Chapter-11- The Jacksonian Impulse

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Chapter-11- The Jacksonian Impulse
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  • 1. 
    The vice president during Andrew Jackson's first term as president was
    • A. 

      Martin Van Buren

    • B. 

      Henry Clay

    • C. 

      Nicholas Biddle

    • D. 

      John C. Calhoun


  • 2. 
    Peggy Eaton was controversial because her background offended
    • A. 

      Martin Van Buren

    • B. 

      John C. Calhoun's wife

    • C. 

      Former president John Quincy Adams

    • D. 

      Conservative congressman from New England


  • 3. 
    Jackson's veto of the Maysville Road Bill
    • A. 

      Struck at both Calhoun and Clay

    • B. 

      Proved his opposition to internal improvements

    • C. 

      Indicated his support for the idea of nullification

    • D. 

      Grew directly out of his Indian policy


  • 4. 
    John C. Calhoun proposed his theory of nullification in reaction to
    • A. 

      Enactment of a new tariff

    • B. 

      Extension of the Bank of the United States

    • C. 

      Attempts to end slavery in the territories

    • D. 

      Jackson's veto of the Maysville Road Bill


  • 5. 
    John C. Calhoun's theory of nullification provided
    • A. 

      Encouragement for secession from the Union

    • B. 

      That the United States Supreme Court could overrule a state's nullification

    • C. 

      For nullification only by a specially elected state convention

    • D. 

      A satisfactory compromise between his views and the position of Jackson


  • 6. 
    In the Webster-Hayne debate, Robert Y. Hayne
    • A. 

      Viewed the Union as a compact of states

    • B. 

      Supported a policy of using public land sales to raise revenue

    • C. 

      Denounced the Bank of the United States

    • D. 

      Sought an alliance between New England and the West


  • 7. 
    At the Jefferson Day Dinner in 1830, Andrew Jackson offered as a toast,
    • A. 

      "The Union, next to our liberty most dear!"

    • B. 

      "Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable

    • C. 

      "Consolidation!- That perpetual cry, both of terror and delusion-consolidation!"

    • D. 

      "Our Union-It must be preserved!"


  • 8. 
    As a result of Henry Clay's compromise in 1833,
    • A. 

      Congress reduced the tariff

    • B. 

      South Carolina rescinded its nullification of the tariff

    • C. 

      Congress authorized the president to use force to gain compliance with the law in South Carolina

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 9. 
    Indian removal in the South was more difficult than in the Midwest because
    • A. 

      Southerners were racists

    • B. 

      Jackson preferred to leave the Indians in Florida

    • C. 

      White settlements had surrounded the Indians

    • D. 

      Black slaves wanted to keep the Indians nearby as potential allies


  • 10. 
    Jackson helped to bring an early end to the Bank of the United States by
    • A. 

      Suing the bank in federal court

    • B. 

      Beginning to deposit government funds in state banks rather than the Bank of the United States

    • C. 

      Getting Congress to pass an act killing the bank

    • D. 

      Persuading the English to withdraw their funds from the bank


  • 11. 
    The Whigs
    • A. 

      Got their name from their strong support for President Andrew Jackson

    • B. 

      Were organized around supporters of John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, and Daniel Webster

    • C. 

      Generally opposed rechartering the National Bank in 1832

    • D. 

      Were opposed to the wealthy slaveowner planters in the South


  • 12. 
    Causes of the Panic of 1837 included
    • A. 

      A financial depression in England

    • B. 

      Van Buren's election in 1836

    • C. 

      The policies of the Bank of the United States

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 13. 
    To keep the government financially sound after the Panic of 1837, Van Buren proposed
    • A. 

      Reviving the Bank of the United States

    • B. 

      Government aid to state banks

    • C. 

      An Independent Treasury

    • D. 

      A higher tariff and an increase in the money supply


  • 14. 
    The Whig coalition included
    • A. 

      Masons

    • B. 

      Supporters of John C. Calhoun and Daniel Webster

    • C. 

      Advocates of a national bank

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 15. 
    The "Log Cabin and Hard Cider" campaign was in support of
    • A. 

      Martin Van Buren

    • B. 

      Andrew Jackson

    • C. 

      Henry Clay

    • D. 

      William Henry Harrison


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