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Chapter 3 Sociology

49 Questions  I  By Jacksont09
Chapter 3 Sociology
Chapter 3 Sociology

  
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1.  Biological instincts create a ready-made world, but ______ forces us to choose as we make and remake the world for ourselves.
2.  The process by which one generation passes culture to the next.
3.  The practice of judging another culture by standards of one's own culture.
4.  Words are _____ and not intrinsically connected to what they mean. We call a table a table as part of an agreement. Takes generations to solidify.
5.  The physical things created by members of a society
6.  The fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others, disrupting a cultural system.
7.  A theoretical approach that explores ways in which human biology affects how we create culture.
8.  Norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance. Strictly enforced, like covering lower half in public.
9.  Culturally defined standards that people use to decide what is desirable, good, and beautiful and that serve as broad guidelines for social living.
10.  Anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture.
11.  _______ refers to a cultural pattern that are strongly opposed by others in society.
12.  Cultural patterns that distinguish a society's elite.
13.  Language allows the human experience to be ________ over time, freeing people beyond their immediate experiences.
14.  Rules and expecations by which society guides behavior of its members.
15.  Lower income nations value ______ most.
16.  Personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life.
17.  __________ recognized mores and folkways.
18.  Murdock identified one cultural universal as the ______, though even this still can vary.
19.  Specific thoughts or ideas that people hold to be true.
20.  Traits that are part of every known culture
21.  Cultural change occurs in three ways (abc)
22.  The ideas created by members of a society
23.  The idea that people see and understand the world through cultural lens of language.
24.  Expectations for rules of behavior that develop out of values.
25.  Language can also be ______, for instance affordable clothes can mean different things to different types of people.
26.  Broad principles that support beliefs
27.  Language has nothing ______ to do with it.
28.  Values are more abstract and beliefs are more _______ matters that individuals consider to be true or false.
29.  Limitations of global cultural thesis, 3_____ flow of goods in the world.It assumes people everywhere can actually _____ the new goods and services.People do not attach the same ______(s) to cultural practices.
30.  Using one's own culture as a yardstick for judging the ways of others.This is _____.
31.  Language is always _______, and not concrete or tangible.
32.  Cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a society's population.
33.  Attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavior.
34.  Eating human flesh is a ______.
35.  Cultural patterns that are widespread among a society's population.
36.  Cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society.
37.  Knowledge that people use to make a way of life in their surroundings
38.  Values can easily be _________ to one another. I.E. Changing of gender roles challenges preserving traditions. Values can also serve as _____, and being ignorant to the big picture.
39.  ______ refers to cultural patterns that set aside some segment of a society's population.
40.  The close relationships among various elements of a cultural system.
41.  George Murdok determined there are no cultural ________ forms.
42.  A perspective recognizing the cultural diversity of the United States and promoting equal standing for all cultural traditions.
43.  The practice of judging a culture by its own standards
44.  A system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another.
45.  ________ made a list of the values of U.S. culture. Value clusters exist in his model such as valuing activity and hard work because we expect effort to lead to achievement and success and result in a greater material comfort.
46.  Language can also be ______, meaning a word can mean more than one thing, and change over time. I.E. Gay
47.  The ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together form a people's way of life.
48.  Norms for routine or casual interaction, loosely enforced, like wearing no shirt in public for men. Can be different for women and men, or groups in general.
49.  _____ for norms can be positive and negative.Pat on the back for a good job, scolding for a bad job.
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