Chapter 3 Sociology

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Chapter 3 Sociology

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1.  The process by which one generation passes culture to the next.
2.  Murdock identified one cultural universal as the ______, though even this still can vary.
3.  Language allows the human experience to be ________ over time, freeing people beyond their immediate experiences.
4.  Broad principles that support beliefs
5.  __________ recognized mores and folkways.
6.  Rules and expecations by which society guides behavior of its members.
7.  The physical things created by members of a society
8.  A system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another.
9.  Biological instincts create a ready-made world, but ______ forces us to choose as we make and remake the world for ourselves.
10.  Values can easily be _________ to one another. I.E. Changing of gender roles challenges preserving traditions. Values can also serve as _____, and being ignorant to the big picture.
11.  Personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life.
12.  Cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society.
13.  Traits that are part of every known culture
14.  Cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a society's population.
15.  Cultural patterns that are widespread among a society's population.
16.  Attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavior.
17.  Cultural patterns that distinguish a society's elite.
18.  Language can also be ______, for instance affordable clothes can mean different things to different types of people.
19.  Lower income nations value ______ most.
20.  ______ refers to cultural patterns that set aside some segment of a society's population.
21.  A perspective recognizing the cultural diversity of the United States and promoting equal standing for all cultural traditions.
22.  Language can also be ______, meaning a word can mean more than one thing, and change over time. I.E. Gay
23.  Culturally defined standards that people use to decide what is desirable, good, and beautiful and that serve as broad guidelines for social living.
24.  Language is always _______, and not concrete or tangible.
25.  Using one's own culture as a yardstick for judging the ways of others.This is _____.
26.  Cultural change occurs in three ways (abc)
27.  Knowledge that people use to make a way of life in their surroundings
28.  A theoretical approach that explores ways in which human biology affects how we create culture.
29.  _____ for norms can be positive and negative.Pat on the back for a good job, scolding for a bad job.
30.  The ideas created by members of a society
31.  George Murdok determined there are no cultural ________ forms.
32.  _______ refers to a cultural pattern that are strongly opposed by others in society.
33.  Anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture.
34.  Eating human flesh is a ______.
35.  Expectations for rules of behavior that develop out of values.
36.  Language has nothing ______ to do with it.
37.  Norms for routine or casual interaction, loosely enforced, like wearing no shirt in public for men. Can be different for women and men, or groups in general.
38.  Values are more abstract and beliefs are more _______ matters that individuals consider to be true or false.
39.  Limitations of global cultural thesis, 3_____ flow of goods in the world.It assumes people everywhere can actually _____ the new goods and services.People do not attach the same ______(s) to cultural practices.
40.  The idea that people see and understand the world through cultural lens of language.
41.  The fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others, disrupting a cultural system.
42.  The ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together form a people's way of life.
43.  The practice of judging a culture by its own standards
44.  Specific thoughts or ideas that people hold to be true.
45.  The close relationships among various elements of a cultural system.
46.  Words are _____ and not intrinsically connected to what they mean. We call a table a table as part of an agreement. Takes generations to solidify.
47.  ________ made a list of the values of U.S. culture. Value clusters exist in his model such as valuing activity and hard work because we expect effort to lead to achievement and success and result in a greater material comfort.
48.  The practice of judging another culture by standards of one's own culture.
49.  Norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance. Strictly enforced, like covering lower half in public.
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