Chapter 7 Honor Biology Test

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Biology Quizzes & Trivia
Chapter 7 test about different things about cells and things

  
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  • 1. 
    Which sequence correctly traces the path of a protein in the cell
    • A. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum, lysosome,Golgi apparatus

    • B. 

      Mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum, cell membrane

    • C. 

      Ribosome, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, chloroplast

    • D. 

      Rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus , released from the cell


  • 2. 
    The cells of multicellular organisms are
    • A. 

      Not dependent on one another

    • B. 

      Specialized to perform different tasks

    • C. 

      Smaller than those of unicellular organisms

    • D. 

      Simpler than those of unicellular organisms


  • 3. 
    All of the following are examples of cell specialization EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A pancreatic cell that produces protein -digesting enzymes

    • B. 

      A red blood cell that carries oxygen

    • C. 

      A prokaryotic cell that carries out photosynthesis

    • D. 

      Muscle cells that control movement of materials in the body


  • 4. 
    A group of similar cells that perform a particular function is called a (an)
    • A. 

      Organ

    • B. 

      Organ system

    • C. 

      Division of labor

    • D. 

      Tissue


  • 5. 
    Which organelle converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use
    • A. 

      Endoplacmic reticulum

    • B. 

      Mitochondrion

    • C. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • D. 

      Chloroplast


  • 6. 
    Electron microscopes can reveal details
    • A. 

      100 times smaller than those visible in light microscopes

    • B. 

      The same size as those visible in light microscopes

    • C. 

      1000 times smaller that those visible in light microscopes

    • D. 

      100 times larger than those visible in light microscopes


  • 7. 
    Which of the following in NOT found in the nucleus
    • A. 

      Nucleolus

    • B. 

      DNA

    • C. 

      Chromatin

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm


  • 8. 
    Which of the following is an organ of the digestive system
    • A. 

      Muscle cell

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Nerve tissue

    • D. 

      Epithelial tissue


  • 9. 
    The cell membrane contains channels and pumps that help move materials from one side to the other . what are these channels and pumps made of
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Bilipids

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates

    • D. 

      Lipids


  • 10. 
    Diffusion occurs because
    • A. 

      The concentration of a solution is never the same throughout a solution

    • B. 

      Molecules never move of collide with each other

    • C. 

      Molecules constantly move and collide with each other

    • D. 

      The concentration of a solution is always the same throughout a solution


  • 11. 
    Which of the following is an example of an organ
    • A. 

      Digestive system

    • B. 

      Epithelial tissue

    • C. 

      Nerve cell

    • D. 

      Heart


  • 12. 
    Who was one of the first people to identify and see cork cells
    • A. 

      Anton van Leeuwenhoek

    • B. 

      Robert Hooke

    • C. 

      Rudolf Virchow

    • D. 

      Matthias Schleiden


  • 13. 
    Which type of microscopes can produce three-dimensional images of cells
    • A. 

      Transmission electron microscope

    • B. 

      Scanning electron microscope

    • C. 

      Both A and B

    • D. 

      Neither A nor B


  • 14. 
    Which of the following organisms are prokaryote
    • A. 

      Animals

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Plants

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 15. 
    Which of the following is a function of the cell membrane
    • A. 

      Stores water, salt, proteins , and carbohydrates

    • B. 

      Keeps the cell wall in place

    • C. 

      Regulates which materials enter and leave the cell

    • D. 

      Breaks down lipids , carbohydrates , and proteins from foods


  • 16. 
    Researchers use fluorescent labels and light microscopy to
    • A. 

      Scan cells with laser beams

    • B. 

      Build three-dimensional images of cells

    • C. 

      Follow molecules moving through the cell

    • D. 

      Produce movies of cells as they grow, divide, and develop


  • 17. 
    The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane is called
    • A. 

      Active transport

    • B. 

      Osmosis

    • C. 

      Osmotic pressure

    • D. 

      Facilitated diffusion


  • 18. 
    The cell theory applies to 
    • A. 

      Plants and animals

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Multicellular organisms

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 19. 
    Which means of particle transport requires input of energy from the cell
    • A. 

      Osmosis

    • B. 

      Facilitated diffusion

    • C. 

      Active transport

    • D. 

      Diffusion


  • 20. 
    Which structures carry out cell movement
    • A. 

      Microtubles and microfilaments

    • B. 

      Chromosomes

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm and ribosomes

    • D. 

      Nucleolus and nucleus


  • 21. 
    Which of the following is a function of the cytoskeleton
    • A. 

      Contains DNA

    • B. 

      Helps a cell keep its shape

    • C. 

      Surrounds the cell

    • D. 

      Helps make proteins


  • 22. 
    An organ system is a group of organs that
    • A. 

      Work together to perform all the functions in a multicellular organism

    • B. 

      Work together to perform a specific function

    • C. 

      Are made up of similar cells

    • D. 

      Are made up of similar tissues


  • 23. 
    Prokaryotes lack
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      A nucleus

    • C. 

      Genetic material

    • D. 

      A cell membrane


  • 24. 
    Which organelle would you expect to find in plant cells but not animal cells
    • A. 

      Smooth endoplacmic reticulum

    • B. 

      Chloroplast

    • C. 

      Ribosome

    • D. 

      Mitochondrion


  • 25. 
    You will NOT find a cell wall in which of these kinds of organisms
    • A. 

      Fungi

    • B. 

      Plants

    • C. 

      Animals

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 26. 
    All of the following are types of tissues EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Nerve

    • B. 

      Digestive

    • C. 

      Connective

    • D. 

      Muscle


  • 27. 
    Eukaryotes usually contain
    • A. 

      Specialized organelles

    • B. 

      Genetic material

    • C. 

      A nucleus

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 28. 
    Diffusion is the movement of molecules from
    • A. 

      An area of equilibrium to an area of high concentration

    • B. 

      An area of high concentration to and area of low concentration

    • C. 

      An area of low concentration to an area of high concentration

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 29. 
    When the concentration of molecules on both sides of a membrane is the same, the molecules will
    • A. 

      Stop moving across the membrane

    • B. 

      Move across the membrane in both directions

    • C. 

      Move across the membrane to the outside of the cell

    • D. 

      Move across the membrane to the inside of the cell


  • 30. 
    Which list represents the levels of organization in a multicellular organism form the simplest level to the most complex level
    • A. 

      Organ system, organ, tissue , cell

    • B. 

      Cell, tissue, organ system

    • C. 

      Cell ,tissue , organ , organ system

    • D. 

      Tissue, organ, organ system


  • 31. 
    Which of the following is a function of the nucleus
    • A. 

      Stores DNA

    • B. 

      Controls most of the cell`s processes

    • C. 

      Contains the information needed to make proteins

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 32. 
    Which term refers to cells having different jobs in an organism
    • A. 

      Unicellular

    • B. 

      Multicellular

    • C. 

      Cell specialization

    • D. 

      Levels of organization


  • 33. 
    Which of the following structures serves as the cell`s boundary from its environment
    • A. 

      Cell membrane

    • B. 

      Chloroplast

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

    • D. 

      Channel proteins


  • 34. 
    Which of the following structures is found in the cytoplasm
    • A. 

      Chromatin

    • B. 

      Ribosome

    • C. 

      Cell wall

    • D. 

      Nucleolus


  • 35. 
    The work of Scheleiden and Schawann can be summarized by saying that
    • A. 

      All animals are made of cells

    • B. 

      All plant and animals are made of cells

    • C. 

      All plants are made of cells

    • D. 

      Plants and animals have specialized cells


  • 36. 
    Which of the following is NOT a principle of the cell theory
    • A. 

      Very few cells reproduce

    • B. 

      All cells are produced by existing cells

    • C. 

      All living things are made of cells

    • D. 

      Cells are the basic unit of life


  • 37. 
    Which organelle breaks down food into molecules the cell can use
    • A. 

      Mitochondrion

    • B. 

      Lysosome

    • C. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Golgi Apparatus


  • 38. 
    An animal cell that is surrounded by fresh water will burst because the osmotic pressure causes
    • A. 

      Water to move out of the cell

    • B. 

      Solutes to move into the cell

    • C. 

      Water to move into the cell

    • D. 

      Solutes to move out of the cell


  • 39. 
    Which of the following contain a nucleus
    • A. 

      Prokaryotes

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Eukaryotes

    • D. 

      Organelles


  • 40. 
    Which of the following is NOT a function of the cytoskeleton
    • A. 

      Helps the cell move

    • B. 

      Helps the cell maintain its shape

    • C. 

      Helps organelles within the cell move

    • D. 

      Prevents chromosomes from separating


  • 41. 
    The main function of the cell wall is to
    • A. 

      Store DNA

    • B. 

      Support and protect the cell

    • C. 

      Direct the activities of the cell

    • D. 

      Help the cell move


  • 42. 
    Which of the following statement explains why the nucleus is important to cells
    • A. 

      Only prokaryotes have nuclei

    • B. 

      The nucleus is surrounded by a nuclear envelope

    • C. 

      The nucleus contains coded instructions for making proteins

    • D. 

      Only eukaryotes have nuclei


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