Chapter 9 Food: Getting It, Growing It, Eating It, And Passing IT Around

46 Questions  I  By Demo_student
Please take the quiz to rate it.

Food Quizzes & Trivia
The questions in this quiz are not of my creation. They are solely used as study material.

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Questions and Answers

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
  • 1. 
    A society's techniques for acquiring food resources is/are its:
    • A. 

      Shopping habits

    • B. 

      Economy

    • C. 

      Subsistence pattern

    • D. 

      Market system


  • 2. 
    Humans probably began meat-eating as:
    • A. 

      Scavengers

    • B. 

      Big game hunters

    • C. 

      Herders

    • D. 

      Fishermen


  • 3. 
    Big game hunting probably became important:
    • A. 

      On the savannas of Africa

    • B. 

      In the tropical forests

    • C. 

      In glacial areas during the Pleistocene

    • D. 

      Only in recent times after the advent of farming


  • 4. 
    For most hunter-gatherer societies, most of the diet comes from:
    • A. 

      Hunted meat

    • B. 

      Gathered plants

    • C. 

      Domesticated food sources

    • D. 

      Fish and small game


  • 5. 
     Anthropologist formerly emphasized hunting among hunter-gatherers for all the following reasons EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      It was the major source of food

    • B. 

      Hunting was seen as the more exciting and romantic endeavor

    • C. 

      Hunter-gatherers themselves placed a social emphasis on hunting

    • D. 

      Hunting is a more dangerous, more tenuous activity


  • 6. 
    The farming ideas of the Soviet scientist Lysenko did not work because they were based on:
    • A. 

      Religious belief

    • B. 

      Marxist-Leninist social theory

    • C. 

      Lamarckian ideas about evolution

    • D. 

      Mendelian genetics


  • 7. 
    Foraging is a synonym for:
    • A. 

      Hunting-gathering

    • B. 

      Horticulture

    • C. 

      Agriculture

    • D. 

      Pastoralism


  • 8. 
    Which is most accurate regarding foraging societies in the world today?
    • A. 

      There are about 30,000 foragers left

    • B. 

      There are millions of people who still rely on foraged food

    • C. 

      There are no societies left that are true foragers

    • D. 

      Foragers are isolated so we don't know how many are left


  • 9. 
     Why have anthropologists traditionally focused so much on the study of foraging groups?
    • A. 

      They are simple societies and so easy to study

    • B. 

      All humans were foragers for over 90% of human history

    • C. 

      They are exotic and interesting

    • D. 

      They are technologically simple and don't complain about being photographed


  • 10. 
    Foraging societies are egalitarian.  This means that:
    • A. 

      There are no important differences among the people

    • B. 

      People are equal in wealth although not in status

    • C. 

      People are equal in status although not in wealth

    • D. 

      There are no recognized, formalized status or wealth differences


  • 11. 
    Which is the most accurate statement about foraging societies?
    • A. 

      They are usually on the brink of starvation

    • B. 

      They have to try hard to increase their birth rate to maintain their population

    • C. 

      They have to practice methods to limit their birth rate

    • D. 

      They are now extinct because they could not produce enough food


  • 12. 
    Which of the following characteristics is NOT typical of foraging societies?
    • A. 

      Egalitarian

    • B. 

      Polytheistic

    • C. 

      Nomadic

    • D. 

      Individual land holdings


  • 13. 
    The division of labor typical among foragers is that:
    • A. 

      Individual jobs are done by individual specialists

    • B. 

      Men hunt and women gather

    • C. 

      Pretty much everyone does every important task

    • D. 

      The lower classes do most of the manual labor


  • 14. 
    The egalitarian San from the Kalahari of southern Africa have one symbol of differential status.  It is that:
    • A. 

      Good hunters get more meat from the kill

    • B. 

      Women who gather more plants have more power

    • C. 

      Successful healers sometimes have more than one wife

    • D. 

      Larger individual groups have the right to a larger territory


  • 15. 
     For the San, "insulting the meat" is a means of:
    • A. 

      Maintaining their egalitarian outlook

    • B. 

      Keeping anthropologists from feeling superior

    • C. 

      Keeping less powerful men from achieving higher status

    • D. 

      Showing the spirit of the dead animal the superiority of humans


  • 16. 
     The first evidence of food production comes from about:
    • A. 

      250,000 years ago

    • B. 

      100,000 years ago, with the first modern humans

    • C. 

      12,000 years ago

    • D. 

      Around the beginning of the Christian era


  • 17. 
    Evidence for the transition to food producing is in all the following forms EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Artifacts used in food producing and processing

    • B. 

      Remains of ancient grains

    • C. 

      Ancient paintings of people planting

    • D. 

      Biological differences between wild and domestic plants and animals


  • 18. 
    Intensive foraging refers to:
    • A. 

      The overexploitation of an environment by hunting and gathering

    • B. 

      Large scale farming or herding

    • C. 

      The exploitation of new food sources after the final glacial recession

    • D. 

      Extra energy put into foraging to stave off starvation


  • 19. 
    The exploitation of new food sources available in some areas after the final recession of the Pleistocene glaciers 12,000 years ago is known as:
    • A. 

      Food producing

    • B. 

      Intensive foraging

    • C. 

      Horticulture

    • D. 

      Domestication


  • 20. 
    Archaeologist Kent Flannery suggests that farming probably began:
    • A. 

      In the midst of areas of rich natural resources

    • B. 

      In areas of poor natural resources

    • C. 

      In the tropics

    • D. 

      In poor areas at the margins of rich ones


  • 21. 
    The first animal species to be domesticated was probably:
    • A. 

      Cattle

    • B. 

      Corn

    • C. 

      Reindeer

    • D. 

      Dogs


  • 22. 
    Evidence of the domestic dog goes back to:
    • A. 

      100,000 years ago

    • B. 

      35,000 years ago

    • C. 

      12,000 years ago

    • D. 

      7, 000 years ago


  • 23. 
    Other than the dog, domestic animals begin to appear about:
    • A. 

      35,000 years ago

    • B. 

      10,000 years ago

    • C. 

      5, 000 years ago

    • D. 

      2,000 years ago, around the beginning of the Common Era


  • 24. 
    Which of the following was NOT a New World domesticate?
    • A. 

      Llamas

    • B. 

      Turkeys

    • C. 

      Guinea pigs

    • D. 

      Bison (buffalo)


  • 25. 
     Which is NOT a reason for the lateness of domestication in the New World?
    • A. 

      Humans didn't enter the New World until later

    • B. 

      The early humans in the New World were not as intellectually advanced

    • C. 

      There were fewer domesticable species in the New World

    • D. 

      Important wild food sources were found in great abundance


  • 26. 
    Which of the following was NOT a New World domesticate?
    • A. 

      Maize (corn)

    • B. 

      Wheat

    • C. 

      Beans

    • D. 

      Potatoes


  • 27. 
     In the Old World, which species were the earliest to leave evidence of domestication?
    • A. 

      Sheep, goats, and cattle

    • B. 

      Pigs

    • C. 

      Camels

    • D. 

      Horses


  • 28. 
    Which is NOT evidence of early animal domestication?
    • A. 

      Biological differences between wild and domestic animals

    • B. 

      Detailed written records about selective breeding procedures

    • C. 

      Large numbers of bones of elderly animals found at sites

    • D. 

      Clay tokens used to keep track of trade involving animals


  • 29. 
    The first evidence for plant domestication is ____________ years old.
    • A. 

      35,000

    • B. 

      11,000

    • C. 

      5,000

    • D. 

      2,000


  • 30. 
    The first evidence for plant domestication comes from:
    • A. 

      Southwest Asia

    • B. 

      Asia

    • C. 

      Africa

    • D. 

      Europe


  • 31. 
    Which is NOT evidence of early plant domestication?
    • A. 

      Differences between wild and domestic plants

    • B. 

      Presence of tools used for harvesting and processing

    • C. 

      Pottery and baskets for food storage

    • D. 

      Written records about planting, harvesting, and storage


  • 32. 
    Which is NOT a typical feature of horticulture?
    • A. 

      Human energy source

    • B. 

      Digging sticks

    • C. 

      Hoes

    • D. 

      Plows


  • 33. 
    Which is NOT generally true of horticultural societies?
    • A. 

      Full-time labor specialists

    • B. 

      Polytheism

    • C. 

      Larger populations than foragers

    • D. 

      More sedentary than foragers


  • 34. 
    Agriculture, as opposed to horticulture, is found in:
    • A. 

      Areas of richer natural resources and better climates

    • B. 

      More tropical areas

    • C. 

      Areas that require more advanced farming technologies

    • D. 

      Areas with large populations to support


  • 35. 
    Which is generally NOT true of agricultural societies?
    • A. 

      Use of animal labor and complex tools

    • B. 

      Full-time labor specialists

    • C. 

      Large, sedentary populations

    • D. 

      Lack of social stratification


  • 36. 
    The term "civilization" refers in anthropology to:
    • A. 

      Societies that have ethics and morals

    • B. 

      Societies without warfare and violence

    • C. 

      The presence of cities and their characteristics

    • D. 

      The presence of highly developed forms of art and literature


  • 37. 
    Which of the following is NOT a defining characteristic of civilization?
    • A. 

      Record keeping

    • B. 

      Peaceful coexistence with neighbors

    • C. 

      Metallurgy

    • D. 

      Centralized government


  • 38. 
     Pastoral societies are defined as those that:
    • A. 

      Have domesticated animals

    • B. 

      Herd animals as the basis of their subsistence

    • C. 

      Live outside of urban settings

    • D. 

      Are nomadic


  • 39. 
    Which is NOT true of pastoralists?
    • A. 

      Egalitarian with regard to all resources

    • B. 

      Emphasis on animal herds

    • C. 

      Sexual division

    • D. 

      Nomadism or semi-nomadism


  • 40. 
    Many anthropologists distinguish industrial societies from agricultural ones on the basis of:
    • A. 

      Major food source

    • B. 

      Population size

    • C. 

      Use of mechanical sources of energy

    • D. 

      Degree of social stratification


  • 41. 
    The form of goods and services distribution among foragers is:
    • A. 

      General reciprocity

    • B. 

      Balanced reciprocity

    • C. 

      Redistribution

    • D. 

      Market system


  • 42. 
    I helped your family move to a new home, so now that I am moving, I expect your family to help me.  This is an example of:
    • A. 

      General reciprocity

    • B. 

      Balanced reciprocity

    • C. 

      Redistribution

    • D. 

      Market system


  • 43. 
    A market system is distinguished by the presence of:
    • A. 

      Large, open-air stalls for selling products

    • B. 

      Centralized government control

    • C. 

      Money and a profit motive

    • D. 

      International trade networks


  • 44. 
    Which of the following is NOT an example of redistribution?
    • A. 

      The Kwakiutl potlatch

    • B. 

      Our income tax system

    • C. 

      Contributions to charitable organizations

    • D. 

      Meat distribution among the San


  • 45. 
    A society in which socioeconomic strata are stable and unchanging is a _______society.
    • A. 

      Rank

    • B. 

      Class

    • C. 

      Egalitarian

    • D. 

      Caste


  • 46. 
    The Hutterites, with regard to their internal economics, could be considered a ______ society.
    • A. 

      Rank

    • B. 

      Class

    • C. 

      Egalitarian

    • D. 

      Caste


Back to top

Removing ad is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Take Another Quiz
We have sent an email with your new password.