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Chapter 26

45 Questions  I  By Failatlife
CHAPTER 26
Once again, some questions that will be on the exam. =]

  
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1.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.                    constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.             yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas                yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  HDL comes from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Most protein in the body is found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  High-quality               proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Minerals are                 , whereas vitamins are                 .
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.                  is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Oxygen
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.              is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.   The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  He basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Fats should account for about               percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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