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Chapter 9 Food: Getting It, Growing It, Eating It, And Passing IT Around

46 Questions
Food Quizzes & Trivia

The questions in this quiz are not of my creation. They are solely used as study material.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A society's techniques for acquiring food resources is/are its:
    • A. 

      Shopping habits

    • B. 

      Economy

    • C. 

      Subsistence pattern

    • D. 

      Market system

  • 2. 
    Humans probably began meat-eating as:
    • A. 

      Scavengers

    • B. 

      Big game hunters

    • C. 

      Herders

    • D. 

      Fishermen

  • 3. 
    Big game hunting probably became important:
    • A. 

      On the savannas of Africa

    • B. 

      In the tropical forests

    • C. 

      In glacial areas during the Pleistocene

    • D. 

      Only in recent times after the advent of farming

  • 4. 
    For most hunter-gatherer societies, most of the diet comes from:
    • A. 

      Hunted meat

    • B. 

      Gathered plants

    • C. 

      Domesticated food sources

    • D. 

      Fish and small game

  • 5. 
     Anthropologist formerly emphasized hunting among hunter-gatherers for all the following reasons EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      It was the major source of food

    • B. 

      Hunting was seen as the more exciting and romantic endeavor

    • C. 

      Hunter-gatherers themselves placed a social emphasis on hunting

    • D. 

      Hunting is a more dangerous, more tenuous activity

  • 6. 
    The farming ideas of the Soviet scientist Lysenko did not work because they were based on:
    • A. 

      Religious belief

    • B. 

      Marxist-Leninist social theory

    • C. 

      Lamarckian ideas about evolution

    • D. 

      Mendelian genetics

  • 7. 
    Foraging is a synonym for:
    • A. 

      Hunting-gathering

    • B. 

      Horticulture

    • C. 

      Agriculture

    • D. 

      Pastoralism

  • 8. 
    Which is most accurate regarding foraging societies in the world today?
    • A. 

      There are about 30,000 foragers left

    • B. 

      There are millions of people who still rely on foraged food

    • C. 

      There are no societies left that are true foragers

    • D. 

      Foragers are isolated so we don't know how many are left

  • 9. 
     Why have anthropologists traditionally focused so much on the study of foraging groups?
    • A. 

      They are simple societies and so easy to study

    • B. 

      All humans were foragers for over 90% of human history

    • C. 

      They are exotic and interesting

    • D. 

      They are technologically simple and don't complain about being photographed

  • 10. 
    Foraging societies are egalitarian.  This means that:
    • A. 

      There are no important differences among the people

    • B. 

      People are equal in wealth although not in status

    • C. 

      People are equal in status although not in wealth

    • D. 

      There are no recognized, formalized status or wealth differences

  • 11. 
    Which is the most accurate statement about foraging societies?
    • A. 

      They are usually on the brink of starvation

    • B. 

      They have to try hard to increase their birth rate to maintain their population

    • C. 

      They have to practice methods to limit their birth rate

    • D. 

      They are now extinct because they could not produce enough food

  • 12. 
    Which of the following characteristics is NOT typical of foraging societies?
    • A. 

      Egalitarian

    • B. 

      Polytheistic

    • C. 

      Nomadic

    • D. 

      Individual land holdings

  • 13. 
    The division of labor typical among foragers is that:
    • A. 

      Individual jobs are done by individual specialists

    • B. 

      Men hunt and women gather

    • C. 

      Pretty much everyone does every important task

    • D. 

      The lower classes do most of the manual labor

  • 14. 
    The egalitarian San from the Kalahari of southern Africa have one symbol of differential status.  It is that:
    • A. 

      Good hunters get more meat from the kill

    • B. 

      Women who gather more plants have more power

    • C. 

      Successful healers sometimes have more than one wife

    • D. 

      Larger individual groups have the right to a larger territory

  • 15. 
     For the San, "insulting the meat" is a means of:
    • A. 

      Maintaining their egalitarian outlook

    • B. 

      Keeping anthropologists from feeling superior

    • C. 

      Keeping less powerful men from achieving higher status

    • D. 

      Showing the spirit of the dead animal the superiority of humans

  • 16. 
     The first evidence of food production comes from about:
    • A. 

      250,000 years ago

    • B. 

      100,000 years ago, with the first modern humans

    • C. 

      12,000 years ago

    • D. 

      Around the beginning of the Christian era

  • 17. 
    Evidence for the transition to food producing is in all the following forms EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Artifacts used in food producing and processing

    • B. 

      Remains of ancient grains

    • C. 

      Ancient paintings of people planting

    • D. 

      Biological differences between wild and domestic plants and animals

  • 18. 
    Intensive foraging refers to:
    • A. 

      The overexploitation of an environment by hunting and gathering

    • B. 

      Large scale farming or herding

    • C. 

      The exploitation of new food sources after the final glacial recession

    • D. 

      Extra energy put into foraging to stave off starvation

  • 19. 
    The exploitation of new food sources available in some areas after the final recession of the Pleistocene glaciers 12,000 years ago is known as:
    • A. 

      Food producing

    • B. 

      Intensive foraging

    • C. 

      Horticulture

    • D. 

      Domestication

  • 20. 
    Archaeologist Kent Flannery suggests that farming probably began:
    • A. 

      In the midst of areas of rich natural resources

    • B. 

      In areas of poor natural resources

    • C. 

      In the tropics

    • D. 

      In poor areas at the margins of rich ones

  • 21. 
    The first animal species to be domesticated was probably:
    • A. 

      Cattle

    • B. 

      Corn

    • C. 

      Reindeer

    • D. 

      Dogs

  • 22. 
    Evidence of the domestic dog goes back to:
    • A. 

      100,000 years ago

    • B. 

      35,000 years ago

    • C. 

      12,000 years ago

    • D. 

      7, 000 years ago

  • 23. 
    Other than the dog, domestic animals begin to appear about:
    • A. 

      35,000 years ago

    • B. 

      10,000 years ago

    • C. 

      5, 000 years ago

    • D. 

      2,000 years ago, around the beginning of the Common Era

  • 24. 
    Which of the following was NOT a New World domesticate?
    • A. 

      Llamas

    • B. 

      Turkeys

    • C. 

      Guinea pigs

    • D. 

      Bison (buffalo)

  • 25. 
     Which is NOT a reason for the lateness of domestication in the New World?
    • A. 

      Humans didn't enter the New World until later

    • B. 

      The early humans in the New World were not as intellectually advanced

    • C. 

      There were fewer domesticable species in the New World

    • D. 

      Important wild food sources were found in great abundance

  • 26. 
    Which of the following was NOT a New World domesticate?
    • A. 

      Maize (corn)

    • B. 

      Wheat

    • C. 

      Beans

    • D. 

      Potatoes

  • 27. 
     In the Old World, which species were the earliest to leave evidence of domestication?
    • A. 

      Sheep, goats, and cattle

    • B. 

      Pigs

    • C. 

      Camels

    • D. 

      Horses

  • 28. 
    Which is NOT evidence of early animal domestication?
    • A. 

      Biological differences between wild and domestic animals

    • B. 

      Detailed written records about selective breeding procedures

    • C. 

      Large numbers of bones of elderly animals found at sites

    • D. 

      Clay tokens used to keep track of trade involving animals

  • 29. 
    • A. 

      35,000

    • B. 

      11,000

    • C. 

      5,000

    • D. 

      2,000

  • 30. 
    The first evidence for plant domestication comes from:
    • A. 

      Southwest Asia

    • B. 

      Asia

    • C. 

      Africa

    • D. 

      Europe

  • 31. 
    Which is NOT evidence of early plant domestication?
    • A. 

      Differences between wild and domestic plants

    • B. 

      Presence of tools used for harvesting and processing

    • C. 

      Pottery and baskets for food storage

    • D. 

      Written records about planting, harvesting, and storage

  • 32. 
    Which is NOT a typical feature of horticulture?
    • A. 

      Human energy source

    • B. 

      Digging sticks

    • C. 

      Hoes

    • D. 

      Plows

  • 33. 
    Which is NOT generally true of horticultural societies?
    • A. 

      Full-time labor specialists

    • B. 

      Polytheism

    • C. 

      Larger populations than foragers

    • D. 

      More sedentary than foragers

  • 34. 
    Agriculture, as opposed to horticulture, is found in:
    • A. 

      Areas of richer natural resources and better climates

    • B. 

      More tropical areas

    • C. 

      Areas that require more advanced farming technologies

    • D. 

      Areas with large populations to support

  • 35. 
    Which is generally NOT true of agricultural societies?
    • A. 

      Use of animal labor and complex tools

    • B. 

      Full-time labor specialists

    • C. 

      Large, sedentary populations

    • D. 

      Lack of social stratification

  • 36. 
    The term "civilization" refers in anthropology to:
    • A. 

      Societies that have ethics and morals

    • B. 

      Societies without warfare and violence

    • C. 

      The presence of cities and their characteristics

    • D. 

      The presence of highly developed forms of art and literature

  • 37. 
    Which of the following is NOT a defining characteristic of civilization?
    • A. 

      Record keeping

    • B. 

      Peaceful coexistence with neighbors

    • C. 

      Metallurgy

    • D. 

      Centralized government

  • 38. 
    • A. 

      Have domesticated animals

    • B. 

      Herd animals as the basis of their subsistence

    • C. 

      Live outside of urban settings

    • D. 

      Are nomadic

  • 39. 
    Which is NOT true of pastoralists?
    • A. 

      Egalitarian with regard to all resources

    • B. 

      Emphasis on animal herds

    • C. 

      Sexual division

    • D. 

      Nomadism or semi-nomadism

  • 40. 
    Many anthropologists distinguish industrial societies from agricultural ones on the basis of:
    • A. 

      Major food source

    • B. 

      Population size

    • C. 

      Use of mechanical sources of energy

    • D. 

      Degree of social stratification

  • 41. 
    The form of goods and services distribution among foragers is:
    • A. 

      General reciprocity

    • B. 

      Balanced reciprocity

    • C. 

      Redistribution

    • D. 

      Market system

  • 42. 
    I helped your family move to a new home, so now that I am moving, I expect your family to help me.  This is an example of:
    • A. 

      General reciprocity

    • B. 

      Balanced reciprocity

    • C. 

      Redistribution

    • D. 

      Market system

  • 43. 
    A market system is distinguished by the presence of:
    • A. 

      Large, open-air stalls for selling products

    • B. 

      Centralized government control

    • C. 

      Money and a profit motive

    • D. 

      International trade networks

  • 44. 
    Which of the following is NOT an example of redistribution?
    • A. 

      The Kwakiutl potlatch

    • B. 

      Our income tax system

    • C. 

      Contributions to charitable organizations

    • D. 

      Meat distribution among the San

  • 45. 
    A society in which socioeconomic strata are stable and unchanging is a _______society.
    • A. 

      Rank

    • B. 

      Class

    • C. 

      Egalitarian

    • D. 

      Caste

  • 46. 
    The Hutterites, with regard to their internal economics, could be considered a ______ society.
    • A. 

      Rank

    • B. 

      Class

    • C. 

      Egalitarian

    • D. 

      Caste