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Chapter 5 Groups And Organizations: Quick Quiz

10 Questions
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Chapter 5 Quick Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    People are better able to meet their needs for food, shelter, and security when they work together rather than alone.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Groups ensure conformity of their members by using:
    • A. 

      Identity control

    • B. 

      Power of division

    • C. 

      Internalized norms

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    Because their contributions are considered so valuable, high status members of groups may earn permission from the group to break some rules. This permission is known as:
    • A. 

      Synchronicity credit

    • B. 

      Hypocrisy credit

    • C. 

      Idiosyncrasy credit

    • D. 

      Get out of jail free card

  • 5. 
    Any group that a person admires enough to use as a standard for his or her own identity can be called a:
    • A. 

      Peer group

    • B. 

      Reference group

    • C. 

      Primary group

    • D. 

      Secondary group

  • 6. 
    Blending into a faceless crowd or being lost in a bureaucratic role are examples of:
    • A. 

      Distance

    • B. 

      Division

    • C. 

      Dehumanization

    • D. 

      Deindividuation

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      On average, yearly income rises with each advance in education for all racial categories and for both men and women.

    • B. 

      On average, Asian Americans receive greater financial rewards than equally educated white Americans.*

    • C. 

      On average, it is a greater financial disadvantage to be a woman than to be a person of color.

    • D. 

      Even among doctors and lawyers, the race and gender differences in financial compensation are significant.

  • 8. 
    A preference for homogeneity means that people are likely to want employees, friends, and marriage partners who:
    • A. 

      Are like themselves

    • B. 

      Have higher social status than themselves

    • C. 

      Have unique social resources to share

    • D. 

      Fit media images of desirability

  • 9. 
    According to Weber, which of the following is not an advantage provided by a typical bureaucracy (e.g., a work place)?
    • A. 

      Formation of friendships

    • B. 

      Efficiency in production

    • C. 

      Consistency of behavior

    • D. 

      Neutrality in decision-making

  • 10. 
    Some Western businesses have been humanized by adopting Japanese business practices. Which of the following Japanese practices has been the favorite for Western adoption?
    • A. 

      Lifelong commitment between worker and employer

    • B. 

      Merging of work and personal life

    • C. 

      Bottom-up, collective decision-making

    • D. 

      Seniority-based pay (rather than performance-based)