Power of division
All of the above
Get out of jail free card
On average, yearly income rises with each advance in education for all racial categories and for both men and women.
On average, Asian Americans receive greater financial rewards than equally educated white Americans.*
On average, it is a greater financial disadvantage to be a woman than to be a person of color.
Even among doctors and lawyers, the race and gender differences in financial compensation are significant.
Are like themselves
Have higher social status than themselves
Have unique social resources to share
Fit media images of desirability
Formation of friendships
Efficiency in production
Consistency of behavior
Neutrality in decision-making
Lifelong commitment between worker and employer
Merging of work and personal life
Bottom-up, collective decision-making
Seniority-based pay (rather than performance-based)