Chapter 3 Sociology

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Chapter 3 Sociology

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1.  George Murdok determined there are no cultural ________ forms.
2.  Cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society.
3.  Expectations for rules of behavior that develop out of values.
4.  Values are more abstract and beliefs are more _______ matters that individuals consider to be true or false.
5.  Culturally defined standards that people use to decide what is desirable, good, and beautiful and that serve as broad guidelines for social living.
6.  Knowledge that people use to make a way of life in their surroundings
7.  Norms for routine or casual interaction, loosely enforced, like wearing no shirt in public for men. Can be different for women and men, or groups in general.
8.  Cultural patterns that distinguish a society's elite.
9.  The idea that people see and understand the world through cultural lens of language.
10.  Murdock identified one cultural universal as the ______, though even this still can vary.
11.  The ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together form a people's way of life.
12.  Broad principles that support beliefs
13.  The close relationships among various elements of a cultural system.
14.  The fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others, disrupting a cultural system.
15.  Language can also be ______, for instance affordable clothes can mean different things to different types of people.
16.  Eating human flesh is a ______.
17.  The process by which one generation passes culture to the next.
18.  Cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a society's population.
19.  Cultural patterns that are widespread among a society's population.
20.  Limitations of global cultural thesis, 3_____ flow of goods in the world.It assumes people everywhere can actually _____ the new goods and services.People do not attach the same ______(s) to cultural practices.
21.  A system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another.
22.  ________ made a list of the values of U.S. culture. Value clusters exist in his model such as valuing activity and hard work because we expect effort to lead to achievement and success and result in a greater material comfort.
23.  Language allows the human experience to be ________ over time, freeing people beyond their immediate experiences.
24.  _______ refers to a cultural pattern that are strongly opposed by others in society.
25.  _____ for norms can be positive and negative.Pat on the back for a good job, scolding for a bad job.
26.  Attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavior.
27.  Rules and expecations by which society guides behavior of its members.
28.  The practice of judging a culture by its own standards
29.  __________ recognized mores and folkways.
30.  Words are _____ and not intrinsically connected to what they mean. We call a table a table as part of an agreement. Takes generations to solidify.
31.  A perspective recognizing the cultural diversity of the United States and promoting equal standing for all cultural traditions.
32.  Language can also be ______, meaning a word can mean more than one thing, and change over time. I.E. Gay
33.  Language is always _______, and not concrete or tangible.
34.  Traits that are part of every known culture
35.  The practice of judging another culture by standards of one's own culture.
36.  The physical things created by members of a society
37.  Norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance. Strictly enforced, like covering lower half in public.
38.  A theoretical approach that explores ways in which human biology affects how we create culture.
39.  Language has nothing ______ to do with it.
40.  Using one's own culture as a yardstick for judging the ways of others.This is _____.
41.  Personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life.
42.  ______ refers to cultural patterns that set aside some segment of a society's population.
43.  The ideas created by members of a society
44.  Biological instincts create a ready-made world, but ______ forces us to choose as we make and remake the world for ourselves.
45.  Anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture.
46.  Values can easily be _________ to one another. I.E. Changing of gender roles challenges preserving traditions. Values can also serve as _____, and being ignorant to the big picture.
47.  Specific thoughts or ideas that people hold to be true.
48.  Lower income nations value ______ most.
49.  Cultural change occurs in three ways (abc)
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