Chapter 3 Sociology

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Chapter 3 Sociology

  
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1.  The ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together form a people's way of life.
2.  Traits that are part of every known culture
3.  The practice of judging a culture by its own standards
4.  A theoretical approach that explores ways in which human biology affects how we create culture.
5.  The practice of judging another culture by standards of one's own culture.
6.  __________ recognized mores and folkways.
7.  Biological instincts create a ready-made world, but ______ forces us to choose as we make and remake the world for ourselves.
8.  Language can also be ______, for instance affordable clothes can mean different things to different types of people.
9.  Words are _____ and not intrinsically connected to what they mean. We call a table a table as part of an agreement. Takes generations to solidify.
10.  Personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life.
11.  Values can easily be _________ to one another. I.E. Changing of gender roles challenges preserving traditions. Values can also serve as _____, and being ignorant to the big picture.
12.  George Murdok determined there are no cultural ________ forms.
13.  Expectations for rules of behavior that develop out of values.
14.  Language allows the human experience to be ________ over time, freeing people beyond their immediate experiences.
15.  Language has nothing ______ to do with it.
16.  Lower income nations value ______ most.
17.  Attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavior.
18.  _______ refers to a cultural pattern that are strongly opposed by others in society.
19.  Specific thoughts or ideas that people hold to be true.
20.  Cultural change occurs in three ways (abc)
21.  A system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another.
22.  Cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society.
23.  The close relationships among various elements of a cultural system.
24.  Culturally defined standards that people use to decide what is desirable, good, and beautiful and that serve as broad guidelines for social living.
25.  Eating human flesh is a ______.
26.  Norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance. Strictly enforced, like covering lower half in public.
27.  Rules and expecations by which society guides behavior of its members.
28.  Cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a society's population.
29.  Cultural patterns that distinguish a society's elite.
30.  Using one's own culture as a yardstick for judging the ways of others.This is _____.
31.  Anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture.
32.  The ideas created by members of a society
33.  Broad principles that support beliefs
34.  Cultural patterns that are widespread among a society's population.
35.  _____ for norms can be positive and negative.Pat on the back for a good job, scolding for a bad job.
36.  Murdock identified one cultural universal as the ______, though even this still can vary.
37.  Knowledge that people use to make a way of life in their surroundings
38.  Limitations of global cultural thesis, 3_____ flow of goods in the world.It assumes people everywhere can actually _____ the new goods and services.People do not attach the same ______(s) to cultural practices.
39.  ______ refers to cultural patterns that set aside some segment of a society's population.
40.  A perspective recognizing the cultural diversity of the United States and promoting equal standing for all cultural traditions.
41.  The physical things created by members of a society
42.  ________ made a list of the values of U.S. culture. Value clusters exist in his model such as valuing activity and hard work because we expect effort to lead to achievement and success and result in a greater material comfort.
43.  The fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others, disrupting a cultural system.
44.  The idea that people see and understand the world through cultural lens of language.
45.  Values are more abstract and beliefs are more _______ matters that individuals consider to be true or false.
46.  Language can also be ______, meaning a word can mean more than one thing, and change over time. I.E. Gay
47.  Language is always _______, and not concrete or tangible.
48.  Norms for routine or casual interaction, loosely enforced, like wearing no shirt in public for men. Can be different for women and men, or groups in general.
49.  The process by which one generation passes culture to the next.
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