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Chapters 14-16

42 Questions  I  By Blinkblink
Chapters 14-16

  
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1.  Earth is thought to have formed about 4.6 billion years ago.
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B.
2.  By careful anatomical study, Darwin found that the many species of plants and animals on the Galapagos Islands were unique and bore no relation to species seen in other parts of the world.
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B.
3.  The coloration of a flounder that allows the fish to avoid predators
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B.
C.
4.  Who proposed the Endosymbiont Theory in the 1960s?
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D.
5.  Some finches' beaks are long, some are short. The finches with long beaks are better adapted to remove the insects from the bark.
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6.  These finches compete for a particular species of insect that inhabits the small holes found in tree bark.
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7.  Check the kind of evidence described.Genetic comparisons
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8.  The finches with the long beaks survive and produce greater numbers of offspring with long beaks.
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9.  What theory did Redi and Pasteur prove?
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B.
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10.  A flower that looks like a female bee
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B.
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11.  Any evidence of an organism that lived long ago
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12.  An exact stone copy of an original organism, the hard parts of which have been penetrated and replaced by minerals
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13.  In what year was the Stanley Miller Experiment conducted?
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14.  H.M.S. Beagle, upon which Charles Darwin served as naturalist, set sail on a collecting and mapping expedition in 1831.
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B.
15.  Louis Pasteur hypothesized that many chemical reactions occurring in the atmosphere resulted in the formation of a primordial soup.
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B.
16.  After returning to England, Darwin studied his collections for 10 years.
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B.
17.  Geological events on Earth set up conditions that would play a major role in the evolution of life on Earth.
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B.
18.  The conditions on primitive Earth were very suitable for life.
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B.
19.  Early scientists believed that life arose from __________  _________ through a process they called ______________ ________.
20.  Check the kind of evidence described.Homologous structure
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21.  The fossil of a thin object, such as a leaf or feather, that falls into sediments and leaves an outline when the sediments hardened
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22.  In 1668, the Italian physician Francesco Redi conducted an experiment with flies that disproved the idea of spontaneous generation.
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B.
23.  What was the name of the man who disproved the hypothesis of spontaneous generation once and for all by setting up an experiment, using flasks with unique S-shaped necks?
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24.  Check the kind of evidence described.Analogous structure
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25.  Involve(s) changes to the external appearance of an organism
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26.  The tortoises of the Galapagos Islands are among the largest on Earth.
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B.
27.  Enable(s) an organism to blend in with its surroundings.
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B.
C.
28.  An empty space left in rock, showing the exact shape of the organism that was buried and decayed there
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29.  Check the kind of evidence described.Vestigial structure
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30.  What do the following sentences explain?In undisturbed rock and fossil layers, the rock on the surface layers must be younger than the deeper layers. Younger ones form on top of the older ones.
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31.  A fossil embedded in tree sap, valuable because the organism is preserved intact
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32.  Darwin named the process by which evolution proceeds artificial selection.
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33.  The environments that Darwin studied exhibited little biological diversity.
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B.
34.  Provide(s) protection for an organism by copying the appearance of another species
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C.
35.  By the end of the Mesozoic, the continents took on their modern shape.
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36.  What is an autotroph?
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37.  The first organisms appeared on land between 3.9 and 3.4 billion years ago.
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38.  A footprint, trail, or burrow, providing evidence of animal activity
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39.  Check the kind of evidence described.Embryological Development
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40.  Female finches found on the Galapagos Islands lay enormous numbers of eggs.
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D.
41.  What dating technique is often used by paleontologists to determine the specific age of a fossil?
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D.
42.  An object formed when a mold is filled in by minerals from the surrounding rock
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