    • C. 

      Exemplified by forelimbs of bats, penguins, lizards, and monkeys

    • D. 

      Eyes in a blind fish

    • E. 

      DNA and RNA comparisons may lead to evolutionary trees

    • F. 

      Bird and butterfly wings have same function but different structure

    • G. 

      A body structure reduced in original function but may have been used in an ancestory


  • 39. 
    Check the kind of evidence described.Analogous structure
    • A. 

      A modified structure seen among different groups of descendants

    • B. 

      In the earliest stages of development, a tail and pharyngeal pouches can be seen in fish, birds, rabbits, and mammals

    • C. 

      Exemplified by forelimbs of bats, penguins, lizards, and monkeys

    • D. 

      Eyes in a blind fish

    • E. 

      DNA and RNA comparison may lead to evolutionary trees

    • F. 

      Bird and butterfly wings have same function but different structures

    • G. 

      A body structure reduced in original function but may have been used in an ancestor


  • 40. 
    Check the kind of evidence described.Vestigial structure
    • A. 

      A modified structure seen among different groups of descendants

    • B. 

      In the earliest stages of development, a tail and pharyngeal pouches can be seen in fish, birds, rabbits, and mammals

    • C. 

      Exemplified by forelimbs of bats, penguins, lizards, and monkeys

    • D. 

      Eyes in a blind fish

    • E. 

      DNA and RNA comparisons may lead to evolutionary trees

    • F. 

      Birds and butterfly wings have same function but different structures

    • G. 

      A body structure reduced in original function but may have been used in an ancestor


  • 41. 
    Check the kind of evidence described.Embryological Development
    • A. 

      A modified structure seen among different groups of descendants

    • B. 

      In the earliest stages of development, a tail and pharyngeal pouches can be seen in fish, birds, rabbits, and mammals

    • C. 

      Exemplified by forelimbs of bats, penguins, lizards, and monkeys

    • D. 

      Eyes in a blind fish

    • E. 

      DNA and RNA comparisons may lead to evolutionary trees

    • F. 

      Bird and butterfly wings have same function but different structures

    • G. 

      A body structure reduced in original function but may have been used in an ancestor


  • 42. 
    Check the kind of evidence described.Genetic comparisons
    • A. 

      A modified structure seen among different groups of descendants

    • B. 

      In the earliest stages of development, a tail and pharyngeal pouches can be seen in fish, birds, rabbits, and mammals

    • C. 

      Exemplified by forelimbs of bats, penguins, lizards, and monkeys

    • D. 

      Eyes in a blind fish

    • E. 

      DNA and RNA comparisons may lead to evolutionary trees

    • F. 

      Bird and butterfly wings have same function but different structures

    • G. 

      A body structure reduced in original function but may have been used in an ancestor


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