Chapter 3 For A&p1

48 Questions  I  By Lesliecomomma
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1.  A human cell placed in a 2% NaCl solution (a hypertonic solution) would:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  A red blood cell placed in distilled (pure) water (which is hypotonic) would:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which statement is the most correct regarding the process of transcriptions and translation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which of the following cells types would you expect to have an unusually high abundance  of free ribosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the following is the major positive ion in the extracellular fluid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the following is the major positive ion in the intracellular fluid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  _____________ can be thought of as "cell eating" and is practiced frequently by white blood cells, which use it to neutralize bacteria, viruses, and dead or dying cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  During ________ the chromosomal centromeres split and the chromosomes migrate to opposite ends of the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  If a 0.92% saline (NaCl) solution is isotonic to a cell, a 1.3% NaCl solution:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which of the following would NOT increase the rate of diffusion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  In which phase of the cellular cycle does DNA replication occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  If the tRNAhas an AGC anticodon it could attach to a(n) ________ mRNA codon
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The cell does not need to expend energy (ATP) in order to perform:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Put the steps of the sodium-potassium pump in the correct order1) potassium binds to protein pump2) sodium binds to protein 3) release of potassium into ICF4) hydrolysis of ATP5) expelling of sodium
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  If a transport protein moves two substances in the same direction, it is called a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  An example of phagocytosis would include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The sodium potassium pump transport _______ Na+ to the extracellular fluid for every ______ K+ that it transports into the intracellular fluid
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Ribosomes are the sites where ______ occurs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  If a transport protein moves two substances in the opposite direction, it is called a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  What regions of a phospholipid molecule are hydrophobic
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the following is a membrane protein that binds with ligands such as hormone and neurotransmitters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The characteristics of plasma membranes allowing only some substances to move through is known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which of the following does NOT influence the rate of diffusion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  This is the transport process by which gases moves through a membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  In this is the transport process, the energy from the hydrolysis of ATP is used to drive substances across the membrane against their own concentration gradients
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  This is the transport process by which cells secrete vesicular materials into the extracellular fluid
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  This is the transport process by which cells take up extracellular substances within vesicles
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The extension of the plasma membrane that will surround a microbe outside a macrophage is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  This organelle is comprised of microfilaments, intermediate filaments, and microtubles
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  This is comprised of a pair of centrrioles and pericentriolar materials
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  One type of human cell (a spermatozoan) is capable of movement because it has this type of structure
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  This organelle is studded with ribosomes, which synthesize proteins
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Mitochondria
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of the following protects the contents of the nucleus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  What is the major function of a histone protein
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  The function of meiosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  During which phase do organelles duplicate and centrosome replication begin
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  During this phase the chromatin fibers condense and shorten into chromosomes that are visible under the microscope
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  This binds to an amino acid and holds it in place on a ribosome until it is incorporated into a protein during translation
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  These are the motile projections present on the cell surface that assist in movement of substances on top of the cell, they can be commonly found on the lining of the respiratory tract
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  If the DNA Base Triplet has a sequence of ATGCGTACT then the complimentary codon on the mRNA formed as a result of transcription would be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The process where the mRNA strand is read by the ribosome to produce the protein is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The process where the base triplet sequence in the DNA is transferred into a codon sequence of an mRNA is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  This is an example of a cell with "n" number of chromosomes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  This intracellular organelle contains a large number of digestive enzymes and also participates in phagocytosis, receptor mediated endcytosis, and pinyocytosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  This intracellular organelle has a function of detoxification of drugs and degradation of alcohol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  These are the non-motile finger like projections of the plasma membrane at the cell surface that increase the cell surface area
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The mitotic spindle that is formed during mitosis is derived from which intracellular organelle
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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